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Encyclopedia > DuMont Television Network
DuMont Television Network
Type defunct Broadcast television network
Country Flag of United States United States
Availability defunct
Key people Dr. Allen B. DuMont
Launch date August 15, 1946
Closure date August 6, 1956

The DuMont Television Network was the world's first commercial television network, beginning operation in the United States in 1946.[1] It was owned by DuMont Laboratories, a television equipment and set manufacturer. The network was hindered by the prohibitive cost of broadcasting, by Federal Communications Commission regulations which restricted the company's growth, and even by the company's partner, Paramount Pictures. Despite several innovations in broadcasting and the creation of one of television's biggest stars of the 1950s, the network never found itself on solid financial ground. Forced to expand on UHF channels during an era when UHF was not profitable, DuMont ceased broadcasting in 1956. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Dr. Allen Balcom DuMont (January 29, 1901 - November 14, 1965) was an American scientist and inventor best known for improvements to the cathode ray tube in 1931 for use in television receivers. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... See also: 1945 in television, other events of 1946, 1947 in television and the list of years in television. // Events February 4 – RCA demonstrates all-electronic color television system. ... DuMont Laboratories began in 1931, by Allen B. DuMont. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... The FCCs official seal. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... This article is about the radio frequency. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1956. ...


DuMont's latter-day obscurity has prompted at least one notable TV historian to refer to it as the "Forgotten Network".[2] A few popular DuMont programs, such as Cavalcade of Stars and Emmy-award winner Life is Worth Living, appear in TV retrospectives or are mentioned briefly in books about U.S. television history, but almost all the network's programming was destroyed. The Jackie Gleason Show was a popular television variety show that starred Jackie Gleason and ran in a variety of incarnations, from 1952 to 1970. ... An Emmy Award. ... Life Is Worth Living was a popular inspirational American television series which aired on the DuMont Television Network from 1952 to 1955, and then until 1957 on ABC. Hosted by Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen, the series consisted mainly of Sheen speaking to the camera and discussing moral issues of the... Retrospective (from Latin retrospectare, look back) generally means to take a look back at events that already have taken place. ...

Contents

Origins

DuMont Laboratories was founded in 1931 by Dr. Allen B. DuMont. He and his staff were responsible for many early technical innovations, including the first all-electronic consumer television set in 1938. The company's television sets soon became the gold standard of the industry.[3] Dr. Allen Balcom DuMont (January 29, 1901 - November 14, 1965) was an American scientist and inventor best known for improvements to the cathode ray tube in 1931 for use in television receivers. ...


A few months after selling his first television set, DuMont opened an experimental television station in New York City, W2XWV. Unlike CBS and NBC, he continued experimental broadcasts throughout World War II. In 1944, W2XWV became WABD (after DuMont's initials), the third commercial television station in New York. On May 19, 1945, DuMont opened experimental W3XWT in Washington, D.C. A minority shareholder in DuMont Laboratories was Paramount Pictures, which had advanced $400,000 in 1939 for a 40% share in the company.[4][5] Paramount had television interests of its own, having launched experimental stations in Los Angeles in 1939 and Chicago in 1940. DuMont's association with Paramount ultimately proved to be a mistake.[6][7] CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... NBC (an acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... WNYW, channel 5, is the flagship television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, City of the Big Shoulders, The 312, The City that Works. Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government...


