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Encyclopedia > Dreamgirls
Dreamgirls
The cover for the second Playbill of the Broadway musical Dreamgirls. The artwork for the original Playbill was also used as the cover of the Dreamgirls Original Broadway Cast album.
Music Henry Krieger
Lyrics Tom Eyen
Book Tom Eyen
Based upon Inspired by the history of Motown Records
Productions 1981 Broadway production
1983 National tour
1985 International Tour
1987 Broadway
1994 Atlanta production
1997 Chicago production
1997 National tour
1998 Berlin production
2001 Broadway concert
2002 Atlanta production
2007 Atlanta production
Awards 1982 Tony Award for Best Book

Dreamgirls is a Broadway musical, which opened on December 20, 1981 at the Imperial Theatre. Staged with a predominantly African-American cast, Dreamgirls won six Tony Awards in 1982, and closed on August 11, 1985 after four years and 1,522 performances. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 388 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 926 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Dreamgirls 2nd Playbill cover from 1982. ... The cover of the Playbill issue about The Producers. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Dreamgirls: Original Broadway Cast Album is the cast album for the original Broadway production of the musical Dreamgirls, which debuted at the Imperial Theatre on December 20, 1981. ... Henry Krieger is an American composer who wrote the music for Dreamgirls, Side Show, and other works of musical theatre. ... Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ... Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City), where it achieved widespread international success. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Imperial Theater can also refer to the Imperial Garden Theater in Tokyo, Japan The Imperial Theater was the Schubert brothers fiftieth theater in New York City. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...


Based upon the show business aspirations and successes of R&B acts such as The Supremes, The Shirelles, James Brown, Jackie Wilson, and others,[1] Dreamgirls follows the story of a young female singing trio from Chicago, Illinois called "The Dreams", who become music superstars. It features music by Henry Krieger and lyrics and book by Tom Eyen. The original Broadway production was directed by Michael Bennett, produced by Bennett, Bob Avian, Geffen Records, and The Shubert Organization, and choreographed by Bennett and Michael Peters. The original Broadway production starred Jennifer Holliday, Sheryl Lee Ralph, Loretta Devine, Ben Harney, Cleavant Derricks, Obba Babatunde, and Vondie Curtis-Hall. Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... The Supremes were a Motown all-female singing group. ... The Shirelles were an influential American girl group in the early 1960s. ... James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933[2] – December 25, 2006), commonly referred to as The Godfather of Soul and The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, was an American entertainer recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music. ... Jackie Wilson Jack Leroy Jackie Wilson (June 9, 1934 – January 21, 1984) was an American soul and R&B singer, born in Detroit, Michigan. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Henry Krieger is an American composer who wrote the music for Dreamgirls, Side Show, and other works of musical theatre. ... Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ... Bennett on the cover of his 1990 biography by Kevin Kelly Michael Bennett (April 8, 1943 - July 2, 1987) was a Tony Award-winning American musical theater director, writer, choreographer, and dancer. ... Bob Avian is a Tony Award-winning American choreographer and a theatre producer and director. ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Shubert Theatre, Boston The Shubert Organization was founded by the Shubert brothers, Sam S. Shubert, Lee Shubert, and Jacob J. Shubert of Syracuse, New York in the late 19th century in upstate New York, entering into New York City productions in 1900. ... Look up Choreography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Michael Peters (August 6, 1948 - August 21, 1994) was an American choreographer. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... Sheryl Lee Ralph (born on December 30, 1956 in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA) is an African-American actress and singer of Jamaican descent, best known for her work in musical theatre productions such as Dreamgirls, her co-starring role in the 1980s television sitcom Its A Living and as Brandy... Loretta Devine Loretta Devine (born August 21, 1949 in Houston, Texas) is an American actress. ... Ben Harney is a Broadway actor and dancer who was active in his career between 1972 to 1985. ... Cleavant Derricks is best known as a star of the television series Sliders and should not be confused with the prolific songwriter Cleavant Derricks. ... Obba Babatundé (born December, 1951, in Queens, New York) is an American actor of both stage and screen that is known for an Emmy-nominated performance in the television movie Miss Evers Boys, and NAACP Image Award-nominated performance in the TV movie Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, and a Tony Award... Vondie Curtis-Hall (born September 30, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an African-American actor and film director. ...


