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Encyclopedia > Dual citizenship

Multiple citizenship is simultaneous citizenship in two or more countries (whether it is recognized by all countries or not).


Dual citizenship (being a citizen of two nations) is by far the most common type of multiple citizenship, but nothing in international law prevents individuals from establishing citizenship in more than two countries. Some countries prohibit their citizens from establishing citizenship in another country or only permit it in certain circumstances or for certain countries. Other countries place no restrictions upon citizens wishing to become citizens of other lands.


Each country has different requirements for citizenship, as well as different policies regarding dual citizenship.


For example, a person born in Canada, to a Canadian citizen and an American citizen would have Canadian citizenship by birth, and may also have US citizenship, depending on certain circumstances (the parents' marital status, date of the child's birth, and whether the US citizen parent has met certain physical presence requirements). If the requirements have been met, then the child would also be a US citizen, and therefore would have dual citizenship.


Also, there are some legal issues about dual citizenship and government services. For example, an American citizen with a second nationality and passport may have issues getting a security clearance if they prefer to use the non-American passport or work within the United States government.


While multiple citizenship can be helpful as the individual can carry two or more passports, it is prudent to realize that each citizenship carries responsibilites, such as the risk of conscription or "the draft", as well as pledging allegiance to more than one state, and having to observe travel restrictions, embargoes and sets of laws issued by multiple governemts governing one's behavior domestically and while travelling abroad. Also, a drawback peculiar to a few countries such as the US , citizens are the obligated to pay taxes in both the country of origin and the actual country of residence.


See also

  • Foreign-born Japanese

External links

General

  • Dual and Multiple Citizenship (http://www.multiplecitizenship.com/)

USA


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dual Citizenship FAQ (1296 words)
If you are in a dual citizenship situation, or are contemplating such a move, you should consider discussing your plans with an attorney who is knowledgeable in this particular aspect of immigration law, and/or with consular officials of the countries involved.
Automatic citizenship via marriage is rare nowadays; more commonly, marriage may allow one spouse a "fast track" to immigration to the other spouse's country, but a period of non-citizen permanent residence would still be required before the immigrant spouse could obtain a new citizenship via naturalization.
Citizenship claims by a country over a given individual could happen even if the person in question never sought recognition as a citizen of that country -- or even if the person was totally unaware that he/she was a citizen of that country according to its laws.
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