Soon after his experimental Washington station signed on, DuMont began experimental coaxial cable hookups between his laboratories in Passaic, New Jersey and his two stations. One of those hookups carried the announcement that the U.S. had dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945. This was later considered by both Thomas T. Goldsmith, the network's chief engineer and DuMont's best friend,[2] and Dr. DuMont himself as the official beginning of the DuMont Network.[6] Regular network service began on August 15, 1946, on WABD and W3XWT. In 1947, W3XWT became WTTG, named after Goldsmith. The pair were joined in 1949 by WDTV in Pittsburgh. Sign-on (or startup) is the term used to describe the beginning of operations for a television station. ... Coaxial Cable Coaxial cable is an electrical cable consisting of a round conducting wire, surrounded by an insulating spacer, surrounded by a cylindrical conducting sheath, usually surrounded by a final insulating layer (Jacket). ... Passaic is a city in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Megane-bashi, the Eyeglasses Bridge Nagasaki (長崎市; -shi) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture located at the south-western coast of Kyushu, Japan. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... WTTG, FOX5 DC is an owned and operated TV station of the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Nickname: Steel City, Iron City, Steel Town, City of Champions, City of Bridges, City of Colleges, The Burgh Motto: Benigno Numine (With the Benevolent Deity) Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Allegheny County Founded November 25, 1758 Incorporated April 22, 1794 (borough)   March 18...


Although NBC was known to have station-to-station links as early as 1941, DuMont received its station licences before NBC resumed in the postwar era their previous, sporadic network broadcasts.[1] ABC had just come into existence as a radio network in 1943 and at the time had no plans for television. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ...


Programming

Despite no history of radio programming to draw on and perennial cash shortages, DuMont was an innovative and creative network.[8] Without the radio revenues that supported mighty NBC and CBS, DuMont programmers had to rely on their wits and on connections in Broadway to provide original programs still remembered fifty-plus years later.[2] Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ...


The network also largely ignored the standard business model of 1950s television, in which one advertiser sponsored an entire show, enabling it to have complete control over its content. Instead, DuMont sold commercials to many different advertisers, freeing producers of its shows from the veto power held by sole sponsors. This eventually became the standard model for U.S. television. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


DuMont also holds another important place in American television history. WDTV's sign-on made it possible for stations in the Midwest to receive live network programming from stations on the East Coast, and vice versa.[9] Before then, the networks relied on separate regional networks in the two time zones for live programming, and the West Coast received network programming from kinescopes (films shot directly from live television screens) originating from the East Coast. On January 11, 1949, the coaxial cable linking East and Midwest (known in television circles as "the Golden Spike") was activated. The ceremony, hosted by DuMont and WDTV, was carried on all four networks.[10] It would be another two years before the West Coast could get live programming, but this was the beginning of the modern era of network television.[11] Kinescope (IPA: [], []) originally referred to the cathode ray tube used in television monitors. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


The first broadcasts came from DuMont's Madison Avenue headquarters, but it soon found additional space, including a fully functioning theater, in the New York branch of Wanamaker's department store.[6] Still later, a lease on the Adelphi Theater on 54th Street gave the network a site for variety shows, and in 1954, the lavish DuMont Tele-Center opened in the former New York Opera House at 205 East 67th Street. Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City which carries northbound one-way traffic. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... This article is about the New York theater. ...


DuMont aired the first television situation comedy, Mary Kay and Johnny, as well as the first network-televised soap opera, Faraway Hill. Cavalcade of Stars, a variety show hosted by Jackie Gleason, was the birthplace of The Honeymooners (Gleason left for CBS in 1952 just as his star began to rise). Bishop Fulton J. Sheen's devotional program Life Is Worth Living went up against Milton Berle in many cities, and was the first show to successfully compete in the ratings against "Mr. Television". In 1952, Sheen won an Emmy for "Most Outstanding Personality".[12] The network's other notable programs include: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mary Kay and Johnny was probably the first situation comedy broadcast on television in the United States. ... For Philippine soap opera, see Teleserye. ... Faraway Hill was the first soap opera broadcast on an American television network, running on the DuMont Television Network from October until December of 1946. ... The Jackie Gleason Show was a popular television variety show that starred Jackie Gleason and ran in a variety of incarnations, from 1952 to 1970. ... A variety show is a show with a variety of acts, often including music and comedy skits, especially on television. ... Herbert John Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 - June 24, 1987) was American comedian and actor. ... For the film, see The Honeymooners (2005 film). ... Fulton J. Sheen His gayness Fulton John Sheen (May 8, 1895—December 9, 1979) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Religious broadcasting is broadcasting religious organizations, usually with a religious message. ... Life Is Worth Living was a popular inspirational American television series which aired on the DuMont Television Network from 1952 to 1955, and then until 1957 on ABC. Hosted by Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen, the series consisted mainly of Sheen speaking to the camera and discussing moral issues of the... Milton Berle (July 12, 1908 - March 27, 2002) was an American comedian who was born Milton Berlinger according to his birth certificate. ... An Emmy Award. ...

