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Encyclopedia > Dromon
A Byzantine fresco showing a dromon
Byzantine dromon. Drawing by Thomas Ihle
Byzantine dromon. Drawing by Thomas Ihle

The dromons (from Greek δρόμων "runner") were the most important warships of the Byzantine navy from the 6th to 12th centuries AD. They were indirectly developed from the ancient trireme and were usually propelled by both oar and sail. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Byzantinische_Dromone. ... Image File history File links Byzantinische_Dromone. ... Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... The Byzantine Dromon, the heaviest ship in the Byzantine fleet, capable of carrying up to 50 Marines. ... A Greek trireme Triremes (Greek Τριήρεις) are several different types of ancient warships. ... An oar is an implement used for water-borne propulsion. ... A sail is any type of surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind —in essence a vertically-oriented wing. ...


They could be built in many shapes and sizes and ranged from 30-50 meters long and 5-7 meters wide, carrying up to 300 men (both fighting marines and rowers). A Marine is an elite warrior whose primary function is to serve aboard a ship and/or assault the land from the sea in amphibious warfare. ... The GB coxless pair of Toby Garbett & Rick Dunn at Henley Royal Regatta 2004. ...


The dromons had a central tower (xylokastron = wooden castle) near the main mast, from which the marines could use their bow and arrows or throw spears and other projectiles. Most dromons were equipped with flamethrowers (syphonopho-rami) that discharged Greek fire and catapults capable of hurling 10 kg projectiles up to 250 meters. Many dromons were also armor-plated against enemy rams[citation needed]. mizzen mast, mainmast and foremast Grand Turk The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical pole which supports the sails. ... A bow is ancient weapon that shoots arrows powered by the elasticity of the bow. ... Japanese arrow (ya) and head // Weapon An arrow is a pointed projectile that is shot with a bow. ... Hunting spear and knife, from Mesa Verde National Park. ... // Riverboat of the U.S. Brownwater Navy deploying an ignited napalm mixture from riverboat mounted flamethrower in Vietnam A flamethrower is a mechanical device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire. ... Greek fire was a burning-liquid weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, typically in naval battles to great effect as it could continue burning even on water. ... This article is about the medieval siege weapon. ...


Middle English dromond and Old French dromont described any particularly large medieval ship.[1]


In Popular Culture

J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. ... The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by English academic J. R. R. Tolkien. ... The Corsairs of Umbar are a fictional nation of Men in the fantasy universe of J.R.R. Tolkiens Middle-earth. ... Sid Meiers Civilization III is a turn-based strategy computer game by Firaxis Games, the sequel to Sid Meiers Civilization II. It was followed by Civilization IV. Also called Civ 3 or Civ III for short, the game is the third generation of the original Civilization. ... Civilization III: Conquests is the second and final expansion for the award-winning and best-selling computer game Sid Meiers Civilization III. It was published in 2003. ...

References

  • J. Pryor & E. Jeffreys (1997). "The Dromon: Terminology and reality". Proc. Tenth Conference of the Australian Association for Byzantine Studies.
  • Sailing ships: Dromon (Dromond)
  • History and Archaeology of the Ship: The Byzantine Navy

Notes

  1. ^ The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed, "Dromond"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dromon (Dromond) (368 words)
Firstly the dromon was launched about the 6th century A. and was used in different variants up to the 12th century.
Dromons were also armed by light flame-throwers (syphonopho-rami), which flooded enemy ships by fluid burning mass (Greek fire) consisted of tar, sulphur and nitre dissolved in oil.
Dromons were defended by metal armour against enemy's rams.
Dromon - Wookieepedia, the Star Wars Wiki (45 words)
The Dromon was a Ripoblus attack ship that was destroyed at the Battle of Science Station Youst
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