FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
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Encyclopedia > Driftless Area

The Driftless Area is an area of about 20,000 square miles in southwestern One of the periods of glaciation was also termed the Wisconsin glaciation. ...Wisconsin and northeastern State nickname: The Hawkeye State Other U.S. States Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Governor Thomas Vilsack Official languages English Area 145,743 km² (26th)  _ Land 144,701 km²  _ Water 1,042 km² (0. ...Iowa which was by_passed by the continental Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long_lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ...glaciers. As a result, the Topography, a term in geography, has come to refer to the lay of the land, or the physiogeographic characteristics of land in terms of elevation, slope, and orientation. ...topography is less flat and more rugged than that usually associated with the Middle West. The Area in Wisconsin parallels the Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge 16,200 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin Lake Itasca Mouth Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ...Mississippi River to the State nickname: The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  _ Land 143,968 km²  _ Water 6,030 km² (4. ...Illinois state line in a band 60 to 80 miles wide. About halfway a lobe extends farther northeast into Wisconsin. In Iowa the Area also parallels the Mississippi River from the State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  _ Land 206,375 km²  _ Water 18,990 km² (8. ...Minnesota state line to about Dubuque in a band approximately 20 miles wide. Small portions of southeast Minnesota and northwest Illinois are also included in the Area.

Other than rugged topography, the Driftless Area has no one single unity of landscape. In the north there is a " North Woods" visual appearance. The Dells of the Wisconsin River The Dells of the Wisconsin River (used in the singular, and also called the Wisconsin Dells) is a 5 mi (8 km) gorge on the Wisconsin River in southern Wisconsin in the United States noted for its particular scenic beauty, in particular for its unique...Dells of the Wisconsin River are a unique, specially formed scenic attraction in their own right. In southwestern Wisconsin there is a more pastoral, semi_wooded landscape with many prosperous farms and gentle rural by_ways. The portion of the Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge 16,200 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin Lake Itasca Mouth Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ...Mississippi River that flows through the Area is noted for its high bluffs and dramatic river scenery. In Iowa the Driftless Area takes the appearance of low, rugged hills covered with pine woods, a landscape not usually associated with that state. In Illinois the Driftless Area contains the highest point in that state.

An interesting connection with the landscape of the Driftless Area is Information on Taliesin, the Welsh bard, is located on another page. ...Taliesin (studio), the home of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867–April 9, 1959) was one of the most prominent architects of the first half of the 20th century. ...Frank Lloyd Wright, who advocated organic integration of a structure with its natural surroundings. Taliesin itself is built from local limestone and set on the brow of a rugged hill for the specific purpose of emphasizing its ties to the Driftless Area of southwestern Wisconsin.

In the past the Driftless Area was noted for its many For the lead in news writing, see news style. ...lead and General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Density, Hardness 7140 kg/m3, 2. ...zinc mines; in fact, the state seal of Wisconsin shows a miner in honor of that historic era. Today, however, there are no metallic mines in this region.

Agriculture, where it can be done, tends toward dairying. In southwestern Wisconsin this specialty is combined with the characteristic feedlot system of the Categories: US geography stubs | Belt regions of the United States ...Corn Belt, and beef cattle plus specialty crops are raised there . Some ethnic communities have concentrated across the land in the Driftless Area, such as Swiss_ and Czech_Americans. In Wisconsin the Driftless Area is the original source of the Cubes of Emmental Swiss cheese Swiss cheese is the generic name for several related varieties of cheese, originally made in Switzerland. ...Swiss cheese industry in the USA ( although most of the Wisconsin cheese industry is concentrated elsewhere in state outside the Driftless Area).

The Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ...National Wildlife Refuge has been established in this region for the purpose of preserving a rare snail and rare flower that have made this region a specialized ecological niche for themselves. The Refuge is located in several dispersed sites among the states that make up the Driftless Area.

The principal settlements in the Driftless Area are La Crosse, Baraboo, and Prairie du Chien is the county seat of Crawford County, Wisconsin. ...Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin; Downtown Galena Galena is a city located in Jo Daviess County, Illinois. ...Galena, Illinois; and Winona, Minnesota Winona is a city located in Winona County, Minnesota. ...Winona, Minnesota. Dubuque, Iowa and Rochester, Minnesota are on the edges of the Area. It is noted that most of these places are on large rivers, suggesting the comparative difficulty of overland travel across the rugged topography for the early settlers.

  Results from FactBites:
Midwest Driftless Area Initiative (848 words)
A 24,000 square mile area of southeastern Minnesota, northeastern Iowa, western Wisconsin, and northwestern Illinois was circumvented by the Wisconsin glacier.
The resulting lack of drift led to the name “Driftless Area.” The unglaciated area is bounded on the north near Red Wing, Minnesota, on the west by St. Charles, Minnesota, on the east by Madison, Wisconsin, and on the south near Clinton, Iowa.
Area streams to the Upper Mississippi River (UMR), contributing to the degradation of backwater habitat in the UMR and to the hypoxia problems in the Gulf of Mexico.
Great Lakes Ecosystem: 1994 Proceedings of the Midwest Oak Savanna Conferences [Will-Wolf] (1951 words)
The presettlement vegetation of the study area was a mosaic of upland oak forest (35%), savanna (52%), prairie (11%), marsh (2%) and a minor component (<1%) of non-oak forest and savanna.
White oak points were 16% more common in the driftless area than in the glaciated region, while bur oak points were less common in the driftless area by almost the same amount.
The apparent paradox of similar proportion of forest, savanna and prairie in the topographically heterogeneous driftless area and in the more homogeneous glaciated region, and the strong differences in species composition and structure plus evidence that variables constraining vegetation operated differently in the two landscapes are both linked to this contrast.
  More results at FactBites »



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