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Encyclopedia > Dubai
Dubai
إمارة دبيّ
—  Emirate  —
Emirate of Dubai
Dubai's Sheikh Zayed Road at night
Flag of Dubai
Flag
Dubai (UAE)
Dubai
Location of Dubai in the UAE
Coordinates: 25°16′N 55°20′E / 25.267, 55.333
Country United Arab Emirates
Emirate Dubai
Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833
Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971
Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833)
Seat Dubai
Subdivisions
Government
 - Type Constitutional monarchy[citation needed]
 - Emir Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 - Crown Prince Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Area [1]
 - Emirate 4,114 km² (1,588.4 sq mi)
 - Metro 1,287.4 km² (497.1 sq mi)
Population (2008)[2]
 - Emirate 2,261,995
 - Density 408.18/km² (1,057.2/sq mi)
 - Metro 2,261,995
 - Nationality [3] 42.3% Indian
17% Emirati
13.3% Pakistani
9.1% Arab (other)
7.5% Bangladeshi
10.8% Others
Time zone UAE standard time (UTC+4)
Website:
Dubai Emirate
Dubai Municipality

Dubai (in Arabic: دبيّ‎, transliteration: dubaīy) is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and is one of the country's main cities, sometimes called "Dubai City" to distinguish it from the emirate. Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 600 pixel, file size: 498 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The E-11 blaster rifle is a fictional weapon from the Star Wars saga. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dubai. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Al Maktoum (المكتوم in Arabic is the family name of the ruling dynasty of the emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written Mina Jabal Ali) is a port (Mina in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Hatta is a town (which includes a reconstructed heritage village by the same name) in the Hatta mountains in the north of the emirate of Dubai. ... Al Aweer is a suburb of Dubai, about 35 kilometres from the city centre. ... Al Shindagha (الشندغة in Arabic) is a northern incorporated suburb of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ... Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic (محمد بن راشد آلمكتوم) (born 1949) is currently the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Ruler of Dubai. ... A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh (Bangla: গনপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলােদশ) is a country in South Asia that forms the eastern part of the ancient region of Bengal. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Moscow Summer Time Category: ... Arabic redirects here. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals. ... The United Arab Emirates is composed of 7 emirates (imarat; singular: imarah): Abu Dhabi Ajman Al Fujayrah Sharjah Dubai Ras al Khaymah Umm al Qaywayn See also  ISO 3166-2:AE Categories: Lists of subnational entities | United Arab Emirates ...


The modern emirate of Dubai was created consequent with the formation of the United Arab Emirates in 1971. However, written accounts documenting the existence of the city have existed at least 150 years prior to the formation of the UAE. Dubai shares legal, political, military and economic functions with the other emirates within a federal framework, although each emirate has jurisdiction over some functions such as civic law enforcement and provision and upkeep of local facilities. Dubai has the largest population and is the second largest emirate by area, after Abu Dhabi.[4] Dubai and Abu Dhabi are the only two emirates to possess veto power over critical matters of national importance in the country's legislature.[5] Dubai has been ruled by the Al Maktoum dynasty since 1833. The emirates' current ruler, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, is also the Prime Minister and Vice President of the UAE. For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... This article is about the human activity. ... This article is about federal states. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Though the United Arab Emirates have a kind of parliament, there are no elections and parties in the United Arab Emirates. ... Al Maktoum (المكتوم in Arabic is the family name of the ruling dynasty of the emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic (محمد بن راشد آلمكتوم) (born 1949) is currently the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Ruler of Dubai. ...


A majority of the emirate's revenues are from trade, manufacturing and financial services.[6] Revenues from petroleum and natural gas contribute less than 6% (2006)[7] of Dubai's US$ 37 billion economy (2005).[8] Dubai has attracted world-wide attention through innovative real estate projects [9] and sports events. This increased attention, coinciding with its emergence as a world business hub, has also highlighted human rights issues concerning its largely foreign workforce.[10] This article is about economic exchange. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... Financial services is a term used to refer to the services provided by the finance industry. ... Petro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... USD redirects here. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...

Contents

Etymology

In the 1820s, Dubai was referred to as Al Wasl by British historians. However, few records pertaining to the cultural history of the UAE or its constituent emirates exist due to the region's vocal traditions in recording and passing down folklore and myth. The linguistic origins of the word Dubai are also in dispute, as some believe it to have originated from Persian, while some believe that Arabic is the linguistic root of the word. According to Fedel Handhal, researcher in the history and culture of the UAE, the word Dubai may have come from the word Daba (a derivative of Yadub), which means to creep; the word may be a reference to the flow of Dubai Creek inland. [11] Al Wasl Football Club is a United Arab Emirates sports club best known for its football team. ... The United Arab Emirates is composed of 7 emirates (imarat; singular: imarah): Abu Dhabi Ajman Al Fujayrah Sharjah Dubai Ras al Khaymah Umm al Qaywayn See also  ISO 3166-2:AE Categories: Lists of subnational entities | United Arab Emirates ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Myth (disambiguation). ... Farsi redirects here. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Dubai Creek or Khor Dubai (Arabic: خور دبي) is an inlet located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


History

Main article: History of Dubai
Al Fahidi Fort, built in 1799, is the oldest existing building in Dubai.
Al Fahidi Fort, built in 1799, is the oldest existing building in Dubai.[12]

Very little is known about pre-Islamic culture in the south-east Arabian peninsula, except that many ancient towns in the area were trading centers between the Eastern and Western worlds. The remnants of an ancient mangrove swamp, dated at 7,000 years, were discovered during the construction of sewer lines near Dubai Internet City. The area had been covered with sand about 5,000 years ago as the coastline retreated inland, becoming a part of the city's present coastline.[13] Prior to Islam, the people in this region worshiped Bajir (or Bajar).[14] The Byzantine and Sassanian empires constituted the great powers of the period, with the Sassanians controlling much of the region. After the spread of Islam in the region, the Umayyad Caliph, of the eastern Islamic world, invaded south-east Arabia and drove out the Sassanians. Excavations undertaken by the Dubai Museum in the region of Al-Jumayra (Jumeirah) indicate the existence of several artifacts from the Umayyad period.[15] The earliest recorded mention of Dubai is in 1095, in the "Book of Geography" by the Spanish-Arab geographer Abu Abdullah al-Bakri. The Venetian pearl merchant Gaspero Balbi visited the area in 1580 and mentioned Dubai (Dibei) for its pearling industry.[15] Documented records of the town of Dubai exist only after 1799.[16] Abra (Ferry) in Bur Dubai The History of Dubai can be traced back to the earliest recorded mention of Dubai in 1095 CE, in the Arabic book Mojam Ma Ostojam men Asmae Al belaad wal Mawadhea (معجم ما استعجم من أسماء البلاد والمواضع مازن محمد اغا) by Abdullah Bin Abdu Aziz Al Bakri Al Andalasi. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution (1850 × 1240 pixel, file size: 612 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution (1850 × 1240 pixel, file size: 612 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Pre-Islamic Arabia, the history of Arabia before the rise of Islam in the 630s, is not known in great detail. ... The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures, social structures and philosophical systems of the East, namely Asia (including China, India, Japan, and surrounding regions). ... Occident redirects here. ... Mangrove swamps are a characteristic for the tropical and subtropical coasts. ... The Microsoft sign at the entrance of the Dubai Microsoft campus, Dubai Internet City. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Bajir (alternatively Bajar or Bahar) was a minor deity worshiped by the pre-Islamic Arabian tribe Azd. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Head of king Shapur II (Sasanian dynasty A.D. 4th century). ... Flag Umayyad Empire at its greatest extent Capital Damascus Capital-in-exile Córdoba Language(s) Arabic Religion Islam Government Monarchy History  - Established 660  - Disestablished 750 Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  The Umayyad Dynasty (Arabic,بنو أمية ) (Banu Umayyah), whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams, the great-grandfather of the first... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Sharia. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Al Fahidi Fort Dubai Museum is in Dubai, a city (and Emirate) in the United Arab Emirates. ... Jumeirah Jumeirah is a coastal residential area in Dubai, United Arab Emirates mainly comprising low rise private dwellings. ... A geographer is a crazy psycho whose area of study is geocrap, the pseudoscientific study of Earths physical environment and human habitat and the study of boring students to death. ... Abu Abdullah al-Bakri (1014–1094) (Arabic: أبو عبد الله البكري) was a Spanish-Arab geographer and historian. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pearl (disambiguation). ... Pearl diver in Japan Pearl hunting or pearl diving refers to a now largely obsolete method of retrieving pearls from oysters and, on rare occasions, other nacre-producing creatures, such as abalone. ...


