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Encyclopedia > Drottningholm Palace
Drottningholm Palace

Front view of the castle
Building information
Location Drottningholm
Country Sweden
Construction start date 16th century
Royal Domain of Drottningholm*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Sweden Sweden
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 559
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1991  (15th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Drottningholm Palace is the private residence of the Swedish royal family. It is located in Drottningholm. It is built on the island Lovön (in Ekerö Municipality of Stockholm County), and is one of Sweden's Royal Palaces. It was originally built in the late 16th century. Apart from being the private residency of the Swedish royal family, the castle is a popular tourist attraction. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (2935 × 1951 pixel, file size: 4 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Swedish Royal Family consists of a number of persons in the Swedish Royal House of Bernadotte, closely related to the King of Sweden, who are entitled to royal titles, and some of which are performing various official engagements on behalf of the Royal Family and ceremonial duties of State. ... Drottningholm, or literally Queens Islet, is a village on the island Lovön in lake Mälaren on the outskirts of Stockholm, Sweden. ... Lovön is an island located in the Swedish lake Mälaren in Ekerö Municipality of Stockholm County. ... Ekerö is a municipality in Stockholm County, in central Sweden. ... Stockholm County, or Stockholms län, is a County or län on the Baltic sea coast of Sweden. ... The Royal Palaces in Sweden: The Royal Palace in Stockholm Drottningholm Palace Gripsholm Palace China Pavilion Rosendal Palace Rosersberg Palace Strömsholm Palace Tullgarn Palace Ulriksdal Palace The Royal Palaces are the property of The Crown, however there are also residences which are held privately by the king or the...

Contents

History

The name Drottningholm (literally meaning "Queen's islet") came from the original building, a stone castle built by John III of Sweden in 1580 for his wife Katarina Jagellonica, then queen of Sweden. Before that the estate was called Torvesund.[1] Hedwig Eleonora bought the castle in 1661, a year after her role as Queen of Sweden ended, but it burnt to the ground on 30th December that same year. Hedwig hired the famous Swedish architect Nicodemus Tessin the Elder to design and rebuild the castle. In 1662 work began on the reconstruction of the building. With the castle almost complete, Nicodemus died in 1681. His son Nicodemus Tessin the Younger continued his work and completed the elaborate interior designs. John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 – November 17, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Catherine Jagiellonica of Poland, (1526 - 1583), was youngest daughter of Sigismund I of Poland and Bona Sforza, mother of Sigismund I of Sweden and wife of John III of Sweden. ... Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp (October 23, 1634 – November 24, 1715), was a queen of Sweden. ... Nicodemus Tessin the Elder (born 1615 in Stralsund; dead 1684 in Stockholm was an important Swedish architect. ... Nicodemus Tessin the Younger (1654-1728), Swedish architect, son of Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. ...


During the period of the reconstruction, Hedwig was head of the protectorate for the still underage King, Charles XI of Sweden. Sweden had grown to be a powerful country after the Peace of Westphalia. The position of the queen, essentially the ruler of Sweden, demanded an impressive residence located conveniently close to Stockholm. Charles XI (Karl XI) (November 24, 1655 – April 5, 1697) was King of Sweden from 1660 until his death. ... Ratification of the Treaty of Münster The Peace of Westphalia refers to the pair of treaties (the Treaty of Münster and the Treaty of Osnabrück) signed in October and May 1648 which ended both the Thirty Years War and the Eighty Years War. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ...


The palace was given as a gift to the then Princess, later Queen, of Sweden, Louisa Ulrika of Prussia in 1744 when she married Adolf Frederick of Sweden, who became King of Sweden in 1751. During Louisa's ownership of Drottningholm the interior of the palace was transformed in a more sophisticated French rococo style. Louisa was also responsible for having the Drottningholm Palace Theatre rebuilt in a grand style after the more modest original building burnt down in 1762. In 1777, Louisa sold Drottningholm to the Swedish state. While it was owned by the Swedish state, Gustav III of Sweden, son of Louisa, lived in the palace. Louisa Ulrika of Prussia (Swedish: Lovisa Ulrika; German: Luise Ulrike) (1720—1782) was Queen consort of Sweden between 1751 and 1771. ... Adolf Frederick King of Sweden Adolf Frederick (Adolf Fredrik) (May 14, 1710 – February 12, 1771), was King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. ... North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo - carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. ... The Drottningholm Palace Theatre, or Drottningholms Slottsteater, is an opera house located at Drottningholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden. ... Gustav III (13 January (O.S.) or (24 January (N.S.) 1746 – March 29, 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. ...


For much of the 19th century, the palace was ignored and started to decay. This saw some change during the reign of Oscar I of Sweden. In 1907 a major restoration of the palace was carried out. Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ...


The current Swedish royal family have used Drottningholm as their primary residence since 1981. Since then the Palace has also been guarded by the Swedish Military in the same way as they guard Stockholm Palace The Stockholm Palace (Swedish: Stockholms slott) is the official residence and major royal palace of the Swedish monarch. ...


The palace

The palace and its grounds has seen many renovations, changes and additions over the past 400 years. The largest renovation, in which electricity, heating, sewage, water lines were either put in or updated and the castle roof replaced, started in 1907 and was completed in 1913. During a 20 year period, starting around 1977, several major areas of the palace were restored and rebuilt. The library and national hall received much attention and fire protection was put in throughout the palace. In 1997 work began to clean and rebuild the exterior walls. This was completed five years later in 2002.


