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Encyclopedia > Drooling
Ptyalism
Classification & external resources
ICD-10 K11.7
ICD-9 527.7
DiseasesDB 20764
MedlinePlus 003048
eMedicine ent/629 

Drooling (also known as ptyalism) is when saliva flows outside the mouth. Drooling is generally caused by excess production of saliva, inability to retain saliva within the mouth, or problems with swallowing. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // K00-K93 - Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K14) Diseases of oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws (K00) Disorders of tooth development and eruption (K01) Embedded and impacted teeth (K02) Dental caries (K03) Other diseases of hard tissues of teeth (K04) Diseases of pulp and periapical tissues (K040) Pulpitis (K05... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Disease Bold textDatabase is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... MedlinePlus (medlineplus. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Saliva is the watery and usually somewhat frothy substance produced in the mouths of humans and some animals. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with mouth (human). ...


Some people with drooling problems are at increased risk of inhaling saliva, food, or fluids into the lungs. However, this is unlikely to cause harm, unless the body's normal reflex mechanisms (such as gagging and coughing) are also impaired. The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... Gag Reflex is a sketch comedy collective with ensembles near Chicago, Illinois and Austin, Texas. ...

Contents

Common causes

Isolated drooling in infants and toddlers is normal and is unlikely to be a sign of either disease or complications. It may be associated with teething. Drooling in infants and young children may be exacerbated by upper respiratory infections and nasal allergies. Teething is the process during which an infants teeth start to sequentially grow in. ... For the Codename: Kids Next Door character with this name, see Common Cold. ... For the play, see Hay Fever. ...


Drooling associated with fever or trouble swallowing may be a sign of a more serious disease including: An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ...

A sudden onset of drooling may indicate poisoning (especially by pesticides) or reaction to snake or insect venom. Some medications can cause drooling as well. Some neurological problems also cause drooling. Excess Capsaicin can cause drooling as well, an example being the ingestion of particularly high Scoville Unit chili peppers. The Palatine tonsils. ... Infectious mononucleosis (also known as mono, the kissing disease, Pfeiffers disease, and, in British English, glandular fever) is a disease seen most commonly in adolescents and young adults, characterized by fever, sore throat and fatigue. ... Strep throat (or Streptococcal pharyngitis, or Streptococcal Sore Throat) is a form of Group A streptococcal infection that affects the pharynx. ... For biological toxicity, see toxin and poison. ... A cropduster spreading pesticide. ... blue: sea snakes, black: land snakes Superfamilies and Families Henophidia Aniliidae Anomochilidae Boidae Bolyeriidae Cylindrophiidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Uropeltidae Xenopeltidae Typhlopoidea Anomalepididae Leptotyphlopidae Typhlopidae Xenophidia Acrochordidae Atractaspididae Colubridae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Viperidae For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Orders See taxonomy Insects (Class Insecta) are a major group of arthropods and the most diverse group of animals on the Earth, with over a million described species — more than all other animal groups combined [1]. Insects may be found in nearly all environments on the planet, although only a... It has been suggested that Snake poison be merged into this article or section. ... Oral medication A medication is a licenced drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. ... The Scoville scale is a measure of the hotness of a chile pepper. ...


Another form of Ptyalism is associated with pregnancy, most common in women with a condition known as Hyperemesis Gravidarium, or uncontrollable and frequent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy which is far worse than typical "morning sickness". With Hyperemesis, ptyalism is a side-effect, which is a natural response to uncontrollable vomiting. With normal vomiting, salivary glands are stimulated to lubricate the esophagus and mouth to aid in expelling of stomach contents. During a hyperemetic pregnancy, many woman complain of excessive saliva and an inability to swallow this saliva. Some women note having to carry around a "spitoon" or using a cup to spit. Swallowing their own saliva has been noted to gag and further nauseate the women making the hyperemeis that much worse.


There are several theories as to the causes of hyperemeis and related symptoms such as Ptyalism. Many physicians are reluctant to treat hyperemesis since they don't see it as a true physiological illness but rather "in the patient's mind". Many pregnant women who suffer end up terminating the pregnancy. Others refuse to carry another child. The most frequent act is preparing for the onset of hyperemesis if a subsequent pregnancy is expected.


Home care

Care for drooling due to teething includes good oral hygiene. Ice pops or other cold objects (e.g., frozen bagels) may be helpful. Care must be taken to avoid choking when a child uses any of these objects. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... An ice pop is a generic term for a dessert food. ... One Montreal-style bagel with mun (poppyseeds) and two with sesame seeds from R.E.A.L Bagels in Montreal, Canada. ...


Drooling also is common in children with neurological disorders and those with undiagnosed developmental delay. The reason for excessive drooling seems to be related to (1) lack of awareness of the build-up of saliva in the mouth, (2) infrequent swallowing, and (3) inefficient swallowing. Treatment of excessive drooling is related to these causes: (1) increase awareness of the mouth and its functions, (2) increase frequency of swallowing, (3) increase swallowing skill.


Sialorrhea

Sialorrhea is a condition characterized by the secretion of drool in the resting state. It is often the result of open-mouth posture from CNS depressants or sleeping on one's side. In the resting state, saliva may not build at the back of the throat, triggering the normal swallow reflex, thus allowing for the condition.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
DROOLING (2408 words)
Drooling, also known as ptyalism, can be defined as salivary incontinence or the spillage of saliva over the lower lip.
Drooling is rarely seen in the normal child after the age of 18 months.
Intraductal laser photocoagulation of the bilateral parotid ducts for reduction of drooling in patients with cerebral palsy.
Evaluation and Management of Drooling (3800 words)
The pathophysiology of drooling is multifactorial and is usually related to a primary defect in the oral phase of swallowing.
The diagnosis of drooling is a clinical one based on the patient's history and physical exam.
The parent must understand the goal of treating drooling is reduction in excessive salivary flow while maintaining a moist and healthy oral cavity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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