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Encyclopedia > Dr. Dre
Dr. Dre
Background information
Birth name André Romell Young
Born February 18, 1965 (1965-02-18) (age 42)
Origin Los Angeles, California, United States
Genre(s) West coast rap
Occupation(s) Rapper, record producer
Instrument(s) Percussion, synthesizer, keyboards, bass, turntables
Years active 1984 - present
Label(s) Epic, Ruthless, Priority, Death Row, Aftermath, Interscope
Associated
acts
Snoop Dogg, Eminem, 50 Cent, The D.O.C., Hittman, Mel-Man, Xzibit, Truth Hurts, G-Unit, Busta Rhymes, N.W.A.
Website www.dre2001.com

André Romell Young (born February 18, 1965 in Los Angeles, California), better known by his stage name Dr. Dre, is an American record producer, rapper, actor and record executive. He is the founder and current CEO of Aftermath Entertainment and a former co-owner and artist of Death Row Records. André Doctor Dré Brown (born on December 5, 1963 in Westbury, New York) is an African American radio personality and former MTV VJ. He is best known for being the co-host of MTVs hip hop music specialty program Yo! MTV Raps with partner Ed Lover. ... If you hold the copyright to an image (e. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the 1980s, hip hop music began to break into the mainstream of the United States. ... Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... For other uses, see Synthesizer (disambiguation). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... Tonearm redirects here. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... Ruthless Records was formed by Eazy-E and Jerry Heller in 1987. ... Priority Records is an American based record label, owned and operated by EMI, and has made a name for itself dealing primarily in hip hop music. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ... Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Interscope Records is a record label currently owned by the Universal Music Group. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), known as The D.O.C., is an American rapper born & raised in Dallas, Texas where he was a member of the Fila Fresh Crew. ... Hittman (born Brian Bailey in 1974) is a rapper who was prominently featured in Dr. Dres multi-platinum selling 2001 album. ... Melvin Bradford, better known as Mel-Man, is a hip-hop producer who co-produced Dr. Dres 2001 album. ... Alvin Nathaniel Joiner (born September 18, 1974) better known by his stage name Xzibit, is an American rapper, actor, and television personality, who was born in Detroit, Michigan and was raised in Albuquerque, New Mexico by his father and stepmother. ... Truth Hurts (born Shari Watson in 1972 in St. ... G-Unit is a rap group which consists of 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Tony Yayo, Young Buck, (The) Game, R & B singer Olivia and, most recently, Spider Loc. ... Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... A stage name, also called a screen name, is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, musicians, djs, clowns, and professional wrestlers. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... In the early years of the phonograph in the late 19th century, the music industry was dominated by the publishers of sheet music. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ...


He was a founding member of the influential rap group N.W.A., which popularized the use of explicit lyrics in rap detailing the violence of street life (also known as Gangsta rap). He has also produced albums for and overseen the careers of some of the biggest stars in (mostly) rap music, including 2Pac, Snoop Dogg, Eminem, 50 Cent, G-Unit, The Game, Nate Dogg, Busta Rhymes, and Eve. With tens of millions of records he has produced sold worldwide (including over 65 million with Eminem alone[1]), he is widely regarded as one of the most popular and powerful figures in rap music of all time. This article is about the hip-hop group. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... G-Unit is a rap group which consists of 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Tony Yayo, Young Buck, (The) Game, R & B singer Olivia and, most recently, Spider Loc. ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... Nathaniel Dawayne Hale (born August 19, 1969), commonly known by stage name Nate Dogg, is an American hip hop artist born in Long Beach, California. ... Trevor Smith (born on May 20, 1972), better known as Busta Rhymes, is an American hip hop musician and actor. ... Eve Jihan Jeffers (born November 10, 1978 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania better known as Eve or E-V-E, is an American rapper, singer, and actress. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ...


Musically, as a producer he is credited as a key figure in the creation and popularization of West Coast G-funk, a style of rap music characterized as synthesizer-based with slow, heavy beats. G-funk dominated the U.S. rap charts in the period of 1992-1996, and is still considered one of the major living styles of hip hop today. West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ...


His stage name "Dr. Dre" was derived from his nickname and that of his favorite basketball athlete, Julius "Dr. J" Erving. This article is about the sport. ... Julius Winfield Erving II (born February 22, 1950 in Roosevelt, New York), commonly known by the nickname Dr. J, is a former American basketball player who helped launch a modern style of play that emphasizes leaping and play above the rim. ...

Contents

Biography

Early years

André Young was born in Los Angeles, California in 1965.His parents divorced soon after he was born; his mother later married the father of future West Coast rapper Warren Griffin III, known as Warren G. Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California) better known as Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and hip hop producer. ...


Young started his career as a drug dealer, and it was at a gig at the nightclub Eve After Dark that he connected with its owner, Alonzo Williams. Williams would bring together local talent and form the World Class Wreckin' Cru and Kru-Cut Records in 1984. The World Class Wreckin' Cru would become stars of the electro-hop scene that dominated early-80's West Coast hip hop, and their first hit "Surgery" would prominently feature Dr. Dre on the turntables. It was during this time with Kru-Cut that Young would first work with fellow Wreckin' Cru member (and future creative partner) DJ Yella; singer and girlfriend Michel'le, recording "Turn Off The Lights", which would become a local hit in 1987; and rapper Ice Cube, whose group C.I.A. was signed to Kru-Cut. The World Class Wreckin Cru was a 1980s electro hop-style rap group from Compton, California formed by nightclub owner Alonzo Williams. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ... DJ Yella is the stage name of Antoine Carraby (born December 11, 1967), a DJ, music producer, and film director from Holwin East, Nevada. ... Michelle (born Michelle Toussaint in 1965 in Los Angeles, California) is an R&B vocalist. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name, Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor and film director. ...


In addition to his work with the World Class Wreckin' Cru, Young gained a reputation as a capable mixtape DJ. On one release, "'86 in the Mix", he edited 300 hip hop records into one 60 minute mix. He continued to make and sell mix tapes at a local swap-meet in L.A. until as late as 1989, before finally dropping the practice to fully concentrate on his rap career.


N.W.A. and Ruthless Records

Main article: N.W.A.

Until this point, hip-hop had been considered a relatively benign form of music and free of profanity. N.W.A. however, along with fellow west coast rapper Ice T, debuted with rhymes including profanity and gritty depictions of crime and life on the street. No longer constricted to racially charged political issues pioneered by rap artists such as Public Enemy or Boogie Down Productions, N.W.A shot out with hardcore and realistic perspective of street violence and local black gangster lifestyle. Propelled by the hit "Fuck tha Police", the group's first full album Straight Outta Compton became a major success, selling over 3,000,000 copies despite an almost complete absence of radio-airplay and major concert tours. This article is about the hip-hop group. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known as Ice T or Ice-T, is an American rapper, singer and actor. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... Boogie Down Productions (1989) Boogie Down Productions was originally composed of KRS One, D Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock. ... This article is about the N.W.A. song. ... This article is about the album. ...