The musical was adapted into a motion picture by DreamWorks Pictures and Paramount Pictures, and opened on December 15, 2006 (limited) and December 25, 2006 (wide). The feature film version of Dreamgirls stars, in relation to the original Broadway cast, Jennifer Hudson, Beyoncé Knowles, Anika Noni Rose, Jamie Foxx, Eddie Murphy, Keith Robinson, and Danny Glover. The DreamWorks Boy on the Moon Logo DreamWorks SKG (Spielberg, Katzenberg, Geffen) is a Big Ten studio in the United States of America which develops, produces, and distributes films, music, and television programming. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Dreamgirls is a 2006 American musical film jointly produced and released by DreamWorks Pictures and Paramount Pictures. ... Jennifer Kate Hudson (born September 12, 1981) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and singer. ... Beyoncé Chantelle Knowles (born September 4, 1981) is an R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, actress, fashion designer and model. ... Anika Noni Rose (born September 6, 1972 in Bloomfield, Connecticut) is a Tony Award winning American singer and actress. ... Jamie Foxx (born Eric Marlon Bishop on December 13, 1967) is an American actor, R&B singer, pianist, and comedian. ... Edward Eddie Regan Murphy (born April 3, 1961, Brooklyn, New York City[1]) is an Academy Award nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... Keith Robinson is an American actor best known for his role in Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue as Joel Rawlings. ... Danny Lebern Glover[1] (born July 22, 1946) is an American actor and film director. ...

Contents

Synopsis

Act I

The story begins in 1962, when The Dreamettes, a hopeful girl group from Chicago, enter the famous Amateur Night talent competition at the Detroit Theatre in Detroit ("I'm Lookin' for Something", "Goin' Downtown", "Takin' the Long Way Home"). The three girls include full-figured lead singer Effie White and her groupmates and best friends, Deena Jones and Lorrell Robinson. For the talent contest, the Dreamettes sing "Move (You're Steppin' on My Heart)", a song written by Effie's brother, C.C., who accompanies them to New York. Backstage, the girls and C.C. meet Curtis Taylor, Jr., a shady used-car salesman who becomes the Dreamettes' manager. Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


Curtis convinces James "Thunder" Early, a popular R&B star, and his manager, Marty, to take the Dreamettes on as backup singers. Although Jimmy Early & the Dreamettes' first performance together is successful ("Fake Your Way to the Top"), Jimmy is desperate for new material. The ambitious Curtis convinces Jimmy and Marty that they should venture beyond traditional R&B/soul audiences and aim for the pop market, so C.C. writes the song "Cadillac Car" for Jimmy & the Dreamettes. Jimmy & the Dreamettes go out on tour ("Cadillac Car (On the Road)"), and record the single once they return home ("Cadillac Car (In the Recording Studio)"). "Cadillac Car" makes its way up the pop charts, but a cover version by white pop singers Dave & the Sweethearts ("Cadillac Car (Reprise)") steals the original recording's thunder.


Angered by "Cadillac Car's" failure, Curtis, C.C., and Jimmy's producer Wayne resort to payola: they bribe DJs across the nation to play Jimmy Early & the Dreamettes' next single, "Steppin' to the Bad Side", and the record becomes a major pop hit. Conflict arises between Marty and Curtis when Curtis moves in on Marty's turf: Jimmy Early. Things become more complicated when lovesick Effie begins dating Curtis, and Jimmy, a married man, begins an affair with Lorrell ("Party, Party"). It has been suggested that Pay to Play#In Music be merged into this article or section. ...


Marty eventually quits as Jimmy's manager and Curtis takes over, more power-driven than ever and strongly determined to make his black singers household names in white homes. Curtis begins to transform Jimmy Early into a Perry Como-esque pop singer ("I Want You Baby"), and concentrates on establishing the Dreamettes as their own act, renaming them The Dreams and changing their act to give them a more sophisticated and pop-friendly look and sound. The most crucial of these changes is the establishment of the more pop-friendly (and thinner) Deena as lead singer instead of the gospel-voiced (and heavier) Effie. Effie is resentful of being pushed out of the spotlight, although C.C. is able to convince her to go along with Curtis' plan ("Family"). Pierino Ronaldo Perry Como (May 18, 1912 – May 12, 2001) was an Italian American crooner during the latter half of the 20th century. ...


The Dreams make their club debut in the Crystal Room in Cleveland, Ohio, singing their first single, "Dreamgirls". After a triumphant show, the press is eager to meet the newly minted stars ("Press Conference"). Curtis informs Deena that this is "Only the Beginning": "I'm going to make you the most famous woman who's ever lived," Curtis declares, as the slighted Effie quizzes "What about me?" This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Over the next few years, the Dreams become a mainstream success with hit singles such as "Heavy." As Deena is increasingly feted as a star, Effie becomes temperamental and unpredictable, as she suspects Curtis and Deena of having an affair behind her back. Lorrell attempts to keep peace between her bandmates, but the task proves impossible. Effie soon begins missing shows because of illness (it is later revealed that she was pregnant with Curtis' child), and Curtis and Deena are convinced that Effie is attempting to sabotage the act. Curtis replaces Effie with a new singer, Michelle Morris, a change Effie learns about before anyone has a chance to tell her. Effie confronts Curtis, C.C., and the group ("It's All Over"), but despite a personal appeal from Effie to Curtis ("And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going"), a heartbroken Effie is left behind as "Deena Jones & the Dreams," as the group is now to be known, forge ahead without her ("Love Love Me Baby"). And I Am Telling You Im Not Going is a song from the Broadway musical Dreamgirls, with lyrics by Tom Eyen and music by Henry Krieger. ...


