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Encyclopedia > Drinking culture
Image:Frans Hals 002 .jpg
The Jolly Drinker, by Frans Hals

Drinking culture is the notable customs shared by groups of people around the world involved in drinking alcoholic beverages. Frans Hals (c. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage (also known as booze in slang term) is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ...


Although the type of alcohol, social attitude toward (and acceptance of) drinking varies around the world, nearly every civilization has independently discovered the process of brewing beer, fermenting wine or distilling liquor. A lion drinking Cygnus olor (mute swan) drinking Drinking is the act of consuming a liquid through the mouth. ... Central New York City. ... A 16th century brewer A 21st century brewer This article concerns the production of alcoholic beverages. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... Fermenting must. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Laboratory distillation set-up: 1: Heat source 2: Still pot 3: Still head 4: Thermometer/Boiling point temperature 5: Condenser 6: Cooling water in 7: Cooling water out 8: Distillate/receiving flask 9: Vacuum/gas inlet 10: Still receiver 11: Heat control 12: Stirrer speed control 13: Stirrer/heat plate...


Alcohol and its effects have been present wherever people have lived throughout history. Drinking is documented in the Hebrew and Christian Bibles, Greek literature as old as Homer, and Confucius' Analects. Given its continuing popularity and the failure of alcohol Prohibitions, drinking may remain a part of human life interminably. This article is about the study of time in human terms. ... 11th century manuscript of the Hebrew Bible with Targum Hebrew Bible is a term that refers to the common portions of the Jewish canon and the Christian canons. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... // Main article: Ancient Greek literature Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek from the oldest surviving written works in the Greek language until the 4th century and the rise of the Byzantine Empire. ... For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... Confucius (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kung-fu-tzu), lit. ... Engraving of Confucius. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...

Contents

Purpose of drinking

Generally, people drink for one or more of six reasons; to quench thirst, to get drunk, to enjoy a social setting (social drinking), to enjoy the taste of the beverage, to feed an addiction (alcoholism), or as part of a religious or traditional ceremony or custom. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Heroin bottle An addiction is a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific activity, despite harmful consequences to the individuals health, mental state or social life. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... Part of the ceremony of the Changing of the Guard in Whitehall, London. ... In the sense used in philosophy and the social sciences, a convention is commonly seen as a set of widely agreed or accepted rules or customs. ...


Binge drinking

Binge drinking is sometimes defined as drinking alcohol solely for the purpose of intoxication, although it is quite common for binge drinking to apply to a social situation, creating some overlap in social and binge drinking. Some researchers use a low threshold definition in which binge drinking refers to a woman consuming four drinks and a man consuming five drinks on an occasion. Because drinking occasions can last up to five or seven hours, many such bingers never become intoxicated. Clinically and traditionally, however, binge drinking is defined as a period of continuing intoxication lasting at least two days during which time the binger neglects usual life activities (work, family, etc.). The concept of a "binge" has been somewhat elastic over the years, implying consumption of alcohol far beyond what is socially acceptable. In earlier decades, "going on a binge" meant drinking over the course of days until one was no longer physically able to continue. The usage is known to have entered the English language as early as 1854; it derives from an English dialectal word meaning to "soak" or literally "fill a boat with water". (OED, American Heritage Dictionary) Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2785, 506 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Edgar Degas ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2785, 506 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Edgar Degas ... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally-colored verte, next to an absinthe spoon. ... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, printmaking and drawing. ... Drinking too much alcohol may qualify as binge drinking if it leads to at least two days of inebriation and the drinker neglects usual responsibilities The British Medical Association states that there is no consensus on the definition of binge drinking. ... OED stands for Oxford English Dictionary Office of Enrollment & Discipline This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is a dictionary of American English published by Boston publisher Houghton-Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969. ...


University students have a reputation for engaging in binge drinking, especially in the USA and even more so in the UK and Ireland, as well as generally throughout Northern Europe, Canada and Australia; participants include university athletes, fraternities, and sororities, particularly after final examinations, varsity wins and during spring break. Some common reasons for this propensity for binge drinking is that many university students are living on their own for the first time, free of parental supervision, and among peers -- especially those of the opposite sex. For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The phrase opposite sex infers that there are two sexes, male and female, each being the opposite of the other. ...