As a producer, Young's vocals were limited on the album, but he achieved notoriety in 1991 after assaulting television host Dee Barnes after she aired a segment reporting on the feud between the remaining N.W.A. members and recently departed member Ice Cube. Possibly to compensate for Ice Cube's absence, he began to rap more on the group's second album Efil4zaggin. He also produced tracks for a number of other rap acts on Ruthless Records, including Above the Law, and his friend The D.O.C.'s album No One Can Do It Better. Young frequently used studio musicians for tracks, and his work with N.W.A. was co-produced by DJ Yella. Later, The D.O.C. would say that his album would be the one record that Dr. Dre produced from start to finish without help from any outside contributors (see references for details). Dee Barnes is an American hip-hop music artist and former host of Pump It Up. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name, Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Efil4zaggin (the phrase Niggaz 4 Life reversed) is the final album by rap group N.W.A released in 1991. ... Above the Law can refer to: Above the Law (film) Above the Law (band) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), known as The D.O.C., is an American rapper born & raised in Dallas, Texas where he was a member of the Fila Fresh Crew. ... No One Can Do It Better is The D.O.C.s debut album. ...


Death Row Records

Despite pioneering N.W.A.'s sound as the group's principal producer, Dr. Dre complained of unfair contracts that left him with little compensation for the group's tremendous profits (lead rapper and principal lyricist Ice Cube had left following the release of Straight Outta Compton due to similar complaints). After a dispute with Wright, Young left the group at the peak of its popularity in 1991 under the advice of friend, and N.W.A. lyricist, The D.O.C. and his bodyguard at the time, Suge Knight. Knight, a notorious strongman and intimidator, was somehow able to have Wright release Young from his contract, and using Dr. Dre as his flagship artist, founded Death Row Records after securing a distribution deal with the fledgling Interscope Records, helmed by future head of Universal Music Jimmy Iovine Tracy Lynn Curry (born June 10, 1968), known as The D.O.C., is an American rapper born & raised in Dallas, Texas where he was a member of the Fila Fresh Crew. ... Suge Knight, CEO of Death Row Records Marion Knight, Jr. ... Death Row Records is a record label that was founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre and Suge Knight, and was once home to some of raps biggest names, including Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound (Kurupt and Daz Dillinger). ... Interscope Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ... Jimmy Iovine was born on March 11, 1953, in Brooklyn, New York. ...


While N.W.A. had sold two million records of their breakthrough album Straight Outta Compton, they had been a counter-culture phenomenon, and done so on an independent label (Ruthless Records) without radio airplay or major acceptance from the mainstream record industry. Interscope head Iovine saw promise in Young's music, and saw his new sweet, synthesizer-based sound as a way of palletizing the hard beats of gangsta rap and giving it a more mainstream appeal. "One reason I hadn't been that interested in hip-hop is most hip-hop records sounded cheap, tinny", Iovine said later in a 2006 interview with the Los Angeles Times. "But Dre's music sounded better on my speakers than most rock records. I didn't know hip-hop, but I knew my speakers, and this was fantastic". (See references for details.) During the 1960s the term underground acquired a new meaning in that it referred to members of the so-called counterculture, i. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ...


Young released his first solo single "Deep Cover", (also known as "187") in the spring of 1992. This was the beginning of his collaboration with Calvin Broadus, Jr., or Snoop Doggy Dogg (now known as Snoop Dogg), a promising young rapper introduced to him by his step-brother, Warren G (see references for details). In 1992, Young released his debut album The Chronic under Death Row Records. Until this point, rap had been primarily party music (e.g., Def Jam Recordings's The Beastie Boys), or angry and politically charged (e.g. Public Enemy, X-Clan, etc.), and the music had consisted almost entirely of samples and breakbeats. Young ushered in a new style of rap, both in terms of musical style and lyrical content.[2] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California) better known as Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and hip hop producer. ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... Def Jam Recordings, commonly referred to as Def Jam Records or just Def Jam is an United States based hip-hop record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... The Beastie Boys as depicted on the cover of their 1992 album Check Your Head. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... X-Clan is an alternative hip hop group from New York City, composed of Grand Verbalizer Funk Lesson, Lumumba Professor X, Grand Architect, The Rhythm Provider and MC Isis. ...


Artistically, The Chronic continued to describe gang life much in the same way that Young's former group N.W.A. had, but with more of a focus on women and soft drugs (hence the title of The Chronic, which refers to high-grade marijuana). The beats were slower and mellower, borrowing from late 1970s/early 1980s Funk music by George Clinton and his group Parliament. By mixing these early influences with original live instrumentation, he created a distinctive musical style later to be known as G-funk. For other persons named George Clinton, see George Clinton (disambiguation). ... Parliament was originally The Parliaments, a doo-wop group based out of George Clintons Plainfield, New Jersey barber shop. ... G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ...


Although the album was initially unheralded, on the strength of singles such as "Nuthin' but a "G" Thang", featuring protege Snoop Doggy Dogg and hits like "Let Me Ride" and "Fuck wit Dre Day (and Everybody's Celebratin')" (Shortened to "Dre Day" for radio and television play), The Chronic became a cultural phenomenon and a multi-platinum seller, and is now widely considered to be one of rap's all-time classic albums. Nuthin but a G Thang is a 1993 hit song by American gangsta rapper Dr. Dre, from his debut solo album, The Chronic. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fuck wit Dre Day (and Everybodys Celebratin) (released as Dre Day) is a hip-hop single by Dr. Dre, with a guest appearance by Snoop Dogg, from the 1992 album The Chronic on Death Row Records. ...


It soon became virtually impossible to hear mainstream hip-hop that wasn't affected in some way by Young. Hip-hop, which had once been a sample and break-beat centered music rising primarily form New York and other East Coast cities, began to see a shift in attention to the West Coast, where the G-funk style created by Dr. Dre was the most influential. Indeed, were it not for the influence of Dr. Dre, it's possible that the infamous "East Coast/West Coast" feud of the mid-1990s might never have even transpired, as the West would have had no competing style of rap or even many visible artists with which to contrast to New York's.


The following year, Young produced Broadus' debut album Doggystyle, with similar subject matter and musical style. Doggystyle achieved phenomenal success, being the first debut album for an artist to debut at #1 on the Billboard charts. It went on to sell over 5 million copies. Young was also instrumental in the creation of other hit west coast records, including the Death Row act Tha Dogg Pound's album Dogg Food, and influenced his own step-brother Warren G's album Regulate...G Funk Era. This article is about the Snoop Doggy Dogg album. ... It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ... Tha Dogg Pound, also known as D.P.G. (Dogg Pound Gangstaz), is a rap group made up of Kurupt and Daz Dillinger. ... Dogg Food is the debut album by the Tha Dogg Pound. ... Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California) better known as Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and hip hop producer. ... Regulate. ...