Although DuMont's programming pre-dated videotape, many DuMont offerings were caught on kinescopes. These kinescopes were said to be stored in a warehouse until the 1970s.[6] Actress Edie Adams, the wife of comedian Ernie Kovacs (both regular performers on early television) testified in 1996 before a panel of the Library of Congress on the preservation of television and video. Adams claimed that so little value was given to these films that the stored kinescopes were loaded into three trucks and dumped into Upper New York Bay.[6] Nevertheless, a number of DuMont programs survive at the Museum of Television and Radio in New York City, the UCLA Film and Television Archive in Los Angeles, in the Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, and the Museum of Broadcast Communications in Chicago.[15] Ted Mack (1904–1976) [born William Edward Maguiness] was an American television host, best remembered for Ted Mack and the Original Amateur Hour. ... The Original Amateur Hour was an American television program from the mediums early days. ... Edward Bowes (14 June 1874–14 June 1946), better known as Major Bowes, was an American radio personality, who achieved celebrity as the creator and host of radios best-known talent show Major Bowes Original Amateur Hour, which was heard over the CBS Radio Network from 1934 until 1952. ... The Morey Amsterdam Show was a television sitcom which ran from 1948 to 1949 on CBS and from 1949 to 1950 on DuMont. ... Morey Amsterdam on Match Game 73. ... The Video Ranger and Captain Video in space suits at the controls of the X-9 Captain Video and His Video Rangers was an American science fiction television series. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The Arthur Murray Party was a television variety show which ran from 1950 until 1960. ... With This Ring (January 21, 1951–March 11, 1951) was a prime-time panel show broadcast by the DuMont Television Network that featured engaged couples discussing marriage and marital problems. ... One of DuMonts most popular and lasting programs, this live crime series was set in New York. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left, throwing a left hook) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called pugilism (from Latin), prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science[1] is a sport and martial art in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording television pictures and accompanying sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... Edie Adams (born Elizabeth Edith Enke) is an American singer and light comedienne who was born on April 16, 1927, in Kingston, Pennsylvania. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Great Hall interior. ... Upper New York Bay, sometimes called Upper New York Harbor or the Upper Bay, is the northern area of New York Harbor inside the Narrows. ... The East Coast branch of The Museum of Television and Radio is located in the heart of Midtown Manhattan in New York City (USA). ... The UCLA Film and Television Archive is an internationally-renowned visual arts organization focused on the preservation, study, and appreciation of film and television, based at the University of California, Los Angeles. ... The George Foster Peabody Awards, more commonly known as simply the Peabody Awards, are annual awards given for excellence in radio and television broadcasting and cable television within the United States. ... The University of Georgia (UGA) is the largest institution of higher learning in the state of Georgia. ... The Museum of Broadcast Communications is located in Chicago, Illinois. ...


Although nearly the entire DuMont film archive was destroyed, several surviving DuMont shows have been released on DVD. These include a few episodes of Rocky King, Inside Detective; Captain Video; The Morey Amsterdam Show; and Cavalcade of Stars. DVD (commonly known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ...


