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Encyclopedia > Dub music
Dub
Stylistic origins: Reggae
Electronic Music
Ambient
Progressive Rock
Psychedelic Rock
Alternative Music
Cultural origins: late 1960s, Jamaica
Typical instruments: {{{instruments}}}
Mainstream popularity: mid 1970s through the 1980s
Derivative forms: Dancehall
Fusion genres
Dubtronica, Dubstep

Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which evolved out of reggae in 1960s Jamaica. The dub sound is usually accomplished by removing the vocals from an existing music piece, and adding extensive echo and reverb effects, and occasional snippets of lyrics from the original version. Dub can refer to: dub music, a sub-genre of reggae music a mostly-instrumental remix, usually without lyrics but still with chorus The IATA airport code for Dublin Airport, Dublin, Republic of Ireland dubbing, the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture dubbing, also the process... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Look up Ambient, Ambience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs; especially LSD.[1] by using lyrics that describe dreams and refer to drug use using bizarre sounds created by altering the instruments and vocals with electronic effects such as heavy distortion... The term alternative rock or alternative music1 was coined in the early 1980s to describe bands which didnt fit into the mainstream genres of the time. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ... Dubtronica is a genre of music that combines electronica and dub in a subtle way. ... Dubstep is a genre of electronic music which has its roots in Londons early 2000s UK garage scene. ... Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... In audio signal processing and acoustics, an echo (plural echoes) is a reflection of sound, arriving at the listener some time after the direct sound. ... This article is about audio effect. ...

Contents

Character

Music of Jamaica

Kumina - Niyabinghi - Mento - Ska - Rocksteady - Reggae - Sound systems - Lovers Rock - Dub - Dancehall - Dub poetry - Toasting - Raggamuffin - Roots reggae Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... Kumina is both the religion and the music practiced by the people of eastern Jamaica. ... Niyabinghi chanting typically includes recitation of the Psalms, but may also include variations of well-known Christian hymns. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... For other uses, see SKA (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... In the context of Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music. ... Lovers Rock is the United Kingdoms main contribution to reggae. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed around the late 70s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Roots reggae is a spiritual Rastafari subgenre of reggae music with lyrics that often include praise for Jah Ras Tafari Makonnen, Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia; the Emperor of Ethiopia. ...

Anglophone Caribbean music
Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Bahamas - Barbados - Bermuda - Caymans - Grenada - Jamaica - Montserrat - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - Virgin Islands
Sound samples
Other Caribbean music
Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Hawaii - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - St. Lucia - United States - United Kingdom

Dub music is characterized as a "version" or "double" [1] of an existing song, often instrumental, using B sides of 45 RPM records and typically emphasizing the drums and bass for a sound popular in local sound systems. The instrumental tracks are typically drenched in sound processing effects such as echo, reverberation, part vocal and extra percussion, with most of the lead instruments and vocals dropping in and out of the mix. Another hallmark of the dub sound is the massive low-pitched bass guitar. The music sometimes features processed sound effects and other noises, such as birds singing, thunder and lightning, water flowing, and producers shouting instructions at the musicians. It can be further augmented by live DJs. The many-layered sounds with varying echoes and volumes are often said to create soundscapes, or sound sculptures, drawing attention to the shape and depth of the space between sounds as well as to the sounds themselves. There is usually a distinctly organic characteristic of the music, even though the effects are electronically created.[1] [2] The Cayman Islands are a Caribbean island chain, currently a territory of the United Kingdom. ... Timeline and Samples Pop genres Calypso - Chutney - Dancehall - Dub - Junkanoo - Ragga - Rapso - Reggae - Ripsaw - Rocksteady - Scratch - Ska - Soca - Spouge - Steelpan Other islands Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - Saint Lucia The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the... 1966 in music Download sample of Alton Ellis rocksteady track Girl Youve Got a Date. Download sample of Cincinatti Kid by Prince Buster, a legendary ska artist. ... Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The music of Hawaii includes an array of traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. ... The former French colonies of Martinique and Guadeloupe are small islands in the Caribbean. ... A reggae sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing reggae music. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... Look up echo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about audio effect. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ...