In 1995, just as Death Row Records was signing rapper 2Pac and positioning him as their major star, Young left Death Row Records amidst a contract dispute and growing concerns that label boss Suge Knight was corrupt, financially dishonest and out of control. In an interview with The Source shortly after his departure, Dr. Dre alluded to incidents such as Knight's beating of an engineer as pivotal in his decision to leave. He formed his own boutique label Aftermath Entertainment directly underneath Death Row's distributor, the Jimmy Iovine-helmed Interscope Records. Not long after Young's departure, the fortunes of Death Row took a dramatic turn, following the death of 2Pac and racketeering charges against Knight. Within the next few months, the label's final major star Snoop Doggy Dogg would also leave and Knight would go to prison. The label entered a steady decline, and now makes profits almost entirely off of old works recorded during its heyday. Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Suge Knight, CEO of Death Row Records Marion Knight, Jr. ... Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Interscope Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Snoop Dogg Calvin Cordozar Broadus (born October 20, 1971 in Long Beach, California) is a rap musician and actor. ...


Aftermath Entertainment

The Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath album, released at the end of the year, featured songs by the newly signed Aftermath artists, and a solo track "Been There, Done That". The track was intended as a symbolic good-bye to gangsta rap, in which Young suggested that he was moving on to another level of music and lifestyle. While initially going gold (500,000 units), the album was considered a critical disappointment by Dre's standards, failing to raise much talk of the label. Today, the compilation album is most notable for the fact that none of the artists introduced on the record went on to successful careers. In 1997, Young produced several tracks on Nas, Foxy Brown, AZ, and Nature Present The Firm: The Album; although the album went platinum, it was met with similarly negative reviews from critics. Rumors began to abound that Aftermath was facing financial difficulties.[3] Released in the fall of 1996, Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath is a compilation album by Dr. Dre, shortly after leaving Death Row Records, and was the first release on his then newly established Aftermath Entertainment label. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ...


The turning point for Aftermath came in 1998, when Jimmy Iovine, the head of Aftermath's parent label Interscope, suggested that Young sign the white Detroit rapper Marshall Mathers, artistically known as Eminem, to Aftermath. Interscope saw promise in Mathers, but feared that the fact he was white would harm his credibility in the overwhelmingly black market of hip hop. It was hoped that pairing him with Young would help establish him as a credible star (since then, Iovine has made similar matches with other Interscope artists, pairing Canadian singer Nelly Furtado with hip-hop producer Timbaland, and former ska-pop No Doubt lead singer Gwen Stefani with Pharrell Williams). Young produced three songs and provided vocals for two on his controversial album, ("My Name Is", "Guilty Conscience" and "Role Model") in 1999.[4] On these tracks, Eminem's over-the-top "Slim Shady" persona was contrasted with Dre's older, more sober, post-gangsta attitude to rap. On the song "Guilty Conscience", Dre and Eminem give conflicting advice to people faced with moral dilemmas, with Dre urging the song's characters to do the right thing, and Eminem urging them to give in to their darkest impulses. At the end of the track, Eminem begins to protest that Dre's "do right" advice is coming from the same man who had a physical altercation with TV host Dee Barnes in his younger, wilder years (the incident was later resolved out of court). At first, Dre protests that those were older times, but eventually sighs "fuck it" and sides with Eminem's "evil" reaction. Eminem's debut album initially sold over 3 million copies, making it Aftermath's most successful release at the time. Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... Nelly Kim Furtado (born December 2, 1978) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, record producer, and instrumentalist, who also holds Portuguese citizenship. ... Timothy Z. Mosley (born March 10, 1971), better known as Timbaland, is an American musical composer and R&B record producer and rapper whose style influenced both genres even helping to blur the distinction between the two, as well as Pop and Dance music. ... For other uses, see No Doubt (disambiguation). ... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) (pronounced [1]), is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer and occasional actress. ... Pharrell Williams (born April 5, 1973) is an American producer, singer, rapper,and songwriter. ... Eminem Eminem is the stage name of Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972 in Saint Joseph, Missouri, USA), one of todays most controversial and popular rappers. ... Dee Barnes is an American hip-hop music artist and former host of Pump It Up. ...


When Dr. Dre released his second solo album, 2001 (sometimes referred to by fans as '"The Chronic 2001"'- The planned title '"The Chronic 2000"' was scrapped after former label Death Row released a compilation disc under the same name) in the fall of 1999, it was an ostentatious return to his gangsta rap and g-funk roots. To prove the point, the first single "Still D.R.E." re-united Young with Death Row collaborator Snoop Dogg, and made renewed references to good marijuana and expensive cars, declaring "[I] still got love for the streets". Once again, the album featured about as much of Dre's voice as the voices of numerous collaborators, including Devin the Dude, Hittman, Snoop Dogg, Xzibit, Nate Dogg and Eminem. The album was highly successful, charting at number two on the Billboard charts[5] and has since been certified six times platinum, thus reaffirming a recurring theme featured in its lyrics, stating that Dr. Dre was still a force to be reckoned with, despite the lack of major releases in the previous few years. 2001, sometimes referred to by fans as Chronic 2001 or , is a 1999 hip hop album by famed rapper and producer Dr. Dre, featuring guest appearances from Snoop Dogg, Hittman, Eminem, Xzibit, and others. ... Still D.R.E. was the lead single from Dr. Dres multi-platinum sophomore album 2001 that features Snoop Dogg on the chorus. ... Devin the Dude (born Devin Copeland) is a Houston, Texas-based rapper. ... Hittman (born Brian Bailey in 1974) is a rapper who was prominently featured in Dr. Dres multi-platinum selling 2001 album. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Alvin Nathaniel Joiner (born September 18, 1974) better known by his stage name Xzibit, is an American rapper, actor, and television personality, who was born in Detroit, Michigan and was raised in Albuquerque, New Mexico by his father and stepmother. ... Nathaniel Dawayne Hale (born August 19, 1969), commonly known by stage name Nate Dogg, is an American hip hop artist born in Long Beach, California. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ...


Eminem's Slim Shady LP was followed by the even more successful and controversial second release, The Marshall Mathers LP in 2000. The album featured angrier vocals from Eminem and took his "Slim Shady" persona to dizzying extremes (in a 2000 Spin magazine article, Eminem credited his improved vocals to Young's coaching). The album eventually went on to sell over 9 million copies in the U.S, and established Eminem as one of the biggest music stars in the world. Alternate covers Alternate cover Limited Edition cover Singles from The Marshall Mathers LP Released: 2000 Released: May 16, 2000 Released: October 17, 2000 Released: January 9, 2001 Released: 2001 The Marshall Mathers LP is the second studio album from American rapper Eminem, released in 2000. ... Spin is a music magazine that reports on all the music that rocks. Founded in 1985 by publisher Bob Guccione, Jr. ...


