FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Drug dealer
Photo of lollipops containing heroin. Composite image from photos provided by the DEA. source (http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/programs/forensicsci/microgram/mg0604/mg0604.html) This work is in the public domain because it is a work of the United States federal Government. This applies worldwide. See Copyright. File... These lollipops, above, were found to contain when inspected by the US
These lollipops, above, were found to contain Heroin or diamorphine (INN) (colloquially referred to as junk, babania, horse, golden brown, smack, black tar, big H, lady H, dope, skag, juice, diesel, etc.) is an alkaloid opioid. Heroin is the 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine (hence diacetylmorphine) and is synthesised from it by acetylation. The white crystalline... heroin when inspected by the US Since 1973, the DEA has enforced the drug laws in the United States. These lollipops, above, were found to contain heroin when inspected by the DEA. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States Department of Justice law enforcement agency tasked with suppressing the sale of recreational drugs by... Drug Enforcement Administration

In jurisdictions where Legislation refers 1. to the process of enacting statutory laws laws, or 2. to the set of statutory laws in a state. Legislation is passed by a legislature and, in some states, must also be confirmed by the executive. When a bill becomes a law the law is said to... legislation restricts or prohibits the sale of certain popular In J. R. R. Tolkiens world of Middle-earth, the Drúedain, also known as Drûg, Woses, Wild Men of the Woods and Púkel-men, were a strange race of Men which was counted amongst the Edain. The Drûg lived among the Second House of Men... drugs, it is common for an illegal drugs trade to develop. For some drugs, large-scale drug production is not usually located in A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. In most cases, countries with high per capita GDP are developed countries; sometimes high GDP can be achieved (usually... developed countries where those drugs are illegal — rather, those drugs are often manufactured or harvested in A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. The term has tended to edge out earlier ones, including the Cold War-defined Third World. The developing part of developing country may be considered euphemistic or perhaps optimistic, as many of the poorest countries... developing nations where This article is about political corruption. For other uses, see Corruption (disambiguation) In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse of public office for private gain. All forms of government are susceptible in practice to political corruption. Degrees of corruption vary greatly, from minor uses of influence and patronage to... corruption and instability allows producers to operate with minimal interferance from For the band, see The Police. For the Polish town, see Police, Poland. A car of the Devon and Cornwall Constabulary, England Police forces are government organisations ostensibly charged with the responsibility of maintaining law and order. The word comes from the French, and less directly from the Greek politeia... law enforcement agencies. Other drugs, primarily those which are easily harvested from plants, are produced locally. Regardless of the type, high demand for illegal drugs on the The black market is the sector of economic activity involving illegal economic dealings, typically the buying and selling of merchandise illegally. The goods may be themselves illegal, such as the sale of prohibited weapons or the illegal drug trade; the merchandise may be stolen; or the merchandise may be otherwise... black market leads to the formation of complex illegitimate production, smuggling, and distrobution networks that span national borders and generate billions of dollars of revenue.


Illegal supply to consumers is generally via criminal drug dealers who purchase drugs in bulk or produce their own. Such dealers are stereotypically associated with Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. The Organized Crime Control Act (US - 1970) defines organized crime as: The unlawful activities of...a highly organized, disciplined association.... Some Criminal Organizations, such as terrorist organizations, are politically motivated. Mafias are criminal organizations whose primary motivation is profit... organized crime syndicates, though in reality they often work freelance and bear no connection to organized criminal groups. The motivations for participation in the drug trade vary greatly depending on the specific drug. Dealers of "soft" drugs such as Cannabis is a plant which is consumed by humans as a psychoactive drug. Cannabis sativa discusses the physiology and scientific properties of this plant. Cannabis (drug) discusses the pharmacological properties of the plant and its use by humans as a drug. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... marijuana and Magic mushrooms are also known as sacred mushrooms, psychedelic mushrooms, and, more generally, hallucinogenic mushrooms. This last term is misleading. Though hallucinations can occur when under the influence of magic mushrooms (as with many other drugs, such as alcohol, cocaine, etc.), they are of secondary importance and do not account... psychedelic mushrooms often cite their motivations as the philanthropic desire to facilitate their recreational use, and tend to view drug prohibition laws as immoral restraints of personal Civil liberties are protections from the power of governments. Examples include freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and trial by jury. These are usually created and protected by a constitution. See also: human rights, democracies (as well as many other countries) have constitutions that protect civil liberties. The following sections... civil liberties. In contrast, dealers of "hard" drugs such as Heroin or diamorphine (INN) (colloquially referred to as junk, babania, horse, golden brown, smack, black tar, big H, lady H, dope, skag, juice, diesel, etc.) is an alkaloid opioid. Heroin is the 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine (hence diacetylmorphine) and is synthesised from it by acetylation. The white crystalline... heroin and General A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. It identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of such element to be found in each discrete molecule... cocaine which have a more restricted supply are often motivated by the incredible profits which can be made from trafficking in these drugs.

