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Encyclopedia > Dublin Castle
Dublin Castle. The Upper Courtyard.On the left is the state entrance and the Viceregal Apartments. The Irish Crown Jewels were stolen from the building to the right.
Dublin Castle. The Upper Courtyard.
On the left is the state entrance and the Viceregal Apartments. The Irish Crown Jewels were stolen from the building to the right.

Dublin Castle in Dublin, Ireland was the seat of British rule in Ireland until 1922. Most of the building dates from eighteenth century, though a castle has stood on the site since the days of King John, the first Lord of Ireland. The Castle served as the seat of British government of Ireland under the Lordship of Ireland (1171-1541), Kingdom of Ireland (1541-1800) and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1800-1922). image of Dublin Castle - no copyright, I took the picture File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... image of Dublin Castle - no copyright, I took the picture File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... John (French: Jean) (December 24, c. ... Ireland in the century prior to the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1169 is probably best described as a national kingdom lacking a settled monarchy, the kingship being disputed by three regional dynasties. ... Ireland in the century prior to the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1169 is probably best described as a national kingdom lacking a settled monarchy, the kingship being disputed by three regional dynasties. ... // Events Saladin abolishes the Fatimid caliphate, restoring Sunni rule in Egypt. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... Capital Dublin Head of state King of Ireland Kings representative: Variously called Judiciar, Lord Deputy or Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Head of government: Chief Secretary for Ireland Parliament: Irish House of Commons and Irish House of Lords The Kingdom of Ireland was the name given to the English-ruled... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

The entry to the Viceregal Apartments, circa 1900.
The entry to the Viceregal Apartments, circa 1900.

It fulfilled a number of roles over the centuries. It was first and foremost a royal residence, resided in by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland or Viceroy of Ireland, the representative of the monarch. The Viceregal Apartments (now called the State Apartments) remain one of the most splendid sites in Dublin, and are the location of the inauguration of the President of Ireland. The second in command in the Dublin Castle administration, the Chief Secretary for Ireland, also had his offices there. Over the years, parliament and the law courts met there, before moving to new purpose-built venues. It also served as a military garrison. Image File history File links Dublin Castle image - circa 1900. ... Image File history File links Dublin Castle image - circa 1900. ... Official standard of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (plural: Lords Lieutenant), also known as the Judiciar in the early mediaeval period and as the Lord Deputy as late as the 17th century, was the Kings representative and head of the Irish executive during the... Official standard of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (plural: Lords Lieutenant), also known as the Judiciar in the early mediaeval period and as the Lord Deputy as late as the 17th century, was the Kings representative and head of the Irish executive during the... The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Chief Secretary was the most important position for determining British policy in Ireland after the Lord Lieutenant, and was frequently a cabinet level position in the 19th and early twentieth centuries. ...

St Patrick's Hallwith the throne of the Viceroy and Vicereine on the dias. Circa 1900.
St Patrick's Hall
with the throne of the Viceroy and Vicereine on the dias. Circa 1900.

Throughout the British occupation of Ireland, "Castle Catholic" was a pejorative term for Catholics who were seen to be overly friendly with or supportive of the British administration. Image File history File links Colorised view of St. ...


Famously, the Irish Crown Jewels were stolen from the Castle in 1907. The so-called Irish Crown Jewels were heavily-jewelled insignia of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


During the Anglo-Irish War the Castle was the nerve centre of the British effort against Irish separatism. On the night of Bloody Sunday in 1920, two Irish Republican Army officers and a friend were killed, "while trying to escape", in the grounds of the Castle. An Irish War of Independence memorial in Dublin The Anglo-Irish War (also known as the Irish War of Independence) was a guerrilla campaign mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army under the proclaimed legitimacy of the First Dáil, the extra-legal Irish parliament... Irish Republicanism is an ideology based on the Irish nationalist belief that all of Ireland should be a united independent republic. ... Bloody Sunday is a term used to describe two controversial events in Irish history, the first of which was the massacre of players and people attending a Gaelic football match in Croke Park in Dublin in 1920. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... The West Cork Flying Column during the War of Independence. ...