Act II

The story moves five years ahead, into the early 1970s. Deena Jones & the Dreams have become the most successful girl group in the country ("Act II Opening" 1). Deena has married Curtis, and C.C. is in love with Michelle. Jimmy - still seeing Lorrell behind his wife's back - has become a washed-up has-been, having gone years without a hit. Curtis shows little interest in updating or revitalizing Jimmy's act, both because of his preoccupation with Deena and because of Jimmy's habit of sneaking funk numbers into his repertoire of stiff, pop-friendly numbers, much to Curtis' chagrin. Meanwhile, Effie is back in Chicago, a single mother to her daughter Magic, and struggling to get another break. Marty, now her manager, compels her to rebuild her confidence and give up her diva attitude. After she does so, Effie is finally able to make a show business comeback ("I Am Changing"). Funk is an African American musical style. ... I Am Changing is a song from the second act of the long-running Broadway musical Dreamgirls. ...


In contrast to Effie's struggling to return to her musical career, Deena wants to stop singing and become an actress. Deena informs Curtis of such during a Vogue photo shoot ("One More Picture Please"), but Curtis refuses to let her go ("When I First Saw You"). Deena is not the only one chafing under Curtis' control: C.C. is enraged when Curtis rearranges his latest composition, an emotional ballad entitled "One Night Only", into a rhythm-heavy dance number for Deena & the Dreams. Curtis hopes to use the record to introduce a "new sound", disco, and tells C.C. that despite his protests, "you'll do what I tell you". It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Disco is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that blends elements of funk and soul music that was first popularized in dance clubs (discothèques) in the mid-1970s. ...


Deena Jones & the Dreams and Jimmy Early perform at a National Democratic fund raiser, on a bill alongside groups such as The Five Tuxedos ("Got to Be Good Times"). While waiting backstage to go on, Jimmy finds himself in another argument with Lorrell as to where their relationship is going and when, or if, Jimmy will tell his wife about their affair ("Ain't No Party"). Lorrell is in tears as Jimmy takes to the stage to perform "I Meant You No Harm", and she turns to Deena for support. As Jimmy pleads to Lorrell through his music, Deena trys to help Lorrell figure through her situation, and Michelle convinces the bitter and frustrated C.C. to go find his sister and reconcile with her ("Quintette").


Mid-way through "I Meant You No Harm", Jimmy falls apart and decides that he "can't sing any more sad songs". Desperate to keep his set going, Jimmy launches into a wild, improvised funk number ("The Rap") and drops his pants during the performance. An embarrassed Curtis fires Jimmy as soon as the set is over, and Lorrell ends her affair with Jimmy as well. The heartbroken Jimmy fades away into obscurity, refusing to "crawl" or "beg" for Curtis' help. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Marty arranges for C.C. to meet and reconcile with Effie at a recording studio ("I Miss You, Old Friend"). C.C. apologizes for his role in handicapping her career, and Effie records C.C.'s "One Night Only" in its original ballad format. "One Night Only" begins climbing the charts, causing an enraged Curtis to not only rush-release Deena & the Dreams' version, but to use massive amounts of payola to push Deena's version up the charts and Effie's version down ("One Night Only (Disco)"). Effie, C.C., and Marty discover Curtis' scheme and confront him backstage at a Dreams concert, threatening legal action ("I'm Somebody", "Chicago"). As Curtis makes arrangements with Effie's lawyer to reverse his wrongdoings, Effie and Deena reconcile (and Deena learns that Effie's daughter Magic is Curtis' child). Relizing what kind of a man Curtis is, Deena finally finds the courage to leave him and live her own life. One Night Only is a song from the 1981 Broadway musical Dreamgirls, with lyrics by Tom Eyen and music by Henry Krieger. ... One Night Only is a song from the 1981 Broadway musical Dreamgirls, with lyrics by Tom Eyen and music by Henry Krieger. ...


Effie's "One Night Only" becomes a number-one hit, as the Dreams break up so that Deena can pursue her movie career ("Hard to Say Goodbye, My Love"). For the final number of the Dreams' farewell concert, Effie rejoins the group on stage, and all four Dreams sing their signature song - "Dreamgirls" - one last time.


Notes

  • 1 The original Act II opening was a medley reprising the songs "Dreamgirls", "Move (You're Steppin' on My Heart)", "Love Love Me Baby", "Family", "Heavy", and "Cadillac Car", performed by Deena Jones & the Dreams, followed by most of the company participating in a reprise of "Press Conference". When the musical's national tour began in 1983, the Act II opening was changed to consist of a reprise of "Dreamgirls", and the performance of a new song, "Step on Over".