Contents

Soft drugs

"Soft" drugs are generally drugs that can be harvested and consumed in a potent form with little or no processing, and which are perceived to have less potential for causing physical or mental health damage to the user than "hard" drugs. Cannabis is a plant which is consumed by humans as a psychoactive drug. Cannabis sativa discusses the physiology and scientific properties of this plant. Cannabis (drug) discusses the pharmacological properties of the plant and its use by humans as a drug. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... Marijuana ( This article is about cannabis used as a drug. For other uses, see Cannabis is a For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). Plants Five-finger fern Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes... cannabis) is the most commonly cited soft drug; Magic mushrooms are also known as sacred mushrooms, psychedelic mushrooms, and, more generally, hallucinogenic mushrooms. This last term is misleading. Though hallucinations can occur when under the influence of magic mushrooms (as with many other drugs, such as alcohol, cocaine, etc.), they are of secondary importance and do not account... psychedelic mushrooms also fall under this category. Opium is a narcotic drug which is obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L. or the synonym paeoniflorum). According to the United Nations, Afghanistan currently accounts for 87 percent of the worlds opium supply. Opium smokers in an opium den in the East... Opium is usually not characterized as a soft drug; its high potential for addiction relegates it to the hard drug category. Many jurisdictions, particularly Canada is an independent This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. For other meanings, see state (disambiguation). In international law and international relations, a state is a geographic political entity possessing politicial sovereignty, i.e. not being subject to any higher political authority. In casual language, the idea of... Canada and many This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... European states, have chosen to place a low law enforcement priority on the prosecution of cases involving personal-use quantities of soft drugs, rendering them quasi-legal (though still technically proscribed). They are sometimes also allowed for medical purposes with a doctor's prescription (see Medical marijuana refers to the use of marijuana, a form of cannabis as a therapy or prescription drug, most notably as an anti-emetic. Due to the widespread use of cannabis as a recreational drug, even in jurisdictions where it is illegal, its use in medicine is a controversial issue... medical marijuana). In other jurisdictions, notably in most of the For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States, soft drugs remain strictly illegal, and a The black market is the sector of economic activity involving illegal economic dealings, typically the buying and selling of merchandise illegally. The goods may be themselves illegal, such as the sale of prohibited weapons or the illegal drug trade; the merchandise may be stolen; or the merchandise may be otherwise... black market has developed to supply them.


Many in the drugs field do not find the hard/soft drug distinction useful, acknowledging that it is the drug using behaviours that are the most important determinate of harm, not the choice of drug: clearly all drugs can be harmful if misused. A more useful distinction would rank drugs according to their toxicity and addictive potential. Alcohol and tobacco would rank high on this scale but are generally catagorised as 'soft' due to their legal status, rather than harm potential.


Cannabis trade

Cannabis trade is often motivated by the principles of Philanthropy involves the donation or granting of money to various worthy charitable causes. It is seen as a way to directly effect change in society without recourse to the bureaucratic mechanisms of government. Someone who practices philanthropy is known as a philanthropist. Philanthropy is a major source of income for... philanthropy, although simple The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Recreational drug use is the use of psychoactive drugs for recreational rather than medical or spiritual purposes, although the distinction is not always clear. Regardless of medical supervision, this label does not apply to... recreational drug use and the profit motive also play enormous roles. In jurisdictions where cannabis is quasi-legal (e.g. most of western This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... Europe, Canada is an independent This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. For other meanings, see state (disambiguation). In international law and international relations, a state is a geographic political entity possessing politicial sovereignty, i.e. not being subject to any higher political authority. In casual language, the idea of... Canada, and the Pacific coast of the For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States), illegal market prices for the drug are low and profits from its sale are modest; hence, more dealers in these places are motivated by a philanthropic desire to help others get high. By contrast, in areas where marijuana is still strictly proscribed (such as the eastern United States), illegal market prices are much higher, and profit motivation plays a much higher role.


Wholesaling

The wholesale market for cannabis exists on a variety of levels. Typically a "wholesale" purchase would consist of anything more than quarter of a pound, although legal definitions of "possession with intent to distribute" vary considerably between jurisdictions, and in some places, much smaller quantities of marijuana — or simply having marijuana in more than one container — may constitute legal intent to distribute, with concominantly increased legal penalties.


Due to different strains and different degrees of potency, along with different degrees of legal investigation and enforcement of anti-drug laws in different jurisdictions, the wholesale price of marijuana varies widely. For example, it is not unheard for low-potency Mexican " Fabric hung in swags as a window dressing A burglar carries a bag marked swag - common in childrens illustrations The term swag may refer to one of the following: A wreath or garland suspended from two points, also fabric hung from two points A subsidence in the ground Goods... schwag" to be purchased in multi-ton quantities. These type of purchases are executed by large poly-drug criminal organizations that work with other national and internaional crime cartels. The importers of these drugs also tend to be very violent and import other drugs such as cocaine, derived from South America, and heroin. In the United States the Mexico-US border is usually the source for these large wholesale transactions.


Higher grade marijuana tends to trade on a much smaller scale due to the nature of the product — higher potency means that less must be smoked to achieve the desired effects. Where a pound of schwag can go for $500 wholesale, a pound of high grade marijuana can fetch up to $4,400 a pound wholesale. High grade marijuana typically originates in small scale domestic indoor and outdoor growing operations. Imported high grade marijuana is also imported into the United States on a small scale from Canada or in some rare instances from the tropics and Mexico. Of course, some zealous traffickers will bring multi-ton shipments of this product as well. Many of these large traffickers are also associated with other much harder drugs, violence, and gangs. The typical indoor grower usually tends to be an otherwise law-abiding citizen who would not consider violence or strong arm tactics in marijuana dealing.


In the majority of cases, a local grower will give cannabis to "distributers", each getting somewhere between a quarter ounce and one pound, who then divide it up and sell it to street-sellers. Because it costs very little to grow cannabis, and because the distributers are generally personal friends of the grower, any money made from this is almost 100% profit. Distributers can afford to distribute to sellers for as little as a dollar a gram, but typically charge half street value. The grower takes the most sizeable cut of the money, but the particulars and percentages vary depending on local market conditions, the individuals involved, and whatever agreement they come to. It is not unheard of for the grower to keep all the monetary profit and pay his distributers in cannabis (although in this case the assumption often exists that the distributers are keeping a small amount of the money for themselves without the grower's direct knowledge).


Law enforcement attention to these "lesser" wholesaling transactions is typically reduced; most law enforcement concern is over large-scale wholesaling and cartels.


Street selling

Selling can be somewhat profitable. For example, in the Northwestern USA (where cannabis is fairly common and therefore generally inexpensive when compared to other regions) an ounce of cannabis costs about $250. That ounce might be broken up into quarter ounces which usually sell for $80 each, eighths which might be sold for $40 each, or $20 bags which might contain 1.8 to 2.0 For other meanings of gram, see gram (disambiguation). The gram (also spelt gramme) is a unit of measurement of mass, and is defined in the SI system of units as one thousandth of a kilogram (ie. 1x10-3kg). The symbol for gram is g. The formerly used alternate symbol gm... grams. Such a sale might yield as much as $70 in profit. Often, mainly for philanthropic reasons, a person might maintain low profits in order to facilitate wide-spread use of the plant. (Note also that these prices are for cannabis buds, or simply, "bud". "Shake" (leaves) is usually available in much greater quantities for much lower prices, but isn't nearly as potent.)