The Throne RoomPre-World War One photograph
The Throne Room
Pre-World War One photograph

The Castle ceased to be used for government purposes when the Irish Free State came into being in 1922. It served for some years as temporary Courts of Justice (the Four Courts, the home of the Irish courts system had been destroyed in 1922.) Once the courts moved out, Dublin Castle was used for state ceremonial. Éamon de Valera as President of the Executive Council on behalf of King George V received credentials from ambassadors to Ireland there in the 1930s. In 1938 it was used for the inauguration of Douglas Hyde as President of Ireland. Inaugurations of subsequent presidents took place there in 1945, 1952, 1959, 1966, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1983, 1990 and 1997. President Erskine Hamilton Childers' lying-in-state took place there in November 1974, as did that of former President Eamon de Valera, in September, 1975. Image File history File links Throne room, Dublin Castle. ... Image File history File links Throne room, Dublin Castle. ... The Irish Free State (Irish: Saorstát Éireann) (1922–1937) was the name of the state comprising the 26 of Irelands 32 counties that were separated from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland under the Irish Free State Agreement (or Anglo-Irish Treaty) signed by British and... The Four Courts in Dublin is the Republic of Irelands main courts building. ... Eamon de Valera[1] (born Edward George de Valera, Irish name Éamonn de Bhailéara (October 14, 1882 – August 29, 1975), was an Irish politician, best known as a leader of Irelands struggle for independence from Britain in the early 20th Century, and the Republican anti-Treaty opposition in... The President of the Executive Council (Irish: Uachtaráin na hArd-Chomhairle) was the head of government or prime minister of the 1922-1937 Irish Free State, and the leader of the Executive Council (cabinet). ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) (3 June 1865–20 January 1936) was the last British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, changing the name to the House of Windsor in 1917. ... Douglas Hyde (Irish name Dubhghlas de hÍde) (17 January 1860 - 12 July 1949) was an Irish language scholar who served as the first President of Ireland from 1938 to 1945. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Erskine Hamilton Childers (11 November 1905 - 17 November 1974), the son of Robert Erskine Childers (author of The Riddle of the Sands), served as the fourth President of Ireland from 1973 until his death in 1974. ... Eamon de Valera (born Edward George de Valera, sometimes Gaelicised Éamon de Bhailéara; October 14, 1882 – August 29, 1975), was an Irish politician, best known as a leader of Irelands struggle for independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the early 20th century, and... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...

One of the surviving mediæval towersTo its left is the Chapel Royal.
One of the surviving mediæval towers
To its left is the Chapel Royal.
The mediæval towerseen from the left side of the castle.
The mediæval tower
seen from the left side of the castle.

The castle is a tourist attraction and, following major refurbishment, is also used as a conference centre. During Ireland's presidencies of the European Union, including most recently in the first half of 2004, it has been the venue of many meetings of the European Council. image of Dublin Castle mediæval tower - no copyright, I took the picture This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Jtdirl. ... image of Dublin Castle mediæval tower - no copyright, I took the picture This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, Jtdirl. ... The Chapel Royal in Dublin Castle was the official Anglican chapel of the Household of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from mediæval times until the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922. ... dublin castle tower File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... dublin castle tower File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ...


The crypt of the Chapel Royal is now used as an arts centre, and occasional concerts are held in the grounds of the Castle. The complex of buildings is usually open to the public, except during state functions. Among the areas open for viewing are St. Patrick's Hall, a vast ballroom in which state presidential inaugurations take place, the Throne Room, containing a throne from the reign of King William III, and the Viceregal Apartments, which include the rooms once used by the Lords Lieutenant and visiting members of the Royal Family. The last person to stay in the royal bedrooms was Margaret Thatcher, who spent the night with Dennis during the 1979 European Council meeting. The Chapel Royal in Dublin Castle was the official Anglican chapel of the Household of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from mediæval times until the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922. ... Statue of Saint Patrick Saint Patrick (died March 17, 462, 492, or 493), is the patron saint of Ireland. ... William III of England (14 November 1650 – 8 March 1702; also known as William II of Scotland and William III of Orange) was a Dutch aristocrat and a Protestant Prince of Orange from his birth, King of England and King of Ireland from 13 February 1689, and King of Scots... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990. ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ...


Dublin Castle is currently maintained by the Office of Public Works, and houses the offices of the Revenue Commissioners. The Office of Public Works (OPW) is responsible for Irish Government and historic buildings in the Republic of Ireland. ... The Office of the Revenue Commissioners (RC) - now called simply Revenue - is the Irish Government agency responsible for customs, excise, taxation and related matters. ...