In much of Europe where children and adolescents routinely experience alcohol early and with parental approval, such as watered-down wine with a meal, binge drinking tends to be less of a problem. The longstanding exceptions are Britain and Ireland: as early as the eighth century, Saint Boniface was writing to Cuthbert, Archbishop of Canterbury, to report how "in your diocese, the vice of drunkenness is too frequent. This is an evil peculiar to pagans and to our race. Neither the Franks nor the Gauls nor the Lombards nor the Romans nor the Greeks commit it".[1] Possibly, however, "the vice of drunkenness" was not often as easily discernible in one's own nation as in others'. The 16th century Frenchman Rabelais wrote comedic and absurd satires illustrating his countrymen's drinking habits, yet was banned by the Catholic church. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... For the Roman general of this name, see Bonifacius. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... François Rabelais (ca. ... Comedy is the use of humour in the performing arts. ... Absurd can refer to: Look up Absurd in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Absurdism is a philosophy born of Existentialism absurdity, with small a, is a form of Surreal humour Theatre of the Absurd is an artform utilizing the philosophy of Absurdism Absurd (band) is a heavy metal band This is... Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which principally ridicules its subject (individuals, organizations, states) often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ...


In South Africa a large percentage of the population between the ages of 18 - 35 engage in binge drinking.


The Australian phenomenon of the six o'clock swill, in the post-war years, was a form of binge drinking. The Six Oclock Swill was the last-minute rush to buy drinks at a hotel bar before it closed. ...


Binge drinking is also very common in Scandinavian countries, with their long tradition of high alcohol prices and restricted access. For example, the Norwegian cultural phenomenon known as Russ provides high school seniors with a socially accepted venue for binge drinking. For younger people, from about 14-15 years and until leaving adolescence, binge drinking may be the main form of drinking. Reasons cited are Viking heritage or the fact that one tends to buy alcohol in bulk, and thus consume in bulk. Yet similar consumption is observed in other Northern and Eastern European countries. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... This article is about Russ, the Scandinavian cultural phenomenon. ... Viking, also called Norseman or Northman, refers to a member of the Scandinavian seafaring traders, warriors and pirates who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the 8th to the 11th century[1] and reached east to Russia and Constantinople, referred to as Varangians by the Byzantine sources and...


Significantly, Northern European countries are among the most stringent in their punishment of offenders driving under the influence of alcohol, sometimes imposing a lifetime loss of driving privileges without appeal.


Some studies have noted traditional, cultural differences between Northern and Southern Europe. A difference in perception may also account to some extent for historically noted cultural differences: Northern Europeans drink beer, which in the past was often of a low alcohol content (2.5% compared to today's 5%). In pre-industrialized society, beer being boiled and alcohol was safer to drink than water. Southern Europeans drink wine and fortified wines (10-20% alcohol by volume). Traditionally, wine was watered and honeyed, drinking full strength wine was considered barbaric in Republican Rome. Fortified wine was not common until Brandy was created by distilling Port for transportation purposes. Nor does binge drinking necessarily equate with substantially higher national averages of per capita/per annum litres of pure alcohol consumption. There is also a physical aspect to national differences worldwide, which has not yet been thoroughly studied, whereby some ethnic groups have a greater capacity for alcohol metabolization through the liver enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... A fortified wine is a wine to which additional alcohol has been added, most commonly in the form of brandy (a distilled spirit). ... For other uses, see Brandy (disambiguation). ... A glass of tawny port. ... Alcohol Dehydrogenase Alcohol dehydrogenases are a group of dehydrogenase enzymes that occur in many organisms and facilitate the interconversion between alcohols and aldehydes or ketones. ... Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (EC 1. ...


These varying capacities do not, however, avoid all health risks inherent in heavy alcohol consumption. Alcohol abuse is associated with a variety of negative health and safety outcomes. This is true no matter the individual's or the ethnic group's perceived ability to "handle alcohol". The person who believes himself or herself immune to the effects of alcohol may often be the most at risk for health concerns and the most dangerous of all operating a vehicle.


"Chronic heavy drinkers display functional tolerance when they show few obvious signs of intoxication even at high blood alcohol concentrations (BAC's), which in others would be incapacitating or even fatal. Because the drinker does not experience significant behavioral impairment as a result of drinking, tolerance may facilitate the consumption of increasing amounts of alcohol. This can result in physical dependence and alcohol-related organ damage."[1]


Social drinking

Social drinking refers to casual collateral drinking, usually without the intent to get drunk.


