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Encyclopedia > Dove
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Pigeons and Doves
Feral Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica) in flight
Feral Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica) in flight
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamilies

see article text Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1440x960, 260 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dove Rock Pigeon Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates User:Fir0002/Natures pics Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Image:Rock dove... Binomial name Columba livia Gmelin, 1789 The Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Families Columbidae Raphidae (extinct) Sam Walton Sam Walton started the largest retailer in the world; Wal-Mart. ...

Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University
Feral Rock Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University
"Dove" redirects here. For other meanings of "dove", see Dove (disambiguation).

Pigeons (which are also known as rock doves) and doves comprise the family Columbidae within the order Columbiformes, including some 300 species of near passerine birds. In general parlance the terms "dove" and "pigeon" are used somewhat interchangeably. In ornithological practice there is a tendency for "dove" to be used for smaller species and "pigeon" for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically the common names for these birds involve much variation between "dove" and "pigeon". Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1360x1020, 613 KB) Summary Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University 2002-07-19 04:16:30 UTC Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dove User:Pcu123456789... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1360x1020, 613 KB) Summary Pigeon beside Weiming Lake, Peking University 2002-07-19 04:16:30 UTC Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dove User:Pcu123456789... Peking University (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxué), colloquially known in Chinese as Beida (北大, Běidà), was established in 1898, and is one of the oldest universities in China. ... The word Dove may refer to several things: One of many species of birds in the family Columbidae. ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Families Columbidae Raphidae (extinct) Sam Walton Sam Walton started the largest retailer in the world; Wal-Mart. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Near passerine is a term often given to those land birds most closely related to the true passerines in the order Passeriformes Rainbow Bee-eater They comprise Order Pterocliformes sandgrouse Order Columbiformes dodos, pigeons and doves Order Psittaciformes cockatoos and parrots Order Cuculiformes turacos and cuckoos Order Strigiformes owls Order... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... In science, a common name is any name by which a species or other concept is known that is not the official scientific name. ...


The species commonly referred to just as the "pigeon" is the feral Rock Pigeon, common in many cities. A feral horse (an American mustang) in Wyoming A feral animal or plant is one that has escaped from domestication and returned, partly or wholly, to its wild state. ... Binomial name Columba livia Gmelin, 1789 The Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. ...


Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. A cere is a fleshy, often waxy area above a birds beak. ...


The usually flimsy nests are made of sticks, and the two white eggs are incubated by both sexes. Doves feed on seeds, fruit and other soft plantstuff. Unlike most other birds (but see flamingo), the doves and pigeons produce "crop milk", which is secreted by a sloughing of fluid-filled cells from the lining of the crop. Both sexes produce this highly nutritious substance to feed to the young. In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Flamingos are gregarious wading birds in the genus Phoenicopterus and family Phoenicopteridae. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The crop is a thin-walled expanded portion of the alimentary tract used for the storage of food prior to digestion that is found in many animals, including earthworms, leeches, insects, and birds. ...


This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones. The young doves and pigeons are called "squabs". The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... The Australasia Ecozone The Australasian ecozone – is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia. ...

Contents

Systematics and evolution

This family is a highly coherent group with no members showing obvious links with other bird families, or vice versa. The Dodo and solitaires are clearly related, as discussed below, but equally lacking in obvious links with other bird families. The limited fossil record also consists only of unequivocal Columbidae species. Links to the sandgrouse and parrots have been suggested, but resemblences to the first group are due to convergent evolution and the second depend on the parrot-like features of the Tooth-billed Pigeon. However, the distinctive features of that bird seem to have arisen from its specialised diet rather than a real relationship to the parrots. Genera Pterocles Syrrhaptes The sandgrouse are a group of 16 near passerine bird species in the order Pteroclidiformes. ... It has been suggested that True parrots be merged into this article or section. ... In evolutionary biology, convergent evolution is the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches. ... Binomial name Didunculus strigirostris Jardine, 1845 The Tooth-billed Pigeon, Didunculus strigirostris also known as Samoan Pigeon is a medium-sized, up to 34cm long, dark green pigeon with red bare skin around eye, chestnut wings, dark red feet and dark brown upperparts plumage. ...