In the early 19th century, the Al Abu Falasa clan (House of Al-Falasi) of Bani Yas clan established Dubai, which remained a dependent of Abu Dhabi until 1833.[17] On 8 January 1820, the sheikh of Dubai and other sheikhs in the region signed the "General Maritime Peace Treaty" with the British government.[13] However, in 1833, the Al Maktoum dynasty (also descendants of the House of Al-Falasi) of the Bani Yas tribe left the settlement of Abu Dhabi and took over Dubai from the Abu Fasala clan without resistance.[17] Dubai came under the protection of the United Kingdom by the "Exclusive Agreement" of 1892, with the latter agreeing to protect Dubai against any attacks from the Ottoman Empire.[17] Two catastrophes struck the town during the mid 1800s. First, in 1841, a smallpox epidemic broke out in the Bur Dubai locality, forcing residents to relocate east to Deira. Then, in 1894, fire swept through Deira, burning down most homes.[18] However, the town's geographical location continued to attract traders and merchants from around the region. The emir of Dubai was keen to attract foreign traders and lowered trade tax brackets, which lured traders away from Sharjah and Bandar Lengeh, which were the region's main trade hubs at the time.[19][18] The Al Maktoum family descends from the Al Bu Falasah (now known as Al-Falasi) section of the Bani Yas, a highly respected and authoritative tribal federation that was the dominant power throughout most of what is now the United Arab Emirates. ... Bani Yas is a tribe in the United Arab Emirates. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... The Al Maktoum family descends from the Al Bu Falasah (now known as Al-Falasi) section of the Bani Yas, a highly respected and authoritative tribal federation that was the dominant power throughout most of what is now the United Arab Emirates. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... This article is about the disease. ... Bur Dubai is a historic district in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Bandar Lengeh is a port city in the Hormozgan province of Iran on the coast of the Persian Gulf. ...

Old watch tower in Bur Dubai.
Old watch tower in Bur Dubai.

Dubai's geographical proximity to India made it an important location. The town of Dubai was an important port of call for foreign tradesmen, chiefly those from India, many of whom eventually settled in the town. Dubai was known for its pearl exports until the 1930s. However, Dubai's pearling industry was damaged irreparably by the events of the First World War, and later on by the Great Depression in the late 1920s. Consequently, the city witnessed a mass migration of people to other parts of the Persian Gulf.[13] Since its inception, Dubai was constantly at odds with Abu Dhabi. In 1947, a border dispute between Dubai and Abu Dhabi on the northern sector of their mutual border, escalated into war between the two states.[20] Arbitration by the British and the creation of a buffer frontier running south eastwards from the coast at Ras Hasian resulted in a temporary cessation of hostilities.[21] However, border disputes between the emirates continued even after the formation of the UAE; it was only in 1979 that a formal compromise was reached that ended hostilities and border disputes between the two states.[22] Electricity, telephone services and an airport were established in Dubai in the 1950s, when the British moved their local administrative offices from Sharjah to Dubai.[23] In 1966 the town joined the newly independent country of Qatar to set up a new monetary unit, the Qatar/Dubai Riyal, after the deflation of the Gulf rupee.[16] Oil was discovered in Dubai the same year, after which the town granted concessions to international oil companies. The discovery of oil led to a massive influx of foreign workers, mainly Indians and Pakistanis. As a result, the population of the city from 1968 to 1975 grew by over 300%, by some estimates.[24] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (685 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 512 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Old watch tower in Bur Dubai, U.A.E. - Photo by Anees Ahmed Shaikh I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (685 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 512 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Old watch tower in Bur Dubai, U.A.E. - Photo by Anees Ahmed Shaikh I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into... Bur Dubai is a historic district in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Arbitration is a legal technique for the resolution of disputes outside the courts, wherein the parties to a dispute refer it to one or more persons (the arbitrators or arbitral tribunal), by whose decision (the award) they agree to be bound. ... ISO 4217 Code QAR User(s) Qatar Inflation 7. ... Deflation (economics) Deflation (data compression) Deflation is the removal of loose soil by eolian (wind) processes This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Gulf Rupee, also known as the Persian Gulf Rupee (XPGR), was introduced by the Indian government as a replacement for the Indian Rupee for circulation exclusively outside the country with the Reserve Bank of India [Amendment] Act, 1 May 1959. ...


On 2 December 1971 Dubai, together with Abu Dhabi and five other emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates after former protector Britain left the Persian Gulf in 1971.[25] In 1973, Dubai joined the other emirates to adopt a uniform currency: the UAE dirham. In the 1970s, Dubai continued to grow from revenues generated from oil and trade, even as the city saw an influx of Lebanese immigrants fleeing the civil war in Lebanon.[26] The Jebel Ali Free Zone, comprising the Jebel Ali port (reputedly the world's largest man made port) was established in 1979, which provided foreign companies unrestricted import of labour and export capital.[27] is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... ISO 4217 Code AED User(s) United Arab Emirates Inflation 4. ... Belligerents Lebanese Front Syria LNM PLO Amal Israel Commanders Bachir Gemayel Dany Chamoun Kamal Jumblatt Yasser Arafat Ariel Sharon The Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) was a multifaceted civil war whose antecedents trace back to the conflicts and political compromises reached after the end of Lebanons administration by the... Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) is located in the emirate of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written Mina Jabal Ali) is a port (Mina in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ...


The Persian Gulf War of 1990 had a huge impact on the city. Economically, Dubai banks experienced a massive withdrawal of funds due to uncertain political conditions in the region. During the course of the 1990s, however, many foreign trading communities — first from Kuwait, during the Persian Gulf War, and later from Bahrain, during the Shia unrest, moved their businesses to Dubai.[19] Dubai provided refueling bases to allied forces at the Jebel Ali free zone during the Persian Gulf war, and again, during the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. Large increases in oil prices after the Persian Gulf war encouraged Dubai to continue to focus on free trade and tourism.[28] The success of the Jebel Ali free zone allowed the city to replicate its model to develop clusters of new free zones, including Dubai Internet City, Dubai Media City and Dubai Maritime City. The construction of Burj Al Arab, the world's tallest freestanding hotel, as well as the creation of new residential developments, were used to market Dubai for purposes of tourism. Since 2002, the city has seen an increase in private real estate investment in recreating Dubai's skyline[28] with such projects as The Palm Islands, The World Islands and Burj Dubai. However, robust economic growth in recent years has been accompanied by rising inflation rates (at 11.2% as of 2007 when measured against Consumer Price Index) which is attributed in part due to the near doubling of commercial and residential rental costs, resulting in a substantial increase in the cost of living for residents.[29] See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Shia may refer to a denomination of Islam, or related items, such as: Shia Islam, the second largest denomination of Islam, after Sunni Islam. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... The Microsoft sign at the entrance of the Dubai Microsoft campus, Dubai Internet City. ... Main Buildings at Dubai Media City Dubai Media City on 1 May 2007 Dubai Media City (DMC) part of Dubai Holding is a tax free zone within Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... See also The World Islands - Another artificial island project in Dubai. ... ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... For other uses, see The Cost of Living. ...