Social drinking plays an important (but not traditional) role in such social functions as dating, and marriage. For example, a person buying another a drink at a singles bar is a gesture that the one is interested in the other and often initiates conversation, or at least flirtation. The term date can refer to: A day according to a calendar; see calendar date. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


Bad news is often mediated through a drink, whilst good news is often celebrated by having a few drinks - for example, we drink to "wet the baby's head" to celebrate a birth. Buying someone a drink is a gesture of goodwill, and can be used as an expression of gratitude or mark the resolution of a dispute--to bury the hatchet, so to say. The physical act of going to a comfortable setting with friends is a large part of sharing a drink in the above situations, but the fact remains that people have found as many reasons to meet for a drink as they have to meet for tea, coffee, or to eat. For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ...


Session drinking

Session drinking is drinking in large quantities over a single period of time, or session, without the intention of getting heavily intoxicated. Unlike binge drinking the focus is on the social aspects of the occasion. A session beer, such as a session bitter, is a beer that has a moderate or low alcohol content - in the UK this would be around 4% e.g. Carling, or a bitter which is generally weaker than lager abv, while in the USA session beers may go as high as 5%. Look up Session in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bitter is a loose term for a type of beer. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage. ...


Competitive drinking (World Drinking Record)

Steven Petrosino, during his successful June 1977 Guinness World record attempt at the Gingerbreadman Pub in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He established records for 1/4 liter (0.137 seconds), and for 1/2 liter (0.4 seconds), but Guinness published only the record for 1 liter.

Speed drinking or competitive drinking is drinking small or moderate quantities of beer or ale over the shortest period of time, without the intention of getting heavily intoxicated. Unlike binge drinking the focus is on the competition, or establishment of a record. Typically speed drinkers consume lighter beers such as lagers and allow their beer to go warm and lose its carbonation to shorten the drinking time. The Guinness Book of World Records (1990 edition, p. 464) lists several records for speed drinking. The first is for 2 liters (3.5 imperial pints, or about 66.7 U.S. fluid ounces) set by Peter G. Dowdeswell (born London, July 23 1940) of Earls Barton, Northants, England. Mr. Dowdeswell consumed 2 liters in 6 seconds on February 7, 1975. Steven Petrosino of New Cumberland, Pennsylvania (born November 1951) consumed 1 liter (33 ounces) of beer in 1.3 seconds to set a world drinking record at the Gingerbreadman Pub in Carlisle, PA on June 22, 1977. Neither of these records had been defeated when Guinness retired all drinking records from their compendium in 1991. Image File history File links Guinness_beer_record2. ... Image File history File links Guinness_beer_record2. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... The Imperial units are an irregularly standardized system of units that have been used in the United Kingdom and its former colonies, including the Commonwealth countries. ... The pint is an English unit of volume or capacity in the imperial system and United States customary units, equivalent in each system to one half of a quart, and one eighth of a gallon. ... U.S. customary units, also known in the United States as English units[1] (but see English unit) or standard units, are units of measurement that are currently used in the USA, in some cases alongside units from SI (the International System of Units — the modern metric system). ... A fluid ounce is a unit of volume in both the Imperial system of units and the U.S. customary units system. ... English gourmand Peter Dowdeswell is among the most successful competitive eaters in the recorded history of the sport. ... New Cumberland is a borough located in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. ... Carlisle is a borough located in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. ...


Former Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke held a record for the fastest consumption of beer, he consumed 1.7 litres in 11 seconds.[2] Robert James Lee (Bob) Hawke, AC (born 9 December 1929) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia after previously being an Australian trade union leader. ...


Beer festival

Main article: Beer festival

A Beer Festival is an organised event during which a variety of beers (and often other alcoholic drinks) are available for tasting and purchase. ...

Alcohol expectations

Alcohol expectations are beliefs that individuals hold about the effects they experience from drinking. They are largely beliefs about how the consumption of alcohol will affect a person’s emotions, abilities and behaviors. To the extent that alcohol expectancies can be changed, it may be possible to reduce a major social and health problem, that of alcohol abuse (Grattan & Vogel-Sprott). Henry Grattan (1746-1820), Irish politician Thomas Colley Grattan, Irish writer Grattan Kerans, Oregon Politician Jennifer Grattan, Canadian professional wrestler Grattan plc Category: ...


