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Encyclopedia > Drobeta Turnu Severin
Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Coat of Arms of Drobeta-Turnu Severin Location of Drobeta-Turnu Severin
County Mehedinţi
Status County capital
Mayor Dinu Constantin, Social Democratic Party, since 2004
Population (2003) 104,557
Geographical coordinates 44°34′N 22°40′E
Web site http://www.drobetaturnuseverin.ro/

Drobeta-Turnu Severin (pronunciation: /dro'be.ta 'tur.nu se.ve'rin/, Hungarian: Szörényvár) is a city in Mehedinţi County, Oltenia, Romania, on the left bank of the Danube, below the Iron Gates. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Administrative map of Romania. ... Administrative map of Romania with MehedinÅ£i county highlighted MehedinÅ£i is a Romanian county (JudeÅ£) in the Oltenia region, with the capital city at Turnu Severin (population: 118,734). ... The Social Democratic Party of Romania (in Romanian, Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) is a major political party of Romania. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... MehedinÅ£i is a county (judeÅ£) in southwestern Romania, in the western portion of the historical province of Oltenia, within the region of Wallachia. ... Map of Romania with Oltenia highlighted Oltenia or Lesser Wallachia is a historical province of Romania. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... The Iron Gate upstream The Iron Gate (Romanian: Porţile de Fier, Serbian: Gvozdena Vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, German: Eisernes Tor) is a gorge on the Danube River. ...

Theatre in Drobeta-Turnu Severin
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Theatre in Drobeta-Turnu Severin

Population


1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

The city, which was originally called Drobetae by the Romans, took its later name of Turnu Severin, or the Northern Tower, from a tower on the north bank of the Danube built by the Byzantines, which stood on a small hill surrounded by a deep moat. This was built to commemorate a victory over the Gauls and Marcomanni by the Roman emperor Septimius Severus (222-235). Near Turnu Severin are the remains of the celebrated Trajan's bridge, the largest in the Empire, built in 103 by the architect Apollodorus of Damascus. The Danube is about 1,200 metres (4,000 feet) broad at this spot. The bridge was composed of twenty arches supported by stone pillars; only two are still visible at low water. Drawings of the still-standing pillars Trajans Bridge was the first bridge built on the lower Danube river, east from the Iron Gates, near what is now the city of Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania and Kladovo, Serbia. ... Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats (also known as a Fosse) were deep and wide water-filled trenches, excavated to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ... Gallia (in English Gaul) is the Latin name for the region of western Europe occupied by present-day France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... The Marcomanni were a Germanic tribe, probably related to the Suebi or Suevi. ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Lucius Septimius Severus, (April 11, 146-February 4, 211) was Roman emperor from April 9, 193 to 211. ... Events Pope Urban I succeeds Pope Callixtus I Roman Emperor Alexander Severus succeeds Heliogabalus Kingdom of Wu is established in China Sun Quan defeats Liu Bei at the Battle of Yi Ling Deaths March 11 - Roman Emperor Heliogabalus murdered Tertullian, theologian Pope Callixtus I Claudius Aelianus, teacher and rhetorician Ma... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Drawings of the still-standing pillars Trajans Bridge was the first bridge built on the lower Danube river, east from the Iron Gates, near what is now the city of Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania and Kladovo, Serbia. ... For other uses, see number 103. ... Apollodorus of Damascus, a famous Greek architect, engineer, designer and sculptor, flourished during the 2nd century AD. He was a favourite of Trajan, for whom he constructed Trajans Bridge over the Danube (104) for the campaign in Dacia. ... Isometric view of a typical arch An arch is a curved structure capable of spanning a space while supporting significant weight (e. ...


After the retreat of the Roman administration from Dacia, the city was preserved under Roman occupation as a bridgehead on the north bank of the Danube (IV-VI centuries). Destroyed by Huns in the Vth century, the city was rebuilt by Justinian I (527-565). It was in the Middle Ages that the city changed its name to Turnu Severin and became the political center of the Banat of Severin (XIII-th century). The city was claimed and possessed successively by the Kingdom of Hungary and the Wallachian voivodes, and was seized by the Ottoman Empire in 1524. Once under Ottoman occupation, the territory's administration moved to the west of Oltenia, and was centered in Cerneţi. Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Southeastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now... The Huns were a confederation of Eurasian tribes, most likely of diverse origin with a Turkic-speaking aristocracy, who appeared in Europe in the 4th century, the most famous being Attila the Hun. ... Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Ban is a title of either Avar or Illyrian origin, the title was used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... This article is about the region in what is now Southern Romania. ... Below is the list of Wallachian rulers, since the first mentioned until the unification with Moldavia in 1859. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Constantinople (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ...


After the Danube was freed from Ottoman control (as a consequence of the Treaty of Adrianople in 1829), it was decided to build the present city, with a rigorous program (1836), and then the harbor (1858). The building of some industrial factories spurred the redevelopment of the city. The 1829 peace treaty of Adrianople (called also Treaty of Edirne), was settled between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. ...


The city experienced growth on multiple levels (economic, urban and social), and in 1972 it received the name of Drobeta-Turnu Severin. In 1992, the first documentary mention of the city, 1,870 years earlier, was commemorated.





  Results from FactBites:
 
Gara Drobeta-Turnu Severin, o viitoare eurostatie a Romaniei (953 words)
Gara din orasul resedinta a judetului Mehedinti a fost inclusa in Programul de reabilitare si modernizare a infrastructurii de transport din Romania.
Din cauza numarului mare de locatii si a volumului si complexitatii lucrarilor ce se impun a fi efectuate, s-au stabilit prioritatile si s-au realizat planificarile de rigoare.
Astfel, vechea gara a orasului Drobeta-Turnu Severin, cunoscuta astazi printre ceferisti sub denumirea de statia-locomotiva datorita arhitecturii ei (de la distanta, turnul cladirii pare un cos de locomotiva cu aburi), va capata un nou statut: va fi una dintre primele eurogari din Romania.
Romania: Places: Drobeta Turnu Severin (501 words)
The city of Drobeta Turnu Severin (the county capital of the Mehedinti county) is situated in the west side of Oltenia, in southwest of the country.
In this period Drobeta was a prosperous town, ornamented with numerous monuments, partially uncovered by the archeological investigations.
In the Middle Ages, the city changed its name to Turnu Severin, which signifies the tower or the north walled city (situated on the northern bank of the Danube), and became the political center of the Banat of Severin (XIII-th century).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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