Often these tracks are used for "Toasters" rapping heavily-rhymed and alliterative lyrics. These are called "DJ Versions". As opposed to hip hop terminology, in reggae music the person with the microphone is called the "DJ", elsewhere referred to as the "MC." (Abbreviating "Master of Ceremonies," "Microphone Commander" or "Mic Control," this term varies regionially and demographically). Additionally in reggae the person choosing the music and operating the turntables is the "Selector" (elsewhere called the DJ). Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ...


A major reason for producing multiple versions was economic: A record producer could use a recording he owned to produce numerous versions from a single studio session. A version was also an opportunity for a producer or remix engineer to experiment and vent their more creative side. The version was typically the B-side of a single, with the A-side dedicated to making a popular hit, and B-side for experimenting and providing something for DJs to talk over. In the 1970s whole albums of dub tracks were produced, often simply the dub version of an existing vocal LP, but sometimes a selection of dubbed up instrumental tracks for which no vocals existed.[3]

 20:46, 3 October 2007 (UTC)==History== 

Dub music evolved from early instrumental reggae music and "versions" that incorporated fairly primitive reverb and echo sound effects.


In 1968, Kingston, Jamaica sound system operator Ruddy Redwood went to Duke Reid's Treasure Isle studio to cut a one-off dub plate. Engineer Byron Smith left the vocal track out by accident, but Redwood kept the result and played it at his next dance with his deejay Wassy toasting over the rhythm. [4] Duke Reid was a Jamaican record producer, DJ and label owner. ... It has been suggested that Dubplate special be merged into this article or section. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ...


Errol Thompson engineered the first strictly instrumental reggae album entitled The Undertaker by Derrick Harriott and the Crystalites released in 1970. This innovative album credits "Sound Effects" to Derrick Harriott. Producer Joe Gibbs partner Errol Thompson, better known as ET, was one of the first studio engineers to get into dub music. ... cover of Derrick Harriotts Greatest Reggae Hits compilation Derrick Harriott is a Jamaican singer and music producer. ...


Whilst some have tried to attribute the "invention" of dub music to just one person, by 1973, instrumental reggae "versions" from various studios had evolved into "dub" as a sub genre of reggae. Through the simultaneous efforts of several independent Jamaican innovators, these competitive engineers and producers worked hard to leapfrog each other with each subsequent dub release with no single person being able to claim all the credit for the origination of "dub" as a genre.


In 1973, at least two producers, Lee "Scratch" Perry and the Aquarius studio engineer/producer team of Herman Chin and Errol Thompson simultaneously recognized that there was an active market for this new "dub" sound and consequently they started to release the first strictly 100% dub albums. Lee Perry released Blackboard Jungle Dub in the Spring of 1973. It is considered a landmark recording of this genre. Being very eccentric it is also thought that at one point he burned down his recording studio, Kingston Black Art Studios. He smoked and later quit testing to see if he could create such music without the paraphenalia. Sure enough, he continued making great dub music. He has been so obsessed in his work that he has dubed layers of animal noises, voices, echoes, on any old albums he could get his hand on. Perry is on tour this summer (2007) throughout Canada and the U.S. "Radio Scratch" has also been available recently and can be heard at http://www.upsetter.net/scratch/sounds/index.htm . "Radio Scratch presents a crucial selection of Leo Graham tunes with Lee Perry in the producer's chair, from his early scorchers with The Bleechers to the heavier Black Ark vibes". Lee Scratch Perry Lee Scratch Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, on March 20, 1936, in Kendal, Jamaica) is a reggae and dub artist, who has been highly influential in the development and acceptance of reggae and dub music in Jamaica and overseas. ...



It was not until 1975 that King Tubby was internationally recognized as the premier dub artist/innovator/producer with the release of his two debut albums King Tubby Meets The Upsetter At The Grass Roots Of Dub and Surrounded By the Dreads at the National Arena. He was then immediately hailed as the leading dub music innovator of the day. King Tubby King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s. ...


Recent history

Dub has continued to progress from that point to this, its popularity waxing and waning with changes in musical fashion. Almost all reggae singles still carry an instrumental version on the B-side and these are still used by the sound systems as a blank canvas for live singers and djs.