Halted at the start

DuMont began with one basic disadvantage: unlike NBC and CBS, it did not have a radio network from which to draw revenue and talent.[8] Also, most early television licenses were granted to established radio broadcasters, and many long-time relationships with radio networks carried over to the new medium. As CBS and NBC gained their footing, they began to offer programming that drew on their radio backgrounds, bringing over the most popular radio stars. Early television stations, when asked to choose between an affiliation with CBS offering Jack Benny, Lucille Ball and Ed Sullivan, or DuMont with a then-unknown Jackie Gleason and Bishop Sheen, chose the well-travelled route.[16] In smaller markets, with a limited number of stations, DuMont and ABC were often relegated to secondary status, so their programs got clearance only if the primary network was off the air or on a delayed basis via a kinescope recording (or "teletranscriptions" as they were referred to by DuMont). It has been suggested that The Jack Benny Program be merged into this article or section. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American actor, comedian and star of the landmark sitcom I Love Lucy, a four time Emmy Award winner (awarded 1953, 1956, 1967, 1968) and charter member of the Television Hall of Fame. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Herbert John Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 - June 24, 1987) was American comedian and actor. ... Bishop Sheen was known for his dynamic and thoughtful preaching Archbishop Fulton John Sheen (May 8, 1895 - December 9, 1979) became televisions first preacher of note on the airways in the late 1940s on the DuMont Television Network. ...


DuMont aspired to grow beyond its three stations, applying for licenses in Boston (or Cincinnati, depending on the source) and Cleveland.[17] This would have given the network five stations, the maximum allowed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) at the time. However, DuMont was hampered by minority owner Paramount's two stations, KTLA in Los Angeles and WBKB-TV (now WBBM-TV) in Chicago. Although these stations never carried DuMont programming (with the exception of one year on KTLA in 1947–48), and in fact competed with the DuMont affiliates in those cities, the FCC ruled that Paramount's two licenses were in theory DuMont owned and operated stations, which effectively placed DuMont at the five-station cap.[18] Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The FCCs official seal. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... WBBM-TV, officially branded as CBS2 Chicago, is a United States television station in Chicago, Illinois owned and operated by the Columbia Broadcasting System and present-day CBS. Broadcasting from 630 North McClurg Court in downtown Chicago near The Loop, WBBM-TV transmits from the John Hancock Center. ... In the television industry (especially in North America), an owned and operated station (frequently abbreviated as O&O) is a television station that is owned by the network with which it is associated. ...


Adding to DuMont's troubles was the FCC's 1948 "freeze" on television-license applications.[16] This was done to sort out the thousands of applications that had come streaming in, but also to rethink the allocation and technical standards laid down prior to World War II. It became clear soon after the war that 12 channels (48 MHz–54 MHz had been removed from television broadcasting use) were not nearly enough for national television service. What was to be a six-month freeze lasted until 1952, when the FCC opened the UHF spectrum. The FCC, however, did not require television manufacturers to include UHF capability.[7] In order to see UHF stations, most people had to buy an expensive converter. Even then, the picture quality was marginal at best. Tied to this was a decision to restrict VHF allocations in medium- and smaller-sized markets. Television sets were not required to have all-channel tuning until 1964. This article is about the radio frequency. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...


Forced to rely on UHF to expand, DuMont saw one station after another go dark due to dismal ratings.[16] DuMont bought a small, distressed UHF station in Kansas City in 1954, but ran it for just three months before shutting it down at a considerable loss, after attempting to compete with three established VHF stations.[19] The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a metropolitan area situated at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers (Kaw Point) and straddling the state border between Missouri and Kansas. ...


The FCC's Dr. Hyman Goldin said in 1960, "If there had been four VHF outlets in the top markets, there's no question DuMont would have lived and would have eventually turned the corner in terms of profitability. I have no doubt in my mind of that at all."[20]


The end

DuMont survived the early 1950s only because of WDTV in Pittsburgh, the lone commercial VHF station in what was then the sixth-largest market. WDTV's only competition came from UHF stations and distant stations from Johnstown, Pennsylvania; Youngstown, Ohio; and Wheeling, West Virginia.[21] No other commercial VHF station signed on in Pittsburgh until 1957, giving WDTV a de facto monopoly on television in the city.[22] Since WDTV carried secondary affiliations with the other three networks, DuMont used this as a bargaining chip to get its programs cleared in other large markets.[21][4] Nickname: Flood City Location of Pennsylvania within the USA Johnstown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Cambria Government  - Mayor Tom Trigona Area  - City  6. ... Location within the state of Ohio Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio Counties Mahoning Founded 1796 Incorporated 1848 (village) - 1867 (city) Government  - Mayor Jay Williams (I) Area  - City  34. ... Nickname: The Friendly City Location in Ohio County in the State of West Virginia Coordinates: Settled 1769 Established 1806 Incorporated 1836  - Mayor Nick Sparachane  - City Manager Robert Herron  - Chief of Police Kevin Gessler, Sr. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1957. ...