Geography

City level map of Dubai
City level map of Dubai

Dubai is situated on the Persian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates and is roughly at sea level (16 m/52 ft above). The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. Hatta, a minor exclave of the emirate, is surrounded on three sides by Oman and by the emirates of Ajman (in the west) and Ras Al Khaimah (in the north). The Persian Gulf borders the western coast of the emirate. Dubai is positioned at 25.2697° N 55.3095° E and covers an area of 4,114 km² (1,588 mi²). For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. ... Hatta is a town (which includes a reconstructed heritage village by the same name) in the Hatta mountains in the north of the emirate of Dubai. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... Motto:  Anthem: Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Ajman Official languages Arabic Government constitutional monarchy  -  Emir Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi  -  Crown prince Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Establishment 1780  Area  -  Total 259 km²  177 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 235,000  Currency UAE dirham (AED) Time zone... Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة) is one of the United Arab Emirates. ...


Dubai lies directly within the Arabian Desert. However, the topography of Dubai is significantly different from that of the southern portion of the UAE in that much of Dubai's landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country.[30] The sand consists mostly of crushed shell and coral and is fine, clean and white. East of the city, the salt-crusted coastal plans, known as sabkha, give way to a north-south running line of dunes. Farther east, the dunes grow larger and are tinged red with iron oxide.[24] The flat sandy desert gives way to the Western Hajar Mountains, which run alongside Dubai's border with Oman at Hatta. The Western Hajar chain has an arid, jagged and shattered landscape, whose mountains rise to about 1,300 meters in some places. Dubai has no natural river bodies or oases; however, Dubai does have a natural inlet, Dubai Creek, which has been dredged to make it deep enough for large vessels to pass through. Dubai also has multiple gorges and waterholes which dot the base of the Western Al Hajar mountains. A vast sea of sand dunes cover much of southern Dubai, which eventually lead into the desert known as The Empty Quarter. Seismically, Dubai is in a very stable zone — the nearest seismic fault line, the Zargos Fault, is 120 km from the UAE and is unlikely to have any seismic impact on Dubai.[31] Experts also predict that the possibility of a tsunami in the region is also minimal because the Persian Gulf waters are not deep enough to trigger a tsunami.[31] This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... Extant Subclasses and Orders Alcyonaria    Alcyonacea    Helioporacea Zoantharia    Antipatharia    Corallimorpharia    Scleractinia    Zoanthidea [1][2]  See Anthozoa for details For other uses, see Coral (disambiguation). ... Iron oxide pigment There are a number of iron oxides: Iron oxides Iron(II) oxide or ferrous oxide (FeO) The black-coloured powder in particular can cause explosions as it readily ignites. ... In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... Oasis in the Libyan part of the Sahara In geography, an oasis is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. ... Dubai Creek or Khor Dubai (Arabic: خور دبي) is an inlet located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... A waterhole, in its simplest definition, is a hole filled with water. ... The Empty Quarter can refer to: The Empty Quarter, the name of the usually sparsely-populated western regions of Canada and the United States, popularized by author Joel Garreau in his book The Nine Nations of North America The Rub al Khali, a region in the Arabian Peninsula that literally... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ...


The sandy desert surrounding the city supports wild grasses and occasional date palm trees. Desert hyacinths grow in the sabkha plains east of the city, while acacia and ghaf trees grow in the flat plains within the proximity of the Western Al Hajar mountains. Several indigenous trees such as the date palm and neem as well as imported trees like the eucalypts grow in Dubai's natural parks. The houbara bustard, striped hyena, caracal, desert fox, falcon and Arabian oryx are common in Dubai's desert. Dubai is on the migration path between Europe, Asia and Africa, and more than 320 migratory birds pass through the emirate in spring and autumn. The waters of Dubai are home to more than 300 species of fish, including the hammour. For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... The name Hyacinth can refer to: the Hyacinth from Greek mythology. ... For other uses, see Acacia (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce Prosopis cineraria is a small to medium size tree, found mainly in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan in India. ... Neem (Azadirachta indica, syn. ... Species About 600, see text Eucalyptus is a diverse genus of trees (rarely shrubs), the members of which dominate the tree flora of Australia. ... Genera See text. ... This article is about the species of animal. ... For other uses, see Caracal (disambiguation). ... Desert Fox can have multiple meanings: A nickname for German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Operation Desert Fox – a U.S.-U.K. bombing campaign against Iraq (December 16-December 18, 1998) The Desert Fox (movie) – a 1951 movie about Rommel This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... For other uses, see Falcon (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pallas, 1766 The Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) is a bovid and the smallest member of Oryx genus, native to desert and steppe areas of the Arabian peninsula. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about a type of fish. ...


Dubai Creek runs northeast-southwest through the city. The eastern section of the city forms the locality of Deira and is flanked by the emirate of Sharjah in the east and the town of Al Aweer in the south. The Dubai International Airport is located south of Deira, while the Palm Deira is located north of Deira in the Persian Gulf. Much of Dubai's real estate boom is concentrated to the west of the Dubai Creek, on the Jumeirah coastal belt. Port Rashid, Jebel Ali, Burj Al Arab, the Palm Jumeirah and theme based free zone clusters such as Business Bay are all located in this section. Five main routes — E 11 (Sheikh Zayed Road), E 311 (Emirates Road), E 44 (Dubai-Hatta Highway), E 77 (Dubai-Al Habab Road) and E 66 (Oud Metha Road) — run through Dubai, connecting the city to other towns and emirates. Additionally, several important intra-city routes, such as D 89 (Al Maktoum Road/Airport Road), D 85 (Baniyas Road), D 75 (Sheikh Rashid Road), D 73 (Al Dhiyafa Road), D 94 (Jumeirah Road) and D 92 (Al Khaleej/Al Wasl Road) connect the various localities in the city. The eastern and western sections of the city are connected by Al Maktoum Bridge, Al Garhoud Bridge, Al Shindagha Tunnel, Business Bay Crossing and Floating Bridge. Dubai Creek or Khor Dubai (Arabic: خور دبي) is an inlet located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Al Aweer is a suburb of Dubai, about 35 kilometres from the city centre. ... Interior view of Dubai International Airport Dubai International Airport (IATA: DXB, ICAO: OMDB) (Arabic: مطار دبي الدولي) is the international airport serving Dubai, the largest city of the United Arab Emirates. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Jumeirah Jumeirah is a coastal residential area in Dubai, United Arab Emirates mainly comprising low rise private dwellings. ... A view of Port Rashid, Dubai Mina Rashid (Port Rashid) is the man made, commercial, deep-water port of Dubai. ... Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written Mina Jabal Ali) is a port (Mina in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... The Palm Jumeirah in 2005 The Palm Jumeirah is an artificial island created using land reclamation by Nakheel, a company owned by the Dubai government. ... Business Bay is one of the many new economic zones that are being built around downtown Dubai. ... The E-11 blaster rifle is a fictional weapon from the Star Wars saga. ... The E-44 is a Greek 81 millimeter calibre mortar. ... Al Maktoum Bridge is a bridge that crosses Dubai Creek in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Al Garhoud bridge is one of two road bridges over the Dubai creek. ... Al Shindagha Tunnel is a tunnel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The 13 lane Business Bay Crossing is one of the most recent bridges across Dubai Creek and was opened to traffic in June 2007. ... Floating Bridge is a pontoon bridge (floating bridge) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Dubai has a hot and, at times, humid climate (drier during extreme heat) with many months recording temperatures of over 40 °C (104 °F) (refer to accompanying table for recorded mean minimum and maximum temperatures during the year). Rainfall is generally light, with a mean of about 150 millimetres (6 in) per year; precipitation is usually centered around January, February and March. However, heavy rain is not uncommon in Dubai during the winter months and January 2008 saw a record of 120mm (or 5") of rain falling in just 24 hours, [32] The mean humidity in Dubai is about 60% and is higher during the cooler winter months. For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... The term humidity is usually taken in daily language to refer to relative humidity. ...