In the 1980s, Britain became a new center for dub production with Mad Professor and Jah Shaka being the most famous, while Scientist became the heavyweight champion of Jamaican dub. It was also the time when dub made its influence known in the work of harder edged, experimental producers such as Adrian Sherwood and the roster of artists on his On-U Sound label. Many of the bands characterized as post-punk were heavily influenced by dub. More well-known bands such as The Police and UB40 helped popularise Dub with UB40's Present Arms In Dub album being the first ever dub album to hit the UK top 40. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Photo of Jah Shaka on his own soundsystem used on the cover of the Authentic Dubwise album. ... Scientist (Overton/Hopetone Brown) was a protégé of King Tubby (Osbourne Ruddock) one of the originators of Dub music. ... Adrian Sherwood Adrian Sherwood (born 1958) is a British record producer best known for his work with dub music as well as for remixing a number of popular acts such as Coldcut, Depeche Mode, Primal Scream, Pop Will Eat Itself, and Sinéad OConnor. ... On-U Sound Records is an English record label best known for releasing its own unique flavour of dub music since the 1980s. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... The Police are a three-piece rock band consisting of singer/bassist Sting (Gordon Sumner), guitarist Andy Summers, and drummer Stewart Copeland. ... UB40 are a British dub band formed in 1978 in Birmingham. ... UB40s 2nd album, Present Arms was released in 1981. ...


In the 1990s and beyond, dub has been influenced by and in turn influenced techno, jungle, dubstep, drum and bass, house music, trip hop, ambient music, and hip hop, with many electronic dub or dubtronica tracks produced by nontraditional musicians from these other genres. Musicians such as Bill Laswell, Jah Wobble, Leftfield, Ott, Massive Attack, Bauhaus, The Clash, Killing Joke, PiL, the Disco Biscuits, The Orb, Rhythm & Sound, Pole, Deadbeat, Underworld, De Facto, Sublime, Thievery Corporation, Gorillaz and others demonstrate clear dub influences in their respective genres, and their innovations have in turn influenced the mainstream of the dub genre. In the UK, Europe, Japan and America independent record producers are making dub. The Polish punk/psychedelic band Brygada Kryzys recorded some outright dub tracks, there is a Serbian dub band, Black Ark Crew and a Basque dub band Basque Dub Foundation. In 1987, rock band Soundgarden released a dub version of the Ohio Players' song "Fopp" alongside a more traditional rock cover of the song. DJs appeared towards the end of the 1990s who specialised in playing music by these musicians, such as the UK's Unity Dub. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Techno is a form of electronic dance music that became prominent in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-1980s with influences from electro, New Wave, Funk and futuristic fiction themes that were prevalent and relative to modern culture during the end of the Cold War in industrial America at that time. ... Jungle music is one of the most deviant and punkish forms of electronic music, employing fast tempos (150-190 BPM is common), layering extended and mangled breakbeats on top of throbbing, authoritative basslines, originally borrowed from reggae. ... Dubstep is a genre of electronic music which has its roots in Londons early 2000s UK garage scene. ... Drum and bass (commonly abbreviated to d&b, DnB, dnb, dnb, drum n bass and drum & bass) is a type of electronic dance music also known as jungle. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... Trip hop (also known as the Bristol sound) is a term coined by United Kingdom dance magazine Mixmag, to describe a musical trend in the mid-1990s; trip hop is downtempo electronic music that grew out of Englands hip hop and house scenes. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Dubtronica is a genre of music that combines electronica and dub in a subtle way. ... Bill Laswell (born February 12, 1955 in Salem, Illinois and raised in Albion, Michigan) is an American bassist, producer and record label owner. ... Jah Wobble (born John Wardle, Stepney 1958) is an English bass guitarist, singer, poet and composer. ... Leftfield were a duo of electronica artists and record producers, Paul Daley (formerly of The Rivals, A Man Called Adam and the Brand New Heavies) and Neil Barnes, formed in 1989 in London, England. ... Ott is a record producer who has worked with Sinéad OConnor, Embrace, The Orb, and Brian Eno, but has achieved greater recognition since 2002 for his own psychedelic dub tracks, and his collaborations with Simon Posford (Hallucinogen / Shpongle). ... Massive Attack are a trip hop band from Bristol, England. ... Bauhaus are an English Goth rock band, formed in Northampton in 1978. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the musical group. ... PIL could mean Python Imaging Library PlantageNet Internet Limited In India, Public interest litigation Public Image Limited - a band Portland Interscholastic League This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The Disco Biscuits are a band in the jam-band scene from Philadelphia. ... The Orb are an English electronic music group known for popularising chill out music in the 1990s and spawning the genre of ambient house. ... Basic Channel is a minimal techno duo of Moritz Von Oswald and Mark Ernestus that originated in Berlin, Germany in 1993. ... Deadbeat is the stage name of Scott MoNtieth, a Canadian electronica musician. ... Underworld is the principal name under which British electronic music duo Karl Hyde and Rick Smith have recorded since the late 1980s. ... See De facto for the Latin expression. ... Sublime was an American band that originated in Long Beach, California. ... Thievery Corporation is a Washington DC–based production and DJ duo consisting of Rob Garza and Eric Hilton and their supporting artists. ... For the Gorillazs self-titled debut album, see Gorillaz (album). ... Brygada Kryzys is one of the most important and most influential Polish rock/punk/reggae bands. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... The Basque Dub Foundation started in the early 90s as studio project by Iñaki Yarritu, a London based reggae musician originally from the Basque Country (northern Spain). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Soundgarden was an American rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984. ... The Ohio Players are a funk and R&B band whose heyday was in the mid- to late 1970s. ...