Despite its severe financial straits, by 1953 DuMont appeared to be on its way to establishing itself as the third national network.[23][24] DuMont programs aired live on 16 stations, but it could only count on six primary stations (its three owned-and-operated stations ["O&Os"] plus WGN-TV in Chicago, KTTV in Los Angeles and WTVN-TV [now WSYX] in Columbus, Ohio). In contrast, ABC had a full complement of five O&Os augmented by nine primary affiliates.[25] ABC also had a radio network (it was descended from NBC's Blue Network) on which to draw revenue.[16] See also: 1952 in television, other events of 1953, 1954 in television and the list of years in television. // Events The BBCs Television Symbol, known as the bats wings by logo enthusiasts, first appeared in December this year. ... In the television industry (especially in North America), an owned-and-operated station (frequently abbreviated as O&O) usually refers to a television station or radio station that is owned by the network with which it is associated. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... KTTV, channel 11, is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, based in Los Angeles, California. ... WSYX, channel 6, is the ABC television affiliate in Columbus, Ohio. ... Nickname: The Arch City The Discovery City Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio Counties Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area    - City  212. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American radio and television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ...


However, DuMont had by this time turned its biggest liability—its lack of live clearances—into an asset. Claiming CBS and NBC were too expensive, DuMont sought to offer a medium for advertisers to pick and choose where their programs aired, potentially saving them millions of dollars.[26] In contrast, ABC operated in a similar manner to CBS and NBC, slapping advertisers with a large "must-buy" list of stations. However, ABC had only 14 primary stations, compared to CBS and NBC, which had over 40 primary stations each. By the summer of 1953, ABC was badly overextended and on the verge of bankruptcy.


The picture was dramatically altered in 1953, when ABC was bought by United Paramount Theaters (recently spun off from Paramount Pictures). The merger provided ABC with a badly-needed cash infusion, which gave it the resources to provide a national television service on the scale of CBS and NBC.[27] Also, through UPT president Leonard Goldenson, it gained ties with the Hollywood studios that more than matched the ties DuMont's producers had with Broadway. United Paramount Theatres, one of the largest chain of cinemas in the United States was divested from Paramount Pictures as a result of the 1948 United States v. ... Leonard H. Goldenson (December 7, 1905 - December 27, 1999) was the first president of ABC. In 1974, Mr. ...


Realizing that the ABC-UPT deal put the company on life support, the staff at DuMont was receptive to a merger offer from ABC.[21] Goldenson quickly brokered a deal with Ted Bergmann, DuMont's managing director, under which the merged network would have been called "ABC-DuMont" until at least 1958 and would honor all of DuMont's network commitments. In return, DuMont would get $5 million in cash, guaranteed advertising time for DuMont sets, and a secure future for its staff.[21] A merged ABC-DuMont would have had to sell a New York station—either DuMont's WABD or ABC's WJZ-TV (now WABC-TV)—as well as two other stations (most likely ABC's WXYZ-TV in Detroit and KGO-TV in San Francisco). It still would have been a colossus rivaling CBS and NBC, given that it would have owned stations in five of the six largest markets (except Philadelphia). See also: 1957 in television, other events of 1958, 1959 in television and the list of years in television. // Events July 1 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada. ... WABC-TV, channel 7, is the flagship station of the Walt Disney Company-owned American Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... WXYZ-TV, channel 7, is the ABC affiliated television station in Detroit, Michigan, USA. It is owned by The E.W. Scripps Company and is Scripps largest TV station. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... KGO-TV (ABC7) is an owned-and-operated television station of The Walt Disney Company-owned ABC, based in San Francisco, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


However, Paramount vetoed the plan almost out of hand due to antitrust concerns.[3] A few months earlier, the FCC had ruled that Paramount controlled DuMont, and there were still some questions about whether UPT had really separated from Paramount. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ...