Weather averages for Dubai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.0 (75) 25.4 (78) 28.2 (83) 32.9 (91) 37.6 (100) 39.5 (103) 40.8 (105) 41.3 (106) 38.9 (102) 35.4 (96) 30.5 (87) 26.2 (79) 33.4 (92)
Average low °C (°F) 14.3 (58) 15.4 (60) 17.6 (64) 20.8 (69) 24.6 (76) 27.2 (81) 29.9 (86) 30.2 (86) 27.5 (82) 23.9 (75) 19.9 (68) 16.3 (61) 22.3 (72)
Rain Fall mm (inches) 15.6 (0.6) 25.0 (1) 21.0 (0.8) 07.0 (0.3) 00.4 (0) 00.0 (0) 00.8 (0) 00.0 (0) 00.0 (0) 01.2 (0) 02.7 (0.1) 14.9 (0.6) 07.4 (0.3)
Source: Dubai Meteorological Office[33] 13 April 2008

This article is about precipitation. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Governance and politics

Dubai Municipality building across the creek in Deira
Dubai Municipality building across the creek in Deira

Dubai's government operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy[citation needed], and has been ruled by the Al Maktoum family since 1833. The current ruler, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, is also the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and member of the Supreme Council of the Union (SCU). Dubai appoints 8 members in two-term periods to the Federal National Council (FNC) of the UAE, the supreme federal legislative body.[34] The Dubai Municipality (DM) was established by the then ruler of Dubai, Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum in 1954 for purposes of city planning, citizen services and upkeep of local facilities.[35] DM is chaired by Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum, deputy ruler of Dubai and comprises several departments such as the Roads Department, Planning and Survey Department, Environment and Public Health Department and Financial Affairs Department. In 2001, Dubai Municipality embarked on an e-Government project with the intention of providing 40 of its city services through its web portal (Dubai.ae). Thirteen such services were launched by October 2001, while several other services were expected to be operational in the future. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Politics of the United Arab Emirates takes place in a framework of a federal presidential elected monarchy, a federation of seven absolute monarchies, the Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Qaiwain. ... Dubai Creek or Khor Dubai (Arabic: خور دبي) is an inlet located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... Al Maktoum (المكتوم in Arabic is the family name of the ruling dynasty of the emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic (محمد بن راشد آلمكتوم) (born 1949) is currently the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Ruler of Dubai. ... Though the United Arab Emirates have a kind of parliament, there are no elections and parties in the United Arab Emirates. ... A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. ... Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum (1912 - October 7, 1990) (Arabic: راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم) was the prime minister of United Arab Emirates from 1979 to 1990 and ruler of Dubai. ... Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born December 25, 1942 in Bur Dubai, Dubai) is the Deputy Ruler of Dubai and the Minister of Finance and Industry of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... The term (in all its uses) is generally agreed to derive from electronic government which introduces the notion and practicalities of electronic technology into the various dimensions and ramifications of government. ... For information regarding portals on Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Portal. ...


Dubai and Ras al Khaimah are the only emirates that do not conform to the federal judicial system of the United Arab Emirates. The emirate's judicial courts comprise the Court of First Instance, the Court of Appeal, and the Court of Cassation. The Court of First Instance consists of the Civil court, which hears all civil claims, the Criminal Court, which hears claims originating from police complaints, and Sharia Court, which is responsible for matters between Muslims. Non-Muslims do not appear before the Sharia Court. The Court of Cassation is the apex court of the emirate and only hears disputes on matters of law.[36] The Dubai Police Force, founded in 1956 in the locality of Naif, has law enforcement jurisdiction over the emirate; the force is under direct command of Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum, ruler of Dubai. Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة) is one of the United Arab Emirates. ... The word federal in a general sense refers to the nature of an agreement between or among two or more states, nations, or other groups to merge into a union in which control of common affairs is held by a central authority created by and with the consent of the... This article is about law in society. ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Look up apex in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Dubai Police Force is the 15,000 strong[1] police force for the city of Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Dubai has approximately 250,000 labourers, mostly South Asian, working on real estate development projects such as the Dubai Marina.
Dubai has approximately 250,000 labourers, mostly South Asian, working on real estate development projects such as the Dubai Marina.

Article 25 of the Constitution of the UAE provides for the equitable treatment of persons with regard to race, nationality, religious beliefs or social status. However, many of Dubai's 250,000 foreign laborers live in conditions described by Human Rights Watch as being "less than human."[37][38][39][40] NPR reports that workers "typically live eight to a room, sending home a portion of their salary to their families, whom they don't see for years at a time." On 21 March 2006, workers at the construction site of Burj Dubai, upset over bus timings and working conditions, rioted: damaging cars, offices, computers, and construction tools.[41][42][43] Judicial rulings in Dubai with regard to foreign nationals were brought to light by the alleged attempts to cover up information on the rape of Alexandre Robert, a 15 year old French-Swiss national, by three locals, one of whom was HIV positive[44] and by the recent mass imprisonment of migrant laborers, most of whom were from India, on account of their protests against poor wages and living conditions.[45] Prostitution, though illegal by law, is conspicuously present in the emirate because of an economy that is largely based on tourism and trade. Research conducted by the American Center for International Policy Studies (AMCIPS) found that Russian and Ethiopian women are the most common prostitutes, as well as women from other African countries, while Indian prostitutes are part of a well organized trans-Oceanic prostitution network.[46] A 2007 PBS documentary entitled Dubai: Night Secrets reported that prostitution in clubs is tolerated by authorities and many foreign women work there without being coerced, attracted by the money.[47][48][49] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 388 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Dubai Contruction workers Source: http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 388 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Dubai Contruction workers Source: http://flickr. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... The sun setting over Dubai Marina Dubai Marina is a district in the heart of what has recently become known as new Dubai, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... For other uses, see Race. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Religion—sometimes used interchangeably with faith or belief system—is commonly defined as belief concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the moral codes, practices, values, and institutions associated with such belief. ... Social status is the honor or prestige attached to ones position in society (ones social position). ... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a frequently mutating retrovirus that attacks the human immune system and which has been shown to cause acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). ... Whore redirects here. ... The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityopiya, Amharic ኢትዮጵያ) is a country situated in the Horn of Africa. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... PBS redirects here. ...

See also: Human rights in Dubai

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Dubai
Year Population
18221 1,200 [50]
19001 10,000 [51]
19301 20,000 [52]
19401 38,000 [50]
19541 20,000 [50]
19601 40,000 [53]
1968 58,971 [54]
1975 183,000 [55]
1985 370,800 [56]
1995 674,000 [56]
2005 1,204,000
1 The town of Dubai first conducted a census in 1968. All population figures in this table prior to 1968 are estimates obtained from various sources.
The Grand Mosque in Jumeirah, Dubai.
The Grand Mosque in Jumeirah, Dubai.

According to the census conducted by the Statistics Center of Dubai, the population of the emirate was 1,422,000 as of 2006, which included 1,073,000 males and 349,000 females.[57] As of 1998, 17% of the population of the emirate was made up of UAE nationals. Approximately 85% of the expatriate population (and 71% of the emirate's total population) was Asian, chiefly Indian (51%), Pakistani (16%), Bangladeshi (9%) and Filipino (3%).[3] About 3% of the total population of Dubai was categorized as "Western". A quarter of the population however reportedly traces their origins to neighboring Iran.[58] In addition, 16% of the population (or 288,000 persons) lived in collective labour accommodation were not identified by ethnicity or nationality, but were thought to be primarily Asian.[59] The median age in the emirate was about 27 years. The crude birth rate, as of 2005, was 13.6%, while the crude death rate was about 1%.[60] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 315 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jumeirah Mosque Source: http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 315 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jumeirah Mosque Source: http://flickr. ... Jumeirah Jumeirah is a coastal residential area in Dubai, United Arab Emirates mainly comprising low rise private dwellings. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For the band, see Expatriate (band). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Occident redirects here. ... This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... This article is about the statistical concept. ...