In 2000, Dre won the Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, for his work on "The Marshall Mathers LP" and 2001. The albums followed a new musical direction, characterized by high-pitched piano and string melodies over a deep and rich bassline. The style was also prominent in his following production work for other artists, including hits such as "Let Me Blow Ya Mind" by Eve and Gwen Stefani (whom he would produce again on the Stefani and Eve track "Rich Girl"), "Break Ya Neck" by Busta Rhymes, and "Family Affair" by Mary J. Blige. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, Non-Classical has been awarded since 1975. ... In popular music a bassline, also bass line, is an instrumental part, or line, which is in the bass or lowest range and thus lower than the other parts and part of the rhythm section. ... Eve Jihan Jeffers (born November 10, 1978 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania better known as Eve or E-V-E, is an American rapper, singer, and actress. ... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) (pronounced [1]), is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer and occasional actress. ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer, songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, and actress who has sold over forty million records worldwide. ...


By the time Eminem's third album The Eminem Show was released in 2002, Mathers was producing the bulk of his output himself. However, Eminem's association with Dr. Dre remained a large part of Eminem's identity in rap. The Eminem Show sold over 20 million copies worldwide and was an unqualified success. The Eminem Show is Eminems third album after signing to a major label, Aftermath Entertainment and the first album on Shady Records. ...


In 2003, Dr. Dre and Eminem produced the major-label debut Get Rich or Die Tryin' for Queens rapper 50 Cent, featuring the Dre-produced hit single "In da Club", as a joint production between Aftermath, Eminem's boutique label Shady Records and Interscope. On the eve of its release Dre declared it to be one of the best rap albums made in the past ten years, an opinion the record-buying public enthusiastically agreed with. The album went on to sell over 11 million albums worldwide, establishing yet another major rap star under Aftermath and the Interscope umbrella. Alternate Cover Get Rich or Die Tryin is the commercial debut of New York City rapper 50 Cent on Interscope Records. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... In da Club is a song performed by rapper 50 Cent for his commercial debut album Get Rich or Die Tryin (2003). ... Shady Records is an American record label specializing in hip hop music. ...


In early 2005, Aftermath released rapper The Game's debut album The Documentary in conjunction with Interscope and rapper 50 Cent's boutique label G-Unit Records. Propelled by the lead single "How We Do" produced by Dr.Dre and Mike Elizondo and featuring 50 Cent, the album sold 586,000 copies in its first week and eventually sold over 2 million copies in the U.S., and over 5 million worldwide, establishing yet another superstar under the Aftermath label. Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... The Documentary is Los Angeles rapper The Games first major-label album. ... G-Unit Records is a record label founded by 50 Cent and his manager Sha Money XL. After the debut of the album Get Rich or Die Tryin, 50 Cent was granted his own label. ...


Shortly after, Aftermath/Shady released 50 Cent's second album The Massacre, which fared even better, selling over 1 million records in a short week (the album was rushed out to combat bootlegging). It eventually went on to sell over 5 million copies in the U.S alone, and went on to become the second highest-selling album of 2005 (it was initially declared the highest selling, however, singer Mariah Carey's 2005 release The Emancipation of Mimi continued to chart throughout early 2006 and eventually outstripped it by a small margin). Special Edition cover The Massacre is 50 Cents second commercial album and it was released on March 3, 2005 — five days ahead of the original release date due to Internet leakage. ... Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, and actress. ... Alternate covers Limited edition cover [[Image:|200px|Ultra Plantium edition cover|200px]] Ultra Plantium edition cover Singles from The Emancipation of Mimi Released: April 26, 2005 Released: August 02, 2005 Released: October 11, 2005 Released: November 01, 2005 Released: December 13, 2005 Released: June 13, 2006 The Emancipation of Mimi...


However, a falling-out between The Game and 50 Cent apparently created a rift at Aftermath. After being kicked out of 50 Cent's G-Unit group on-air during a February 2005 interview on Hot 97 (see references for details), the two parties engaged in what is arguably the biggest modern day feud. For more information please see G-Unit vs. The Game. To date, Dr. Dre has not spoken publicly about this matter, but for whatever reason The Game's second album, released November 14, 2006, and ironically titled Doctor's Advocate, was released on Geffen Records rather than on Dr. Dre's Aftermath label, and does not feature any production from him (in a XXL interview, The Game states that his public attacks and criticisms against Aftermath labelmate 50 Cent went against Dr. Dre's wishes, and is what led to the falling out). On the title track, The Game emotionally apologizes to Dr. Dre for disobeying his word. In a November 2006 interview with the website Allhiphop.com, The Game stated that he recently spoke with Dr.Dre via telephone, and that Dre congratulated him on his new album and wished him the best. He has also vowed that he will work with his mentor Dr. Dre again, although to date there are no quotes available from Dr. Dre himself that confirm either of these claims. Dr. Dre has also appeared in the movies The Wash and Training Day. He later stated that he does not intend to pursue a career in acting, however he did compose the music for Bad Boys 2. A song of his, "Bad Intentions" (featuring Knoc-Turn'Al) and produced by Mahogany, was featured on The Wash soundtrack. Dre also appeared on two other songs "On the Blvd." and "The Wash" along with his co-star Snoop Dogg. Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... WQHT also known as Hot 97 is a New York based radio station. ... The feud between G-Unit and The Game was a hip hop rivalry that began some time in 2004. ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternate cover Singles from Doctors Advocate Released: July 24, 2006 Released: September 25, 2006 Released: January 31, 2007 Released: April 9, 2007 Doctors Advocate is the second solo album by West Coast rapper The Game, released on November 14, 2006 (see 2006 in music). ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... XXL may refer to one of the following: a clothing size that generally means Extra Extra Large. ... The Wash was a hip-hop-styled film released on November 16, 2001 featuring Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Ludacris, Xzibit and DJ Pooh, with an appearance made by Eminem (although he wanted 8 Mile to be his film debut, so he remained uncredited). This film was written and directed by... Training Day is an Academy Award-winning 2001 film starring Denzel Washington as Alonzo Harris, a corrupt Los Angeles police officer, and Ethan Hawke as Jake Hoyt, his new green recruit looking to become a part of Harris elite narcotics unit. ... Knoc-Turnal (born Rosheam Harbor) is an African American West Coast rapper. ... The Wash is a 2001 soundtrack album followed by the movie The Wash, released on September 25, 2001. ...


Recent events

Dr. Dre is considered a perfectionist by many who have worked with him, and while some projects he has worked on have come together relatively quickly (ie. 50 Cent's debut album, which was recorded and released within a year of his signing to Shady/Aftermath), he is often notoriously slow releasing announced albums. Among planned but never released albums are a full length reunion with Snoop Dogg titled Breakup to Makeup, an album with fellow former N.W.A member Ice Cube which was to be titled Heltah Skeltah, an N.W.A reunion album, and a joint album with fellow producer Timbaland to be titled Chairmen of the Board. To date, none of these albums have come to fruition (see interviews with Snoop Dogg, the D.O.C., and Dr. Dre with Scratch magazine listed below in references respectively). Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name, Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Timothy Z. Mosley (born March 10, 1971), better known as Timbaland, is an American musical composer and R&B record producer and rapper whose style influenced both genres even helping to blur the distinction between the two, as well as Pop and Dance music. ...