Dealers motivated more by profit may:

  • Charge as much as $50 for an "eighth"
  • Put 3.0 grams (rather than 3.5) in an "eighth"
  • Put only 1.0 to 1.5 grams, most commonly 1.2 grams:), in a "twenty bag"
  • Sell an ounce for as much as $300
  • Package the cannabis 'bud' as is with stems - rather than separate the buds - to increase weight

"Mark-ups" generally only work in high availability areas on those who are inexperienced at purchasing cannabis. More "seasoned" buyers in these areas would never, for instance, pay $20 for a single gram of cannabis. Local market conditions vary significantly with local supply and demand, and with the degree of local law enforecment attention to cannabis trafficking.


Shipping

Certain strains of cannabis that are unique to a particular area, such as Maui-wowie, hula-bud, Thai-sticks, Aurora borealis Polar aurorae are optical phenomena characterized by colorful displays of light in the night sky. An auroral display in the Northern Hemisphere is called the aurora borealis, or the northern lights; in the Southern Hemisphere it is called the aurora australis. Auroras are the most visible effect of... northern lights, yellow cab, or Alaskan thunderfuck may be shipped great distances due to popularity and demand.


On the United States' Pacific coast, a cannabis "super highway" of sorts exists, along which most exotic strains are traded, anti-cannabis laws are relatively relaxed or aren't as actively enforced, and large numbers of growers reside.


At the northernmost end of this "highway" is For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). State of Alaska (Flag of Alaska) (Seal of Alaska) State nickname: The Last Frontier, The Land of the Midnight Sun Other U.S. States Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Governor Frank Murkowski Official languages English Area 1,717,854 km (1st)  ... Alaska, where northern lights and Alaskan thunderfuck are produced. Further south is British Columbia (Flag of British Columbia) (Coat of Arms of British Columbia) Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Splendour without diminishment) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Lieutenant Governor Iona Campagnolo Area 944,735 km² (5th)  - Land 925,186 km²  - Water... British Columbia, home of the famous BC Bud is a generic term for several varieties of cannabis grown in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The term has become almost a brand name, especially in California, Oregon and Washington where most of the provinces exports end up. The United States Drug Enforcement Agency considers BC... BC bud, which comes in a wide array of qualities and forms, the most desired of which is the hydrochronic, or Hydroponics is the growing of plants without soil. A variety of techniques exist. Researchers of plant metabolism have discovered that plants absorb nutrients as simple ions in water. In natural conditions, soil acts as a nutrient reservoir but the soil itself is not essential to plant growth. When the nutrients... hydroponically grown Contents // 1 Medicine 1.1 Examples 1.2 See also 2 Business 3 Slang Medicine In medicine, a persistent and lasting condition is said to be chronic (from Greek chronos). For example, a chronic illness is one that persists for a long time, usually more than three months. By analogy... chronic. South of British Columbia is This article deals with the U.S. state. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation) State of Washington (Flag of Washington) (Seal of Washington) State nickname: The Evergreen State Other U.S. States Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Governor Christine Gregoire Official languages None Area 184,824 km² (18th... Washington, which is home of the annual Hempfest, officially The Seattle Hempfest, is an annual event in Seattle, Washington (U.S.), the countrys largest annual gathering demanding legalization of marijuana. Founded in 1991 as the Washington Hemp Expo, a self-described humble gathering of stoners attended by only 500 people, it has grown into a 2... Hempfest, has an extremely high number of local growers, and imports massive quantities of hydrochronic from British Columbia, Maui-wowie and hula-bud from Hawaii, Thai-sticks from Thailand, yellow cab from Idaho, northern lights and thunderfuck from Alaska via British Columbia, and red-hair bud from southern Mexico via For other uses, see California (disambiguation). State of California (Flag of California) (Seal of California) State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water... California and For other uses, see Oregon (disambiguation). State of Oregon (Flag of Oregon) (Seal of Oregon) State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177... Oregon. Washington is also famous for its chemo-bud grown at the University of Washington, including the elusive (and possibly non-existent) G-13 is a strain of marijuana, supposedly a mutant variety cultivated by the U.S. Government, referred to in the movie American Beauty by the neighbor of Kevin Spaceys character. Known actually to exist. ... G-13. South of Washington is California, where consumption of Cannabis is likely as high (per-capita) as in Washington, and is thus a major player in cannabis trade. At the southernmost end is Mexico, which, although known mainly for its low-quality "dirt weed", facilitates the trade of highly potent strains from southern Mexico and Central America into the United States.


Along this "super highway", major cities such as This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. Vancouver can also refer to Vancouver, Washington, USA, a suburb of Portland, Oregon. For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). City of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (In Detail) (In Detail) Motto: By sea, land and air we prosper City  - Population... Vancouver, BC, Tacoma, with Mount Rainier in background You may be looking for Takoma or Tacoma class frigate. Tacoma is the county seat of Pierce County6, situated on Puget Sounds Commencement Bay, Tacoma Narrows, and the estuary of the Puyallup River. The 2000 census reported Tacomas population as 193,556... Tacoma, This article is about the city in California. For other meanings, see San Francisco (disambiguation). San Francisco skyline. The City and County of San Francisco (population 776,773), the fourth-largest city in the state of California, United States in terms of population, is a consolidated city-county situated at... San Francisco, and This article is about the largest city in California. For other uses of Los Angeles, see Los Angeles (disambiguation) Downtown Los Angeles skyline facing northeast toward the San Gabriel Mountains on a clear winter day. Missing from the center foreground of the photo is the Staples Center arena, completed in... Los Angeles offer the lowest prices for the greatest quantities of cannabis, whilst Tacoma, San Francisco, and L.A. offer the greatest variety of exotic strains. These exotic strains become increasingly rare and expensive when one moves into the smaller surrounding towns. Away from the west coast as a whole, the cost of even low-quality or "schwag" cannabis may be double what one would pay for good-quality cannabis in, for instance, Washington.