If people in a society generally believe that intoxication leads to aggression, sexual behavior AKA "beer goggles", or rowdy behavior, they tend to act that way when intoxicated. If the society teaches that intoxication leads to relaxation and tranquil behavior, it virtually always leads to those outcomes. Alcohol expectations vary within a population so outcomes are not uniform (Alan Marlatt & D. J. Rosenow). Beer goggles is a slang term for a phenomenon in which consumption of alcohol lowers sexual inhibitions to the point that very little or no discretion is used when approaching or choosing sexual partners. ... G. Alan Marlatt, Ph. ...


People tend to conform to social expectations and a common belief in most societies is that alcohol causes disinhibition. However, in those societies in which people don’t believe that alcohol disinhibits, intoxication virtually never leads to unacceptable behaviours because of “disinhibition” (McAndrew & Edgerton).


Alcohol expectations can operate in the absence of actual consumption of alcohol. Research in the U.S. over a period of decades has shown that men tend to become physically more sexually aroused when they think they have been drinking alcohol, even when they haven't. Women report feeling more sexually aroused when they falsely believe the beverages they have been consuming contain alcohol, although a measure of their physiological arousal shows that they are physically becoming less aroused.


Men tend to become more aggressive in laboratory studies in which they are drinking only tonic water but believe that it contains alcohol. They also become relatively less aggressive when they think they are drinking only tonic water, but are actually drinking tonic containing alcohol.Drinking Alcohol and Bad Behavior


The phenomenon of alcohol expectations recognizes that intoxication has real physiological consequences affecting perceptions of space and time, reducing psychomotor skills, disrupting equilibrium and a number of other behaviours (McAndrew & Edgerton).


The manner and degree to which alcohol expectations interact with the physiological effects of intoxication to yield the behaviour that results is unclear.


Free drinks

Free drinks is a ritual which has existed in various institutions at various times and within various cultures and traditions. The social effects of this ritual, however, have more to do with sociology and psychology than the more temporary physical effects of the event itself. For other uses, see Tradition (disambiguation). ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge [1]) is the systematic and scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social action, and culture[2]. Areas studied in sociology can range from the analysis of brief contacts between anonymous... Psychological science redirects here. ...


For example, during a wedding, free drinks are often served to guests during the reception, as a matter of celebration, or at more serious functions, free drinks may be offered in order to entice greater attendance. Interestingly enough, this phenomenon combines the human need and capacity for ritual societal gatherings and basic greed. Free drinks are also commonly offered to casino patrons to entice them to continue gaming. Free drinks can assume an almost mystical status in the minds of everyday people, who are accustomed to paying for their drinks. Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ... For other uses, see Greed (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Caravaggio, The Cardsharps, c. ... Mysticism (ancient Greek mysticon = secret) is meditation, prayer, or theology focused on the direct experience of union with divinity, God, or Ultimate Reality, or the belief that such experience is a genuine and important source of knowledge. ...


Further examples include the more recent policy of "ladies drink free" at bars; a fairly transparent ploy designed to hopefully bring a bar more female visitors, and hopefully, to thereby bring in more male patrons. Many military bases, as well as large corporations, (especially in Japan) have favoured bars, often locations specifically catering to these institutions; private functions arranged here, while providing free drinks, can often be obligatory. Another view of the free drinks phenomenon is far more basic: the simple act of sharing one's beverage with another, be it from the same container, or bringing a cold beer from the refrigerator for a friend. For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... Fridge redirects here. ...


In the United States, fraternity houses at college campuses often serve "Free Beer" to attract potential rushees and attractive women (Oleson and Larson 2004).


List of drinking terms

Some terms describing drinks or used in bartending: A bartender is the person behind a Bar (counter) in a Bar (establishment). ...

  • Shot - 1 or 1.5 ounces (3 to 5 cl) of liquor in a shot glass, to be drunk in one quick motion; in the mouth and immediately down the throat without tasting (shooting)
  • Neat - said of liquor taken alone in a short glass, no ice or water (the term "straight," "straight up," or just "Up" is often used erroneously)
  • On the Rocks - said of liquor taken in a short glass with ice
  • Chug - to drink large volumes of alcohol quickly
  • Scull - another term meaning to drink large volumes of alcohol quickly
  • Chaser - a drink weaker than liquor intended to be drunk immediately after a shot (i.e. drinking orange juice after vodka)
  • Straight-up - served chilled, by shaking with ice, then straining
  • With a twist - served with a twist of citrus peel, either lemon or lime
  • Shaken - referring to the method of mixing or chilling of alcohol(s), using a cocktail shaker
  • Stirred - referring to the method of mixing or chilling of alcohol(s)
  • In the Face - a term common to Northern England, colloquially meaning "drink up"
  • "Down it" - another term used that proposes the drinker to finish his/her drink quickly.