Although Arabic is the official language of Dubai, English, Hindi, Malayalam, Bengali ,Persian, Urdu, Tagalog and others are widely spoken.[citation needed] Arabic redirects here. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... -1... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Bangla redirects here. ... Look up Persian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Tagalog (pronounced ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


Article 7 of the UAE's Provisional Constitution declares Islam the official state religion of the UAE. The government subsidizes almost 95 percent of mosques and employs all imams; approximately 5 percent of mosques are entirely private, and several large mosques have large private endowments.[61] For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... South America Europe Middle East Africa Asia Oceania Demography of religions by country Full list of articles on religion by country Religion Portal         Nations with state religions:  Buddhism  Islam  Shia Islam  Sunni Islam  Orthodox Christianity  Protestantism  Roman Catholic Church A state religion (also called an official religion, established church... Imam is an Arabic word meaning Leader. The ruler of a country might be called the Imam, for example. ...


Dubai has large Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Sikh and other religious communities. Non-Muslim groups can own their own houses of worship, where they can practice their religion freely, by requesting a land grant and permission to build a compound. Groups that do not have their own buildings must use the facilities of other religious organisations or worship in private homes[62]. Non-Muslim religious groups are permitted to openly advertise group functions; however, proselytizing or distributing religious literature is strictly prohibited under penalty of criminal prosecution, imprisonment, and deportation for engaging in behaviour offensive to Islam.[61] This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... The English language word proselytism is derived ultimately from the Greek language prefix pros (towards) and the verb erchomai (to come). ... Deportation is the expelling of someone from a country. ...

See also: Indians in the United Arab Emirates, Islam in the United Arab Emirates, Roman Catholicism in the United Arab Emirates, and Bahá'í Faith in the United Arab Emirates

Jumeirah Mosque, built in stone in medieval Fatimid tradition, is an example of modern Islamic architecture and is one of the most photographed sights of Dubai More than 80 percent of the population of the UAE are noncitizens. ... The Roman Catholic Church in the United Arab Emirates is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Dubai
The Burj Al Arab is the world's tallest hotel.
The Burj Al Arab is the world's tallest hotel.
The Dubai Marina, a residential district, is the world's second largest man-made marina.
The Dubai Marina, a residential district, is the world's second largest man-made marina.

Dubai's gross domestic product as of 2005 was US$37 billion.[8] Although Dubai's economy was built on the back of the oil industry,[63] revenues from oil and natural gas currently account for less than 6% of the emirate's revenues.[7] It is estimated that Dubai produces 240,000 barrels of oil a day and substantial quantities of gas from offshore fields. The emirate's share in UAE's gas revenues is about 2%. Dubai's oil reserves have diminished significantly and are expected to be exhausted in 20 years.[64] Trade (16%), entrepôt (15%) and financial services (11%) are the largest contributors to Dubai's economy. [65] Dubai's top re-exporting countries include Iran (US$ 790 million), India (US$ 204 million) and Saudi Arabia (US$ 194 million). The emirate's top importing countries are Japan (US$ 1.5 billion), China (US$ 1.4 billion) and the United States (US$ 1.4 billion).[6] The Burj Al-Arab in Dubai. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution (996 × 657 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Original Uploader: de:User:SvG at 18:56, 26. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution (996 × 657 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Original Uploader: de:User:SvG at 18:56, 26. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... The sun setting over Dubai Marina Dubai Marina is a district in the heart of what has recently become known as new Dubai, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... A marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... GDP redirects here. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The Oil industry brings to market what is currently considered the lifeblood of nearly all other industry, if not industrialized civilization itself. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Barrel (disambiguation). ... This article is about economic exchange. ... An entrepôt is a trading centre, or simply a warehouse, where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties, often at a profit. ... Financial services is a term used to refer to the services provided by the finance industry. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Historically, Dubai and its twin across the Dubai creek, Deira (independent of Dubai City at that time), became important ports of call for Western manufacturers. Most of the new city's banking and financial centres were headquartered in the port area. Dubai maintained its importance as a trade route through the 1970s and 1980s. The city of Dubai has a free trade in gold and until the 1990s was the hub of a "brisk smuggling trade"[66] of gold ingots to India, where gold import was restricted. In a recent research, the MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index™, Dubai was named as one of the world's top 50 cities that are the hubs of the new worldwide economy. Dubai's ranking positions the city as a leader in the Middle East, offering a strong business climate that supports further development. [1] In United Kingdom usage, the term creek refers exclusively to a tidal water channel. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Modern gold ingots from the Bank of Sweden An Ingot is a mass of material cast into a shape which is easy to handle. ...


Dubai is considered to be an important tourist destination and its port, Jebel Ali, constructed in the 1970s, has the largest man-made harbor in the world. Dubai is also increasingly developing as a hub for service industries such as IT and finance, with the establishment of a new Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC). The government has set up industry-specific free zones throughout the city. Dubai Internet City, combined with Dubai Media City as part of TECOM (Dubai Technology, Electronic Commerce and Media Free Zone Authority) is one such enclave whose members include IT firms such as EMC Corporation, Oracle Corporation, Microsoft, and IBM, and media organisations such as MBC, CNN, Reuters and AP. Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written Mina Jabal Ali) is a port (Mina in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The field of finance refers to the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interelated. ... Many countries have, or have had at some time, designated areas where companies are taxed very lightly or not at all to encourage development or for some other reason. ... The Microsoft sign at the entrance of the Dubai Microsoft campus, Dubai Internet City. ... Main Buildings at Dubai Media City Dubai Media City on 1 May 2007 Dubai Media City (DMC) part of Dubai Holding is a tax free zone within Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC) is an American manufacturer of software and systems for information management and storage. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Middle East Broadcasting Centre or popularly known as MBC was launced on September 18, 1991, is a Saudi-run company broadcasting a mix of free-to-air news and entertainment channels via satellite. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...


The Dubai Financial Market (DFM) was established in March 2000 as a secondary market for trading securities and bonds, both local and foreign. As of Q4 2006, its trading volume stood at about 400 billion shares worth US$ 95 billion. The DFM had a market capitalization of about US$ 87 billion.[60] The government's decision to diversify from a trade-based, but oil-reliant, economy to one that is service and tourism-oriented has made real estate more valuable, resulting in the property appreciation from 2004–2006. Large scale real estate development projects have led to the construction of some of the tallest skyscrapers and largest projects in the world such as the Emirates Towers, the Burj Dubai, the Palm Islands and the world's tallest, and most expensive, hotel the Burj Al Arab.[67] The Dubai Financial Market (Arabic: سوق دبي المالي) is a stock exchange located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The secondary market is the financial market for trading of securities that have already been issued in an initial private or public offering. ... Securities are tradeable interests representing financial value. ... For alternative meanings, see bond (a disambiguation page). ... Market capitalization, or market cap, is a measurement of corporate or economic size equal to the stock price times the number of shares outstanding of a public company. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... The Emirates Towers; Left: Office Tower, Right: Hotel The Emirates Towers complex contains the Emirates Office Tower and Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel skyscrapers, respectively the 12th (355 m, 1163 ft) and the 29th (309 m, 1014 ft) tallest currently-standing structures in the world[1], and a 9,000 m... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... The designs of the three palm islands. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ...

See also: Developments in Dubai and Tourism in Dubai

The Dubai governments decision to diversify from a trade-based but oil-reliant economy to one that is service- and tourism-oriented has made real estate and other developments more valuable, resulting in the property boom from 2004–2006. ... Tourism in Dubai is an important part of the Dubai governments strategy to maintain the flow of foreign dollars into the emirate. ...

Transportation

Abras are the traditional mode of transport between Deira and Bur Dubai.
Abras are the traditional mode of transport between Deira and Bur Dubai.

