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Encyclopedia > Duarte Pacheco Pereira
Duarte Pacheco Pereira
Duarte Pacheco Pereira

Duarte Pacheco Pereira, called the Great, son of João Pacheco and wife Isabel Pereira, was a 15th century Portuguese sea captain, explorer and cartographer. He travelled particularly in the central Atlantic Ocean west of the Cape Verde islands, along the coast of West Africa and to India. He also once served as the Kings personal squire in his youth. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

In 1488 he explored the west coast of Africa. His expedition fell ill with fever and lost their ship. Pacheco Pereira was rescued from the island of Príncipe in the Gulf of Guinea by Bartolomeu Dias when Dias was returning from rounding the Cape of Good Hope. Príncipe is the smaller of the two major islands of São Tomé and Príncipe off of Africas west coast. ... Map of the Gulf of Guinea, showing the chain of islands formed by the Cameroon line of volcanoes. ... Statue of Dias in Cape Town, South Africa Bartolomeu Dias, sometimes Bartolomeu Dias de Novais (pron. ... For other uses, see Cape of Good Hope (disambiguation). ...

Recent research shows he probably discovered Brazil in 1498, two years before the 1500 voyage to Brazil by Pedro Álvares Cabral, who is generally regarded as the first European to discover Brazil. However, this fact was kept secret by the Portuguese Crown as it violated the exploration and territorial claims set by Portugal and Spain. In fact, the King João II had commissioned Duarte Pacheco Pariera to search the area under secret orders of the crown, and purposely broke the treaty in secret. 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pedro Álvares (about 1467 – about 1520), pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ...

In 1504 Pacheco Pereira helped defend a Portuguese trading station at Kochi (Cochin) in India, from attacks by the ruler of Kozhikode (Calicut). With vastly outnumbered Portuguese troops, he successfully resisted attacks from Indians for five months. For this he was honoured by the king on his return to Portugal in 1505. Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , For the district with the same name, see Kozhikode District. ...

His diary (1506), preserved in the Portuguese National Archive (Torre do Tombo), is probably the first European document to acknowledge that chimpanzees built their own rudimentary tools. Between 1505 and 1508 he wrote a book, Esmeraldo de situ orbis, which was not published until the nineteenth century, probably due to Portugal's official censorship of documents about its discoveries.[1] 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species of apes in the genus Pan. ...

Later in life, while away governing São Jorge da Mina, he was slandered by his enemies at court with accusations of theft and corruption. He was recalled to the capital and briefly imprisoned until he was exonerated by the crown. But the damage was done has he had lost his governorship, his wealth, and influence. He ended up dying alone and penniless. Although it was unlikely that he had committed any crimes towards the king, the fact that King João II of Portugal had died and been replaced with a King who didn't know Duarte Pacheco as personally could be a major factor. Duarte Pacheco had served the previous king as a squire, and had marely served King Manual as just another high ranking servant. His distance from Lisbon, and success meant he had many enemies abroad, and few friends in the capital to defend him.

He married Antónia de Albuquerque, daughter of Jorge Garcês and wife Isabel de Albuquerque Galvão, only daughter of Duarte Galvão by first wife Catarina de Sousa e Albuquerque, and had eight children:

  • João Fernandes Pacheco, married to Dona Maria da Silva, without issue and had a bastard daughter married with issue
  • Jerónimo Pacheco, who died unmarried and without issue in Tangier
  • Maria de Albuquerque, married to João da Silva, Alcaide-Mór of Soure, and had a daughter married and with issue
  • Isabel de Albuquerque
  • Garcia Pacheco
  • Gaspar Pacheco
  • Duarte Pacheco
  • Lusuarte/Lisuarte Pacheco, he fought and died at the age of thirty after having been shot with an arrow between his temple and neck during a battle. He was raised and trained by his father as a Squire, and mastered various weapons, he was a strong man with a husky build. He was was famous for his feats and actions in India while under his fathers command, and was knighted as such at the age of 20. He later commanded a ship against the Egyptian fleet and was gravely, wounded, but he continued to fight for 10 more years in various continents and countries until his death. Information about any possible marriage or children is unknown. His father named him after the character King Lisuarte of the Amadis de Gaula.

For other uses, see Tangier (disambiguation). ... Alcalde is the Spanish title of the chief administrator of a town. ... Soure is a town and municipality of the Coimbra district, in Portugal. ...

See also

The claim that the Portuguese explorer and navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil in April 22, 1500 is contested. ...


  1. ^ Zerubavel, Eviatar. Terra Cognita: The Mental Discovery of America. 2003. p. 80.

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