Main article: Detox (Dr. Dre album)

Perhaps the best-known of these delayed releases is that of his planned final solo album, Detox, which was first announced around 2000. In 2004, he declared the project cancelled, as he decided to put all his effort into producing the artists on his Aftermath label, including Eminem, 50 Cent, Eve, Stat Quo and Busta Rhymes, and to spread the completed Detox tracks to their albums. However, in November 2004, Dr. Dre and Interscope confirmed that Detox was still in the works and is currently scheduled to be released in the June of 2008. On Eminem's song "Encore", which features Dr. Dre, he says "Aftermath... 2006...and don't worry about that Detox-album...we gon' make Dre do it." Also, in The Game's 2005 song "Higher", Dr. Dre makes a brief appearance to announce, "Look out for Detox". In a video on Bishop Lamont's myspace page, a video with Dr. Dre and Lamont in the interview confirmed that Detox will be released in September of 2007. In an onstage appearance at the MTV Video Music Awards on September 9th, 2007, Dre addressed eager fans by saying "..Detox is coming..".[6] Detox is the upcoming third and final[1] studio album by rapper and record producer Dr. Dre. ... Detox is the upcoming third and final[1] studio album by rapper and record producer Dr. Dre. ... Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Interscope Records is a record label currently owned by the Universal Music Group. ... Encore is a song by the rapper Eminem, released in 2004 as a radio-only single in the US (thus there is no official music video). ...


According to RapDimension, Dr. Dre has stated that although he isn't far from completing his final album 'Detox', the album has been pushed back to an 08 release. Fans have been waiting for 'Detox' for years.[7]


Currently, Dre is working with Raekwon on his album Only Built 4 Cuban Linx II. Other albums he has worked on are Young Buck's Buck the World, Bishop Lamont's The Reformation, 50 Cent's Curtis, Chauncey Black's Church Boy, Papoose's The Nacirema Dream and albums for Eve and G.A.G.E.. It is also said that he has produced some tracks on Lil Wayne's new album Tha Carter III. Also Dr. Dre may work with The Game again on his rumored-to-be last album. Raekwon (born Corey Woods, January 12, 1970, Brooklyn, New York, United States) is an American East Coast rapper and a member of the Wu-Tang Clan. ... Only Built 4 Cuban Linx II will be the fourth solo album from Wu-Tang Clan rap artist Raekwon. ... David Darnell Brown (born March 15, 1981), better known as Young Buck, is an American rapper who is a member of the popular rap group G-Unit. ... Alternate Cover Alternate Cover Buck the World is the sophomore album of Nashville rapper Young Buck. ... The Reformation is the name of the upcoming debut album by West Coast rapper Bishop Lamont. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... Curtis is the third studio album by rapper 50 Cent. ... Church Boy is the debut solo album from rapper Chauncey Black. ... Papoose (b. ... The Nacirema Dream is the major label debut of Papoose. ... Eve Jihan Jeffers (born November 10, 1978 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania better known as Eve or E-V-E, is an American rapper, singer, and actress. ... Dwayne Michael Carter, Jr. ... Tha Carter III is the seventh studio album by rapper Lil Wayne. ... Jayceon Terell Taylor (born November 27, 1979 in Los Angeles,[1] California), better known by his stage name The Game, is a multi-platinum American rapper signed to Interscope Records. ...


In February 2007, it was announced that Dr. Dre would produce "Dark Comedies" and Horror films for New Line-owned company Crucial Films, along with longtime video director Phillip Atwell. Dr. Dre announced "This is a natural switch for me, since I've directed a lot of musicvideos, and I eventually want to get into directing".[8]


He has also stated a movie production company called Interscope/Shady/Aftermath Films with Eminem, The company has worked on 50 Cent's debut movie Get Rich or Die Tryin'. Interscope Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Shady Records is an American record label specializing in hip hop music. ... Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... Get Rich or Die Tryin is a motion picture starring Curtis 50 Cent Jackson. ...


Personal wealth

Young has been a regular on Rolling Stone magazine's "Annual 50 Richest Rock Stars" list since its first installment in 2001. In 2001, he earned $51.9 million U.S., including $35 million from the sale of 30% of his share of Aftermath records to parent label Interscope. This article is about the magazine. ...


In Rolling Stone's 2004 list, it was reported that Young charges a "Friends and Family" rate of $75,000 for artists affiliated with him. On top of the flat fees, he earns an additional 5% production royalty and label profits for Aftermath artists.


For outside work, his rate is considerably higher. Rolling Stone reported that he earned $2 million for his work on the hit Mary J. Blige song "A Family Affair" in 2001, and that he earns roughly $250,000 per track for co-production on songs such as Gwen Stefani's "Rich Girl". His personal wealth is estimated by the website panachereport.com to exceed $150 million, making him number 6 on their "Top Ten Richest People in Hip Hop 2006" list. [9] Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer, songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, and actress who has sold over forty million records worldwide. ... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) (pronounced [1]), is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer and occasional actress. ...


Music

Musical influences and style

Dr. Dre has said that his primary instrument in the studio is the MPC3000, a drum machine and sampler, and that he uses as many as four or five to produce a single recording. He cites George Clinton, Isaac Hayes and Curtis Mayfield as primary musical influences. Unlike most rap producers, he tries to avoid samples as much as possible, preferring to have studio musicians re-play pieces of music he wants to use, because it allows him more flexibility to change the pieces in rhythm and tempo (see references for details, Scratch Magazine 2004). In 2001, he told Time magazine, "I may hear something I like on an old record that may inspire me, but I'd rather use musicians to re-create the sound or elaborate on it. I can control it better."[10] For other persons named George Clinton, see George Clinton (disambiguation). ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor best known as the voice of Chef on the Emmy-winning animated sitcom South Park. ... Curtis Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American soul, funk and R&B singer, songwriter and guitarist best known for his anthemic music with The Impressions and composing the soundtrack to the blaxploitation film Superfly. ...


When he does sample older records -usually for vocals- he tends to blend the samples with live guitars, bass, synthesizers, and on The Chronic track "Lil' Ghetto Boy", jazz flute, creating a soundscape where it often becomes difficult to tell where the sample ends and the original music begins. Dr. Dre's blend of hard rap beats combined with synthesizers and soul samples is known as "g-funk". G-funk, an abbreviation of Gangsta-funk, is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ...


