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Encyclopedia > Draza Mihailovic

Dragoljub "Drazha" Mihailovich (Драгољуб Дража Михаиловић, also Čiča, Draža Mihailović), (April 26, 1893July 17, 1946) was a Serbian general who became a war hero in World War I and who later led the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland aka: Chetniks during World War II. U.S. president Harry S. Truman posthumously awarded him the "Legion of Merit" for the rescue of 500 American Airmen by Chetniks during World War II. April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Chetniks (Serbian Četnici, Четници) were a Serbian nationalist and royalist organization with origins in the 19th century struggle against the Ottoman Empire. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government Official website of the United States government - Gateway to governmental sites White House - Official site of the US President Senate. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Legion of Merit medal The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces which is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...

Gen. Dragoljub Mihailovich
Gen. Dragoljub Mihailovich

Mihailović went to the Serbian military academy in October 1910 and as a cadet fought in the Balkan Wars 19121913. In July 1913 he was given rank of Second Lieutenant as the top soldier in his class. He served in World War I and together with Serbian army marched to Albania in 1915 during the long retreat of the Serbian army. He later received several decorations for his achievements on the Salonica front. Gen. ... Gen. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The outcome as of April 1913 The Balkan Wars were two wars in South-eastern Europe in 1912-1913 in the course of which the Balkan League (Serbia, Montenegro, Greece, and Bulgaria) first conquered Ottoman-held Macedonia and most of Thrace and then fell out of fellowship over the division... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Thessaloníki (Θεσσαλονίκη) is the second-largest city of Greece and is the principal, the largest city and the capital of the Greek region of Macedonia. ...


Between the wars he became a staff officer (elite of Serbian/Yugoslav army) and achieved the rank of colonel. He also served as military attaché in Sofia and Prague. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Colonel Colonel is a military rank, usually the highest below general grades, and just above Lieutenant Colonel. ... An attaché is a person who is assigned to the staff of a diplomatic mission and often has special responsibilities or expertise. ... The city of Sofia (Bulgarian: София), at the foot of the Vitosha mountain, has a population of 1,208,930 (2003), and is the biggest city and capital of the Republic of Bulgaria. ... Prague (Praha in Czech) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ...


His military carrier almost came to a abrupt end after several incidents, the most dangerous one being the idea of dividing Yugoslav army along nationalist lines into (Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes), for which he got 30 days imprisonment. World War II found Mihailovich occupying a minor position of assistant to chief of staff of the Second Army. Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (where theyre one of the constitutive nations). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...


Following the Yugoslav defeat by Germany in April 1941, a small group of officers and soldiers led by Mihailović refused to surrender, and retreated in hope of finding Yugoslav army units still fighting in mountains. After arriving at Ravna Gora,Serbia on May 8, he realized that his group of seven officers and twenty four non-commissioned officers and soldiers was the only one. 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ravna Gora (in Serbia) is a meadow in Serbia, on which Chobans (shepheards) used to heard their sheeps. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ...


At Ravna Gora, Mihailović organized the Chetniks detachment of the Yugoslav Army, which became the Military-chetnik detachments and finally Yugoslav Army of the Homeland (Jugoslovenska vojska u otadžbini). Chetniks (Serbian Četnici, Четници) were an organization of Yugoslavs (mostly Serbs) who supported the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and formed a notable resistance force during World War II. The name is derived from the Serbian word četa which means company (of about 100 men). ...


The first Chetnik formations led by Mihailović were formed around Ravna Gora on June 14th,. The stated goal of the Chetniks was the liberation of the country from the occupying armies including the forces of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Ustase (the fascist regime of the Croatia). June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian far-right organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ...


However, he decided against a mass uprising because of catastrophical Serb losses in World War I, in which the Kingdom of Serbia lost a quarter of its male population to the war. Instead, Mihailović gathered logistics in men and weapons, waiting for an Allied landing in the Balkans. A WW I uprising leader and former Chetnik himself, Kosta Milovanović Pećanac, opposed this view and opted for cooperation with the Germans against the Communists. Pećanac and Mihailović became rivals, both claiming to the Chetnik heritage and with Pećanac commanding a much smaller allegiance than Mihailović. Because of his open collaboration with the Germans, Pećanac was shot in 1944 by Mihailović Chetniks for treason upon his capture. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...

German Warrant on Draza Mihailović, 1943
German Warrant on Draza Mihailović, 1943

The British Special Operations Executive were being sent to aid Mihailović's forces beginning with the autumn of 1941. Mihailović rose in rank, becoming the Minister of War of the exile government in January 11, 1942 and General and Deputy Commander-in-Chief on June 17 the same year. Download high resolution version (462x641, 29 KB)German Warrant on Draza Mihailović, offered a reward of 100,000 gold marks for the capture of Mihailović, dead or alive, 1943. ... Download high resolution version (462x641, 29 KB)German Warrant on Draza Mihailović, offered a reward of 100,000 gold marks for the capture of Mihailović, dead or alive, 1943. ... The Special Operations Executive (SOE), often called the Baker Street Irregulars after Sherlock Holmess fictional group of spies, was a World War II organisation initiated by Winston Churchill in July of 1940 as a mechanism for conducting warfare by means other than direct military engagement. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ...