Dub has also been adopted by the punk rock camp, with bands such as Rancid and NOFX writing original songs in a Dub style. Often bands thought to be Ska-Punk play very dub influenced songs, the first such popular was Sublime, with both dub originals and remixes. They went on to influence more recent American bands such as Rx Bandits and The Long Beach Dub Allstars. In addition, dub also carried over to some types of pop including the band No Doubt, also heavily influenced by Sublime. No Doubt's most recent album, Rock Steady [1], features an assembly of popular dub sounds like reverb and echoing. As noted by the band themselves, No Doubt is heavily influenced by Jamaican musical aesthetics and production techniques, even recording their Rock Steady [2] album in Kingston, Jamaica and producing well-known B-sides featuring dub influences on their titled "Everything In Time B-Sides" album. Some controversy still exists on whether pop-ska bands like No Doubt can regard themselves as a part of dub lineage. Other bands closely followed in the footsteps of No Doubt, fusing pop-ska and dub influence, such as Save Ferris and Vincent. Rancid is a punk band, formed in 1991 in Albany, California, by Matt Freeman and Tim Armstrong. ... NOFX is an American punk rock band formed in Berkeley, California, in 1983. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sublime was an American band that originated in Long Beach, California. ... Rx Bandits is a five-piece band based in Seal Beach, California. ... The Long Beach Dub Allstars was a reggae band formed in 1997 and disbanded in 2002. ... For other uses, see No Doubt (disambiguation). ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Everything in Time is a compilation album comprised of B-sides, rarities, and remixes first released in 2003 by alternative rock band No Doubt. ... Save Ferris was a ska punk band formed circa 1995 in Orange County, California. ...


There also some British punk bands creating dub music, Capdown released their Civil Disobedients album with track Dub #2, while The King Blues take very heavy influences from dub, mixing the genre with original punk ethics and attitudes. Capdown are a band from Milton Keynes, United Kingdom. ... The King Blues are a primarily acoustic band from London, UK. // The King Blues started off as a solo project, consisting of Itch playing ukulele and contributing vocals. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Traditional dub has, however, survived (see Iration Steppas and Aba Shanti-I, for example) and some of the originators like Lee Perry and Mad Professor continue to produce new material. One modern dub producer who has received critical acclaim is Ryan Moore, for his Twilight Circus project. In the United States, a recent wave of new bands have adopted dub as their musical focus, including Dub Is A Weapon, best known for backing up Lee Perry during his most recent tours of the US. Lee Scratch Perry, The Upsetter in Dub Lee Scratch Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry March 20, 1936) is one of the most influential people in the development of reggae and dub music in Jamaica. ... The Twilight Circus Dub Sound System is the reggae project of Ryan Moore, former bassist of the Legendary Pink Dots. ...


Dub Music's Impact on Remixing


In today’s day and age, “dub” has become a term for almost any musical piece that “utilizes the remixing of prerecorded sound as a mode of artistic expression”. Taking the separate entities of a musical track and remixing them into a completely new selection has become a popular process, and can be found in a variety of genres ranging anywhere from Hip-Hop Remixes and Mash-Ups to Metal. Many listeners do not sense the Jamaican roots, and are unaware that this technique started with Jamaican Rocksteady and Reggae. “Dubbing” became popular in the late 1960s and early 1970s by “the great sound system engineers of Jamaica”. The mixing engineers acknowledges their importance in recordings by treating the mixing board as an instrument, and the “resulting dub craze that occurred in Jamaica in the mid 1970s further established the mixing engineer as an artist”. John Bush states that: A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... “Heavy metal” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ...