After founding Aftermath Entertainment in 1996, Dr. Dre took on producer Mel-Man as a co-producer, and his music took on a more synthesizer-based sound, using less vocal samples (As he had used on "Lil' Ghetto Boy" and "Let Me Ride" on The Chronic, for example). Mel-Man has not shared co-production credits with Dr. Dre since approximately 2002, but fellow Aftermath producer Focus has credited Mel-Man as a key architect of the signature Aftermath sound - see references for details (Note: In 2003 The Source magazine reported that Mel-Man had left Aftermath, though in 2004, Focus mentioned in an interview with Aftermathmusic that Mel-man had re-joined the label). Look up focus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 2000, Dr. Dre began his long collaboration with Los Angeles based bassist, guitarist and keyboardist Mike Elizondo, who has also produced, written and played on records for female singers Poe, Fiona Apple and Alanis Morissette. Elizondo's first major collaboration with Dr. Dre was for Eminem's single "The Real Slim Shady", and he went on to co-write Dr. Dre-produced hits such as "A Family Affair" for Mary J.Blige. His first credit as co-producer with Dre was on 50 Cent's "In Da Club". He has since been listed as a co-producer on the bulk of Dr. Dre's releases. Michael Mike Elizondo is a well-known bassist, keyboardist, and hip hop music producer. ... Annie Decatur Danielewski (born March 23, 1968), professionally known as Poe, first hit the modern rock charts in the mid-1990s. ... Fiona Apple (born September 13, 1977) is a Grammy-winning American singer-songwriter. ... Alanis redirects here. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ...


In 2004, Dr. Dre told Scratch magazine that he has been studying piano and music theory formally, and that a major goal is to accumulate enough musical theory to score movies. In the same interview he stated that he has collaborated with famed 60's songwriter Burt Bacharach by sending him hip-hop beats to play over, and hopes to have an in-person collaboration with him in the future (see references). While Dr. Dre tracks remain drum machine-based and synthesizers remain an important part of his sound, in recent years his music has become more orchestral, sparse and featured more classical instruments such as piano and strings, examples being the 2006 song "Imagine", recorded for Snoop Dogg; and "Lost Ones," recorded for Jay-Z. Nas, The Game and will. ... This biographical article needs additional references for verification. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Lost One is the second single from Jay-Zs comeback album Kingdom Come. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ...


Work ethic

Dr. Dre has stated that he is a perfectionist, and is known to push the artists he records with to give flawless performances. As he told Scratch magazine in 2004, "You got to come in and go to work, man...you're not going to work harder than me. The harder you work, the harder I'm going to work." In 2006, Dubcnn.com mentioned during an interview with Snoop Dogg that Dre had made new artist Chauncey Black re-record a single bar of vocals 107 times. Snoop replied, "[T]hat's just how he gets down. I went and did a song with the nigga, the nigga made me do each word, word for word, until I got it right" (See references for details).


Dr. Dre has stated that his famous collaborator Eminem is a fellow perfectionist, and attributes his success on Aftemath to his like-minded work ethic. As he told Scratch in the same interview, "[H]e came in, and he works his ass off. Everybody that came in the studio and really put their thing down, and really put it together has been successful with me. Everybody else that I've worked with that's slacking ends up having to go to somewhere else to do their thing" (see references). Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ...


A consequence of this perfectionism is that some artists that initially sign deals with Dre's Aftermath label never release albums. In 2001, Aftermath released the soundtrack to the movie "The Wash". featuring a number of Aftermath acts such as Shaunta, Daks, Joe Beast and Toi. To date, none have released full-length albums on Aftermath and have apparently ended their relationships with the label and Dr. Dre. Other noteworthy acts to leave Aftermath without releasing albums include 2001 vocalist Hittman and 1980s rap icon Rakim (see references for details). Toi is a town of about 5000 people located on the western shore of the Izu Peninsula in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... Hittman (name) Zak Hittman, Born in Milwaukee WI. Hittman (rapper) Los Angeles based rapper. ... Rakim (pronounced Rah-Kem) (full name Rakim Allah, born William Michael Griffin Jr. ...


Musical allegations

Unlike the majority of hip-hop tracks even to this day, Dr. Dre's tracks have featured a large amount of live instrumentation, and he has often been praised for his musical ability. But since his earliest work in rap, Dr. Dre has produced records with the help of outside musicians, leading to allegations that he does not actually produce a significant portion of the tracks that are credited to his name. To date, only 3 co-producers have shared production credits alongside Young officially- DJ Yella on N.W.A. albums, Mel-Man on Aftermath releases between the label's inception and until approximately 2002, and most recently, Mike Elizondo, a Los Angeles-based bassist. DJ Yella is the stage name of Antoine Carraby (born December 11, 1967), a DJ, music producer, and film director from Holwin East, Nevada. ... Melvin Bradford, better known as Mel-Man, is a hip-hop producer who co-produced Dr. Dres 2001 album. ... Michael Mike Elizondo is a well-known bassist, keyboardist, and hip hop music producer. ...


However, over the years word of other collaborators has surfaced. During his tenure at Death Row Records, it was alleged that Dre's half brother Warren G and Tha Dogg Pound member Daz made many uncredited contributions to songs on his solo album The Chronic and Snoop Doggy Dogg's album Doggystyle (Daz received production credits on Snoop's similar-sounding, albeit less successful album Tha Doggfather after Young left Death Row Records). Warren Griffin III (born November 10, 1970 in Long Beach, California) better known as Warren G, is an American West Coast rapper and hip hop producer. ... Tha Dogg Pound, also known as D.P.G. (Dogg Pound Gangstaz), is a rap group made up of Kurupt and Daz Dillinger. ... Daz Dillinger (born Delmar Arnaud on May 25, 1973 in Long Beach, California), is an American hip hop producer and rapper mostly known for his work with Death Row Records at the height of West Coast raps popularity. ... This article is about the Snoop Doggy Dogg album. ...


It's known that Scott Storch, who has since gone on to become a successful producer in his own right, contributed to Dr. Dre's second album 2001; Storch is credited as a songwriter on several songs and played keyboards on several tracks. In 2006, he told Rolling Stone: Scott Spencer Storch (born December 16, 1973) is a Canadian[1] entertainer, hip hop, pop, R&B, Reggaeton record producer and an occasional rapper. ... This article is about the magazine. ...

"At the time, I saw Dr. Dre desperately needed something," Storch says. "He needed a fuel injection, and Dre utilized me as the nitrous oxide. He threw me into the mix, and I sort of tapped on a new flavor with my whole piano sound and the strings and orchestration. So I'd be on the keyboards, and Mike [Elizondo] was on the bass guitar, and Dre was on the drum machine".[11]

Current collaborator Mike Elizondo, when speaking about his work with Young, describes their recording process as a collaborative effort involving several musicians. In 2004, he claimed to Songwriter Universe Magazine that he had written the foundations of the hit Eminem song "The Real Slim Shady", stating, "I initially played a bass line on the song, and Dre, Tommy Coster Jr. and I built the track from there. Em [Eminem] then heard the track, and he wrote the rap to it" [12]. This account is essentially confirmed by Eminem in his book "Angry Blonde"- in it, he states that the tune for the song was composed by a studio bassist and keyboardist while Dr.Dre was out of the studio -though he adds that Dre programmed the song's beat after returning (Eminem- "Angry Blonde". 2000, Regan Books, New York NY). Michael Mike Elizondo is a well-known bassist, keyboardist, and hip hop music producer. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... The Real Slim Shady is a song by the rapper Eminem, released in 2000. ...


