Dublin Corporation first came into being under the Anglo-Normans in Dublin in the late 1200s. For centuries it was a two chamber body, made up of an upper house of Aldermen and a lower house, known as the Sheriffs and Commons, consisting the 48 Sheriff's representatives and 96 representatives of guilds. The upper house was presided over by a mayor, who was elected from and by the Aldermen.
The modern Corporation
The modern Dublin Corporation was restructured by late nineteenth century and twentieth century legislation, with the elected body reduced to a single chamber Dublin City Council, presided over by the Lord Mayor of Dublin, an office first instituted but not filled by King Charles I but reconstituted following the Restoration of the Crown by Charles II.
On 1 January2002, following a major and controversial reform of local government, the ancient name of Dublin Corporation, known to generations of Dubliners simply as "the Corpo" was abolished, with the nineteenth century name Dublin City Council that previously had been used simply to refer to the assembly of elected councillors, being given for the entire administration.
The Corporation/City Council's headquarters is located in the Civic Offices,in a building often referred to as the 'The Bunkers', controversially built on the site of an ancient set of viking remains, Wood Quay. The City Council continues to hold its monthly meetings in the City Hall, an eighteenth century building formerly called the Royal Exchange and which had been taken over by the Corporation in the 1850s.
Dublin County Council was a local authority for the administrative county of County Dublin in the Republic of Ireland.
The county and Corporation of Dún Laoghaire were abolished in 1994, by an Act of the Oireachtas, the Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993, and replaced with three administrative counties, with Fingal to the north, and Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown to the east and South Dublin to the south.
Dublin City Council, then "DublinCorporation", was separate (and still is) from the county and continues to administer the City of Dublin.
Dublin city proper has a population of some 495,000 (CSO Census 2002), though the population of the Dublin metropolitan area is higher, with the development and spread of suburbs and satellite towns continuing into the surrounding areas.
Dubliners is a collection of short stories by James Joyce about incidents and characters typical of residents of the city in the early part of the 20th century.
Dublin City is governed by Dublin City Council (formerly called DublinCorporation) which is presided over by the Lord Mayor of Dublin, who is elected for a yearly term and resides in the Mansion House, which first became the residence of the Lord Mayor in 1715.
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