High-demand strains

Some greatly sought-after (and often more expensive) strains of Cannabis include Alaskan thunderfuck, BC Bud is a generic term for several varieties of cannabis grown in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The term has become almost a brand name, especially in California, Oregon and Washington where most of the provinces exports end up. The United States Drug Enforcement Agency considers BC... BC bud, chemo-bud, G-13 is a strain of marijuana, supposedly a mutant variety cultivated by the U.S. Government, referred to in the movie American Beauty by the neighbor of Kevin Spaceys character. Known actually to exist. ... G-13, hula-bud, hydrochronic, Maui-wowie, mystic creeper, Aurora borealis Polar aurorae are optical phenomena characterized by colorful displays of light in the night sky. An auroral display in the Northern Hemisphere is called the aurora borealis, or the northern lights; in the Southern Hemisphere it is called the aurora australis. Auroras are the most visible effect of... northern lights, popcorn bud, purple kush, Thai-sticks, White Rhinoceros Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Perissodactyla Family: Rhinocerotidae Genus: Ceratotherium Species: simum Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is one of the five species of rhinoceros that still exists and is one of the few... white rhino, and yellow cab.


Trade jargon

  • The Death Weed refers to extremely potent Cannabis.
  • The Kill also refers to highly potent Cannabis, though not necessarily as potent as "The Death Weed".
  • The Contents // 1 Medicine 1.1 Examples 1.2 See also 2 Business 3 Slang Medicine In medicine, a persistent and lasting condition is said to be chronic (from Greek chronos). For example, a chronic illness is one that persists for a long time, usually more than three months. By analogy... Chronic refers to Cannabis which is highly potent but not unusually so. In other words, the highest quality one can find on a semi-regular basis for roughly the same cost as mid-grade Cannabis. Chronic can also be Cannabis with a little bit of Cocaine on top. This causes the same effects as Crack but on a much lighter scale.
  • BUD refers to: big ugly dish, a colloquial name for a satellite dish used to receive satellite television signals on the C band. Basic Underwater Demolition, a military specialization perfected by the U.S. Navy SEALs. BUD/S, a military term that refers to the U.S. Navy SEALs training... Bud simply refers to the buds of the Cannabis plant. Bud may be high or low quality depending on several factors, not the least of which is sex (female buds are far, far more potent than the weaker and less tasty male buds).
  • The word shake refers to: Shake (software) Milkshake Shake (roof) Shake (cannabis) Shake (time) A Shake on a brass instrument, especially the Trumpet, implies quickly slurring to a note above the written note. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Shake refers to the leaves of the Cannabis plant, which are impotent. "Shake" also refers to small pieces of cannabis that have flaked off of buds ("bud shake" is just as potent as buds, contrary to popular belief).
  • The Fabric hung in swags as a window dressing A burglar carries a bag marked swag - common in childrens illustrations The term swag may refer to one of the following: A wreath or garland suspended from two points, also fabric hung from two points A subsidence in the ground Goods... Schwag refers to low-quality bud. Often dry and brownish in color rather than lush and green (however, looks can be deceiving).
  • Cannabis is a plant which is consumed by humans as a psychoactive drug. Cannabis sativa discusses the physiology and scientific properties of this plant. Cannabis (drug) discusses the pharmacological properties of the plant and its use by humans as a drug. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... Dirt Weed often refers to brown, withered looking buds which are usually impotent, although potent "dirt weed" is not completely unheardof. This term is seldom used synonymously with "outdoor" (see below).
  • Indoor is Cannabis grown indoors. Sometimes pronounced "indoe", sounding much like the Latin Prefix referring to somthing internal in the body, e.g. endokrinology, secretion inside the body. Endo is the opposite of ecto. In cycling, an endo is a trick that involves the rider lifting the rear wheel into the air while the front wheel stays grounded. It is similar to another... endo, which has a similar meaning when spoken as "indoe-weed". This term generally does not include hydroponically grown Cannabis, which is in a class of its own. Indoor grown Cannabis is almost always better than outdoor because of the protection it gets inside.
  • Outdoor, sometimes pronounced "outdoe" or instead called exo (to contrast with endo), is Cannabis that has been grown outdoors.

Mushroom trade

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Tobacco trade

The illegal trade of tobacco is motivated primarily by increasingly heavy taxation, and to a lesser extent by smoking bans in public places. When tobacco products such as name-brand cigarettes are traded illegally, the cost is as little as one third that of retail price due to the lack of taxes being piled on as the product is sold from manufacturer to buyer to retailer. Meanwhile, the sale of tobacco, legal or not, seems motivated almost entirely by addiction, with social/recreational motives being the cause of initial consumption.


Hard drugs

The term 'hard drugs' is usually used to refer to heroin and cocaine, the concerntrated pharmacuetical preparations of naturally occurring opium poppies and coca plant respectively. These drugs are associated with the highly visible and chaotic patterns of use, often associated with criminality, that shape the stereotypical media portrayal of the 'junkie' or 'crack head'. These drugs in there natural form, opium - smoked or consumed as tea, and coca leaf - chewed or consumed as tea, are rarely if ever associated with such behaviour. Both heroin and cocaine are also used extensively in the medical field as powerful pain killers.


The illegal supply of these so called Hard drugs are drugs that lead to physical addiction, opposed to soft drugs, such as marijuana and hashish, that are only psychologically addictive. Cocaine is a well-known hard drug, as are the amphetamines, and all the opiates such as heroin and morphine. According to many, alcohol and nicotine, while... hard drugs is driven mainly by the Economics is the social science studying production and consumption through measurable variables. It involves analysing the production, distribution, trade and consumption of goods and services. Economics is said to be positive when it attempts to explain the consequences of different choices given a set of assumptions and normative when it... economics of drug prohibition, with huge profit margins available due to the collision of high demand for the drugs with harsh laws that attempt to prohibit their supply and use. The vast profits on offer mean that the trade is run by highly organised and often violent criminal organisations.