Furthermore, in the September 2003 issue of The Source, a group of disgruntled former associates of Dre complained that they had not received their full due for work on the label. A producer named Neff-U claimed to have produced the songs "Say What you Say" and "My Dad's Gone Crazy" on The Eminem Show, the songs "If I Can't" and "Back Down" on 50 Cent's Get Rich or Die Tryin', and the beat featured on Dr. Dre's commercial for Coors Beer (See references for details -Source Magazine, September 2003). The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... The Eminem Show is Eminems third album after signing to a major label, Aftermath Entertainment and the first album on Shady Records. ... 50 cents may refer to 50 subunits of currencies where the subunit is called a cent. ... Get Rich or Die Tryin can refer to: The debut album of rap artist 50 Cent, released in 2003. ... Coors may refer to: People Adolph Coors (1847-1929) started brewery Adolph Coors III grandson was kidnapped and murdered Pete Coors Things Adolph Coors Company of Golden, Colorado Coors Brewing Company Coors Field This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


It should be noted that although Young studies piano and musical theory, he is not necessarily an instrumentalist himself. As he joked to Time magazine in 2001, "I bought a trumpet a couple of years ago, and everybody started hiding from me" [13]. In the same article, Time described a recording process in which Dr. Dre operates is more as a conductor than a musician himself- “TIME” redirects here. ...

Every Dre track begins the same way, with Dre behind a drum machine in a room full of trusted musicians. (They carry beepers. When he wants to work, they work.) He'll program a beat, then ask the musicians to play along; when Dre hears something he likes, he isolates the player and tells him how to refine the sound. "My greatest talent," Dre says, "is knowing exactly what I want to hear." [14]

However, the fact that Young does not play instruments on his records may not necessarily diminish his contributions as a record producer. Some of the controversy may stem from a dispute over what the term "producer" means in music. In Hip-hop, the role of producer is often simply given to the person who "creates the beat", be it through the use of a drum machine, keyboards, or even simply choosing samples and looping them. By this definition, allegations that Young was not the "real" producer of some tracks credited to him can have merit. However, the role of producer has generally been understood to mean controlling recording sessions, guiding performers, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. In this respect, Dr. Dre can be given the credit as the primary and most important producer, even in the face of these allegations.


In interviews, artists that have worked with Dr. Dre generally tend to credit him with bringing an overall artistic vision to projects, helping artists to give their best performances. In a 2006 interview with Allhiphop.com, Snoop Dogg talked about re-writing his lyrics to the single "That's That" after receiving advice from Young, and stating that his input is what made the song a hit. As Dr. Dre told Time Magazine in 2001, "One of the things I like most about producing is recording vocals," he says. "I like instructing people, but I'm also trying to bring out a good performance, so I work with them-encourage them."[15] Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ...


Although Snoop Dogg retains working relationships with Warren G and Daz, who are alleged to be uncredited contributors on the hit albums The Chronic and Doggystyle, he states that Dr. Dre is capable of making beats without the help of collaborators, and makes it clear where the credit for the success of his albums is due-

Beatmakers make beats. A lot of niggas make beats. [Dre] produces tracks. So that ain't disrespect what I'm saying. I'm just telling you what's real. I seen him make tracks from scratch. My whole record the nigga made damn near everything from scratch. [For the song] "Ain't No Fun", Daz and Warren G brought him the little [sings melody], that's all they had! Dre took that muthafucka to the next level! Warren G brought in the [sample of] Donny Hathaway [singing], "Little Ghetto Boy, laying in the ghetto streets". Dr. Dre flipped it like "Hold on, gimme that!" Took that muthafucka and made it straight hit!... They made beats, Dre produced that record. Point blank, and I'd say it in they face...I can make a beat, but I can't produce! I can make a beat, but can I tell a nigga what to rap about, can I tell him when to come with the hook? Can you break the beat down? That's what producing is.

It should be noted that Dre's prominent studio collaborators, including Scott Storch, Elizondo, Mark Batson and Dawaun Parker, have shared co-writing, instrumental, and more recently co-production credits on the songs where he is credited as the producer. Scott Spencer Storch (born December 16, 1973) is a Canadian[1] entertainer, hip hop, pop, R&B, Reggaeton record producer and an occasional rapper. ... Mark Batson is an American producer, arranger and songwriter. ... Dawaun Parker (born may 9th, 1983) is a platinum musician and record producer. ...


It is also widely acknowledged that most of Dr. Dre's raps are written for him by others, though he retains ultimate control over his lyrics and the themes of his songs. As Aftermath Producer Mahogany told Scratch: "It's like a class room in [the booth]. He'll have three writers in there. They'll bring in something, he'll recite it, then he'll say. 'Change this line, change this word,' like he's grading papers." (See references for details.) As seen in the credits for tracks Young has appeared on AIDS, there are often multiple people who contribute to his songs (although it should be noted that often in hip-hop many people are officially credited as a writer for a song, even the producer). As a member of N.W.A., The D.O.C. wrote lyrics for him while he stuck with producing (See D.O.C interview in references for details). When Young went to Death Row, Snoop Dogg took on a lot of the writing work for Dr. Dre, although it should be noted that Dre has never openly admitted or denied this. More recently, famed New York rapper Jay-Z ghostwrote lyrics for the 2001 single "Still D.R.E." (He is listed under the songwriting credits as "S. Carter", or Shawn Carter). This article is about the timber. ... Nas, The Game and will. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ...


Controversies

Ruthless Records

When Dr. Dre started Death Row, he had left Ruthless Records, which was owned by his former N.W.A. group mate Eazy-E and their manager Jerry Heller who had been accused of stealing money from him and the group. As a result, Dr. Dre left, and on his debut album, The Chronic, he insulted them on the tracks "Fuck wit Dre Day" with the assistance of his new protégé Snoop Dogg, "Bitches Ain't Shit", and "Puffin' on Blunts and Drankin' Tanqueray". The next year, Eazy-E responded on his album It's On (Dr. Dre) 187um Killa with the songs "Real Muthaphuckkin G's", "Still a Nigga", and "It's on". The feud grew to embroil most artists on both labels. Ruthless Records was formed by Eazy-E and Jerry Heller in 1987. ... This article is about the hip-hop group. ... Eazy-E (Eric Wright) (September 7, 1963 - March 26, 1995) was an African-American rapper, record producer, and record executive who initially rose to fame as a member of the group N.W.A.. Born in Compton, California, Eazy-E dropped out of Compton High School while in tenth grade... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. ... Bitches Aint Shit is a parody cover song by Ben Folds of a Dr. Dre song, from The Chronic. ... Its On (Dr. Dre) 187um Killa is an EP by rapper Eazy-E, released in 1993 (see 1993 in music). ... Real Muthaphuckkin Gs (alternatively Real Compton City Gs) is a 1993 song by West Coast rapper Eazy-E from his album Its On (Dr. Dre) 187um Killa. ...