Dubai International Airport (IATA: DXB), the hub for Emirates Airline, services the city of Dubai and other emirates in the country. The airport served a total of over 34 million passengers and over 260,000 flights in 2007.[68] The Dubai International Airport ranked 17th among international airports for total cargo traffic in 2006.[69] A third terminal and a new concourse are currently under construction and are both due to open in mid-2008.[70] The new terminal will be dedicated to Emirates Airline and will fully support the new Airbus A380. The development of Dubai World Central International Airport, currently under construction in Jebel Ali, was announced in 2004. The first phase is expected to be completed by 2008, and once operational the new airport will host foreign airlines. Emirates (both the passenger and cargo operations) will remain in Dubai International Airport.[71] Dubais RTA regulates transportation within the city of Dubai. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1144x856, 798 KB) Dubai, Flusstaxi über den Dubai Creek File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dubai Wikipedia talk:Featured picture candidates Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1144x856, 798 KB) Dubai, Flusstaxi über den Dubai Creek File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dubai Wikipedia talk:Featured picture candidates Metadata This file contains additional information... Abra on the Dubai Creek Abra station Abra is a traditional boat made from wood used to transfer people in the Dubai creek. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Bur Dubai is a historic district in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Interior view of Dubai International Airport Dubai International Airport (IATA: DXB, ICAO: OMDB) (Arabic: مطار دبي الدولي) is the international airport serving Dubai, the largest city of the United Arab Emirates. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... This article is about transported goods. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Dubai has a large bus system that services 69 routes and transported over about 90 million people in 2006. The Road and Transport Authority (RTA) announced in 2006 that an additional 620 new buses will be added to its fleet of 170 double decker buses.[72] Although the main mode of transportation in Dubai is by private vehicle, Dubai also has an extensive taxi system. Autobus redirects here. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ...


A $3.89 billion Dubai Metro project is under construction for the emirate. The Metro system is expected to be partially operational by 2009 and fully operational by 2012. The metro will comprise two lines: the Green Line from Al Rashidiya to the main city center and the Red Line from the airport to Jebel Ali. The Dubai Metro (Green and Blue Lines) will have 70 kilometers of track and 43 stations, 33 above ground and ten underground.[73] One of the more traditional methods of getting across Bur Dubai to Deira is through abras, small boats that ferry passengers across the Dubai Creek, between abra stations in Bastakiya and Baniyas Road. The Dubai Metro The Dubai Metro will be a driverless, fully automated metro network under construction in the United Arab Emirates city of Dubai. ... Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written Mina Jabal Ali) is a port (Mina in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Bur Dubai is a historic district in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Abra on the Dubai Creek Abra station Abra is a traditional boat made from wood used to transfer people in the Dubai creek. ... Dubai Creek or Khor Dubai (Arabic: خور دبي) is an inlet located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


In July 2007, the Salik road toll network was installed on Sheikh Zayed Road and on Al Garhoud bridge; the tolling stations are fully automated and collect toll of AED 4 (US$ 1.08) per transit. Salik is the name given to the road toll system in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Skyscrapers on Sheikh Zayed road on January, 2007 Dubais Skyline Skyscrapers on Sheikh Zayed road on May, 2006 Sheikh Zayed road around 1999; erection of the Emirates Towers to the left Traffic on Sheikh Zayed Road at night Sheikh Zayed Road (in Arabic: شارع الشيخ زايد) (E11) is a highway in Dubai... Al Garhoud bridge is one of two road bridges over the Dubai creek. ... ISO 4217 Code AED User(s) United Arab Emirates Inflation 4. ... USD redirects here. ...


Culture

A traditional souk in Deira
A traditional souk in Deira
The Deira Clock Tower is an important landmark in the city
The Deira Clock Tower is an important landmark in the city

Dubai has a diverse and multicultural society. The city's cultural imprint as a small, ethnically homogenous pearling community was changed with the arrival of other ethnic groups and nationals — first by the Iranians in the early 1900s, and later by Indians and Pakistanis in the 1960s. Despite the diversity of the population, only minor and infrequent episodes of ethnic tensions, primarily between expatriates, have been reported in the city. In 1994, Hindu and Muslim labourers clashed over the destruction of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, India, which resulted in the detainment and deportation of hundreds of Indian and Pakistani workers [74]. Major holidays in Dubai include Eid al Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and National Day (December 2), which marks the formation of the United Arab Emirates. Annual entertainment events such as the Dubai Shopping Festival (DSF) and Dubai Summer Surprises (DSS) attract over 4 million visitors from across the region and generate revenues in excess of US$ one billion [75]. Large shopping malls in the city, such as Deira City Centre, BurJuman, Mall of the Emirates and Ibn Battuta Mall as well as traditional souks attract shoppers from the region. The souq in Marrakech, Morocco A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Pearling refers to the practice of permanently inserting small beads made of various materials beneath the skin of the shaft of the penis. ... An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them from other groups. ... Iranian peoples are peoples who speak an Iranian language and/or belong to the Iranian stock. ... Ethnic tension is a term referring to tension between different ethnic groups. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... A view of the Babri Mosque, circa pre-1992. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... The Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) marks the end of Ramadan. ... This article is about religious observances during the month of Ramadan. ... The National Day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a country. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dubai Shopping Festival Logo Dubai Shopping Festival started on February 15, 1996 as a retail event intended to revitalise retail trade in Dubai. ... Modesh the mascot of Dubai Summer Surprises. ... USD redirects here. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... BurJuman is a shopping mall in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Mall of the Emirates is a shopping mall in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Ibn Battuta Mall is a large shopping mall on the Sheikh Zayed Road in Dubai close to Interchange 6 for Jebel Ali Village. ... The souq in Marrakech, Morocco A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ...


The diversity of cuisine in Dubai is a reflection of the cosmopolitan nature of the society. Arab food is very popular and is available everywhere in the city, from the small shawarma diners in Deira and Al Karama to the upscale restaurants in Dubai's many hotels. Fast food, South Asian, Chinese cuisines are also very popular and are widely available. The sale and consumption of pork, though not illegal, is regulated and is sold only to non-Muslims, in designated areas.[76] Similarly, the sale of alcoholic beverages is regulated. A liquor permit is required to purchase alcohol; however, alcohol is available in bars and restaurants within four or five star hotels. [77] Shisha and qahwa boutiques are also popular in Dubai. Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... Shawarma Shawarma (Arabic: ‎ or ‎, also spelled Chawarma, Shwarma, Shuarma, Shawerma, Shoarma or Shaorma) is a Middle Eastern-style sandwich usually composed of shaved lamb, goat, or chicken. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... One of the dirtiest areas of Dubai with an increasingly high over crowded popluation density residing in this area. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... South Asian cuisine includes the cuisines of the South Asia. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Look up illegal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 4-star Manor House Hotel at Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England. ... The 4-star Manor House Hotel at Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Hookah. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ...