LSD trade

For other uses, see LSD (disambiguation). LSD blotter paper D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, commonly called acid, LSD, or LSD-25, is a powerful semisynthetic hallucinogen and psychedelic entheogen. A typical dose of LSD is only 100 micrograms, a tiny amount equal to one-tenth the weight of a grain of... LSD(also known as Acid) is a highly potent Hallucinogenic drug - drugs that can alter sensory perceptions. Hallucinogen (band) - the psychedelic trance project of Simon Posford. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back... hallucinogen which is synthesized artificially. The availability of LSD in America dropped sharply circa This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000, when two distributors alleged by the government to have been manufacturing 95% of all LSD available in America were captured (see For other uses, see LSD (disambiguation). LSD blotter paper D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, commonly called acid, LSD, or LSD-25, is a powerful semisynthetic hallucinogen and psychedelic entheogen. A typical dose of LSD is only 100 micrograms, a tiny amount equal to one-tenth the weight of a grain of... LSD).


Cocaine trade

Because of the extensive processing it undergoes during preparation and its highly addictive nature, General A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. It identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of such element to be found in each discrete molecule... cocaine is generally treated as a hard drug, with severe penalties for possession and trafficking. Demand remains high, and consequently black market cocaine is quite expensive. Unprocessed cocaine, such as coca leaves is occasionally bought and sold, but this is exceedingly rare as it is much easier and more profitable to conceal and smuggle the concentrated processed form. Therefore, powdered cocaine (its usual form) is described here.


Most cocaine is smuggled in large quantities in The driver of a car transporter truck prepares to offload Skoda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For further uses of the word truck, see Truck (disambiguation). A truck is a motor vehicle for transporting goods. Unlike automobiles, which usually have a unibody construction, most trucks (with the exception of the... trucks, In the United Kingdom, a byway open to all traffic means a highway over which the public have a right of way for vehicular and all other kinds of traffic but which is used by the public mainly for the purpose for which footpaths and bridleways are used. (United Kingdom... boats, or small The word airplane is used in several ways: A heavier than air flying machine, also known internationally as aeroplane, and in its technical classification as an aerodyne — see aircraft. A movie — see Airplane! A famous rock music band, Jefferson Airplane. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... airplanes.S maller gangs will often send out a In its common modern meaning, a mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. Compare hinny — the offspring of a male horse and a female donkey. The term mule (Latin mulus) was formerly applied to the offspring of any two creatures of different species —... mule, often a young woman, with kilos of cocain strapped to her waist or legs or hidden in her bags. If she gets through without being caught, the gangs will reap most of the profits. If she is caught however, gangs will sever all links and she will usually stand trial for trafficking by herself.


For other uses see Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia. Columbia is a name used in the English language for many things and places. The name is derived from that of Christopher Columbus. The term Pre-Columbian is used for American cultures before the arrival... Colombia still produces around 75% of the world's cocaine.


Harvesting & processing

Cocaine comes from the coca plant. The leaves are removed from the plants and dried, then crushed into a paste, commonly using cement mix (containing sodium carbonate), lime and water. This then allows extraction of the cocaine alkaloid into kerosene. The resulting water immiscible solvent (kerosene) acts to extract water insoluble cocaine alkaloids from the mixture. The plant leaves are agitated by stomping on them or, more recently, by using an agitation machine. The Cocaine alkaloids and kerosene will separate from the water and leaves, and then need to be strained.


The alkaloids must be extracted from the kerosene by adding a dilute hydrochloric or sulfuric acid mix then filtered again. Potassium permanganate is added then the mix is let stand for 4-6 hours. The paste is further filtered and ammonia added. A precipitate will be formed. This is referred to as Cocaine Base.


The base must be dried and converted to cocaine hydrochloride (HCl) by soaking it in Acetone and filtering it. Added diluted Hydrochloric acid or Ether (cutting) causes a precipitate to form which is then dried under heat lamps, resulting in pure cocaine hydrochloride.


Wholesaling

Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. The Organized Crime Control Act (US - 1970) defines organized crime as: The unlawful activities of...a highly organized, disciplined association.... Some Criminal Organizations, such as terrorist organizations, are politically motivated. Mafias are criminal organizations whose primary motivation is profit... Organized criminal gangs operating on a large scale dominate the cocaine trade. Most cocaine is grown and processed in South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama... South America, particularly in For other uses see Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia. Columbia is a name used in the English language for many things and places. The name is derived from that of Christopher Columbus. The term Pre-Columbian is used for American cultures before the arrival... Colombia and For other uses, see Peru (disambiguation). The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean... Peru, and smuggled into the For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States and This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... Europe, where it is sold at huge markups.


Cutting & distributing

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Crack trade

Crack is more common in poorer communities. This is because Crack is a much more dangerous form of Cocaine that is less expensive and gives a better high. It is also one of the most addictive drugs in existence.