The family is usually divided into five subfamilies, but this is probably inaccurate. For example, the American ground and quail doves which are usually placed in the Columbinae seem to be two distinct subfamilies[1]. The order presented here follows Baptista et al. (1997) with some updates (Johnson & Clayton 2000, Johnson et al. 2001, Shapiro et al. 2002).


Note that the arrangement of genera and naming of subfamilies is in some cases provisional because analyses of different DNA sequences yield results that differ, often radically, in the placement of certain (mainly Indo-Australian) genera. This ambiguity, probably caused by Long branch attraction, on the other hand seems to confirm that the first pigeons evolved in the Australasian region, and that the "Treronidae" and allied forms (crowned and pheasant pigeons, for example) represent the earliest radiation of the group. part of a DNA sequence A DNA sequence (sometimes genetic sequence) is a succession of letters representing the primary structure of a real or hypothetical DNA molecule or strand, The possible letters are A, C, G, and T, representing the four nucleotide subunits of a DNA strand (adenine, cytosine, guanine... Long branch attraction (LBA) is a phenomenon in phylogenetic analyses (most commonly those employing maximum parsimony) when rapidly evolving lineages are inferred to be closely related, regardless of their true evolutionary relationships. ...


As the Dodo and Rodrigues Solitaire are in all likelihood part of the Indo-Australian radiation that produced the 3 small subfamilies mentioned above and the fruit-doves and -pigeons (including the Nicobar Pigeon), they are here included as a subfamily Raphinae, pending better material evidence of their exact relationships. Binomial name Raphus cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758 Former range (in red) Synonyms Struthio cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758 Didus ineptus Linnaeus 1766 Probably the earliest accurate drawings of a dodo (1601-1603) The Dodo (Raphus cucullatus) was a metre-high (three feet) flightless bird related to the pigeons that lived on the islands... Binomial name Pezophaps solitaria (Gmelin, 1789) The Rodrigues Solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria) was a flightless member of the pigeon order endemic to Rodrigues, Mauritius. ... Binomial name Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) The Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird on small uninhabited islands in Indonesia and the Nicobar Islands. ... Genera Pezophaps (extinct) Raphus (extinct) Synonyms Raphidae Poche, 1904[verification needed] The Raphinae are a subfamily of extinct flightless birds colloquially called didines or didine birds[1]. They inhabited the Mascarene Islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, but became extinct through hunting by humans and predation by introduced non-native mammals...


Exacerbating these issues, columbids are not well represented in the fossil record. No truly primitive forms have been found to date. The genus Gerandia which most likely belongs to the Columbinae has been described from Early Miocene deposits of France. Apart from that, all other fossils belong to extant genera. For these, and for the considerable number of more recently extinct prehistoric species, see the respective genus accounts. Pigeons are also called Rock Doves. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fossil. ... The Miocene Epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23. ...


Subfamily Columbinae - typical pigeons & doves

Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella.
Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella.

Genus Columba including Aplopelia - Old World pigeons (33-34 living species, 2-3 recently extinct) Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1270x1680, 831 KB) Summary Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella. Photo taken by Frances76. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1270x1680, 831 KB) Summary Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella. Photo taken by Frances76. ... Binomial name Macropygia phasianella (Temminck, 1821) The Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella, is a dove in the genus Macropygia. ... Genus Columba The large bird genus Columba comprises a group of medium to large stout-bodied pigeons, often referred to as the typical pigeons. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...


Genus Streptopelia including Stigmatopelia and Nesoenas - turtledoves (14-18 living species) Species See text Streptopelia is a genus of birds in the dove family. ...


Genus Patagioenas - American pigeons; formerly included in Columba (17 species) Species See text. ...


Genus Macropygia

  • Barred Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia unchall
  • Slender-billed Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia amboinensis
  • Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella
  • Cheeks Island Pigeon, Macropygia islalivsis
  • Dusky Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia magna
  • Andaman Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia rufipennis
  • Philippine Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia tenuirostris
  • Ruddy Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia emiliana
  • Black-billed Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia nigrirostris
  • Mackinlay's Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia mackinlayi
  • Little Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia ruficeps

Genus Reinwardtoena (3 species) Binomial name Macropygia phasianella (Temminck, 1821) The Brown Cuckoo-dove, Macropygia phasianella, is a dove in the genus Macropygia. ... Species See text Reinwardtoena is a small genus of Doves. ...