Table showing primary station affiliation for each of the four U.S. commercial television networks in 1954. DuMont had primary affiliation agreements with 39 stations in the largest markets, but most of these stations were poorly-watched UHF stations.
Table showing primary station affiliation for each of the four U.S. commercial television networks in 1954. DuMont had primary affiliation agreements with 39 stations in the largest markets, but most of these stations were poorly-watched UHF stations.[28]

With no other way to readily obtain cash, DuMont sold WDTV to Westinghouse Electric Corporation for $9.75 million.[21] While this gave DuMont a short-term cash infusion, it eliminated the leverage DuMont had to get clearances in other markets. Without its de facto monopoly in Pittsburgh, the company's advertising revenue shrank to less than half that of 1953. By February 1955, DuMont executives realized the company could not continue as a television network.[21] It was decided to shut down network operations and operate WABD and WTTG as independents. On April 1, 1955, most of DuMont's entertainment programs were dropped. Bishop Sheen aired his last program on DuMont on April 26 and later moved to ABC.[29] By May, just eight programs were left on the network, with only inexpensive shows and sporting events keeping what was left of the network going through the summer. The network also abandoned the use of the intercity network coaxial cable, on which it had spent $3 million in 1954 to transmit shows that mostly lacked station clearance.[30] Image File history File links Primary_Network_Affiliates_May_1954. ... Image File history File links Primary_Network_Affiliates_May_1954. ... Westinghouse logo (designed by Paul Rand) The Westinghouse Electric Company, headquartered in Monroeville, Pennsylvania, is an organization founded by George Westinghouse in 1886. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1954 in television, other events of 1955, 1956 in television and the list of years in television. // Events April 1 - The DuMont Television network drastically cuts back its programming. ...


In August, Paramount, with the help of other stockholders, seized full control of DuMont Laboratories. The last non-sports program on DuMont aired on September 23, 1955.[31] After that, DuMont's network feed was used only for occasional sporting events. DuMont's last broadcast, a boxing match, occurred on August 6, 1956. September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


DuMont spun off WABD and WTTG as the "DuMont Broadcasting Corporation". The name was later changed to "Metropolitan Broadcasting" to distance the company from what was seen as a complete all-around failure.[32] John Kluge bought Paramount's shares for $4 million in 1958,[6] changing the company's name to Metromedia in 1960. WABD became WNEW-TV and later WNYW; WTTG still broadcasts under its original call letters. John Werner Kluge (born September 21, 1914) is an entrepreneur who was born in Chemnitz, Germany, best known as a television industry mogul in the United States. ... See also: 1957 in television, other events of 1958, 1959 in television and the list of years in television. // Events July 1 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada. ... Metromedia (also often MetroMedia) was a conglomeration of radio and television stations in the United States that existed from the demise of the DuMont Television Network in the 1950s until the formation of the Fox Network in the 1980s. ... See also: 1959 in television, other events of 1960, 1961 in television and the list of years in television. For the American network television schedule, please see 1960-61 American network television schedule. ... WNYW, channel 5, is the flagship television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... Call sign can refer to different types of call signs: Airline call sign Aviator call sign Cosmonaut call sign Radio and television call signs Tactical call sign, also known as a tactical designator See also: International Callsign Allocations, Maritime Mobile Service Identity This is a disambiguation page — a navigational...


For 50 years, DuMont was the only major broadcast television network to go off the air,[6] until UPN and the WB networks shut down in 2006 to merge and form the CW network. UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) was a television network in over 200 markets in the United States. ... The Warner Brothers Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, or sometimes as The Frog (referring to the networks former mascot, the animated character Michigan J. Frog), was a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... “The CW” redirects here. ...