History

Jennifer Holliday, who originated the role of Effie White, gave an acclaimed stage performance of "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going" for the 1982 Tony Awards ceremony, where she won Best Lead Actress in a Musical.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 267 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (320 × 719 pixel, file size: 35 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jennifer Holliday during the Tony Awards File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 267 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (320 × 719 pixel, file size: 35 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jennifer Holliday during the Tony Awards File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... And I Am Telling You Im Not Going is a song from the Broadway musical Dreamgirls, with lyrics by Tom Eyen and music by Henry Krieger. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ...

Original Broadway production

Dreamgirls had its beginnings as a project for Nell Carter. Playwright Tom Eyen and composer Henry Krieger first worked together on the 1975 musical version of Eyen's play The Dirtiest Show in Town. Carter appeared in the musical, and her performance inspired Eyen and Krieger to craft a musical about Black back-up singers, which was originally called One Night Only and then given the working title of Project #9 [2]. Project #9 was workshopped for Joseph Papp; Carter was joined at this time by Sheryl Lee Ralph and Loretta Devine, who were to play her groupmates. The project was shelved after Carter departed to appear in the soap opera Ryan's Hope in 1978. Nell Carter, as Nell Harper on Gimme a Break! Nell Carter (September 13, 1948 – January 23, 2003) was an American singer and film, stage and television actress. ... Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ... Henry Krieger is an American composer who wrote the music for Dreamgirls, Side Show, and other works of musical theatre. ... Joseph Papp (1921 - 1991) was an American theatre producer and director. ... Sheryl Lee Ralph (born on December 30, 1956 in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA) is an African-American actress and singer of Jamaican descent, best known for her work in musical theatre productions such as Dreamgirls, her co-starring role in the 1980s television sitcom Its A Living and as Brandy... Loretta Devine Loretta Devine (born August 21, 1949 in Houston, Texas) is an American actress. ... For Philippine soap opera, see Teleserye. ... Ryans Hope was a soap opera which aired for fourteen years on ABC, from July 7, 1975 to January 13, 1989. ...


A year later, Project #9 was brought back to the table, after catching the interest of successful Broadway director/producer/choreographer Michael Bennett. Ralph and Devine returned, and Bennett had Eyen, who was to direct, begin workshopping Big Dreams, as the musical was now known. Joining the cast at this time were Ben Harney, Obba Babatunde, Cleavant Derricks, and twenty-year-old gospel singer Jennifer Holliday as Carter's replacement (after Carter accepted an offer from NBC to star in Gimme a Break). However, Holliday left the project during the workshopping phase, as she disliked the material and was upset that her character, Effie White, died at the conclusion of the first act. Eyen, Bennett, and Krieger continued to iron out the story and songs. Cheryl Gaines and Phyllis Hyman were both considered as replacements for Holliday. Bennett on the cover of his 1990 biography by Kevin Kelly Michael Bennett (April 8, 1943 - July 2, 1987) was a Tony Award-winning American musical theater director, writer, choreographer, and dancer. ... Ben Harney is a Broadway actor and dancer who was active in his career between 1972 to 1985. ... Obba Babatundé (born December, 1951, in Queens, New York) is an American actor of both stage and screen that is known for an Emmy-nominated performance in the television movie Miss Evers Boys, and NAACP Image Award-nominated performance in the TV movie Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, and a Tony Award... Cleavant Derricks is best known as a star of the television series Sliders and should not be confused with the prolific songwriter Cleavant Derricks. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Opening titles from 1983. ... Phyllis Hyman (July 6, 1949 - June 30, 1995) was a soul singer, model and actress. ...


After two mildly successful workshops which included actress Jenifer Lewis as Effie, Holliday returned to the project, now known as Dream Girls. However, she found Effie's role had been reduced significantly in favor of Sheryl Lee Ralph's Deena character, and Holliday eventually quit the project again. After acquiring funding from music industry mogul David Geffen and fellow co-financiers ABC Entertainment, Metromedia, and the Shubert family, Bennett called Holliday back and agreed to rewrite the show's second act and build up her character.[3] Jenifer Lewis Jenifer Jeanette Lewis (born on January 25, 1957 in Kinloch, Missouri) is an American actress. ... David Lawrence Geffen (born February 21, 1943) is a record executive, film and theatrical producer, and philanthropist. ... The Shubert family of New York City, New York is synonymous with theatre in the United States and the creation of the Broadway district as the pinnacle for theatrical productions. ...


The original Broadway production of Dreamgirls was staged at the Imperial Theatre on Broadway. It starred Sheryl Lee Ralph as Deena Jones, Jennifer Holliday as Effie White, Loretta Devine as Lorrell Robinson, Ben Harney as Curtis Taylor, Jr., Cleavant Derricks as James "Thunder" Early, and Obba Babatunde as C. C. White. Dreamgirls proved to be a star-making vehicle for several of its performers, particularly Holliday, whose performance as Effie received significant praise. The Imperial Theater can also refer to the Imperial Garden Theater in Tokyo, Japan The Imperial Theater was the Schubert brothers fiftieth theater in New York City. ...