Drinking Terms: A centilitre (cL or cl) a metric unit of volume that is equal to one hundredth of a litre and is equal to a little more than six tenths (0. ... On the rocks is a term used in bartending, simply meaning with ice. For example, a scotch on the rocks is a scotch whisky poured over ice cubes. ... For other uses, see Orange juice (disambiguation). ... Vodka bottling machine, Shatskaya Vodka Shatsk, Russia Vodka (Polish: wódka, Russian: водка) is one of the worlds most popular distilled beverages. ... A cocktail shaker is a device consisting of a container and a lid, with a strainer, used to mix beverages (usually alcoholic) by shaking. ...

  • Shotgun - A term used to describe drinking beer through a hole punched in the bottom of the can, and then opening the top. This method serves to "shoot" the beer out of the can faster thus allowing the recipient to become intoxicated faster. The same term is used to describe drinking from a bottle, using a straw to equalise air pressure inside and outside the bottle, whilst not actually drinking through the straw itself. Again the aim is to force the drink from the container more quickly. The latter definition is also known a Strawpedo - a word play on torpedo - or a Snorkel in Australia.
  • Cannonball/Strikeout - The act of taking a hit of marijuana on a bong or pipe, then chugging a full beer and drinking a shot. Only after both beverages have been consumed can drinker exhale what is left of the marijuana smoke.
  • Body shot - A shot that is taken off a person's body, usually in the belly button or chest.
  • Beer bong - Use of a funnel to drink large quantities of beer rapidly.
  • Keg Stand - When the drinker is held upside down from his ankles over a keg and drinks the beer from the tap.
  • Day-Drinking - the pre-planned consumption of alcohol during the daytime hours.

Shotgunning is a means of consuming a canned beverage, especially beer, very quickly by a particular technique involving punching a hole in the side of the can. ... A German device made specifically for the rapid consumption of beer, imitating the function of a straw. ... The torpedo, historically called a locomotive torpedo, is a self-propelled explosive projectile weapon, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater toward a target, and designed to detonate on contact or in proximity to a target. ... A snorkeler amid corals on a coral reef near Fiji. ... A body shot is a shot of alcohol (such as tequila) that is consumed off a persons body, usually from erogenous zones such as the belly button or the breasts. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Types of drinking glasses

  • Highball glass - tall thin glass, used for Bloody Marys and the like
  • Yard Glass - an even taller vessel, often used for the sculling of beer
  • Lowball glass or Rocks glass - shorter glass, used for sipping liquors, esp. Scotch, whiskey, etc.
  • Champagne Flute - very slender, tapers at the opening; used for champagne
  • Wine glass - shallower and rounder than a flute; used for wine
  • Stein - large mug traditionally with a hinged lid in which beer is served
  • Pint - either 16 or 20 fl. oz. (473 or 568 mL resp.) glass, generally used for beer or cider (The larger glass is also known as an Imperial Pint, named for the British Empire in which it was widespread.)
  • Jug - 500- 750ml served at pubs in New Zealand
  • Handle 425ml New Zealand beer glass
  • Schooner - 425ml (15 fl. oz.) Australian beer glass
  • Middy - 285ml (10 fl. oz.) Australian beer glass
  • Pot - 285ml (10 fl. oz.) Australian beer glass
  • Martini glass (more properly a Cocktail glass) - inverted cone with a long stem; used for martinis
  • Shot glass - 1 or 1.5 ounce (30 mL or 45 mL), used for shooting straight liquor
  • Double - as implied, a double shot, or 2 to 3 ounces (60 to 90 mL).
  • Collins glass
  • Snifter - Similar to a wine glass, except with a significantly smaller taper at the opening. Stemware used for Brandy or Cognac. It is usually exposed to fire while the spirit is inside to keep it warm in cold weather.
  • Party Cups / Solo Cup - a disposable plastic cup, usually with a 12 ounce (355 mL) capacity, often colored bright red or blue on the outside and white on the inside. Often called a keg cup, since they are most commonly used at "kegger" parties, where a keg of beer is provided (or the partygoer must pay a small fee for the cup).