The palace church

The church was designed and erected by Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. It was completed by his son in May, 1746. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1512x1924, 331 KB) Drottningholmsslottskyrka, Drottningholm, Stockholm Drottningholms castlechurch, Drottningholm, Stockholm, Sweden. ... Nicodemus Tessin the Elder (born 1615 in Stralsund; dead 1684 in Stockholm was an important Swedish architect. ...


It is used to this day by the people of Lovön parish, who worship in the church on the last Sunday of every month. Inside the castle church a Cahman organ from 1730 is still in use. Another noteworthy item is the traditional church tapestry which was made by Gustaf V of Sweden. Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf) (June 16, 1858 – October 29, 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death. ...


The palace Theatre

The Drottningholm Palace Theatre is the opera house located at the palace. It is still in use, and its summer opera festivals are quite popular. At times the Royal Swedish Opera company guest performs. The Drottningholm Palace Theatre, or Drottningholms Slottsteater, is an opera house located at Drottningholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden. ... Download high resolution version (1093x792, 332 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1093x792, 332 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The gardens

The gardens and park areas surrounding the castle and its buildings are one of the main attractions for the tourists that visit the palace each year.The gardens have been established in stages since the castle was built, resulting in different styles of parks and gardens.


The baroque garden

Overview of baroque garden, seen from the palace
Overview of baroque garden, seen from the palace

The oldest part of the gardens was created at the end of the 17th century under the direction of Hedwig Eleonora. The father and son Tessin led the project that created a baroque garden right outside the main palace, flanked by thick tree avenues. The many statues scattered throughout this area were created by the artist Adrian de Vries. The baroque garden was neglected along with the rest of the grounds during the 19th century, but was restored in the 1950's and 1960's on the initiative of Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1296x972, 282 KB) photograph taken by me, August 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1296x972, 282 KB) photograph taken by me, August 2005. ... An avenue at Alexandra Park, London Originally, an avenue is a road radiating from a city center. ... Adriaen de Vries by Henricus Hondius (1612) Adriaen de Vries (The Hague ca. ... Gustaf VI Adolf (Oskar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf) (November 11, 1882 – September 15, 1973) was King of Sweden from 1950 until his death. ...

The English garden

Statue of Diana.
Statue of Diana.

Gustav III of Sweden took the initiative for what is sometimes called the English garden section of Drottningholm. This lies north of the baroque garden and consists of two ponds with canals, bridges, large open sections of grass, and trees in groups or avenues. Walkways are laid out throughout this large part of the park. Throughout this area "vistas" can be seen, cleared lines of sight that are intentionally constructed to draw the eye to a particular view. Most of the antique marble statues throughout the gardens were purchased by Gustav III from Italy. The purpose of the statues is to surprise a visitor by their unexpected appearance in a green area, or as a focal point for a vista. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 483 KB) Statue in Drottningholms garden. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 483 KB) Statue in Drottningholms garden. ... Gustav III (13 January (O.S.) or (24 January (N.S.) 1746 – March 29, 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. ...




UNESCO World Heritage Site

The palace is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, mainly because of the Drottningholm Palace Theatre and the Chinese Pavilion at Drottningholm. It was added to the list in 1991. The UNESCO comments were: UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Drottningholm Palace Theatre, or Drottningholms Slottsteater, is an opera house located at Drottningholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden. ... Chinese Pavilion at Drottningholm Chinese Pavilion The Palace Guards tent The Chinese Pavilion (Swedish: ) at Drottningholm, is a Chinese inspired royal pavilion built in 1753. ...

The Royal Domain of Drottningholm stands on an island in Lake Mälar in a suburb of Stockholm. With its palace , perfectly preserved theatre (built in 1766), Chinese pavilion and gardens, it is the finest example of an 18th-century northern European royal residence inspired by the Palace of Versailles.

Gallery

Reference

  1. ^ Page 61 of the Swedish Ethymological Dictionary of Svenskt ortnamnslexikon, published 2003 by the institute of Språk- och folkminnesinstitutet, Uppsala. The latter part "sund" means sound, and "torve" has to do with fishing (a prehistoric Swedish word).

Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a city in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Drottningholm
Royal Palaces in Sweden
The Royal Palace in Stockholm | Drottningholm Palace | Gripsholm Castle | Gustav III's Pavilion | The Chinese Pavilion | Rosendal Palace | Rosersberg Palace | Strömsholm Palace | Tullgarn Palace | Ulriksdal Palace

Coordinates: 59°19′18″N, 17°53′10″E Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Drottningholm (198 words)
Drottningholm (Swedish: "queen's island") is an island in lake Mälaren in the outskirts of Stockholm, Sweden.
The residence of the Swedish royal family since 1981, Drottningholm Palace, is located here.
Construction of the palace commenced in the 17th century.
Drottningholm Palace Theatre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (630 words)
The Drottningholms Slottsteater or The Drottningholm Palace Theatre is an opera house located at Drottningholm Palace in Stockholm, Sweden and has been described by Per-Erik Öhrn, the theatre’s artistic director, as "the Swedish jewel in our European cultural heritage crown of centuries old theatres".
It re-opened on 19th August 1922 and today it is run by a private foundation, the Drottningholm Theatre Museum, and is funded by government and private grants.
In 1991, the theatre, along with the Drottningholm Palace (the residence of the Swedish royal family), the Chinese Pavilion and the surrounding park, became the first Swedish patrimony to be inscribed in the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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