Genus Turacoena (2 species) Species See text Turacoena is a small genus of Doves. ...

Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica, native to tropical southern Asia and Australia.
Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica, native to tropical southern Asia and Australia.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1547x1594, 754 KB) Summary Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1547x1594, 754 KB) Summary Emerald Dove, Chalcophaps indica. ... Binomial name Chalcophaps indica (Linnaeus, 1758) The Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia and northern and eastern Australia. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ...

Subfamily N.N. - Bronzewings and relatives

Genus Turtur - African wood-doves (5 species; tentatively placed here) Pigeon redirects here. ...


Genus Oena - Namaqua Dove (tentatively placed here) Binomial name Oena capensis Linnaeus, 1766 The Namaqua Dove (Oena capensis) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in Africa south of the Sahara Desert and Madagascar. ...


Genus Chalcophaps (2 species) Species See text Chalcophaps is a small genus of Doves. ...


Genus Henicophaps (2 species) Species See text Henicophaps is a small genus of Doves. ...


Genus Phaps (3 species) Species See text Phaps is a small genus of bronzewing pigeons. ...


Genus Ocyphaps - Crested Pigeon Binomial name Ocyphaps lophotes The Crested Pigeon (Ocyphaps lophotes) is a bird found throughout mainland Australia except for far tropical north areas. ...


Genus Geophaps (3 species) Species See text Geophaps is a small genus of Doves. ...


Genus Petrophassa - rock-pigeons Species See text. ...

  • Chestnut-quilled Rock-pigeon, Petrophassa rufipennis
  • White-quilled Rock-pigeon, Petrophassa albipennis

Genus Geopelia (3-5 species) Species See text. ...


Subfamily Leptotilinae - Zenaidine and quail-doves

Genus Zenaida (7 species) Species See text Zenaida Doves (Zenaida) is a small genus of Doves. ...


Genus Ectopistes - Passenger Pigeon (extinct; 1914) Binomial name Ectopistes migratorius (Linné, 1766) The Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) was once probably the most common bird in the world. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)

Genus Leptotila Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1880x1124, 1056 KB) I, Tim Whitehouse, photographed this image. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1880x1124, 1056 KB) I, Tim Whitehouse, photographed this image. ... Binomial name Leptotila verreauxi (Bonaparte, 1855) The White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi) is a large New World tropical dove. ...

  • White-tipped Dove, Leptotila verreauxi
  • White-faced Dove, Leptotila megalura
  • Grey-fronted Dove, Leptotila rufaxilla
  • Grey-headed Dove, Leptotila plumbeiceps
  • Pallid Dove, Leptotila pallida
  • Brown-backed Dove, Leptotila battyi
  • Grenada Dove, Leptotila wellsi
  • Caribbean Dove, Leptotila jamaicensis
  • Grey-chested Dove, Leptotila cassini
  • Ochre-bellied Dove, Leptotila ochraceiventris
  • Tolima Dove, Leptotila conoveri

Genus Geotrygon - quail-doves Binomial name Leptotila verreauxi (Bonaparte, 1855) The White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi) is a large New World tropical dove. ... Binomial name Leptotila rufaxilla (Richard and Bernard, 1792) The Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla is a large New World tropical dove. ... Binomial name Leptotila plumbeiceps (Sclater & Salvin, 1868) The Grey-headed Dove (Leptotila plumbeiceps) is a large New World tropical dove. ... Binomial name Leptotila wellsi (Lawrence, 1884) The Grenada Dove (Leptotila wellsi) is a medium-sized New World tropical dove. ...

