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Encyclopedia > Dowager Empress

Empress Dowager (Chinese and Japanese: 皇太后; Chinese pinyin Hang Ti Hu, Japanese pronunciation: Kōtaigō) was title given to the mother of a Chinese emperor. The title was also given occasionally to another woman of the same generation, while a woman from the previous generation was sometimes given the title of Grand Empress Dowager. Numerous empress dowagers held regency during the reign of an underage emperor. Many of the most prominent empress dowagers also extended their control for long periods after the emperor was old enough to govern. This was a source of political turmoil according to traditional view of Chinese history.

Chronological list of famous Chinese empress dowagers

Han dynasty

  • Empress Dowager L
  • Empress Dowager Dou
  • Empress Dowager Deng
  • Empress Dowager Liang
  • Empress Dowager He

Northern Dynasties

  • Empress Dowager Feng
  • Empress Dowager Hu

Tang Dynasty

  • Empress Dowager Wu, more commonly known as Wu Zetian
  • Empress Dowager Wei, daughter-in-law of Wu Zetian.

Qing Dynasty

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Royalty.nu - Chinese History - Dowager Empress Tzu Hsi or Cixi (3042 words)
The dowager empress certainly seems to have had a high opinion of her own intelligence and importance; a member of her court, Princess Der Ling, who wrote a book called Two Years in the Forbidden City, quoted Tzu Hsi as saying, "I have often thought that I am the most clever woman that ever lived...
The new emperor, Kuang Hsu, was skinny, sickly, and terrified of the Empress Dowager.
With the Empress Dowager of China by Katherine A. Carl.
Empress Dowager Cixi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3767 words)
She was privileged to become empress dowager only because she was the biological mother of Emperor Tongzhi.
Concubine Dowager Kangci was the highest ranking surviving concubine of the late emperor Daoguang, and so she was the woman with the highest status inside the Forbidden City.
Empress Dowager Ci'an died suddenly on April 8, 1881, during an audience at the court.
  More results at FactBites »



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