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Encyclopedia > Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup
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Drosophila melanogangster species subgroup
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Drosophilidae
Subfamily: Drosophilinae
Genus: Drosophila
Subgenus: Sophophora
Species group: melanogaster group

The Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup contains 9 species, including the best known species Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. The subgroup belongs to the Drosophila melanogaster species group within the subgenus Sophophora. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anenomes) Placozoa (trichoplax) Subregnum Bilateria (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - Trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - Spiders, Scorpions, etc. ... Classes & Orders Subclass:Apterygota Orders Archaeognatha (Bristletails) Thysanura (Silverfish) Monura - extinct Subclass:Pterygota Infraclass: Paleoptera (paraphyletic) Orders Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Diaphanopterodea - extinct Protodonata - extinct Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Exopterygota Orders (lower Exopterygota) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies... Suborders Archidiptera Eudiptera Brachycera // Overview Diptera are insects in which the hind wings are reduced to halteres. ... [[|Diversity]] Binomial name Trinomial name Type Species [[Image: ]] Synonyms Drosophilidae compound eye Drosophilidae (Order: Diptera) is a diverse, cosmopolitan family of flies, including the genus Drosophila, which includes the species fruit fly, vinegar flies, wine flies, pomace flies, grape flies, and picked fruit-flies. ... Genera Chymomyza Drosophila Hirtodrosophila Mycodrosophila Scaptodrosophila Scaptomyza Zaprionus Many more genera Largest subfamily in the Drosophilidae, other subfamily is the Steganinae. ... Type Species Musca funebris Fabricius, 1787 Species Many; see text. ... The Drosophila melanogaster species group belongs to the subgenus Sophophora and contains 12 subgroups. ... Binomial name Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830 Drosophila melanogaster Meigen , 1830 (Black-bellied Dew-lover) a dipteran (two-winged) insect, is the species of fruit fly that is commonly used in genetic experiments; it is among the most important model organisms. ... Drosophila simulans is a sister species of Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly used commonly in genetic research. ... The Drosophila melanogaster species group belongs to the subgenus Sophophora and contains 12 subgroups. ...


Phylogeny

Phylogeny of the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup
Phylogeny of the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup

melanogaster complex In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: phylon = tribe, race and genetikos = relative to birth, from genesis = birth) is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms (e. ...

simulans complex Binomial name Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830 Drosophila melanogaster Meigen , 1830 (Black-bellied Dew-lover) a dipteran (two-winged) insect, is the species of fruit fly that is commonly used in genetic experiments; it is among the most important model organisms. ...

  • D. (S.) simulans Sturtevant, 1919
  • D. (S.) mauritiana Tsacas and David, 1974
  • D. (S.) sechellia Tsacas and B├Ąchli, 1981

yakuba complex Drosophila simulans is a sister species of Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly used commonly in genetic research. ...

  • D. (S.) yakuba Burla, 1954
  • D. (S.) santomea Lachaise and Harry, 2000
  • D. (S.) teissieri Tsacas, 1971

erecta complex

  • D. (S.) erecta Tsacas and Lachaise, 1974
  • D. (S.) orena Tsacas and David, 1978

The species of the simulans complex form a hard polytomy. Most likely, the island species D. (S.) mauritiana (Mauritius) and D. (S.) sechellia (Seychelles) branched of from the mainland species D. (S.) simulans in such a narrow time frame that it is impossible to distinguish which species brached off first and which second.


References

  • J. A. Coyne, S. Elwyn, S. Y. Kim & A. Llopart 2004. Genetic studies of two sister species in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup, D. yakuba and D. santomea. Genetical Research 84: 11-26.
  • R. M. Kliman, P. Andolfatto, J. A. Coyne, F. Depaulis, M. Kreitman, A. J. Berry, J. McCarter, J. Wakeley & J. Hey 2000. The population genetics of the origin and divergence of the Drosophila simulans complex species. Genetics 156: 1913-1931.

 
 

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