  • Purplish-backed Quail-dove, Geotrygon lawrencii
  • Veracruz Quail-dove, Geotrygon carrikeri
  • Costa Rica Quail-dove, Geotrygon costaricensis
  • Russet-crowned Quail-dove, Geotrygon goldmani
  • Sapphire Quail-dove, Geotrygon saphirina
  • Grey-headed Quail-dove, Geotrygon caniceps
    • Hispaniolan Quail-dove, Geotrygon (caniceps} leucometopius
  • Crested Quail-dove, Geotrygon versicolor
  • Rufous-breasted Quail-dove, Geotrygon chiriquensis
  • Olive-backed Quail-dove, Geotrygon veraguensis
  • White-faced Quail-dove, Geotrygon albifacies
  • Lined Quail-dove, Geotrygon linearis
  • White-throated Quail-dove, Geotrygon frenata
  • Key West Quail-dove, Geotrygon chrysia
  • Bridled Quail-dove, Geotrygon mystacea
  • Violaceous Quail-dove, Geotrygon violacea
  • Ruddy Quail-dove, Geotrygon montana

Genus Starnoenas Binomial name Geotrygon chrysia Bonaparte, 1855 The Key West Quail-Dove (Geotrygon chrysia) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes doves and pigeons. ... Binomial name Geotrygon montana (Linnaeus, 1758) The Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes doves and pigeons. ...

  • Blue-headed Quail-dove, Starnoenas cyanocephala

Subfamily Columbininae - American ground doves

The Inca Dove probably belongs into the genus Columbina too.
The Inca Dove probably belongs into the genus Columbina too.

Genus Columbina Image File history File links Columbina_inca. ... Image File history File links Columbina_inca. ... Binomial name Columbina inca (Lesson, 1847) The Inca Dove, Columbina inca, is a small New World dove. ... For other uses of the word, please see Genus (disambiguation). ...

  • Common Ground Dove, Columbina passerina
  • Plain-breasted Ground Dove, Columbina minuta
  • Ecuadorian Ground Dove, Columbina buckleyi
  • Ruddy Ground Dove, Columbina talpacoti
  • Picui Dove, Columbina picui
  • Croaking Ground Dove, Columbina cruziana
  • Blue-eyed Ground Dove, Columbina cyanopis

Genus Claravis Binomial name Columbina passerina (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Ground Dove (Columbina passerina) is a small New World tropical dove. ... Binomial name Columbina talpacoti (Temminck, 1810) The Ruddy Ground Dove, Columbina talpacoti, is a small New World tropical dove. ...

  • Blue Ground Dove, Claravis pretiosa
  • Purple-winged Ground Dove, Claravis godefrida
  • Maroon-chested Ground Dove, Claravis mondetoura

Genus Metropelia Binomial name Claravis pretiosa ( Ferrari-Perez, 1886) The Blue Ground Dove (Claravis pretiosa) is a small New World tropical dove. ... Binomial name Claravis godefrida (Temminck, 1811) The Purple-winged Ground Dove (Claravis godefrida) is an critically endangered species of dove, native to portions of South America, including Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. ...

  • Bare-faced Ground Dove, Metriopelia ceciliae
  • Moreno's Ground Dove, Metriopelia morenoi
  • Black-winged Ground Dove, Metriopelia melanoptera
  • Golden-spotted Ground Dove, Metriopelia aymara

Genus Scardafella - possibly belongs into Columbina

  • Inca Dove, Scardafella inca
  • Scaled Dove, Scardafella squammata

Genus Uropelia Binomial name Columbina inca (Lesson, 1847) The Inca Dove, Columbina inca, is a small New World dove. ...

  • Long-tailed Ground Dove, Uropelia campestris...
Luzon Bleeding-heart Pigeon Gallicolumba crinigera, native to the Philippines.
Luzon Bleeding-heart Pigeon Gallicolumba crinigera, native to the Philippines.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1624x1489, 809 KB) Summary Bleeding Heart Pigeon, Gallicolumba luzonica. Photo taken by Frances76. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1624x1489, 809 KB) Summary Bleeding Heart Pigeon, Gallicolumba luzonica. Photo taken by Frances76. ... Binomial name Gallicolumba luzonica (Scopoli, 1786) The Luzon Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba luzonica is one of a number of species of ground dove in the genus Gallicolumba that are called bleeding-hearts. They get this name from a splash of vivid red colour at the centre of their white breasts. ...