Dreamgirls was nominated for thirteen Tony Awards, including the Tony Award for Best Musical, and eventually won six: Best Book of a Musical, Best Actor in a Musical (Ben Harney), Best Actress in a Musical (Jennifer Holliday), Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Cleavant Derricks), Best Lighting Design (Tharon Musser), and Best Choreography (Michael Bennett & Michael Peters).[4] Holliday's recording of Effie's solo "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going" was the top #1 single on the Billboard in 1982. For the Dreamgirls original cast recording, the producers decided to present the complex musical sequences as individual songs, cutting approximately half of the score. The cast recording won two Grammy awards, Best Musical Album and Best Vocal Performance for Jennifer Holliday's "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going". What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... The Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who was voted as the best actor in a musical play, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who is voted the best non-starring actor in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... Cleavant Derricks is best known as a star of the television series Sliders and should not be confused with the prolific songwriter Cleavant Derricks. ... The Tony Award winners for Best Lighting Design are: In 2005, the award was split into Best Lighting Design of a Play and Best Lighting Design of a Musical. ... The tony award for Choreography has been awarded since 1949. ... And I Am Telling You Im Not Going is a song from the Broadway musical Dreamgirls, with lyrics by Tom Eyen and music by Henry Krieger. ... Dreamgirls: Original Broadway Cast Album is the cast album for the original Broadway production of the musical Dreamgirls, which debuted at the Imperial Theatre on December 20, 1981. ...


Phylicia Rashad (then known as Phylicia Ayers-Allen), later famous as Bill Cosby's TV wife on The Cosby Show, was a member of the musical's company. Rashad was also Sheryl Lee Ralph's understudy; but when Ralph left the production, Rashad was not offered her role, and subsequently left the cast. In a Mothers Day survey, Rashads character on The Cosby Show, Claire Huxtable, was named, TV mom closest to your own mom in spirit. ... William Henry Bill Cosby, Jr. ... This article contains a trivia section. ...


Dreamgirls "On the Road" and Broadway revival

Michael Bennett took Dreamgirls on an abbreviated national tour in 1983, with Jennifer Holliday remaining as Effie, but with Larry Riley, Linda Leilani Brown, Arnetia Walker, Lawrence Clayton, and Cleavant Derricks' twin brother Clinton Derricks-Carroll as her co-stars. Because of high costs, only three shows were played before the road production was dissolved. A second tour began in 1985, with Sharon Brown as Effie. By 1987, Lillias White, Jennifer Holliday's original understudy, had taken over the role, and the tour ended with a Broadway revival at the Ambassador Theatre. By this time, Michael Bennett had fallen ill due to AIDS-related complications, and he died on July 2, 1987. Larry Riley is an American actor, best known to television viewers for his role as Frank Williams in the prime-time soap opera Knots Landing. ... Arnetia Walker (b. ... Actor, Musician. ... Lillias White on the poster for the Sydney production of her one-woman show Lillias White (born July 21, 1951) is an award-winning American singer and actress. ... The Ambassador Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...


After its success on Broadway, Dreamgirls has been frequently produced and presented. A 2001 Broadway concert performance starring Lillias White, Audra McDonald, Heather Headley, Billy Porter and Norm Lewis was recorded and released in its entirety on CD. During the early 2000s, American Idol contestant Frenchie Davis gained praise for her role as Effie in several productions of Dreamgirls. In late 2005 and early 2006, the Prince Music Theater in Philadelphia produced a critically acclaimed revival of the show which extended for over three months. The production team included director Richard Parison, music director Jesse Vargas, and choreographer Mercedes Ellington. The production was courted by several Broadway and commercial producers. Composer Henry Krieger was said to have praised the revival as the most authentic since the original Broadway production. Audra McDonald Audra McDonald is an American singer and four-time Tony Award-winning actress. ... Heather Headley on the cover of her 2002 debut album This Is Who I Am Heather Headley (born October 5, 1974) is a Grammy nominated R&B singer from Trinidad and Tobago. ... Norm Lewis is an African-American Broadway actor currently enrolled with the revival of Les Miserables as Javert. ... AMERICAN IDOL HAS BEEN CANCELLED DUE TO DEATH OF SIMON ... Franchelle Frenchie Davis (born November 18, 1979) is a former American Idol contestant who was disqualified in 2003 for appearing in topless photos on the Internet. ...