Hollywood and Bollywood movies are popular in Dubai. The city hosts the annual Dubai International Film Festival, which attracts celebrities from Arab and International cinema. Dubai has an active music scene, with musicians Amr Diab, Diana Haddad, Tarkan, Aerosmith, Santana, Elton John, Pink, Shakira, Celine Dion and Phil Collins having performed in the city. Madonna is rumored to play live in November for ₤7.5 million. [78].The Dubai Desert Rock Festival is also another major festival consisiting of Heavy metal and rock artists. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Dubai International Film Festival 2007 The 4th Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF) will take place between December 9 and 16, 2007 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Arab cinema referes to the cinema of the Arab world where Arabic language is used in theatre and films. ... Cinema can refer to: Film, motion pictures or movies. ... Amr Abdel Basset Abdel Azeez Diab (Arabic:عمرو عبد الباسط عبد العزيز دياب) (born October 11, 1961) is an Egyptian singer and composer. ... Diana Joseph Foad Haddad (Arabic:ديانا جوزيف فؤاد حداد) (born October 1, 1976) is a Lebanese singer and model also known as Diana Haddad. ... For other uses, see Tarkan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... Santana during concert in Barcelona 2003 Carlos Santana (born July 20, 1947) is a famous Mexican rock and roll guitarist, originally from Autlan de Navarro, Jalisco. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Alecia Moore (born September 8, 1979), better known by her stage name Pink (also written as P!nk), is a Grammy Award-winning American singer-songwriter who first gained prominence in North America in early January of 2000. ... This article is about the musician. ... This article is about the musician. ... For other uses, see Phil Collins (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... The Dubai Desert Rock Festival is a one day event celebrating the different styles of rock music in the world on one stage in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Football and cricket are the most popular sports in Dubai. Five teams — Al Wasl, Al-Shabab, Al-Ahli, Al Nasr and Hatta — represent Dubai in UAE League football. Current champions Al-Wasl have the second-most number of championships in the UAE League, after Al Ain. Cricket is followed by Dubai's large South Asian community and in 2005, the International Cricket Council (ICC) moved its headquarters from London to Dubai. The city has hosted several India-Pakistan matches and two new grass grounds are being developed in Dubai Sports City. Dubai also hosts both the annual Dubai Tennis Championships and The Legends Rock Dubai tennis tournaments, as well as the Dubai Desert Classic golf tournament, all of which attract sports stars from around the world. The Dubai World Cup, a thoroughbred horse race, is held annually at the Nad Al Sheba Racecourse. “Soccer” redirects here. ... A cricket match in progress. ... Al Wasl Sports Club (Arabic: الوصل) is a United Arab Emirates sports club best known for its football team. ... Al-Shabab (Arabic: الشباب) is a football club in the United Arab Emirates. ... Al Ahli Football Club is a United Arab Emirates professional football (soccer) club. ... This article is about the United Arab Emirati football team. ... Hatta Club is an UAE Club based on Dubai They came to UAE League From UAE second Dvision when they was 2nd. ... The UAE League is the main football competition of the United Arab Emirates which began in 1973, this soccer league is now considered to be one of the most famous and exciting in the Asian continent. ... Al-Ain Football Club (Arabic: نادي العين; transliterated: Nady al-Ayn) is a professional association football club based in the city of Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates. ... ICC logo The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body for international Test match and One-day International cricket. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... The Indian cricket team is an international cricket team representing India. ... The Pakistani cricket team is a national cricket team representing Pakistan. ... The Dubai Sports City is an entire sports city currently being constructed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Dubai Tennis Championships is a professional tennis tournament held in Dubai, U.A.E. on outdoor hardcourts. ... 18th hole during Dubal Desert Classic 2001 The Dubai Desert Classic is an annual professional golf tournament which is usually played in February or March. ... This article is about the game. ... The Dubai World Cup is a Thoroughbred horserace event held annually since 1996 at the Nad Al Sheba Racecourse, 10 minutes away from the city centre of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Dubai is known for its nightlife. Clubs and bars are found mostly in hotels due to the liquor laws. The New York Times listed Dubai as its travel choice for partying in 2008.[79] The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

See also: Music of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is a part of the Persian Gulf khaleeji tradition, and is also known for Bedouin folk music. ...

Education

Main article: Education in Dubai

The school system in Dubai does not differ from that of the United Arab Emirates. As of 2006, there are 88 public schools run by the Ministry of Education that serve Emiratis and expatriate Arabs as well as 132 private schools.[57] The medium of instruction in public schools is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language, while most of the private schools use English as their medium of instruction. Most private schools cater to one or more expatriate communities. Delhi Private School, Our Own English High School, the Dubai Modern High School, and The Indian High School, Dubai offer either a CBSE or an ICSE Indian syllabus. Similarly, there are also several reputable Pakistani schools offering FBISE curriculum for expatriate children. Dubai English Speaking School, Jumeirah Primary School, Jebel Ali Primary School, the Cambridge High School (or Cambridge International School), Jumeirah English Speaking School, King's School and the Horizon School all offer British primary education up to the age of eleven. Dubai British School, Dubai College, English College Dubai, Jumeirah English Speaking School, Jumeirah College and St. Mary's Catholic High School are all British eleven-to-eighteen secondary schools which offer GCSE and A-Levels. Emirates International School provides full student education up to the age of 18, this is an International school and offers IGCSE and the IB program. Wellington International School, which caters education from 4-18, offers IGCSE and A-Levels. Deira International School also offers the IB program including the IGCSE program. Education in Dubai encompasses the many levels of primary, secondary and collegiate education catering to various ethnic and linguistic groups. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 187 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) American University in Dubai campus Source: http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 187 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) American University in Dubai campus Source: http://flickr. ... The American University in Dubai (AUD) (in Arabic:الجامعة الأمريكية في دبي ) is a for-profit private educational institute located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ... Our Own English High School is a chain of schools started by the Varkey Group of Schools across the cities of the United Arab Emirates. ... Dubai Modern High School (originally The Modern High School, Dubai) is an Indian-curriculum school in Dubai, founded in 1986. ... The Indian High School in Dubai (IHS or TIHS). ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... Look up syllabus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dubai College is a British system international school in the Umm Suqeim area of Dubai, United Arab Emirates, established in 1978. ... The English College Dubai is a mixed/coeducational school in Dubai that follows the British Curriculum. ... Jumeirah College is a British system international school in the Al Safa area of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... “GCSE” redirects here. ... The A-level, short for Advanced Level, is a General Certificate of Education qualification in England, Northern Ireland and Wales, usually taken by students during the optional final two years of secondary school (Years 12 & 13 (usually ages 16-18), commonly called the Sixth Form except for Scotland), or at... The International General Certificate of Secondary Education, or IGCSE, is an international qualification for school students. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into International Baccalaureate Organization. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into International Baccalaureate Organization. ...


The Ministry of Education of the United Arab Emirates is responsible for school's accreditation. The Dubai Education Council was established in July 2005 to develop the education sector in Dubai.[80] The Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA) was established in 2006 to develop education and human resource sectors in Dubai, and license educational institutes.[81]


Approximately 10% of the population has university or postgraduate degrees. Many expatriates tend to send their children back to their home country or to Western countries for university education and even to India for technology studies. However, a sizable number of foreign accredited universities have been set up in the city over the last ten years. Some of these universities include the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS Pilani), Heriot-Watt University Dubai, American University in Dubai (AUD), the American College of Dubai, Mahatma Gandhi University (Off-Campus Centre), SP Jain Center Of Management, University of Wollongong in Dubai, Institute of Management Technology and MAHE Manipal. In 2004, the Dubai School of Government in collaboration with Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and Harvard Medical School Dubai Center (HMSDC) were established in Dubai. For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Quaternary education or postgraduate education is the fourth-stage educational level which follows the completion of an undergraduate degree at a college or university. ... Occident redirects here. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India (popularly known as BITS Pilani) is one of the premier technology schools of India. ... Heriot-Watt University Dubai is a branch of the Scottish Heriot-Watt University in the city of Dubai. ... The American University in Dubai (AUD) (in Arabic:الجامعة الأمريكية في دبي ) is a for-profit private educational institute located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Mahatma Gandhi University was established on October 2nd 1983 by the Government of Kerala through an Act of the Legislative Assembly. ... SPJCM, (SP Jain Center of Management) is a twin campus business school located in Dubai and Singapore, and part of the prestigious SPJIMR business school in Mumbai, India. ... The University of Wollongong in Dubai The University of Wollongong in Dubai (UOWD) is one of the UAE’s oldest and most prestigious universities. ... Institute of Management Technology (IMT) is one of the Top 10[1] [2] business schools in India and is located at Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Harvard redirects here. ... The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (colloquially known as the Kennedy School, Harvard Kennedy School and HKS[1]) is a public policy and public administration school, and one of Harvards graduate and professional schools. ... Harvard Medical School (HMS) is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. ...

See also: List of universities and colleges in Dubai

In recent years, Dubais Government has shown an intensive interest in expanding higher education institutes in the city. ...