Subfamily N.N. - Indopacific ground doves

Genus Gallicolumba (16-17 living species, 3-4 recently extinct) Binomial name Gallicolumba Heck, 1849 Gallicolumba is a genus of ground-dwelling doves which occur in the rainforests on the Philippines, Indonesia, and in the Pacific region. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...


Genus Trugon

  • Thick-billed Ground Pigeon, Trugon terrestris

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (817x1171, 960 KB) Victoria Crowned Pigeon at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (817x1171, 960 KB) Victoria Crowned Pigeon at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. ... Binomial name Goura victoria Fraser, 1844 The Victoria Crowned Pigeon, Goura victoria is a large, up to 74 centimetres (29 in) in body length, bluish-grey bird with elegant blue lace like crests, maroon breast and red iris. ... Bristol Zoo is a major UK tourist attraction in the city of Bristol in Southwest England. ...

Subfamily Otidiphabinae - Pheasant Pigeon

Genus Otidiphaps - Pheasant Pigeon


Subfamily Didunculinae - Tooth-billed Pigeon

Genus Didunculus Binomial name Didunculus strigirostris Jardine, 1845 The Tooth-billed Pigeon, Didunculus strigirostris also known as Samoan Pigeon is a medium-sized, up to 34cm long, dark green pigeon with red bare skin around eye, chestnut wings, dark red feet and dark brown upperparts plumage. ...

  • Tooth-billed Pigeon, Didunculus strigirostris
  • Tongan Tooth-billed Pigeon, Didunculus placopedetes - prehistoric

Binomial name Didunculus strigirostris Jardine, 1845 The Tooth-billed Pigeon, Didunculus strigirostris also known as Samoan Pigeon is a medium-sized, up to 34cm long, dark green pigeon with red bare skin around eye, chestnut wings, dark red feet and dark brown upperparts plumage. ... For a list of early taxa of birds known only from fossils, see Fossil birds. ...

Subfamily Gourinae - crowned pigeons

Genus Goura The genus Goura Stephens, 1819 consist of three species of crowned pigeons. ...


Subfamily N.N. ("Treroninae") - green and fruit-doves and imperial pigeons

Genus Ducula - imperial-pigeons

  • Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula poliocephala
  • White-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula forsteni
  • Mindoro Imperial Pigeon, Ducula mindorensis
  • Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula radiata
  • Grey-necked Imperial Pigeon, Ducula carola
  • Green Imperial Pigeon, Ducula aenea
  • White-eyed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula perspicillata
  • Blue-tailed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula concinna
  • Pacific Imperial Pigeon, Ducula pacifica
  • Micronesian Imperial Pigeon, Ducula oceanica
  • Polynesian Imperial Pigeon, Ducula aurorae
  • Nukuhiva Imperial Pigeon, Ducula galeata
  • Red-knobbed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula rubricera
    Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor.
    Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor.
  • Spice Imperial Pigeon, Ducula myristicivora
  • Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula rufigaster
  • Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula basilica
  • Finsch's Imperial Pigeon, Ducula finschii
  • Shinning Imperial Pigeon, Ducula chalconota
  • Island Imperial Pigeon, Ducula pistrinaria
  • Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula rosacea
  • Christmas Imperial Pigeon, Ducula whartoni
  • Grey Imperial Pigeon, Ducula pickeringii
  • Peale's Imperial Pigeon, Ducula latrans
  • Chestnut-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula brenchleyi
  • Vanuatu Imperial Pigeon, Ducula bakeri
  • New Caledonian Imperial Pigeon, Ducula goliath
  • Pinon's Imperial Pigeon, Ducula pinon
  • Bismarck Imperial Pigeon, Ducula melanochroa
  • Collared Imperial Pigeon, Ducula mullerii
  • Zoe's Imperial Pigeon, Ducula zoeae
  • Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Ducula badia
  • Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon, Ducula lacernulata
  • Timor Imperial Pigeon, Ducula cineracea
  • Pied Imperial Pigeon, Ducula bicolor
  • Torresian Imperial Pigeon, Ducula spilorrhoa
  • White Imperial Pigeon, Ducula luctuosa