”For the first time in recorded music, the ‘sound’ of a recording become connected not only with the musicians and the producer, but with the mixing engineer as well.”

The amplitude of success that these “versions” and “dubs” received allowed for a completely new style of musical composition that would be shared amongst a wide selection of musical genres. [5]


Dub artists

10ft. ... Asian Dub Foundation is a British alternative electronica band, that play a mix of breakbeat, dub, dancehall and ragga, also using rock instruments, acknowledging a punk influence. ... Horace Swaby (June 21, 1954 – May 18, 1999), better known as Augustus Pablo, was a Jamaican roots reggae and dub record producer and keyboardist, active from the 1970s onwards. ... The Basque Dub Foundation started in the early 90s as studio project by Iñaki Yarritu, a London based reggae musician originally from the Basque Country (northern Spain). ... Bill Laswell (born February 12, 1955 in Salem, Illinois and raised in Albion, Michigan) is an American bassist, producer and record label owner. ... Brain Damage Brain Damage is a french dub band from Saint-Etienne. ... The Roots Radics Band was formed in 1978 when bass player Flabba Holt joined forces with the now late guitarist Bingy Bunny. ... Dennis Bovell (born 1953, Saint Peter, Barbados, West Indies) is a reggae guitarist and record producer. ... See De facto for the Latin expression. ... dodger are a Canadian Rock/Reggae band that was formed in Toronto, Ontario by lead singer/song writer Matt Drake, Luke Muldoon (Vocals/Rhythm Guitar) Andrew Russell (MC/Keyboard)Ryan Regimbal (Bass Guitar) Stu Fazekas (Drums). ... Dreadzone are a British electronic music group whose lyrics are heavily influenced by reggae. ... Dry & Heavy is a Japanese Dub / Reggae band formed in 1991 by drummer Shigemoto Nanao (Dry) and bass player Takeshi Akimoto (Heavy). ... Dub Incorporation is a reggae band from Saint-Étienne, France together since 1997. ... Dub Pistols is a London dub music band, founded ex-club promoter by Barry Ashworth in 1996. ... Dub Trio is a dub/rock cross over band from Brooklyn, New York. ... Dub Wiser : Electro Dub - Paris Dub music. ... Dub Syndicate is a dub band, formed by Style Scott, former drummer with the Roots Radics and Creation Rebel. ... Dubioza kolektiv (or just Dubioza as referred to by some fans) is a Bosnian band, whose music consists of various styles ranging from Reggae, Dub and Rock intermixed with political lyrics along with uplifting and melodic tendencies carried by the only female member, Adisa Zvekic. ... Fat Freddys Drop Fat Freddys Drop are a 7 piece New Zealand roots/dub/reggae/jazz/soul band. ... Fishmans (フィッシュマンズ) is a Japanese dub pop/rock band formed in 1987. ... Free Moral Agents is a collective of musicians brought together by Isaiah Ikey Owens (keyboardist from The Mars Volta) as a means to expand the sounds of what started as a solo recording project. ... High Tone is a Dub band from Lyon, France. ... illScarlett is a four-member band from Clarkson, located in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. ... Photo of Jah Shaka on his own soundsystem used on the cover of the Authentic Dubwise album. ... Jah Wobble (born John Wardle, Stepney 1958) is an English bass guitarist, singer, poet and composer. ... Jellybass Logo Jellybass is the name given to a genre of music primarily focused around a modulated synthesised bassline. ... Katchafire are a contemporary New Zealand reggae band. ... Keith Hudson - Too Expensive released in 1976 on Virgin Keith Hudson aka the Dark Prince of Reggae (1946 in Kingston, Jamaica - 1984 in New York, USA), was a Jamaican reggae artist and record producer. ... King Chilla A veteran Jamaican reggae artist and producer specialising in instrumental reggae and Jamaican style dub music. ... King Tubby King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s. ... King Jammy, born Lloyd James in Kingston, Jamaica), and worked as Prince Jammy together with King Tubby. ... The Long Beach Dub Allstars was a reggae band formed in 1997 and disbanded in 2002. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mikey Dread, 2006 Mikey Dread Michael Campbell (born 1954), better known as Mikey Dread, is a Jamaican multi-talented singer, producer, and broadcaster. ... Martin Munsch was born in 1967 in Union County, New Jersey raised in the towns of Franklin Lakes & Wyckoff in Bergen County, New Jersey. ... Ott is a record producer who has worked with Sinéad OConnor, Embrace, The Orb, and Brian Eno, but has achieved greater recognition since 2002 for his own psychedelic dub tracks, and his collaborations with Simon Posford (Hallucinogen / Shpongle). ... Scientist (Overton/Hopetone Brown) was a protégé of King Tubby (Osbourne Ruddock) one of the originators of Dub music. ... Slightly Stoopid is an American band based in Ocean Beach, California, who describe their music as a fusion of acoustic rock and blues with reggae, hip-hop, and punk. As a band, they have released six albums and have a seventh, entitled Cronchitis, to be released August 7, 2007. ... Prince Far I Prince Far I (1945–1983) was a reggae producer and singer and a Rastafarian who was born in Spanish Town, Jamaica. ... Roots Manuva (born Rodney Smith in Stockwell, South London, 1972) is a rapper. ... Roots Tonic is the name of the three piece rock/reggae band best known as Matisyahus backing band for live shows and studio recordings. ... Satori started in 2005 as a side project for Steve Borth, former saxophonist for Rx Bandits. ... Lee Scratch Perry Lee Scratch Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, on March 20, 1936, in Kendal, Jamaica) is a reggae and dub artist, who has been highly influential in the development and acceptance of reggae and dub music in Jamaica and overseas. ... Salmonella Dub are a Dub/Drum n Bass/Reggae/Roots band from Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Soldiers of Jah Army (SOJA) is a reggae band based in Arlington, Virginia in the Northern Virginia/Washington, D.C. area. ... Sly and Robbie are reggaes most prolific and long lasting production team. ... The Black Seeds The Black Seeds are a band from Wellington, New Zealand. ... The Drastics, 2006 The Drastics are a roots-orientated dub reggae group hailing from Chicago. ... Thievery Corporation is a Washington DC–based production and DJ duo consisting of Rob Garza and Eric Hilton and their supporting artists. ... Victor Rice is a bassist and music producer from New York City. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Toop, David. “Ocean of Sound".
  2. ^ Eshun, Kodwo. “More Brilliant Than the Sun".
  3. ^ History of Dub
  4. ^ Dacks, David (2007). “Dub Voyage". Exclaim! Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-09-18.
  5. ^ THE DREAD LIBRARY – Dub Revolution