Fate of the DuMont stations

All three DuMont-owned stations are still operating, though they are now affiliated with other networks. Coincidentally, all three are O&Os, just as when they were part of DuMont. Of the three, only Washington's WTTG still has its original call letters. New York's WABD—later WNEW-TV, and now WNYW—and Washington's WTTG survived as independents in the Metromedia Group before being bought by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation for its Fox Broadcasting Company, in 1986. Clarke Ingram, who maintains a DuMont memorial site, has suggested that Fox is a revival or at least a linear descendant of DuMont.[33] Indeed, WNYW is still headquartered in the former DuMont Tele-Centre, now known as the Fox Broadcasting Center. WTTG, FOX5 DC is an owned and operated TV station of the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... WNYW, channel 5, is the flagship television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: NWS, LSE: NCRA) is one of the worlds largest media conglomerates. ... For the animal, see Fox. ... Clarke Ingram is a veteran United States radio personality and programming executive, who is probably most recognized in his home market and hometown of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Westinghouse changed WDTV's calls to KDKA-TV, and switched its primary affiliation to CBS immediately after the sale. Westinghouse's acquisition of CBS in 1995 made KDKA-TV a CBS owned-and-operated station. KDKA-TV is the CBS owned and operated (O&O) television station in Pittsburgh. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


DuMont affiliates

A DuMont Telecruiser, circa 1953. This mobile TV unit, Model B, Serial Number 101, was built by DuMont Labs for KBTV in Dallas, Texas. It was in use until the early 1970s.
A DuMont Telecruiser, circa 1953. This mobile TV unit, Model B, Serial Number 101, was built by DuMont Labs for KBTV in Dallas, Texas. It was in use until the early 1970s.

At its peak in 1954, DuMont was affiliated with around 200 TV stations.[34] In those days, TV stations were free to "cherry-pick" which programs they would air, and many stations affiliated with multiple networks. Many of DuMont's "affiliates" carried very little DuMont programming, choosing to air one or two more popular programs (such as Life is Worth Living) and/or sports programming on the weekends. Few stations carried the full DuMont program line-up. This is a partial list of affiliate stations of the DuMont Television Network, which operated in the United States from 1946 to 1956. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (530x644, 52 KB) The Golden Telecruiser Historic Pictures File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (530x644, 52 KB) The Golden Telecruiser Historic Pictures File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Nickname: Big D Location in the state of Texas Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas, Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall Incorporated 2 February 1856  - Mayor Laura Miller Area    - City  385. ...


In its later years, DuMont was carried mostly on poorly-watched UHF channels or had only secondary affiliations on VHF stations. DuMont ended most operations on April 1, 1955, but honored network commitments until August 1956.[2] It has been suggested that April Fools Day be merged into this article or section. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Electronicam was a television recording system, based on a camera that shot film and television at the same time through a common lens. ... The Golden Age of Television is a reference to the period from approximately 1949 to 1960 when prime time television drama was predominated by original and classic productions from such writers as Paddy Chayefsky, Reginald Rose and Rod Serling. ... This is a List of programs broadcast by the DuMont Television Network, which operated in the United States from 1946 to 1956. ...

References

  • Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 146. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X. 
  • Garvin, Glenn (March 2005). "Who Killed Captain Video? How the FCC strangled a TV pioneer". Reason Online. Retrieved on 2007-01-05.
  • Hess, Gary Newton (1979). An Historical Study of the DuMont Television Network. New York: Ayer Publishers. ISBN 0-405-11758-2. 
  • Ingram, C. (2002). The DuMont Television Network Historical Web Site. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  • Merlin, Jan (May 11, 2006). Space Hero Files: Captain Video. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  • Weinstein, David (2004). The Forgotten Network: DuMont and the Birth of American Television. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 228. ISBN 1-59213-245-6. 