Genus Lopholaimus - Topknot Pigeon Binomial name Ducula poliocephala (Gray,GR, 1844) The Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula poliocephala), otherwise known as the Philippine Zone-tailed Imperial Pigeon, the Zone-tailed Pigeon, or the Philippine Imperial Pigeon, is found in the Philippines. ... Binomial name Ducula aenea (Linnaeus, 1766) The Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from India east to Indonesia. ... Binomial name Ducula concinna (Wallace, 1865) The Elegant Imperial-pigeon, Ducula concinna also known as Blue-tailed Imperial-pigeon is a large (43 cm in length) pigeon, with upperparts mainly dark blue-green in colour with an iridescent sheen. ... Binomial name Ducula galeata (Bonaparte, 1855) The Marquesan Imperial Pigeon (Ducula galeata) is a pigeon which is endemic to Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pied_Imperial_Pigeon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pied_Imperial_Pigeon. ... Binomial name Ducula bicolor ( Scopoli, 1786) The Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird on mainly small islands adjoining the Indian Ocean from the Nicobars in an arc to New Guinea. ... Binomial name Ducula whartoni (Sharpe, 1887) The Christmas Island Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula whartoni, is a large (39 cm in length, 450-700 g in weight) pigeon, mainly dark grey in colour with an iridescent sheen. ... Binomial name Ducula mullerii (Temminck, 1835) The Collared Imperial-Pigeon, Ducula mullerii, is a large (40 cm in length, 600 g in weight) pigeon with grey upperparts and largely grey-pink underparts, distinguished by a striking and diagnostic complete black collar against an otherwise white throat. ... Binomial name Ducula bicolor ( Scopoli, 1786) The Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird on mainly small islands adjoining the Indian Ocean from the Nicobars in an arc to New Guinea. ... Binomial name Lopholaimus antarcticus (Shaw, 1794) The Topknot Pigeon (Lopholaimus antarcticus), is a pigeon native to Australia. ...

Kererū (New Zealand Pigeon), Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae.
Kererū (New Zealand Pigeon), Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae.

Genus Hemiphaga - New Zealand Pigeon or kererū Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1014x665, 255 KB) Summary New Zealand Pigeon Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1014x665, 255 KB) Summary New Zealand Pigeon Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Binomial name Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, 1789) The kererÅ« or New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae novaseelandiae (Gmelin)) is a bird endemic to New Zealand. ... Binomial name Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (Gmelin, 1789) The Kereru or New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae novaeseelandiae) is a bird endemic to New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. ...


Genus Cryptophaps

  • Sombre Pigeon, Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa

Genus Gymnophaps - mountain-pigeons

  • Papuan Mountain Pigeon, Gymnophaps albertisii
  • Long-tailed Mountain Pigeon, Gymnophaps mada
  • Pale Mountain Pigeon, Gymnophaps solomonensis

Genus Ptilinopus - fruit-doves (some 50 living species, 1-2 recently extinct) Species Ptilinopus jambu Ptilinopus layardi Ptilinopus magnificus Ptilinopus porphyreus Ptilinopus roseicapilla Ptilinopus superbus . ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...


Genus Natunaornis - Viti Levu Giant Pigeon (prehistoric) Binomial name Natunaornis gigoura Worthy, 2001 Former range (in red) The Viti Levu Giant Pigeon (Natunaornis gigoura) was a flightless pigeon, only slightly smaller than the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and Rodrigues solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria). ... For a list of early taxa of birds known only from fossils, see Fossil birds. ...


Genus Drepanoptila

  • Cloven-feathered Dove, Drepanoptila holosericea

Genus Alectroenas - blue pigeons

Binomial name Alectroenas pulcherrima (Scopoli, 1786) The Seychelles Blue Pigeon (also known as Seychelles Blue Fruit Dove) is a medium-sized pigeon which inhabits woodland areas of the granitic Seychelles Islands. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Binomial name Alectroenas nitidissima (Scopoli, 1786) Synonyms Columba nitidissima Scopoli, 1786 Columba franciae Gmelin, 1789 Columba batavica Bonnaterre, 1790 Columba jubata Wagler, 1827 The Mauritius Blue Pigeon or Pigeon Hollandais is an extinct species of pigeon formerly endemic to Mauritius. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Binomial name Alectroenas rodericana (Milne-Edwards, 1873) Synonyms Columba rodericana Milne-Edwards, 1873 Alectroenas rodericana Rothschild, 1907 The Rodrigues Grey Pigeon is an extinct species of pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Rodrigues. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...