Luke Campbell

This feud started when Luke antagonised N.W.A. on one of his videos and as a response Dr. Dre, and his new ally Snoop Dogg, attacked him on the track "Dre Day". Campbell responded with "Cowards in Compton". The video was a parody of Dr. Dre's hit "Nuthin' but a "G" Thang". Snoop Dogg responded on the second verse of his song "Tha Shiznit". Fuck wit Dre Day (and Everybodys Celebratin) (released as Dre Day) is a hip-hop single by Dr. Dre, with a guest appearance by Snoop Dogg, from the 1992 album The Chronic on Death Row Records. ...


Death Row Records

With all the controversy and madness that surrounded Death Row, Dr. Dre left soon after to start Aftermath Entertainment. However, many artists on the Death Row label felt offended when Dr. Dre left Death Row and released several diss songs. 2Pac felt he had not been fair to them and Snoop Dogg when he had not gone to Snoop Dogg's murder case. This led 2Pac to attack him on "Toss It Up" "Still down for that Death Row sound, searchin for paydays/No longer Dre Day, arrivederci/Blown and forgotten, rotten for plottin Child's Play/Check your sexuality, as fruity as this Alize/Quick to jump ship, punk trick, what a dumb move/Cross Death Row, now who you gon' run to?" (also death sampled dre's beat no diggity on this song), "Fuck Friends" "What's up in 9-6? Fine tricks in drag/Fuck Dre, tell that bitch he can kiss my ass" "Against All Odds" "You living fantasies, nigga I reject your deposit/We shook Dre punk ass, now we out of the closet" and finally on the unreleased track "Fade Me" "Now I ain't dre baby/But won't you Let me ride " . Also, in "To Live and Die in L.A." 2Pac says "California love part mothafuckin' two, without gay ass Dre." However, despite this Dre rapped the lines "pussy you're not pac/i knew him/pac was a real nigga/you're just a fucking insult to him" in his song with Obie Trice and Eminem called "Shit Hits The Fan" on Obie Trice's album Cheers, these comments were aimed at Ja Rule. Daz Dillinger believed Dr. Dre had taken credit for productions he had done so Dillinger attacked Dr. Dre on the track "Don't Try To Play Me Homie". J-Flexx, Dr. Dre's former ghostwriter, who believed that Dr. Dre had cheated him out of his money, assailed him on a parody of Dr. Dre's hit "Been There, Done That", called "Who Been There, Who Done That". Later after 2001 Royce Da 5'9, another one of Dre's ghostwriters also dissed him. Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by Dr. Dre. ... Years after his death, Tupac Shakur is still considered one of the most influential hip hop artists of all time. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... // Obie Trice III (born November 14, 1977) is an American rapper from Detroit, Michigan. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... Cheers is rapper Obie Trices debut album, released on September 23, 2003 after Obie was signed to Shady Records in 2000. ... Jeffrey Atkins (born February 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Ja Rule is an American rapper from Hollis, Queens, New York City, New York, United States. ... Daz Dillinger (born Delmar Arnaud on May 25, 1973 in Long Beach, California), is an American hip hop producer and rapper mostly known for his work with Death Row Records at the height of West Coast raps popularity. ... James E.Anderson better known J-Flexx is a former of Death Row Records who wrote Dr.Dres greatest hits songs. ... Released in the fall of 1996; Dr. Dre Presents…The Aftermath is a compilation album put together by Dr. Dre shortly after his having left Death Row Records, and was the first release on his then newly established Aftermath Entertainment label. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Ryan Montgomery (born July 5, 1977), is an African-American rapper known by his stage name Royce Da 59 or nicknames Nickel Nine and Style Changer. He was born and raised in the suburbs of Detroit, Michigan, and today has three studio albums and numerous mixtapes credited to his...


In 2007, Dr. Dre struck back at the now defunct Death Row Records one last time. In the company's bankruptcy, Dre felt that the masters of his debut album, The Chronic, should go to him rather than be auctioned off.[16] The case is still pending. Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ...


Discography

This is the discography of Dr. Dre, an American record producer and rapper. ... The following is a list of the songs produced or written by Dr. Dre, regardless of the main artist. ... Back cover The Chronic is the highly influential debut album from American rap producer Dr. Dre, released in 1992. ... 2001, sometimes referred to by fans as Chronic 2001 or , is a 1999 hip hop album by famed rapper and producer Dr. Dre, featuring guest appearances from Snoop Dogg, Hittman, Eminem, Xzibit, and others. ... Detox is the upcoming third and final[1] studio album by rapper and record producer Dr. Dre. ...

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Set It Off Black Sam -
2000 Up In Smoke Tour - -
2001 Training Day Paul -
The Wash Sean -

Set It Off is a 1996 drama film directed by F. Gary Gray, and stars Jada Pinkett Smith, Queen Latifah, Vivica A. Fox and Kimberly Elise, as four close friends from Los Angeles who decide to plan and execute a bank robbery. ... The Up In Smoke Tour is a big 2000 Westcoast HipHop tour with as head artists Ice Cube, Eminem, Snoop Dogg & Dr. Dre, joined by MC Ren, Xzibit, WC, Ms. ... Training Day is an Academy Award-winning 2001 film starring Denzel Washington as Alonzo Harris, a corrupt Los Angeles police officer, and Ethan Hawke as Jake Hoyt, his new green recruit looking to become a part of Harris elite narcotics unit. ... The Wash was a hip-hop-styled film released on November 16, 2001 featuring Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Ludacris, Xzibit and DJ Pooh, with an appearance made by Eminem (although he wanted 8 Mile to be his film debut, so he remained uncredited). This film was written and directed by...

References

  1. ^ http://www.mouthshut.com/review/Slim_Shady_LP_-_Eminem-90815-1.html
  2. ^ Huey, Steve. "The Chronic" - Overview. All Music Guide.
  3. ^ Birchmeier, Jason. The Firm biography. All Music Guide
  4. ^ Ankeny, Jason; Torreano, Bradley. Eminem biography. All Music Guide
  5. ^ Dr. Dre Billboard chart history - albums
  6. ^ http://youtube.com/watch?v=QFmB3szwRJQ
  7. ^ http://www.rapdimension.com
  8. ^ http://www.illhill.com/headline.asp?id=4222
  9. ^ http://panachereport.com/website%20channel%20documents/hip%20hop%20gallery/2006RichestInHip-Hop.htm
  10. ^ In the Doctor's House, by Josh Tyrangiel. Retrieved on July 18, 2007
  11. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/10699242/scott_storchs_outrageous_fortune/2
  12. ^ http://www.songwriteruniverse.com/elizondo.htm
  13. ^ http://jcgi.pathfinder.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1000775,00.html
  14. ^ http://jcgi.pathfinder.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1000775,00.html
  15. ^ http://jcgi.pathfinder.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1000775,00.html
  16. ^ http://www.thehiphopicon.com/dre.htm

The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Notes

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

External links

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Persondata
NAME Young, André Romell
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Dr. Dre
SHORT DESCRIPTION African American hip hop rapper and producer
DATE OF BIRTH February 18, 1965 (1965-02-18) (age 42)
PLACE OF BIRTH Los Angeles, California, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

 
 

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