The Dreams and The Supremes

The basic plot of Dreamgirls is derived from the history of The Supremes, a girl-group from Detroit, Michigan, which was Motown's most successful group act during the 1960s.[5] Effie White is a doppelgänger for Florence Ballard, original lead singer of the Supremes; the character's vocal stylings and personality are based upon Aretha Franklin and Etta James. Diana Ross, who became the central focus of the Supremes and later left the group to pursue a solo career and a brief venture into films, is here adapted into the character of Deena Jones. Supremes member Mary Wilson is represented by Lorrell Robinson. Curtis Taylor, Jr., represents Berry Gordy, Jr., the founder of Motown, who pushed the Supremes towards pop success and became romantically involved with Ross. James "Thunder" Early is depicted as a representative of soul singers such as James Brown, Little Richard, Marvin Gaye, and Jackie Wilson. C. C. White is a collective representative for The Supremes' songwriters, who included the Holland-Dozier-Holland team and Smokey Robinson. Michelle Morris is representative of Cindy Birdsong, Florence Ballard's replacement in The Supremes, which was renamed "Diana Ross & the Supremes" at the time of that line-up change. The Supremes were a Motown all-female singing group. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Founded 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area  - City  143. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Florence Glenda Ballard Chapman, nicknamed Flo or Blondie, (June 30, 1943 – February 22, 1976) was an American singer, and one of the original lead singers of the Motown act The Supremes. ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American soul, R&B, and gospel singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins January 25, 1938 in Los Angeles, California) is an American Blues, R&B and Gospel singer. ... Diana Ross (born Diane Ernestine Earle Ross[1] on March 26, 1944) is an American singer and actress, whose musical repertoire spans R&B, soul, disco, and pop. ... Mary Wilson (born 6 March 1944 in Greenville, Mississippi) is an American singer best known for her work as a member of the Motown soul and pop group The Supremes. ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933[2] – December 25, 2006), commonly referred to as The Godfather of Soul and The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, was an American entertainer recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music. ... Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), better known by the stage name Little Richard, is an American singer, songwriter, and pianist, who began performing in the 1940s and recording from 1951. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Jackie Wilson Jack Leroy Jackie Wilson (June 9, 1934 – January 21, 1984) was an American soul and R&B singer, born in Detroit, Michigan. ... Holland-Dozier-Holland is a songwriting and production team made up of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian Holland and Edward Holland, Jr. ... William Smokey Robinson, Sr. ... Cindy Birdsong (center) with The Supremes in 1970, on the cover of the Right On LP. Cindy Birdsong (born Cynthia Ann Birdsong on December 15, 1939 in Camden, New Jersey) is an African-American singer. ...


Dreamgirls is most dissimilar from The Supremes' story in its second act, which ends with Effie finding success as a solo performer. In real life, Florence Ballard's solo career was unsuccessful and the singer sank into poverty, depression, and alcoholism, dying of cardiac arrest at the age of thirty-two in 1976, just after her career had been revived. The play also shows inspiration from the 1976 feature film Sparkle, which itself was inspired by The Supremes' story. Sparkle is a 1976 blaxploitation film directed by Sam OSteen and released by Warner Bros. ...


Michael Bennett, Henry Krieger, Tom Eyen, and the Dreamgirls producers denied and downplayed the connections between the musical's plot and the Supremes' life stories, hoping to avoid legal issues from Motown Records and Diana Ross. Mary Wilson loved Dreamgirls, and even named her first autobiography, Dreamgirl: My Life as a Supreme, after it. Diana Ross, however, was reportedly angered by the musical, and expressed her dislike of it in the media. Though the Deena character mirrors Diana Ross, Sheryl Lee Ralph stands to the fact that she was not trying to imitate Ross, but portrayed Deena in a similar yet distinct style. Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ...


Film adaptation

Main article: Dreamgirls (film)

David Geffen, founder of Geffen Records and one of the play's financiers, leased the Dreamgirls film rights to Warner Bros. in the 1980s through his Geffen Pictures company. Although the film was announced several times, with singers such as Whitney Houston (as Deena), Lauryn Hill (another Deena candidate), and Kelly Price (as Effie) tapped to star, the studio eventually abandoned the project.[6] Geffen eventually leased the rights to DreamWorks SKG, a company he co-founded, and Paramount Pictures in 2004. Laurence Mark served as producer of the DreamWorks/Paramount adaptation of Dreamgirls, written and directed by Bill Condon, who had earned an Oscar nomination for his screenplay adaptation of Chicago. Dreamgirls is a 2006 American musical film jointly produced and released by DreamWorks Pictures and Paramount Pictures. ... David Lawrence Geffen (born February 21, 1943) is a record executive, film and theatrical producer, and philanthropist. ... Warner Bros. ... David Geffen (born February 21, 1943) is an American music producer and gay record executive. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born on August 9, 1963), is a multiple Grammy Award winning American R&B/Pop Diva, actress, film producer, and former fashion model. ... Lauryn Noel Hill (born May 25, 1975) is an eight-time Grammy award winning musician, and record producer. ... Kelly Price on the cover of her 2003 album Priceless Kelly Price (born April 4, 1973 in Queens, New York) is a Grammy Award-nominated American R&B and soul singer, the flagship female artist on the Def Soul label. ... The DreamWorks Boy on the Moon Logo DreamWorks SKG (Spielberg, Katzenberg, Geffen) is a Big Ten studio in the United States of America which develops, produces, and distributes films, music, and television programming. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Laurence Mark (born in New York City) is an American film producer. ... William Bill Condon (born New York, October 22, 1955) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Chicago is an Academy Award-winning 2002 film adaptation of the satirical stage musical Chicago, about celebrity and scandal in Jazz age Chicago. ...