Hidden Containers: Flask - small concealable container designed to hold small amounts of liquor in a coat pocket A highball glass is a type of drinking vessel. ... A Bloody Mary is a cocktail containing vodka, tomato juice, and usually other spices or flavorings such as Worcestershire sauce, Tabasco sauce, beef consomme or bouillon, horseradish, celery or celery salt, salt, black pepper, cayenne pepper, and lemon juice. ... This article is about the measurement of beer known as the yard. ... An old fashioned glass The old fashioned glass, rocks glass or whisk(e)y glass is a type of drinking vessel. ... Scotch whisky is whisky made in Scotland. ... Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ... Champagne is often consumed as part of a celebration Champagne is a sparkling wine produced by inducing the in-bottle secondary fermentation of wine to effect carbonation. ... German Maßkrug of Augustiner Bräu. ... A pint glass is a drinking vessel holding a British pint (568ml; ≈1. ... European, and primarily British immigration to New Zealand in the 19th Century has resulted in a brewing tradition that is as established as European settlement itself. ... European, and primarily British immigration to New Zealand in the 19th Century has resulted in a brewing tradition that is as established as European settlement itself. ... Australian beer is mostly now lager. ... Australian beer is mostly now lager. ... Australian beer is mostly now lager. ... An amber tinted cocktail glass A cocktail glass is a narrow drinking glass having a stem and a wide, shallow, inverted cone fixed above it to hold liquid. ... The martini is a cocktail made with gin and dry white vermouth. ... Typical modern shot glasses A shot glass is a small glass designed to hold or measure one to three ounces of liquor, to be poured into a mixed drink, or drunk straight from the glass (a shot). The modern thick-walled shot glass probably originated in the United States during... FREQUENTLY INTERCHANGEABLE WITH THE HIGHBALL GLASS, BUT SLIGHTLY MORE NARROW, THIS TALL 10-TO14 OUNCE GLASS IS PERFEC NOT ONLY FOR COLLINSES, BUT FOR MANY MIXED DRINKS SERVED WITH ICE,SUCH AS THE MOJITO, ICED TEA, SEA BREEZE,AND FIZZY SUMMER COOLERS. A TALLER COLLINS GLASS,KNOWN AS CHIMNEY, HOLDS... The term Snifter might refer to: A snifter glass Snifter - a type of stemware, a short-stemmed glass whose main vessel has a wide bottom but that narrows at the top. ... A basic 16 ounce Solo cup. ... For other uses, see Party (disambiguation). ...


See also

. ... The trouble with this world is that everybody in it is three drinks behind, said American actor and cocktail lover Humphrey Bogart. ... Audrey Hepburn with a cigarette holder in Breakfast at Tiffanys, evoking a sense of flair from the 1960s Since the introduction of tobacco to the world at large in the 1500s, a smoking culture has built around it, and is evident in many parts of the world to this... The biphasic curve for alcohol consumption represents the changing effects of increasing blood alcohol concentration (BAC) on the typical person who has not developed alcohol tolerance. ...

References

  1. ^ National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Alcohol and Tolerance - Alcohol Alert No. 28-1995
  2. ^ ABC Online Key Stories - 1983
  • Corbin, W.R., Bernat, J.A., Calhoun, K.S., McNair, L.D., & Seals, K.L. The role of alcohol expectancies and alcohol consumption among sexually victimized and nonvictimized college women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2001, 16(4), 297-311.
  • Grattan, K. E., and Vogel-Sprott, M. Neurobiological, behavioral, and environmental relations to drinking - maintaining intentional control of behavior under alcohol. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 2001, 25(2), 192-197.
  • MacAndrew, C., and Edgerton R. Drunken Comportment: A Social Explanation. Chicago, Illinois: Aldine, 1969.
  • Marlatt, G. A. & Rosenow, D. J. The think-drink effect. Psychology Today, 1981, 15, 60-93.
  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol and Tolerance (Alcohol Alert Number 31 from NIAAA). Washington, DC: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1996.
  • Ortner, C., et al. Alcohol intoxication reduces impulsivity in the delay-discounting paradigm. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2003, 38, 151-156.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Drinking culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2660 words)
Drinking culture is the notable customs shared by groups of people around the world involved in drinking alcoholic beverages.
Drinking is documented in the Hebrew and Christian Bibles, Greek literature as old as Homer, and Confucius' Analects.
Binge drinking is sometimes defined as drinking alcohol solely for the purpose of intoxication, although it is quite common for binge drinking to apply to a social situation, creating some overlap in social and binge drinking.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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