In 1943, the Germans decided to pursue the Chetniks in the northern zone, and offered a reward of 100,000 gold marks for the capture of Mihailović, dead or alive. 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


The Chetniks were forced to move to eastern Bosnia where they engaged in heavy combat with the Ustaše, resulting in several incidents of war crimes against people who supported the other faction. It is unclear however how much say Mihailovic himself had in these incidents. The Chetnik movement was highly decentralized, and in that way was more like a collective of many small regional guerrillas which shared the same name, rather than a unified army under complete control of Mihailovic and his staff. Chetniks (Serbian Četnici, Четници) were a Serbian nationalist and royalist organization with origins in the 19th century struggle against the Ottoman Empire. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...



By the middle of 1943, the partisan movement had successfully survived an intense period of Axis pressure, while the Chetniks had almost entirely abandoned anti-fascist activities in favour of fighting the partisans. Consequently, at the Tehran Conference in November 1943, a decision was made by the Allies to cease their support of the Chetniks, and switch allegiances to Tito's Partisans who were the main anti-fascist resistance group in Yugoslavia. 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... From left to right, Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill The Tehran Conference was the meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill between November 28 and December 1, 1943 that took place in Tehran, Iran. ... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ...



Towards the end of the war, Mihailovic went into hiding in East Bosnia. He was captured on March 12, 1946 by agents of OZNA (Odsjek Zastite Naroda — Department of National Security) . Tried for high treason and war crimes from June 10 to July 15, he was found guilty and sentenced to death by firing squad on July 15th. The Presidium of the National Assembly rejected the clemency appeal on July 16. He was executed together with nine other officers in the early hours of 18 July 1946, in Lisiciji Potok, about 200 meters from the former Royal Palace, and buried in an unmarked grave on the same spot. His main prosecutor was Milos Minic, later minister of foreign affairs for the Communist government of Yugoslavia and an ethnic Serb. March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... OZNA - Odeljenje za Zaštitu Naroda (lit. ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


His execution was a sticking point in FrancoYugoslav relations and Charles de Gaulle refused to visit Yugoslavia on account of refusing to meet Mihailovich's adversary Marshal Tito, whom he accused of de-facto killing his rival. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the North Sea, and from the Rhine River to the Atlantic Ocean; it is bordered by the United Kingdom, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... This article refers to the former French president, Charles de Gaulle. ...


Due to the efforts of Major Richard L. Felman and his friends, President Harry S. Truman, on the recommendation of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, posthumously awarded Mihailovich the "Legion of Merit", for the rescue of American Airmens by Chetniks. For the first time in history, this high award and the story of the rescue was classified secret by the State Department so as not to offend the communist government of Yugoslavia. Richard L. Felman was born in the Bronx, New York City, on May 29th, 1921. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Order: 34th President Vice President: Richard Nixon Term of office: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Preceded by: Harry S. Truman Succeeded by: John F. Kennedy Date of birth: October 14, 1890 Place of birth: Denison, Texas Date of death: March 28, 1969 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First... Legion of Merit medal The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces which is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ...


Almost 60 years later, on May 9, 2005 Draza Mihailovic's daughter, Gordana has been presented with a decoration bestowed posthumously on Draza Mihailovic by President Truman in 1948, for the assistance provided to the crews of US bombers that were gunned down on the territory under Chetnik control in World War II. May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The surname Truman is usually English in origin. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
In Memoriam: Draza Mihailovich (3217 words)
Draza and his sister Jelica lost their father to tuberculosis in 1895, the year Jelica was born.
Mihailovic was sent to France for further military training, Mihailovic was fluent in French and during his stay, he befriended a French officer, Charles de Gaulle.
Draza also refereed to his movement as the Nationalist movement, to differentiate himself form the other movements, such as Kosta Pecanac leader of the group called the Chetniks, which were allied with the Germans.
MOVEMENT OF SERBIAN CHETNIKS RAVNE GORE (2876 words)
Mihailovic was then engulfed by frustration and regret, feelings which arose from previous years' misunderstandings and the fact that through those years, he was in the right.
Although Mihailovic was very shaken by the King's speech, he felt that "one shouldn't succumb to the influences of one act, whose objectives lie in the war plans of our great allies." His dedication to the monarchy and his country was greater than that of the King's.
Mihailovic's wife, their older son Branko, and their daughter Gordana were repeatedly imprisoned by the Germans, interrogated, and held as hostages.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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