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Encyclopedia > Dragoon Trace

Indian Removal of 1845


The Dragoon Trace is a historic trail that runs north and south through central Iowa and Missouri, including Ringgold County. It was originally made by the migration of animals, such as buffalo and deer. Because the Indians knew the animals had searched out the best place to cross the creeks and rivers, they too traveled this narrow path. Later used by the pioneers, this was the road to change Iowa's civilization. History is often used as a generic term for information about the past, such as in geologic history of the Earth. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of human societies. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Ringgold County is a county located in the state of Iowa. ...


In 1843, Fort Des Moines, the second post by that name, was built at the confluence of the Raccoon and Des Moines River for the protection of the Sac and Fox Nation from enemy Sioux and white encroachment until cession of the Three-Year Tract. For the next two years, the Indians lived harmoniously in three separate groups not far from the fort. After receiving their annuity payment in the fall of 1845, the Indians mournfully made ready to vacate their beloved Iowa. Des Moines River - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Massika, on left a Sac and Wakusasse, a Fox, painted in 1833, showing traditional Eastern Woodlands hairstyle of shaved side hair and added deerhair roach The Sac and Fox Nation is the modern political entity encompassing the historical Sac and Fox nations of Native Americans. ... Wahktageli (Gallant Warrior), a Yankton Sioux chief (Karl Bodmer) Funeral scaffold of a Sioux chief (Karl Bodmer) Horse racing of the Sioux Indians (Karl Bodmer) The Sioux (IPA ) are a Native American people. ...


Keokuk let the Sac people single file out of Iowa on September 10, 1845 down the Draggon Trace to Fort Leavenworth. The braves, women, and children were reported to be half wrapped in blankets, some riding ponies, some ponies only carrying bundles of belongings, others walking silently, single file with sadly bowed heads. Keokuk is a city located in Lee County, Iowa. ... In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ...


Wishecomaque (Hardfish) led a small band of Sac that kept to themselves because they were the remnanats of Black Hawk's tribe and bitter from having lost so many loved ones during the Black Hawk War. Eventually, they too followed Keokuk's footsteps down the Trace a few days later. Blackhawk/Black Hawk, see Black Hawk. ... Combatants United States Sauk Nation Commanders Henry Atkinson Henry Dodge Adam Snyder Isaiah Stillman Samuel Whiteside Black Hawk Strength 2,000 Miltia 1,500 Regulars volunteers? Indian allies ? 1000 The majority were women and children Casualties 33 killed in action 39 non-combatants killed 450-600 The Black Hawk War...


In one last effort to delay the move, Poweshiek asked that his Mesquakies too weak and poor to travel be allowed to remain in Iowa from the winter, but only about 100 of the sick were granted this request. Then Poweshiek, likewise, on October 8, 1845, reluctantly led the Mesquakie down the Dragoon Trace. When he reached the Missouri border around October 11, he met a white settler, perhaps Charles Schooler, whom he knew would not have been allowed to inhabit the Iowa Territory under the treaty agreement. Thinking he had reached the state of Missouri and had gone far enough, Poweshiek turned west to camp where the Grand River met the Missouri border. This was the territory of the Pottawattomies, friends of the Mesquakie, and the invited them to stay. Poweshiek established his village of about forty lodges on the Grand River, not far from the white settlement. Culturally different and fearful, the settlers reported the Indians to Fort Des Moines. Rather than sending soldiers which could have inflamed bloodshed, three civilians acquainted with Poweshiek went to talk to the old chief: Dr. Campbell, J.B. Scott (hauler of supplies), and Hamilton Thrift (a tailor). Within the year, the Mesquakies removed to the reservation in Kansas. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (282nd in leap years). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Fox tribe of Native Americans are an Algonquian language-speaking group that are now merged with the allied Sac tribe as the Sac and Fox Nation. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On March 10, 1846, Lieutenant Grier with the balance of Company I and about 300 straggler Indians marched over Van's Hill below 'Coon River and down the Dragoon Trace, ending Fort Des Moines' use as a military post and ownership of these native tribes. Although Iowa became a state on December 28, 1846, it was another ten years before settlers of any great number came to Ringgold County. March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Ringgold County is a county located in the state of Iowa. ...


The trail has been marked with Indian picture writing so that the removal of these tribes out of Iowa is not forgotten.


 
 

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