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Encyclopedia > Downing Street
Downing Street looking west. The Foreign and Commonwealth office is on the left, the red house is number 12, the dark houses are number 11 and No.10 (nearer, and partially obscured), and the building on the right is the Barry wing of Cabinet Office, which has its main frontage to Whitehall.
Downing Street looking west. The Foreign and Commonwealth office is on the left, the red house is number 12, the dark houses are number 11 and No.10 (nearer, and partially obscured), and the building on the right is the Barry wing of Cabinet Office, which has its main frontage to Whitehall.
Downing Street gates
Downing Street gates

Downing Street is the street in London, England, which for over two hundred years, has contained the official residences of two of the most senior British cabinet ministers, the First Lord of the Treasury, an office held by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and the Second Lord of the Treasury, an office held by the Chancellor of the Exchequer. The most famous address in Downing Street is 10 Downing Street, the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury—and thus, in modern times, the residence of the Prime Minister, since the two roles have usually been filled by the same person (exclusively so since 1902). As a result of this "Downing Street" or "Number 10" is often used as a metonym for the Prime Minister or his or her office, whilst "Number 11" is likewise a term for the Chancellor of the Exchequer or his or her office. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1006x376, 75 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Downing Street ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1006x376, 75 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Downing Street ... The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, Barrys most famous building. ... The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet in progressing matters that require coordination across Government departments. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1182x792, 476 KB) Downing Street in London, photo Chris Nyborg, november 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Downing Street ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1182x792, 476 KB) Downing Street in London, photo Chris Nyborg, november 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Downing Street ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, usually but not always the Prime Minister. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... The Right Honourable Gordon Brown, PC, MP, current Chancellor of the Exchequer The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the ancient title held by the British cabinet minister whose responsibilities are akin to the posts of Minister for Finance or Secretary of the Treasury in other jurisdictions. ... The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister responsible for all economic and financial matters. ... Prime Minister Tony Blair and U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney stand in front of the famous main door to Number 10. ... In rhetoric, metonymy is the substitution of one word for another word with which it is associated. ...


Downing Street is located in Whitehall in central London, a few minutes' walk from the Houses of Parliament and on the edge of the grounds of Buckingham Palace. The street was built in the 1680s by Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet (16321689) on the site of a mansion called Hampden House. Downing was a soldier and diplomat who served under Oliver Cromwell and King Charles II. In the service of the King he was rewarded with the plot of land adjoining St James's Park upon which Downing Street now stands. The Prime Minister, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the Chief Whip all officially live in houses on one side of the street. The houses on the other side were all replaced by the Foreign Office in the nineteenth century. In the 1950s and 1960s, plans were considered to demolish both the Foreign Office and the rest of Downing Street and build "something more modern".[citation needed] However the plans were never implemented and have long since been abandoned. Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... This may refer to the: British Houses of Parliament. ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... Sir George Downing, 1st Baronet (c. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... St. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister responsible for all economic and financial matters. ... The Chief Whip is a political office in some legislatures assigned to an elected member whose task is to administer the whipping system that ensures that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires. ... The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, seen from St. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ...

Contents

Houses in Downing Street

9 Downing Street was named in 2001 and is the Downing Street entrance to the Privy Council Office and currently houses the Chief Whip's office. It was formerly part of Number 10. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Chief Whip is a political office in some legislatures assigned to an elected member whose task is to administer the whipping system that ensures that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires. ...


10 Downing Street is the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, and thus the residence of the British Prime Minister, as in modern times, the two roles have been filled by the same person. Prime Minister Tony Blair and U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney stand in front of the famous main door to Number 10. ...


11 Downing Street is the home of the Second Lord of the Treasury, and thus the Chancellor of the Exchequer. 11 Downing Street (commonly known as Number 11), is the official residence of the Second Lord of the Treasury, who in modern times has always been the British Chancellor of the Exchequer. ... The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister responsible for all economic and financial matters. ...