Media

See also: Radio and television channels of Dubai
Etisalat Tower 2, on Sheikh Zayed Road. Etisalat held a virtual monopoly over telecommunications in Dubai prior to 2006.
Etisalat Tower 2, on Sheikh Zayed Road. Etisalat held a virtual monopoly over telecommunications in Dubai prior to 2006.[82]

Dubai has a well established network of print, radio, television and electronic media which service the city. Multiple international channels available through cable, while satellite, radio and local channels are provided via the Arabian Radio Network and Dubai Media Incorporated systems. Many international news agencies such as Reuters, APTN and MBC and network news channels operated out of Dubai Media City and Dubai Internet City. Additionally, several local network television channels such as Dubai One (formerly Channel 33), EDTV and Dubai TV provide programming in English and Arabic. Dubai-based FM stations such as Dubai FM (93.9), Dubai92 (92.0), Al Khaleejia (100.9) and Hit FM (96.7) provide programming in English, Arabic and South Asian languages. Dubai is also the headquarters for several print media outlets. Al Khaleej, Al Bayan and Al Ittihad are the city's largest circulating Arabic language newspapers[83], while Gulf News and Khaleej Times[84] are the largest circulating English newspapers. Dubai is the media hub for the Middle East region and is home to many television and radio channels. ... Emirates Telecommunications Corporation, also known as Etisalat (former Emirtel), is the incumbent telecommunications carrier and Internet Service Provider in the United Arab Emirates. ... Print media includes newspapers, magazines, and the like. ... A screenshot of a web page. ... Cable TV redirects here. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Arab Media Group (AMG) is a Dubai, United Arab Emirates based media company, part of Tatweer, the holdings management arm of Dubai Holding. ... Dubai Media Inc. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... APTN redirects here. ... Middle East Broadcasting Centre or popularly known as MBC was launced on September 18, 1991, is a Saudi-run company broadcasting a mix of free-to-air news and entertainment channels via satellite. ... Main Buildings at Dubai Media City Dubai Media City on 1 May 2007 Dubai Media City (DMC) part of Dubai Holding is a tax free zone within Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Microsoft sign at the entrance of the Dubai Microsoft campus, Dubai Internet City. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Dubai One (previously called CH33 and later One TV) is Dubai Media Incorporateds 24-hour free-to-air English language entertainment channel available in the Middle East and North Africa, that was launched on December 24, 2004. ... Ch33 was a television channel transmitting terrestrially out of Dubai in English targeting the expat community in the UAE. It was founded in 1977. ... Dubai TV is a channel offered by the Dubai Media Incorporated (DMI). ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... Print media includes newspapers, magazines, and the like. ... Al Bayan is the second most popular newspaper in the United Arab Emirates. ... Al-Ittihad ( الاتحاد ) is a Saudi Arabian sports club based in the Red Sea port city of Jeddah. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Gulf News is an English language newspaper published from Dubai, United Arab Emirates with a daily readership of 91,000. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Etisalat, the government owned telecommunications provider held a virtual monopoly over telecommunication services in Dubai prior to the establishment of other, smaller telelcommunications companies such as Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company (EITC — better known as Du) in 2006. Internet was introduced into the UAE (and therefore Dubai) in 1995. The current network is supported by a bandwidth of 6 GB, with 50,000 dialup and 150,000 broadband ports. Dubai houses two of four DNS data centers in the country (DXBNIC1, DXBNIC2)[85]. Internet content is regulated in Dubai. Etisalat uses a proxy server to filter internet content that is deemed to be inconsistent with the values of the country, that provides information on bypassing the proxy, dating, gay and lesbian networks, sites pertaining to the Bahá'í faith, and sites originating from Israel. Additionally, VoIP services such as Skype that challenge Etisalat's monopoly over international calling as well as multimedia sharing and social networking websites such as Flickr, Lastfm, Hi5 and Orkut are blocked. [86][82] Emirates Media and Internet (a division of Etisalat) notes that as of 2002, 76% of internet users are male. About 60% of internet users were Asian, while 25% of users were Arab. Dubai enacted an Electronic Transactions and Commerce Law in 2002 which deals with digital signatures and electronic registers. It prohibits Internet Service Providers (ISPs) from disclosing information gathered in providing services. The penal code also contains some provisions; however, it does not address cyber crime or data protection.[87] Emirates Telecommunications Corporation, also known as Etisalat (former Emirtel), is the incumbent telecommunications carrier and Internet Service Provider in the United Arab Emirates. ... This article is about the economic term. ... du is a telecommunications company in the in the United Arab Emirates. ... A gigabyte (symbol GB) is a unit of measurement in computers of one thousand million bytes (the same as one billion bytes in the short scale usage). ... In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ... Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ... Ports on the Apple iBook (Early 2003) In computer hardware, a port serves as an interface between the computer and other computers or devices. ... The Domain Name System (DNS) associates various sorts of information with domain names; most importantly, it serves as the phone book for the Internet by translating human-readable computer hostnames, e. ... A data center is a facility used for housing a large amount of electronic equipment, typically computers and communications equipment. ... In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application program) which services the requests of its clients by forwarding requests to other servers. ... DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dating redirects here. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ... An overview of how VoIP works A typical analog telephone adapter for connecting an ordinary phone to a VoIP network A Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a protocol optimized for transmission of voice through the Internet or other packet switched networks. ... Skype (IPA: ) is a software program that allows users to make calls over the Internet to other Skype users free of charge and to landlines and cell phones for a fee. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A social network is a map of the relationships between individuals, indicating the ways in which they are connected through various social familiarities ranging from casual acquaintance to close familial bonds. ... Flickr is a photo sharing website and web services suite, and an online community platform, which is generally considered an early example of a Web 2. ... Last. ... Hi5 or Hi-5 may be: Hi-5 (Australian kids band), an Australian childrens band and television program Hi-5 (American kids band), an American childrens band and television program, a spinoff from the Australian version Hi-5 (South-African Boy Band), Hi-5 website Hi-5 (Greek... Orkut is a social networking service which is run by Google and named after its creator, an employee of Google - Orkut Büyükkökten. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A digital signature or digital signature scheme is a type of asymmetric cryptography used to simulate the security properties of a signature in digital, rather than written, form. ... “ISP” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Criminal Code. ... Cybercrime is a term used broadly to describe activity in which computers or networks are a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity. ...


References

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  • Congressional Research Service Report to Congress

The United Arab Emirates is composed of 7 emirates (imarat; singular: imarah): Abu Dhabi Ajman Al Fujayrah Sharjah Dubai Ras al Khaymah Umm al Qaywayn See also  ISO 3166-2:AE Categories: Lists of subnational entities | United Arab Emirates ... AME Info is a business news and information website about the Middle East. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Gulf News is an English language newspaper published from Dubai, United Arab Emirates with a daily readership of 91,000. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... FRONTLINE is a public affairs television program of varying length produced at WGBH in Boston, Massachusetts, and distributed through the Public Broadcasting Service network in the United States. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... AME Info is a business news and information website about the Middle East. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gulf News is an English language newspaper published from Dubai, United Arab Emirates with a daily readership of 91,000. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more about Dubai on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Learning resources
  • dubai.ae - Official Website of Dubai Government
  • Dubai travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Ansar Burney Trust - human rights organisation operating in Dubai
  • DTCM - Dubai Government Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing
  • Sheikh Mohammed - Official website of the ruler of Dubai
  • Dubai Municipality - Official website
  • "Dubayy", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2005 - Reference source for historical information
  • "Boom town" - The Guardian, 13 February 2006
  • Urbanization of Dubai at NASA Earth Observatory
  • Dubai is at coordinates 25°16′11″N 55°18′34″E / 25.2697, 55.3095 (Dubai)Coordinates: 25°16′11″N 55°18′34″E / 25.2697, 55.3095 (Dubai)
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_United_Arab_Emirates. ...

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