See also

The Dublin Castle administration in Ireland was the government of Ireland under British rule from the twelfth century until 1922. ...

External links

  • Dublin Castle website


Irish state & public buildings
pre- & post-independence
Four Courts

Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) | Central Bank of Ireland | Chapel Royal | Chichester House | Chief Secretary's Lodge | Collins Barracks | Custom House | Dublin Castle | Farmleigh | Four Courts | General Post Office (GPO) | Government Buildings | Green Street Court House | Old Parliament House | Leinster House | Little Ratra | Under Secretary's Lodge image of Dublins main court building. ... Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) is the official residence of the President of Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park on the Northside of Dublin1. ... Banc Ceannais na hÉireann or the Central Bank of Ireland is the Republic of Ireland which had control of the issue of Irish banknotes and coins. ... The Chapel Royal in Dublin Castle was the official Anglican chapel of the Household of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from mediæval times until the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922. ... Deerfield is the official residence of the United States Ambassador to Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park in Dublin. ... Collins Barracks is a former military barracks in the Arbour Hill area of Dublin, Ireland. ... The Custom House is a palladian 18th century building in Dublin, Ireland which houses the Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government. ... Farmleigh was formerly one of the Dublin residences of the Guinness brewing family. ... The Four Courts in Dublin is the Republic of Irelands main courts building. ... The General Post Office (GPO) (Irish: Árd Oifig an Phoist), designed by Francis Johnson, is located in Dublins OConnell Street, is the headquarters of An Post, the Irish postal service. ... Irish Government Buildings is a large edwardian building, centred on a quadrangle, in which some of the key offices in Irish government located. ... The Irish House of Commons entrance The original entrance to the building, facing onto College Green. ... Leinster House The former palace of the Duke of Leinster. ... Little Ratra, now the Civil Defence School and sometimes called Ratra House, is one of the minor state residences located in Dublins Phoenix Park. ... The Under Secretarys Lodge was formerly the Dublin residence of the British Under-Secretary for Ireland (the British Administrations chief civil servant). ...

Official and personal residences used by the Irish viceroy 1500s—1922 Lord Lieutenant's flag

Abbeyville | Chapelizod House | Dublin Castle | Durhamstown Castle | St. Wolfstan's | Viceregal Lodge Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Lord_Lieutenant_of_Ireland. ... Chapelizod House, known as the Viceregal Lodge, was a late mediaeval residence in Chapelizod, at the time a village outside Dublin (but now a suburb) which in the 1680s was used as a temporary residence for the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland following a fire which had destroyed the Viceregal Apartments... 1885 Map showing the location of Durhamstown Castle Durhamstown Castle is a 500 year old towerhouse in County Meath in Ireland. ... Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) is the official residence of the President of Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park on the Northside of Dublin1. ...