Processing

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Street selling

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Heroin and opium trade

Opium is a narcotic drug which is obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L. or the synonym paeoniflorum). According to the United Nations, Afghanistan currently accounts for 87 percent of the worlds opium supply. Opium smokers in an opium den in the East... Opium is the dried The extraction of Latex from a tree; Latex is used in Rubber production. See also LATEΧ, a macro package for the TEΧ typesetting system. Latex, as found in nature, is the milky sap of many plants that coagulates on exposure to air. It is a complex emulsion in... latex resin of the Opium poppy Opium poppy Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Ranunculales Family: Papaveraceae Genus: Papaver Species: P. somniferum The Opium Poppy, Papaver somniferum, is the type of poppy from which opium and all refined opiates such as heroin are extracted, as well as an important food item... opium poppy. Most of the world's illegal opium is grown in Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan and the The Golden Triangle can refer to: The confluence of the Ruak River and the Mekong river, known for the wealth generated by the production and trafficking of opium. The term has since been appropriated by the Thai tourist industry to describe the nearby junction of Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar. The... Golden Triangle region of southeast For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). A satellite composite image of Asia The continent of Asia is defined by subtracting Europe and Africa from the great land mass of Africa-Eurasia. The exact boundaries are vague (especially for non geographers), especially between Asia and Europe: Asia and Africa meet somewhere... Asia. Legal production of opium the for the range of opiate based products used by the medical market is more than 50% of global opium production and takes place mostly in Tasmania and India. Its strictly natural form, which contains a number of active ingredients, is smoked, eaten, or prepared as a drink to produce the opiate effects. It is also widely used as local medicine in its native countries; the resin requires minimal processing involving boiling in water, filtering, and drying. Illicit trade in opium is relatively rare, since major smuggling organizations prefer to further refine opium into Heroin or diamorphine (INN) (colloquially referred to as junk, babania, horse, golden brown, smack, black tar, big H, lady H, dope, skag, juice, diesel, etc.) is an alkaloid opioid. Heroin is the 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine (hence diacetylmorphine) and is synthesised from it by acetylation. The white crystalline... heroin. A given quantity of heroin will be worth much more than an equivalent amount of opium; therefore trade in opium is comparatively rare, since heroin is much more profitable.


Heroin is manufactured through the chemical processing of opium, and smuggled into the For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States and This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... Europe.


Cutting & distributing

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Methamphetamine trade

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Manufacturing & wholesaling

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Cutting & distributing

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


Crystal meth

One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... To be written


The illegal drug trade and crime

Because of physical dependence, the high cost of illegal addictive drugs is one of the major causes of crime. Some estimates placed the value of the global trade in illegal drugs at around four hundred billion U.S. dollars in the year 2000.


Major consumer countries include the For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States and This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... European nations, although consumption is world-wide.


As with legal commerce, the illegal drug trade is multi-layered and often multi-national, with layers of Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. It is a large branch of industry and of secondary production. Some industries, like semiconductor and steel manufactureres use the term fabrication. Although handicraft production has been... manufacturers, A CPU The processor sub-system of a data processing system processes received information after it has been encoded into data by the input sub-system. These data are then processed by the processing sub-system before being sent to the output sub-system where they are decoded back into... processors, Distribution is one of the four aspects of marketing. The other three parts of the marketing mix are product management, pricing, and promotion. Distribution deals with logistics: how to get the product or service to the customer. It must answer questions such as: What kind of distribution channel to use... distributors, In commerce, a wholesaler buys goods in large quantities from their manufacturers or importers, and then sells smaller quantities to retailers, who in turn sell to the general public. See also : distribution, retail, supply chain External links Wholesale411 - wholesale merchandise search engine  (http://www.wholesale411.com/) Categories: Commercial... wholesalers and In commerce, a retailer buys goods or products in large quantities from manufacturers or importers, either directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells individual items or small quantities to the general public or end user customers, usually in a shop, also called store. Retailers are at the end of... retailers. Finance addresses the ways in which individuals, business entities and other organizations allocate and use monetary resources over time. The term finance may thus incorporate any of the following: The study of money and other assets The management of those assets As a verb, to finance is to provide funds... Financing is also important, generally involving Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. In the past, the term money laundering was applied only to financial transactions related to otherwise criminal activity. Today its definition is often expanded by government... money laundering to hide the source of the illegal profits. All of these are made more complex by their illegality, but the normal laws of economics still apply, with the efforts of law enforcement regarded by the drug trade as an extra business cost.


The drug trade is a very fragmented industry with the most popular product, Cannabis is a For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). Plants Five-finger fern Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns... cannabis, being grown locally by many individuals with little collaboration. Similarly, drugs like For other uses, see LSD (disambiguation). LSD blotter paper D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, commonly called acid, LSD, or LSD-25, is a powerful semisynthetic hallucinogen and psychedelic entheogen. A typical dose of LSD is only 100 micrograms, a tiny amount equal to one-tenth the weight of a grain of... LSD with very low profit margins are sold more for philanthropic reasons than for profit. The main organized drug cartels deal with General A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. It identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of such element to be found in each discrete molecule... cocaine, Heroin or diamorphine (INN) (colloquially referred to as junk, babania, horse, golden brown, smack, black tar, big H, lady H, dope, skag, juice, diesel, etc.) is an alkaloid opioid. Heroin is the 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine (hence diacetylmorphine) and is synthesised from it by acetylation. The white crystalline... heroin, and This article is about the synthetic drug. For more traditional meanings of the term, see ecstasy and religious ecstasy. MDMA, most commonly known today by the street name ecstasy, is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family whose primary effect is to stimulate the brain to rapidly secrete large amounts... MDMA, and it is these that are the primary focus of the United States Since 1973, the DEA has enforced the drug laws in the United States. These lollipops, above, were found to contain heroin when inspected by the DEA. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States Department of Justice law enforcement agency tasked with suppressing the sale of recreational drugs by... Drug Enforcement Administration. Largely manufactured drugs also induce the foundation of satellite organizations that supply some of the needed chemical precursors. In places where In general usage, alcohol (from Arabic (عربية `Arabiyya) Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen by a majority, many other countries as a minority language Region: Arab world Total speakers: 225... alcohol is illegal, such as The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. It borders Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, with the Persian Gulf to its... Saudi Arabia, it may also be the subject of illegal trading. In the United States during This article is about the prohibition of alcoholic beverages; separate articles on the prohibition of drugs in general and writs of prohibition are also available. Prohibition agents destroying barrels of alcohol. Prohibition was any of several periods during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages were... Prohibition, trade in alcohol was dominated by the La Cosa Nostra is the name by which members of the Mafia in the United States refer to the organization. The term is believed to have been coined by Salvatore Maranzano in the spring of 1931 when he named himself Capo di tutti capi, or boss of all bosses of... Cosa Nostra.