The film adaptation of Dreamgirls stars Jamie Foxx as Curtis, Beyoncé Knowles as Deena, Eddie Murphy as Jimmy, Danny Glover as Marty, Jennifer Hudson as Effie, Anika Noni Rose as Lorrell, Keith Robinson as C.C., Sharon Leal as Michelle, and Hinton Battle as Wayne. Dreamgirls was first exhibited in special ten-day road show engagements beginning December 15, 2006. Subsequently, the film went into national release on December 25, 2006.[7] Loretta Devine, who originated the Lorrell role, has a cameo role as a jazz singer in the film. Two other alumni of the Broadway production - Hinton Battle (a James "Thunder" Early replacement) and Yvette Cason (Charlene; Effie White understudy) - also appear. While much of the material remains the same as that of the stage musical, some of the stage musical's songs (most notably "Ain't No Party") were removed, and four new songs were added. A number of changes were made to the story as well, including the additions of more overt references to The Supremes and Motown, and the relocation of the story's main setting from Chicago to Detroit. Jamie Foxx (born Eric Marlon Bishop on December 13, 1967) is an American actor, R&B singer, pianist, and comedian. ... Beyoncé Chantelle Knowles (born September 4, 1981) is an R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, actress, fashion designer and model. ... Edward Eddie Regan Murphy (born April 3, 1961, Brooklyn, New York City[1]) is an Academy Award nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... Danny Lebern Glover[1] (born July 22, 1946) is an American actor and film director. ... Jennifer Kate Hudson (born September 12, 1981) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and singer. ... Anika Noni Rose (born September 6, 1972 in Bloomfield, Connecticut) is a Tony Award winning American singer and actress. ... Keith Robinson is an American actor best known for his role in Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue as Joel Rawlings. ... Sharon Leal (born on October 17, 1972 in Tucson, Arizona) is an actress of Filipino and African American descent. ... Hinton Battle (b. ... Many of the most spectacular films ever made were shown as road show attractions. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Yvette Cason, a television and film actress, is a former Miss Black America from Washington, D.C. She was an understudy for the character of Effie White in the original 1981 Broadway musical Dreamgirls. ...


To give the story more exposure for the upcoming film release, DreamWorks Pictures and the licensee of the original play, The Tams-Witmark Music Library, announced that they would pay the licensing fees for all non-professional stage performances of Dreamgirls for the calendar year of 2006. DreamWorks hoped to encourage amateur productions of Dreamgirls, and familiarize a wider audience with the play. As a result, more than fifty high schools, colleges, community theaters, and other non-commercial theater entities staged productions of Dreamgirls in 2006, and DreamWorks spent up to $250,000 subsidizing the licensing. [8]


Opening night cast

Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... Sheryl Lee Ralph (born on December 30, 1956 in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA) is an African-American actress and singer of Jamaican descent, best known for her work in musical theatre productions such as Dreamgirls, her co-starring role in the 1980s television sitcom Its A Living and as Brandy... Loretta Devine Loretta Devine (born August 21, 1949 in Houston, Texas) is an American actress. ... Ben Harney is a Broadway actor and dancer who was active in his career between 1972 to 1985. ... Cleavant Derricks is best known as a star of the television series Sliders and should not be confused with the prolific songwriter Cleavant Derricks. ... Obba Babatundé (born in Queens, New York) is an African American actor of both stage and screen that is known for an Emmy-nominated performance in the television movie Miss Evers Boys, and NAACP Image Award-nominated perfomance in the TV movie Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, and a Tony Award-nominated... Vondie Curtis-Hall (born September 30, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an African-American actor and film director. ...

Awards and nominations

Tony Awards

Wins:

  • Best Book of a Musical (Tom Eyen)
  • Best Lead Actor in a Musical (Ben Harney)
  • Best Lead Actress in a Musical (Jennifer Holliday)
  • Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Cleavant Derricks)
  • Best Choreography (Michael Bennett & Michael Peters)
  • Best Lighting Design (Tharon Musser)

Nominations: Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ... Ben Harney is a Broadway actor and dancer who was active in his career between 1972 to 1985. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... Cleavant Derricks is best known as a star of the television series Sliders and should not be confused with the prolific songwriter Cleavant Derricks. ...