12 Downing Street, formerly the Chief Whip's Office, currently houses the Prime Minister's Press Office, Strategic Communications Unit and Information and Research Unit. 12 Downing Street is the official residence of the Chief Whip of the governing party of the UK Parliament. ...


14 Downing Street formerly closed off the western end of the street. It was acquired by the Crown in 1798, and was used by the Colonial Office in the 19th century. Some parts were demolished in the 1860s, and by 1876 it had been removed completely. The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ...


Throughout the history of these houses, ministers have lived by agreement in whatever rooms they thought necessary. On some occasions Number 11 has been occupied not by the Chancellor of the Exchequer but by the individual considered to be the nominal deputy Prime Minister (whether or not they actually take the title)—this was particularly common in coalition governments. Sometimes a minister will only use their Downing Street flat for formal occasions and otherwise live elsewhere.


During his last period in office, in 1881, William Gladstone claimed residence in numbers 10, 11 and 12 for himself and his family. This was reasonable since he was both Chancellor of the Exchequer and Prime Minister at the time. Gladstone redirects here. ... The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister responsible for all economic and financial matters. ...

The gates at the entrance to Downing Street
The gates at the entrance to Downing Street

After the 1997 General Election in which Labour took power, a swap was carried out by the then incumbents of the two titles, Tony Blair being a married man with three children still living at home, whilst his counterpart, Gordon Brown, was unmarried at the time of taking up his post. Although Number 10 continued to be the prime minister's official residence and contain the prime ministerial offices, Blair and his family actually moved into the more spacious Number 11, while Brown lived in the more meagre apartments of Number 10. This is the second time this has occurred. Stafford Northcote lived in Number 10 at one point, whilst the Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli lived in Number 11. Interestingly this event was for precisely the opposite reason- at the time, Number 10 was the more spacious apartment and Sir Stafford had a larger family. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1999x1569, 632 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Downing Street ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1999x1569, 632 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Downing Street ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... A general election is an election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... For others with the same or similar names, see Gordon Brown (disambiguation). ... The Rt Hon. ... Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (December 21, 1804 - April 24, British Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and author. ...


Downing Street gates

In 1989 large, black, steel gates were erected at each end of Downing Street to protect the Prime Minister (then Margaret Thatcher) from terrorist attacks, particularly from the Provisional IRA. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) is a paramilitary group which aimed, through the use of violence, to achieve three goals: (i) British withdrawal from Ireland, (ii) the political unification of Ireland through the merger of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland , and (iii) the creation of an all...

Downing Street before the gates were installed
Downing Street before the gates were installed

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1006x376, 75 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Downing Street ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1006x376, 75 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Downing Street ...

Security

Entering Downing street requires passing through a security checkpoint. The street is patrolled by armed police, and there is always at least one police officer outside the door of Number 10.


See also

  • List of eponymous roads in London

External links

  • Downing Street at the Survey of London online (see items 14-18 in the table of contents).

Coordinates: 51°30′11.6″N, 0°07′39.0″W The Survey of London is an ongoing project to produce a very thorough historical and architectural survey of the former County of London. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Downing Street (255 words)
10 Downing Street is a historic building that is also a place of work for hundreds of people.
In this section we look at the history of the building and profile the famous faces who have called Downing Street home over the last three centuries.
For more than 250 years 10 Downing Street has been the centre of UK government.
Downing Street Garage - Ethics Awards (1586 words)
Downing Street Garage was named as the winner of the 2003 Torch Award for Marketplace Ethics on November 7, 2003 by the Denver/Boulder Better Business and its BBB Education Foundation.
Downing Street Garage, a locally-owned automotive repair shop was named one of three organizations to receive the Colorado Ethics in Business Alliance (CEBA) award, during the annual CEBA awards luncheon on Thursday, March 4 at the Colorado Convention Center.
Downing Street Garage rose to the top of the 15 CEBA finalists as one of the clear winners from another large group of nominations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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