Some A prescription drug is a medication that is regulated by legislation to require a prescription before it can be obtained. The term is used to distinguish it from over the counter drugs which can be obtained without a prescription. Different jurisdictions have different definitions of what constitutes a prescription drug... prescription drugs are also available by illegal means, eliminating the need to manufacture and process the drugs. Prescription For other uses, see Opiate (disambiguation). The term opiate refers to the alkaloids found in opium, an extract from the unripe seeds of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). It has also traditionally referred to natural and semi-synthetic derivatives of morphine. The term is often incorrectly used to refer... opiates for example, are sometimes much stronger than heroin found on the street. They are sold primarily via stolen or unscrupolous prescriptions sold by illegitimate medical practices and occasionally from Internet sale. However, it is much easier to control traffic in prescription drugs than in illegal drugs because the source can often be readily found and neutralized.


In J. R. R. Tolkiens world of Middle-earth, the Drúedain, also known as Drûg, Woses, Wild Men of the Woods and Púkel-men, were a strange race of Men which was counted amongst the Edain. The Drûg lived among the Second House of Men... Drugs like Tobacco Tobacco plants Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Nicotiana Species N. acuminata N. alata N. attenuata N. bigelovil N. clevelandii N. debneyi N. excelsior N. exigua N. forgetiana N. glauca N. glutinosa N. kawakamii N. knightiana N. langsdorffii N. longiflora N. obtusifolia... tobacco can be the subject of These lollipops, above, were found to contain heroin when inspected by the DEA. Smuggling is illegal transport, in particular across a border. Taxes are avoided, or the goods themselves are illegal, or people are transported to a place where they are not allowed to be. It has a long and... smuggling and illegal trading if the taxes are high enough to make it profitable.


Because disputes cannot be resolved through legal means, participants at every level of the illegal drugs industry are liable to compete with one another through Violence is a general term to describe actions, usually deliberate, that cause or intend to cause injury to people, animals, or non-living objects. Violence is often associated with aggression. There are essentially two kinds of violence: random violence, which describes small-scale acts of random or targeted violence, and... violence. Some of the largest and most violent drug trafficking organizations are known as drug A cartel is a group of producers whose goal it is to fix prices, to limit supply and to limit competition. Cartels are prohibited by antitrust laws in most countries; however, they continue to exist nationally and internationally, formally and informally. In general, cartels are economically unstable in that there... cartels. The most well known recent groups were the The Cartel De Cali is a drug cartel based in the south part of Colombia, around the city of Cali. According to some estimates at its height the Cartel De Cali controlled 80% of the cocaine exports from Colombia to the United States. Gilberto Rodr guez Orejuela founded the Cali... Cali and The Medellín Cartel was a well-organized network of drug smugglers that operated in the city of Medellín in Colombia through the 1970s and 1980s. It was built and run by Pablo Escobar. The cartel lost much of its consolidated power and influence after the death or capture... Medellin cartels in For other uses see Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia. Columbia is a name used in the English language for many things and places. The name is derived from that of Christopher Columbus. The term Pre-Columbian is used for American cultures before the arrival... Colombia and the Juarez, The Tijuana cartel is a Mexican drug cartel from Tijuana. It covers the north-western part of Mexico and competes with two other major cartels: Juarez cartel (center) and Gulf cartel (east). Tijuana cartel was featured battling the rival Juarez cartel in the 2001 movie Traffic. External links PBS Frontline... Tijuana and Tamaulipas cartels in For other uses, see Mexico (disambiguation). The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States, to the... Mexico.


Manufacturing and processing

Illegal drugs can be broken down into two major classes: those extracted from plants, and those synthesized from chemical precursors. For the first class, such as marijuana and cocaine, the growing area is important, and substantial Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). Agriculture is also known as farming. Most people in the world are involved in agriculture as their primary economic... farming is needed for mass production. For the second class, such as MDMA and Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant drug which induces a strong feeling of euphoria and is highly addictive. Pure methamphetamine is a colorless crystalline solid, sold on the streets as glass, ice, or crystal. It is also sold as less pure crystalline powder termed crank or speed. Methamphetamine was first synthesized... methamphetamine, access to chemical precursors is most important.


Major drug farming and manufacturing countries include

  • For other uses see Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia. Columbia is a name used in the English language for many things and places. The name is derived from that of Christopher Columbus. The term Pre-Columbian is used for American cultures before the arrival... Colombia and other Latin American countries for mainly General A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. It identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of such element to be found in each discrete molecule... cocaine
  • the Asian The Golden Triangle can refer to: The confluence of the Ruak River and the Mekong river, known for the wealth generated by the production and trafficking of opium. The term has since been appropriated by the Thai tourist industry to describe the nearby junction of Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar. The... Golden Triangle of border areas of The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to the west. Thailand is also known as Siam, which was the countrys official name until May... Thailand, The Union of Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. The country has been ruled by a military government since a coup in 1988. The country is a developing nation. It has a population of approximately forty-two million (July 2003 est.). Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw (In... Burma and The Lao Peoples Democratic Republic is a landlocked country in southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (commonly known in the west as Burma) and the Peoples Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. The term Lao is... Laos for Opium is a narcotic drug which is obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L. or the synonym paeoniflorum). According to the United Nations, Afghanistan currently accounts for 87 percent of the worlds opium supply. Opium smokers in an opium den in the East... opium.
  • The For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). The United States of America, also referred to as the United States, U.S.A., U.S., US, America¹, or the States, is a federal republic of fifty states, mostly in central North America. The U.S. has three land... United States for Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant drug which induces a strong feeling of euphoria and is highly addictive. Pure methamphetamine is a colorless crystalline solid, sold on the streets as glass, ice, or crystal. It is also sold as less pure crystalline powder termed crank or speed. Methamphetamine was first synthesized... Methamphetamine
  • Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan and border areas of The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan

Synthetic illegal drugs can either be manufactured in the country of consumption, or abroad.


For the most part, the manufacturing of botanically-based drugs consists of several layers which may be isolated or conglomerated: growing and harvesting, initial botanical processing, chemical processing, and final processing.