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Du Noyer, Paul (2003). "Dub", The Billboard Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. New York City: Billboard Books, 356-357. ISBN 0-8230-7869-8. 
  • Veal, Michael E. (2007). Dub: Songscapes and Shattered Songs in Jamaican Reggae. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press.
  • Cox and Warner, eds. Audio Culture: Readings in Modern Music. Continuum: 2004.[3] "Replicant: On Dub" by David Troop; Chapter 51, Pages 355-356.

New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

External links

  • French Dub Released French independent dub
  • Dub Echoes A documentary about the influence of dub in today's dance music and hip hop
  • dub.com Links to labels, websites and resources
  • Melting Pot Dub A short history of Dub
  • Dub Flash Information Portal Hundreds of reviews of dub records
  • A History of Dub Footnoted Article
Reggae
Mento - Ska - Blue Beat - Rocksteady - Dub music - Dub poetry - Toasting - Lovers Rock - Dancehall - Ragga - Reggae rock - Reggaetón - Roots reggae - 2 Tone
Reggae genres - Music of Jamaica - Caribbean music in the United Kingdom
Related topics
Jamaica - Haile Selassie - Marcus Garvey - Rastafari - Afrocentrism - Black nationalism - Zion - Dreadlocks - Ganja - Rude boy - Skinhead - Suedehead - Dancehall (venue) - Dubplate - Stalag version - Sound system (Jamaican) - Sound system (DJ) - Riddim - Jamaican English - Studio One - Trojan Records - Island Records - Coxsone Dodd - Chris Blackwell - Reggae musiciams - Dub artists - Jamaican record producers

 
 

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