Historic Irish Houses and Castles Dublin Castle

Áras an Uachtaráin | Allenstown House | Ardbraccan House | Birr Castle | Blarney Castle | Bunratty Castle | Cahir Castle | Carrickmines Castle | Carton House | Castleknock Castle | Castletown House | Chichester House | Clonalis House | Clontarf Castle | Deerfield |Desmond Castle | Donegal castle | Doonagore Castle | Dromoland Castle | Dublin Castle | Dunboy Castle | Dunguaire Castle | Durhamstown Castle | Emo Court | Farmleigh | Frescati House | Foulksrath Castle | Grianan of Aileach | Howth Castle | Iveagh House | Kilkenny Castle | King John's Castle | Knappogue Castle | Leap Castle | Leinster House | Lismore Castle | Malahide Castle | Mansion House | Mornington House | O'Dea Castle | Ormonde Castle | Parkavonear Castle | Powerscourt House | Rathfarnham Castle | Redwood Castle | Rock of Dunamase | Ross Castle | Russborough House | Slane Castle | Swords Castle | Tower house | Trim Castle | Tyrone House dublin castle tower File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Áras an Uachtaráin (formerly the Viceregal Lodge) is the official residence of the President of Ireland, located in the Phoenix Park on the Northside of Dublin1. ... Allenstown House was a large 5-bay, 4 storey Georgian mansion in County Meath, Ireland. ... Ardbraccan House (known sometimes historically as Ardbraccan Palace) is a large Palladian county house in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland. ... Birr Castle is a large castle in the town of Birr in County Offaly, Ireland. ... View from the top of the castle of the surrounding grounds Kissing the Blarney Stone See Also Blarney Stone of Eloquence External Links Official Blarney Castle Website Categories: Ireland geography stubs | Europe buildings and structures stubs | Castles in Ireland ... Bunratty Castle Bunratty Castle,Newmarket-on-Fergus,County Clare, Ireland is of Norman Architecture. ... Categories: Ireland-place stubs | Castles in Ireland ... Carrickmines Castle is a controversial archeological site in County Dublin in eastern Ireland. ... Carton House is one of Irelands greatest stately homes and one time ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster. ... Castleknock Castle is the ruins of a Norman castle in the grounds of Castleknock College in Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland. ... Castletown House, Irelands finest Palladian country house, is an imposing building built in 1722 for William Connolly, the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. ... This article or section needs to be wikified. ... Desmond Castle is an example of an urban tower house located in the town of Kinsale in County Cork, Ireland. ... Donegal Castle showing keep, on right, and Jacobean wing. ... Doonagore Castle, overlooking Doolin and the Atlantic Ocean Doonagore Castle is a 14th Century round tower house with a small walled enclosure, located on the outskirts of the small, coastal town of Doolin in County Clare, Ireland. ... A large castle and five star hotel in County Clare, Ireland. ... Dunboy Castle was a stronghold of the OSullivan Bere, a Gaelic clan leader and Chief of Dunboy. The castle is located on the Beara Peninsula in south-west Ireland and was built to guard and defend the harbour of Bearhaven. ... Dunguaire Castle (Irish: Dún Guaire) is a 16th century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland, near Kinvara. ... 1885 Map showing the location of Durhamstown Castle Durhamstown Castle is a 500 year old towerhouse in County Meath in Ireland. ... Farmleigh was formerly one of the Dublin residences of the Guinness brewing family. ... Impression of Frescati. ... Foulksrath Castle (Irish: Caislean Ratha) is a 15th century Norman tower house located in Jenkinstown in County Kilkenny, Ireland. ... Exterior view of Grianan of Aileach situated in County Donegal. ... Howth Castle lies close to the village of Howth, north of the city of Dublin in Ireland. ... Iveagh House is now the Department of Foreign Affairs as it was donated to the Irish State by the Guinness family in 1939. ... Kilkenny Castle Interior courtyard Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny, Ireland. ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... The Knappogue Castle & Walled Garden, built in 1467, is located in County Clare, Ireland. ... Leap Castle is an Irish castle near the town of Birr in County Offaly. ... Leinster House The former palace of the Duke of Leinster. ... Lismore Castle is a castle in County Waterford in the Republic of Ireland. ... Malahide Castle lies close to the village of Malahide 9 miles north of Dublin in Ireland. ... The Mansion House on Dawson Street, Dublin, is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of Dublin and has been since 1715. ... Mornington House was the Dublin social season georgian residence of the Earls of Mornington. ... ODea Castle near Corofin, Co. ... Ormonde Castle was the seat of the Butler family—Earls and later Dukes of Ormonde, who acquired the castle in 1315. ... Parkavonear Castle is a 13th Century Norman castle ruin, situated at Aghadoe, overlooking the lakes of Killarney, Ireland. ... Irish Palladianism. ... // Origins Rathfarnham Castle Rathfarnham Castle was originally an Anglo-Norman castle built to defend the Pale from the Irish clans in the nearby Wicklow Mountains. ... Redwood Castle Co. ... Dun Masc or the fort of Masc, as it was known by the Celts, is one of the most historic sites in Ireland. ... Ross Castle Ross Castle Ross Castle is the ancestral home of the ODonoghue clan. ... Irish Palladianism. ... Slane Castle is a castle located in Slane village, County Meath, in the Republic of Ireland. ... Swords Castle was built as the manorial residence of the Archbishops of Dublin around 1200 or a little later. ... A tower house stands on a hillock near Quin along the back road from Limerick to Ennis. ... Trim Castle (Dublin Side) Trim Castle, [[Trim] (Baile Atha Troim in Irish)], Ireland has an area of 30,000 m². It is the remains of the largest castle in Europe, which was Norman in origin, built primarily by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter. ...


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