Bennett on the cover of his 1990 biography by Kevin Kelly Michael Bennett (April 8, 1943 - July 2, 1987) was a Tony Award-winning American musical theater director, writer, choreographer, and dancer. ... Sheryl Lee Ralph (born on December 30, 1956 in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA) is an African-American actress and singer of Jamaican descent, best known for her work in musical theatre productions such as Dreamgirls, her co-starring role in the 1980s television sitcom Its A Living and as Brandy... Obba Babatundé (born December, 1951, in Queens, New York) is an American actor of both stage and screen that is known for an Emmy-nominated performance in the television movie Miss Evers Boys, and NAACP Image Award-nominated performance in the TV movie Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, and a Tony Award... Henry Krieger is an American composer who wrote the music for Dreamgirls, Side Show, and other works of musical theatre. ... Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ...

Drama Desk Awards

Wins:

  • Best Book of a Musical (Tom Eyen)
  • Best Lead Actress in a Musical (Jennifer Holliday)
  • Best Featured Actor in a Musical (Cleavant Derricks)
  • Best Lighting Design (Tharon Musser)
  • Best Scenic Design (Robin Wagner)

Nominations: Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... Cleavant Derricks is best known as a star of the television series Sliders and should not be confused with the prolific songwriter Cleavant Derricks. ...

Bennett on the cover of his 1990 biography by Kevin Kelly Michael Bennett (April 8, 1943 - July 2, 1987) was a Tony Award-winning American musical theater director, writer, choreographer, and dancer. ... Sheryl Lee Ralph (born on December 30, 1956 in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA) is an African-American actress and singer of Jamaican descent, best known for her work in musical theatre productions such as Dreamgirls, her co-starring role in the 1980s television sitcom Its A Living and as Brandy... Ben Harney is a Broadway actor and dancer who was active in his career between 1972 to 1985. ... Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ...

Grammy Awards

  • Best Cast Show Album - Winner
  • Best Female Performance, R&B (Jennifer Holliday - "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going") - Winner

Sample

Image File history File links JHolliday-AndIAmTellingYou-1982. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Jennifer Holliday (born Jennifer-Yvette Holliday on October 19, 1960 in Riverside, Texas) is an American singer and actress. ... Dreamgirls: Original Broadway Cast Album is the cast album for the original Broadway production of the musical Dreamgirls, which debuted at the Imperial Theatre on December 20, 1981. ...

See also

Dreamgirls: Original Broadway Cast Album is the cast album for the original Broadway production of the musical Dreamgirls, which debuted at the Imperial Theatre on December 20, 1981. ... Dreamgirls is a 2006 American musical film jointly produced and released by DreamWorks Pictures and Paramount Pictures. ... The Supremes were a Motown all-female singing group. ... Mary Wilson (born 6 March 1944 in Greenville, Mississippi) is an American singer best known for her work as a member of the Motown soul and pop group The Supremes. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Tom Eyen denied that he had the Supremes in mind when he wrote the book. "I didn’t grow up with the Supremes, I grew up with the Shirelles. Dreamgirls isn’t about any one group. It’s a cavalcade of black Motown singers, ...all larger than life." retrieved February 27, 2007.
  2. ^ One Singular Sensation: The Michael Bennett Story, by Kevin Kelly, Doubleday, 1990
  3. ^ Hill, Jeremy. "Pre-Broadway. Dreamgirls: Your Virtual Coffee Table Book of the Musical.
  4. ^ "Past Winners Search Results." TonyAwards.com. Retrieved from http://www.tonyawards.com/p/tonys_search?start=0&year=&award=&lname=&fname=&show=%3Ci%3EDreamgirls%3C%2Fi%3E on November 11, 2006.
  5. ^ Fotenot, Robert (2005). "American Idol's Jennifer Hudson as the Supremes' Florence Ballard?" Retrieved from http://oldies.about.com/b/a/220110.htm?terms=jennifer+holliday on November 11, 2006.
  6. ^ Hill, Jeremy. "Film Version (2006): History". Dreamgirls: Your Virtual Coffee Table Book of the Musical.
  7. ^ McClintock, Pamela (Nov. 6, 2006). "D'Works takes 'Girls' on road." Daily Variety. Retrieved from http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117953449.html?categoryid=13&cs=1&s=h&p=0 on November 11, 2006.
  8. ^ Olsen, Mark (Dec. 12, 2006). "One stage of film's marketing is on stage". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.calendarlive.com/printedition/calendar/cl-et-dreamgirls12dec12,0,693678.story on December 15, 2006

Tom Eyen Tom Eyen (August 14, 1940 - May 26, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning, Grammy Award-winning, and Emmy Award-nominated playwright, lyricist, television writer, and theatre director. ...

References

  • Hill, Jeremy. Dreamgirls: Your Virtual Coffee Table Book of the Musical. Retrieved from http://www.graiai.com/dreamgirls/ on November 10, 2006.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
DREAMGIRLS (1462 words)
I am a huge fan of Dreamgirls and I am excited that it is finally being made into a movie.
And it wasn't 10 seconds he drove by and gave me the whole scoop on "Dreamgirls." He said the girl is stealing the movie.
They said she stops the movie, and the applause, as was the case for those of you, like myself, who saw Jennifer Holliday, it was an amazing moment in the theatre.
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