The initial botanical processing prepares the plant for chemical processing, by cutting, drying if applicable, separating parts with a low concentration, and etc. The chemical processing extracts the drug, and the final processing sizes it, provides assurance of quality, packages it, and may convert it to another form (such as crack from cocaine).


Of course, there is a lot of transportation that goes into it, as well. The botanical extracts must be conveyed to the...


Distribution and wholesaling

There are two primary means of distribution: a hierarchy and a hub-and-spoke layout. A hierarchial arrangement includes the manufacturer who uses his own men to smuggle, wholesale and store, and distribute the narcotics. A hub-and-spoke layout takes advantage of local gangs and other localized criminal organizations. The cartel is at the center, with satellite organizations that may provide certain services to the manufacturer, and then there is a plurality of distinct groups, each with its own chain.


Smuggling is typically accomplished via small boats and yachts, air vehicles, and by gangs paid with a chunk of the merchandise.


Wholesalers routinely accept the materials from the smugglers (often more than one and of varying types), cut it, and sell it to the distribution chain or chains. For the most part, wholesalers are not individual people. It is typically an expansional endeavor by already-established rogue enterprises, especially Mafias and, rarely, gangs. The more experienced instances may remanufacture the wares to increase (or decrease, because profit comes from cutting) the purity, mixing it (a few may fabricate amalgamated, specialty products at fleeced prices), or altering the chemical composition of the material (such as Freebase refers to the standalone basic form of an alkaloid, as opposed to its salt form. Most alkaloids are unstable and corrosive in their freebase form, and thus are usually stored in salt form, such as their HCl salt. The intransitive verb freebase means to smoke raw, or uncooked, cocaine... freebasing cocaine). Wholesalers may also manufacture and disseminate general contraband, including non-narcotic controlled substances (like date rape drugs), paraphernalia, and any panoptic, high-demand item that they may receive.


Distribution may traverse a selectively choosen group of cartel employees who purchase from a wholesaler and utilize a prominent population of "mules," or it may encompass a heavy chain of users who are selling to finance their own use.

  • One of Wikipedias rules to consider: Please make omissions explicit when creating or editing an article. When writing an article, always aim for completeness. But if for some reason you cant cover a point that should be covered, make that omission explicit. You can do this either by... to be written -- topics include:
  • These lollipops, above, were found to contain heroin when inspected by the DEA. Smuggling is illegal transport, in particular across a border. Taxes are avoided, or the goods themselves are illegal, or people are transported to a place where they are not allowed to be. It has a long and... smuggling
  • →opium smuggling against laws of China in 19th century, w/regard to Howqua, This article is about the Forbes family related to US Senator John Kerry. For information about the Forbes family associated with Forbes magazine, see Forbes family (publishers). The Forbes family of China and Boston, of which US Senator John Forbes Kerry and John Murray Forbes are members, amassed a huge... Forbes family, Cabot, Perkins family, Russell and Company, Opium War
  • security problems similar to distribution of other high-value materials
  • and hence gang-on-gang crime

Retail selling

"Street" selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events, or directly from dealers who have purposefully engaged adolescents (typically). Many users sell in order to fund their own drug use. Although most are in it for the monetary outcome, some view narcotics dispensing and consumption as a means of insurrection and orchestrate it for that cacoethes. They refrain from intensive processing and abstain from umpteen 'business' practices. Although most dealers market to a changeless customer base, these mavericks may be overly advertised on hacker/phreaker/drug/etc. forums and between friends and cohorts. In an effort to crack down on sales to children and adolescents, many US states now have laws on their books that make the penalty for selling drugs more severe if the sale occurs within a short distance from the nearest school; in conjunction with these laws, road signs marked "Drug Free School Zone" have been erected, warning those concerned where the area of enhanced penalties begins.


See also

  • The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Recreational drug use is the use of psychoactive drugs for recreational rather than medical or spiritual purposes, although the distinction is not always clear. Regardless of medical supervision, this label does not apply to... Recreational drug use
  • Drug paraphernalia is any legitimate equipment, product, or material that is modified for making, using, or concealing illegal drugs such as cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine. Drug paraphernalia generally falls into two categories: User-specific products Dealer-specific products User-specific products are marketed to drug users to assist them... Drug paraphernalia
  • The prohibition of drugs through legislation or religious law is a common means of controlling the perceived negative consequences of recreational drug use at a society- or world-wide level. Present-day attempts to enforce drug prohibition are frequently considered to be part of the ongoing war on drugs instituted... War on Drugs
  • Many countries have laws regarding the possession or use of cannabis. It is a controlled substance in most countries, though its use is condoned in some locales for medicinal purposes. In some countries, such as Germany and Portugal, cannabis is legal for personal use, though restrictions may apply to its... Legal issues of cannabis
  • Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. In the past, the term money laundering was applied only to financial transactions related to otherwise criminal activity. Today its definition is often expanded by government... Money laundering
  • Drug dealers, opium traders, opium smugglers, drug runners, etc. have grown rich, sometimes creating family dynasties, in the illicit trade of transporting drugs against the laws of 19th century China, 20th century Europe and the United States, etc. They have often been located in trading port cities like Providence, Boston... List of famous drug smugglers

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Illegal drug trade - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3472 words)
A mule is a lower-echelon criminal recruited by a smuggling organization to cross a border carrying drugs, or sometimes an unknowing person in whose bag or vehicle the drugs are planted, for the purpose of retrieving them elsewhere.
The main organized drug cartels deal primarily with the most compact (thus easy to smuggle) and profitable substances cocaine, heroin, MDMA (ecstasy), and methamphetamine, and it is these that are the primary focus of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration.
Legal drugs like tobacco can be the subject of smuggling and illegal trading if the price difference between the smuggled-from and the smuggled-to country are high enough to make it profitable.
Where have all the drug dealers gone? - Campus Voice (893 words)
Dealers for the rich and powerful started to only carry cocaine, because it was the en vogue drug of choice.
Drugs used to be a common binding factor in the subculture of America.
To be a drug dealer, one should have to deal in at least three different types of drugs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m