FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Down House
Down House, photo by Richard Carter
Down House, photo by Richard Carter

Down House is the former home of the English naturalist Charles Darwin and his family. It is located in Downe in the London Borough of Bromley, a suburb 14.2 miles (22.8 km) south east of Charing Cross. It was in the house that Darwin worked on his theories of evolution by natural selection. It is now a museum. Down House. ... Down House. ... Charles Darwin in 1854, five years prior to the publication of The Origin of Species Charles Robert Darwin, FRS (12 February 1809–19 April 1882) was a British naturalist who achieved lasting fame as originator of the theory of evolution through natural selection. ... Downe is a village in the London Borough of Bromley, England. ... The London Borough of Bromley is a London Borough of outer southeast London. ... It has been suggested that Suburbia be merged into this article or section. ... The Victorian Eleanor Cross at Charing Cross The name Charing Cross, now given to a district of central London in the City of Westminster, comes from the original hamlet of Charing, where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile. ... Charles Darwin, father of the theory of evolution by natural selection. ... Natural selection is a process by which biological populations are altered over time, as a result of the propagation of heritable traits that affect the capacity of individual organisms to survive and reproduce. ...

Contents


The evolution of Down House

On the origin of the house

Down House was originally built as a farmhouse around 1650, and it was extended in 1778. // Events June 23 - Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland, the only of the three Kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Darwins move in

Darwin, moved from London to the suburbs in the midst of labour riots, buying the house for £2,200 from the Rev. James Drummond, who had asked for £2,500. They moved in on the 14th September, 1842. The Darwin family then consisted of Charles, his wife Emma and their children William Erasmus (b. 1839) and Anne (b. 1841). Emma was heavily pregnant with Mary Eleanor, who was to be born on 23 September but to die less than a month later on 18 October. The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... Categories: Stub | Riots ... The pound sterling, which strictly speaking refers to basic currency unit of sterling, now the pound, is the currency of the United Kingdom (UK). ... (Redirected from 14th September) September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years). ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Emma Darwin Emma Darwin (née Wedgwood, 2 May 1808–7 October 1896) was the wife of the English naturalist Charles Darwin. ... Darwins family tree The Darwin -- Wedgwood family was a prominent English family, descended from Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood, the most notable member of which was Charles Darwin. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Annie Darwin Anne Elizabeth Annie Darwin (2 March 1841_22 April 1851) was the second child and eldest daughter of Charles and Emma Darwin. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ...


The other Darwin children many of whom would later achieve notability in their own right would be born in the house, "Etty" (born 1843), George (born 1845), "Bessy"(born 1847), Francis (born 1848), Leonard (born 1850), Horace (born 1851) and Charles Waring Darwin (18561858). Darwins family tree The Darwin -- Wedgwood family was a prominent English family, descended from Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood, the most notable member of which was Charles Darwin. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... George Howard Darwin Sir George Howard Darwin, F.R.S. (July 9, 1845 – December 7, 1912) was a British astronomer and mathematician, the second son and fifth child of Charles and Emma Darwin. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Francis Darwin, F.R.S. (August 16th 1848 - 19th September 1925) was the botanist son of Charles Darwin. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Major Leonard Darwin (15 January 1850 — 26 March 1943) was the fourth son and eighth child of Charles and Emma Darwin. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Horace Darwin, F.R.S. (13th May 1851 - 29th September 1928), a son of the British naturalist Charles Darwin, was a civil engineer. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


The Darwins added to the house in various ways. On 24 March 1843, construction work started on a large bay window at the front of the house. A new drawing room was added in 1858, and at the same time an extension was added to the main entrance. The former drawing room was converted into a new dining room, and the old dining room became a billiard room. In 1872 a verandah was added to the side of the drawing room. In 1877, a new study, entrance hall and Georgian-style porch were added and old study where Darwin wrote The Origin was converted into a smoking room. March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... In British society, a drawing room is a room in a house where visitors may be entertained. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... A dining room is a room for eating. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A verandah is a large balcony on the level of a ground floor. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The 1859 edition of On the Origin of Species First published in 1859, The Origin of Species (full title On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life) by British naturalist Charles Darwin is one of the pivotal...


Charles Darwin died at the house in 19 April 1882, aged 73. April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Downe House School

A girls' boarding school was established at the house in 1907 by a Miss Olive Willis (1877-1953), but was moved away in 1922. One of the school's houses is named Darwin. A boarding school is a self-contained educational establishment where students not only study but where some or all students may live. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


See Also

Downe House is an independent girls boarding school in the English county of Berkshire. ...

A museum to Darwin

The house was bought in 1927 by the surgeon Sir George Buckston Browne (1850-1945), who presented it to the British Association for the Advancement of Science together with an endowment to ensure its preservation in perpetuity as a memorial to Darwin. Down House was formally opened as a museum on the 7th June, 1929. 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The British Association or the British Association for the Advancement of Science or the BA is a learned society with the object of promoting science, directing general attention to scientific matters, and facilitating intercourse between scientific workers. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Buckston Browne's endowment proved insufficient and the expense of maintenance led to the British Association in turn donating the house to the Royal College of Surgeons of England, which administered the adjacent Surgical Research Station, in October 1953. In 1962 Sir Hedley Atkins (1905-1983), later President of the Royal College of Surgeons, moved into the house together with his wife and assumed the role of honorary curator. The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Down House today

Down House was acquired in 1996 by English Heritage, with a grant from the Wellcome Trust. It was restored with funds raised by the Natural History Museum from many trusts, and from a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund, and reopened to the public in April 1998. 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... English Heritage is a United Kingdom government body with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... The Wellcome Trust is a British charity established in 1936 to disburse the fortune of the pharmaceutical magnate Sir Henry Wellcome and the income of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. ... The Natural History Museum in South Kensington, London, has an ornate terracotta facade typical of high Victorian architecture. ... A play here! sign outside a newsagent, incorporating the National Lotterys logo of a stylised hand with crossed fingers. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Down House and the surrounding area has been nominated by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport to become a World Heritage Site. It will go through public consultation in 2005 and a decision should be made in 2006. The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (sometimes abbreviated DCMS) is a department of the British government. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage committee. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

The Mount, is the site of a house in Shrewsbury, officially known as Mount House that belonged to Robert Darwin and was the birthplace of Charles Darwin. ... Historic houses in England is a link page for any stately home, country house or other historic house in England. ... English Heritage Properties in England is a link page for any stately home, historic house, castle, abbey, museum or other property in the care of English Heritage. ... Museums in England is a link page for any museum in England. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Down House - definition of Down House in Encyclopedia (536 words)
Down House was originally built as a farmhouse around 1650, and it was extended in 1778.
The house was bought in 1927 by the surgeon Sir George Buckston Browne (1850-1945), who presented it to the British Association for the Advancement of Science together with an endowment to ensure its preservation in perpetuity as a memorial to Darwin.
Down House was acquired in 1996 by English Heritage, with a grant from the Wellcome Trust.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m