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (132nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, pp. 17-18. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  2. ^ a b c d Weinstein, D."The Forgotten Network: DuMont and the Birth of American Television" (PDF) Temple University Press, 2004. Retrieved on January 6, 2007.
  3. ^ a b Dean, L. DuMont TV - KTTV TV11. Larry Dean's R-VCR Television Production website. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  4. ^ a b Castleman, H. & Podrazik, W. (1982) Watching TV: Four Decades of American Television, p. 11. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  5. ^ Auter, P. & Boyd, D. DuMont: The Original Fourth Television Network. The Journal of Popular Culture. Vol. 29 Issue 3 Page 63 Winter 1995. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Spadoni, M. (June 2003). DuMont: America's First "Fourth Network". Television Heaven. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  7. ^ a b McDowell, W. (March 30, 2001). Remembering the DuMont Network: A Case Study Approach. College of Mass Communication and Media Arts. Southern Illinois University. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  8. ^ a b Auter, P. (2005)DuMont, Allen B. The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  9. ^ Downs, S. (November 3, 1996). "The Golden Age of Pittsburgh Television". Greensburg Tribune Review. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  10. ^ Hundt, B. (July 30, 2006). "Remember When: First tube". Observer-Reporter Publishing. Retrieved on January 7, 2007.
  11. ^ History of the AT&T Network - Milestones in AT&T Network History. AT&T, 2006. Retrieved on December 28, 2006
  12. ^ McNeil, Alex (1996). Total Television (4th ed.), p. 1040. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-024916-8
  13. ^ Merlin, J. Roaring Rockets: The Space Hero Files. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  14. ^ Weinstein, D. (2004). The Forgotten Network: DuMont and the Birth of American Television, p. 69. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 1592134998
  15. ^ Collections - Early television. The UCLA Film and Television Archive. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  16. ^ a b c d Jajkowski , S. (2001). Chicago Television: And Then There Was... DuMont. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  17. ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, pp. 32-33, 66. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  18. ^ IEEE History Center: Thomas Goldsmith Abstract (May 14, 1973). IEEE History Center. Retrieved on January 6, 2007.
  19. ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, p. 66. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  20. ^ Hess, Gary Newton (1979). An Historical Study of the DuMont Television Network. New York: Ayer Publishers. ISBN 0-405-11758-2.
  21. ^ a b c d e f Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, pp. 79-83. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  22. ^ O'Brien, E. (July 1, 2003). Pittsburgh Area Radio and TV. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  23. ^ Brooks, Tim & Marsh, Earle (1964). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows (3rd ed.). New York: Ballantine. p. xiv. ISBN 0-345-31864-1.
  24. ^ Grace, R. (October 3, 2002). "Reminiscing: Channel 2, Your Du Mont Station". Metropolitan News-Enterprise Online. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  25. ^ Jajkowski, S. (2005). Chicago Television: My Afternoon With Red. Retrieved on January 6, 2007.
  26. ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, pp. 69-70. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  27. ^ Jajkowski, S. (2005). "Flashback:The 50th Anniversary of ABC". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  28. ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, pp 116-126. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  29. ^ McNeil, Alex (1996). Total Television (4th ed.), p. 479. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-024916-8
  30. ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, pp. 77-78. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  31. ^ McNeil, Alex (1996). Total Television (4th ed.), p. 907. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-024916-8
  32. ^ Bergmann, Ted; Skutch, Ira (2002). The DuMont Television Network: What Happened?, p. 85. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2002. ISBN 0-8108-4270-X.
  33. ^ Ingram, C. (2002). DuMont Television Network Historical Web Site. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.
  34. ^ Corarito, Gregory (1967). Tulsa TV History Thesis - KCEB. Retrieved on December 28, 2006.

January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

  • The DuMont Television Network Historical Web Site
  • The "Golden Telecruiser" Historic Pictures

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dr. Allen Balcom DuMont, 1901-1965 (1037 words)
DuMont was an American scientist, inventor and broadcaster best known for improvements to the cathode ray tube for use in television receivers (beginning in 1931), and later as the founder of the DuMont television network.
DuMont later went on to found in 1946 the first television network to be licensed, the DuMont Television Network, initially by linking station WABD (named for DuMont) in New York City to station WTTG in Washington, DC.
DuMont died in 1965 and is buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery in Upper Montclair, New Jersey.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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