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Encyclopedia > Driving simulator
TUTOR, combined bus and truck simulator, for professional driver training. Developed by Lander Simulation & Training Solutions. Installed the 2004 in INTA, Spain.
TUTOR, combined bus and truck simulator, for professional driver training. Developed by Lander Simulation & Training Solutions. Installed the 2004 in INTA, Spain.
Portable In-vehicle Driving Simulator developed by Drive Square LLC, a low-cost driving simulator for training and assessment, utilizing an actual vehicle and an augmented reality head-mounted display (HMD). 2006.
Portable In-vehicle Driving Simulator developed by Drive Square LLC, a low-cost driving simulator for training and assessment, utilizing an actual vehicle and an augmented reality head-mounted display (HMD). 2006.

Driving Simulators are used for entertainment as well as in training of driver's education courses taught in educational institutions and private businesses. They are also used for research purposes in the area of human factors and medical research, to monitor driver behavior, performance, and attention and in the car industry to design and evaluate new vehicles or new advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1221x473, 375 KB) Summary TUTOR is a simulation-based training tool for improved road safety and economic driving generating conditioned reflexes permitting drivers to automatically take the correct action when necessary. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1221x473, 375 KB) Summary TUTOR is a simulation-based training tool for improved road safety and economic driving generating conditioned reflexes permitting drivers to automatically take the correct action when necessary. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA) is the space agency of Spain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 310 pixelsFull resolution (2581 × 1000 pixel, file size: 520 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Driving simulator Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 310 pixelsFull resolution (2581 × 1000 pixel, file size: 520 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Driving simulator Metadata This file contains... Augmented reality (AR) is a field of computer research which deals with the combination of real world and computer generated data. ... an HMD A head-mounted display (HMD) is a display device that a person wears on the head to have video information directly displayed in front of the eyes. ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an event, performance, or activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although, for example, in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ... Training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relates to specific useful skills obtained thru time. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ...

Contents

Training

Driving simulators are being increasingly used for training drivers all over the world. Research has shown that Driving Simulators are proven to be excellent practical and effective educational tools to impart safe driving training techniques for all drivers. There are various types of driving Simulator that are being used like train simulators, bus simulator, car simulator,truck simulator etc.


Driving Smulators are used for:

  • User training;
  • Training in critical driving conditions;
  • Training for impaired users;
  • Analysis of the driver behaviours;
  • Analysis of driver responses;
  • Analysis of the user performances;
  • Evaluating user performances in different conditions (handling of controls);

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Types of available simulators for training purpose are:

  • Modular design simulator with interchangeable cabs, can be configured for use as tractor/trailer trucks, dump trucks and other construction vehicles, airport

operated vehicles, emergency response and police pursuit vehicles, buses, subway trains,passenger vehicles, and heavy equipment such as cranes.

  • Multistation driving Simulator This type of simulator enables one instructor to train more drivers in less time. These systems are equipped with instructor stations that enables centralised control of all driving stations. Advantages of these type of systems is training large number of drivers at the same time thus saving time and reducing costs.

Entertainment

Advances in processing power have led to more realistic simulators in recent years, beginning with the groundbreaking Grand Prix Legends for the PC, released in 1998. Grand Prix Legends (nicknamed GPL) is a computer racing simulator developed by Papyrus Design Group and published in 1998 by Sierra Entertainment. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...


Occasionally, a racing game or driving simulator will also include an attachable steering wheel that can be used to play the game in replace of a controller. The wheel, which is usually plastic, may also include brakes to add to the game's reality. These wheels are usually used only for computer games. A racing game is any game that involves competing in races through a surrogate playing piece or vehicle, either getting it from one point to another or completing a number of circuits in the shortest time. ... A modern road cars steering wheel Steering wheels from different periods A steering wheel is a type of steering control used in most modern land vehicles, including all mass-production automobiles. ...


In addition to the myriad commercial releases there is a bustling community of amateur coders working on closed and open source free simulators. Some of the major features popular with fans of the genre are online racing, realism and diversity of cars and tracks. Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... A race is a competition of speed. ...


Research

Driving simulators are used at research facilities for many purposes. Some vehicle manufacturers operate driving simulators. Many universities also operate simulators for research. In addition to studying driver training issues, driving simulators allow researchers to study driver behavior under conditions in which it would be illegal and/or unethical to place drivers. For instance, studies of driver distraction would be dangerous and unethical (because of the inability to obtain informed consent from other drivers) to do on the road.


With the increasing use of various in-vehicle information systems (IVIS) such as satellite navigation systems, cell phones, DVD players and e-mail systems, simulators are playing an important rule in assessing the safety and utility of such devices.


Fidelity

There exists a number of types research driving simulators, with a wide range of capabilities. The most complex, like the National Advanced Driving Simulator, have a full-sized vehicle body, with six-axis movement and 360-degree visual displays. On the other end of the range are simple desktop simulators that are merely a computer monitor with a videogame-type steering wheel. The National Advanced Driving Simulator at the University of Iowa is the largest ground vehicle driving simulator in the world. ...


There is considerable debate over what degree of fidelity is needed in research driving simulator. The issue is complicated by political and economic factors, as facilities with low-fidelity simulators claim their systems are "good enough" for the job, while the high-fidelity simulator groups insist that their (considerably more expensive) systems are necessary. Research into motion fidelity indicates that, while some motion is necessary in a research driving simulator, it does not need to have enough range to match real-world forces.[1]


Validity

There is a question of validity -- whether results obtained in the simulator are applicable to real-world driving. Given the inability to replicate some simulator studies on the road, this is likely to remain an issue for some time. Some research teams are using automated vehicles to recreate simulator studies on a test track, enabling a more direct comparison between the simulator study and the real world.[2]


External links

  • Links to professional driving simulators
  • DriveSafety:Improving Driving Behavior through Research and Driving Simulators

Notes

  1. ^ Greenberg J., Artz B., Cathey L. The Effect of Lateral Motion Cues During Simulated Driving. Driving Simulator Conference North America 2003 Proceedings, Dearborn, Michigan, October 8-10, 2003, CD-ROM (ISSN 1546-5071)
  2. ^ "Program develops new test track capability". ITS Sensor. Winter 2004. Retrieved on February 14, 2007

  Results from FactBites:
 
VR Driving Simulator (2704 words)
The A.M.O.S. driving simulator is equipped with standard vehicle controls, including turn indicator, column shift, seat belt, and steering wheel surrounded by a 5 CRT screen configuration that produces a 225-degree panoramic field of view outside the "vehicle." Each of the 25-inch screens has a resolution of 512 X 384 pixels.
Although the simulator itself does not move, the tactile, visual, and aural feedback create a compelling illusion that the driver is behind the wheel of an actual vehicle.
This study investigated the effect of drinking on one's choice to drive and found that legally intoxicated subjects were still willing to drive 33% of the time and that their performance was worse as compared to a control group.
Lehrstuhl für Fahrzeugtechnik (1581 words)
With the dynamic driving simulator components and systems of vehicles ought to be researched and optimized, what requires accommodation and further development at the driving simulation in the automotive engineering because of the innovation grade.
In this case the FTM driving simulator shall be kept at the interface of the field vehicle and simulator development.
Actuators and sensors for the cabin are parts of the driving simulator, which normally not are in the core competence of the simulator producer, but rather in the core competence of the operator, because here is the interface of the different application-tasks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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