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Encyclopedia > Dramma giocoso

Dramma giocoso (Italian: 'comical drama'; plural: drammi giocosi) is the name of a genre of comic operas with its origins in the mid-18th century. A dramma giocoso often has a sentimental or pathetic plot bordering on tragedy, rather than the traditional lighthearted comic plots, and it is thus situated midway between the opera seria and opera buffa. The genre developed in the Neapolitan opera tradition, mainly through the work of the playwright Carlo Goldoni in Venice. Characteristic of drammi giocosi is the technique of a grand buffo scene as a dramatic climax at the end of an act. Comic opera is a subcategory of opera, and denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature. ... Opera seria is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and serious style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1720s to ca 1770. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Comic opera. ... Carlo Goldoni (February 25, 1707 - February 6, 1793) was an Italian dramatist and one of the most famous Italian writers of the period. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia) 45°26′N 12°19′E, the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice in Italy. ... In theater, an act (noun) is a short performance that is part of a longer program. ...


Drammi giocosi were written by Galuppi, Piccinni and Haydn, but the only work of this genre that is still frequently staged is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 's and Lorenzo da Ponte's opera Don Giovanni from 1787. Niccolo Piccinni (January 16, 1728 - May 7, 1800) was an Italian composer of classical music. ... Franz Joseph Haydn (March 31 or April 1, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was a leading composer of the Classical period, called the Father of the Symphony and Father of the String Quartet. A life-long resident of Austria, Haydn spent most of his career as a court musician for the... Mozart drawing by Doris Stock, 1789 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart; January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) is among the most significant and enduringly popular composers of European classical music. ... Lorenzo Da Ponte (March 10, 1749 - August 17, 1838) was an Italian librettist. ... Don Giovanni is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ...


References

Eberhard Thiel, Sachwörterbuch der Musik. Stuttgart: Kröner, 1984.


 
 

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