Subfamily Raphinae - didines

Genus Raphus - Dodo (extinct; late 17th century) Genera Pezophaps (extinct) Raphus (extinct) Synonyms Raphidae Poche, 1904[verification needed] The Raphinae are a subfamily of extinct flightless birds colloquially called didines or didine birds[1]. They inhabited the Mascarene Islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, but became extinct through hunting by humans and predation by introduced non-native mammals... Binomial name Raphus cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758 Former range (in red) The Mauritius Dodo (Raphus cucullatus; Didus ineptus is an obsolete name), more commonly just dodo, was a metre-high (three-foot) flightless bird of the island of Mauritius. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Genus Pezophaps - Rodrigues Solitaire (extinct; c.1730) Binomial name Pezophaps solitaria (Gmelin, 1789) The Rodrigues Solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria) was a flightless member of the pigeon order endemic to Rodrigues, Mauritius. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ...


Placement unresolved

The unusual Nicobar Pigeon, Caloenas nicobarica
The unusual Nicobar Pigeon, Caloenas nicobarica
Love Dove decoys
Love Dove decoys

Genus Caloenas Nicobar Pigeon at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. ... Nicobar Pigeon at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. ... Binomial name Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) The Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird on small uninhabited islands in Indonesia and the Nicobar Islands. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 1241 KB) Love, photo by R.W. de Salis, March 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 1241 KB) Love, photo by R.W. de Salis, March 2006. ... Binomial name Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) The Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird on small uninhabited islands in Indonesia and the Nicobar Islands. ...

  • Nicobar Pigeon, Caloenas nicobarica
  • Greater Maned Pigeon, Caloenas canacorum (prehistoric)
  • Liverpool Pigeon, "Caloenas" maculata - extinct; probably distinct genus

Genus Treron - green pigeons Binomial name Caloenas nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) The Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird on small uninhabited islands in Indonesia and the Nicobar Islands. ... For a list of early taxa of birds known only from fossils, see Fossil birds. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...

  • Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon, Treron fulvicollis
  • Little Green Pigeon, Treron olax
  • Pink-necked Green Pigeon, Treron vernans
  • Orange-breasted Green Pigeon, Treron bicincta
  • Pompadour Green Pigeon, Treron pompadora
  • Thick-billed Green Pigeon, Treron curvirostra
  • Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon, Treron griseicauda
  • Sumba Green Pigeon, Treron teysmannii
  • Flores Green Pigeon, Treron floris
  • Timor Green Pigeon, Treron psittacea
  • Large Green Pigeon, Treron capellei
  • Yellow-footed Green Pigeon, Treron phoenicoptera
  • Bruce's Green Pigeon, Treron waalia
  • Madagascar Green Pigeon, Treron australis
  • African Green Pigeon, Treron calva
  • Pemba Green Pigeon, Treron pembaensis
  • Sao Tome Green Pigeon, Treron sanctithomae
  • Pin-tailed Green Pigeon, Treron apicauda
  • Sumatran Green Pigeon, Treron oxyura
  • Yellow-vented Green Pigeon, Treron seimundi
  • Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon, Treron sphenura
  • White-bellied Green Pigeon, Treron sieboldii
  • Whistling Green Pigeon, Treron formosae
Wonga Pigeon, Leucosarcia melanoleuca, native to Australia.
Wonga Pigeon, Leucosarcia melanoleuca, native to Australia.

Genus Phapitreron - brown doves Binomial name Treron bicincta (Jerdon, 1840) The Orange-breasted Green Pigeon (Treron bicincta) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia in the Himalaya and the hills of India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. ... Binomial name Treron pompadora Gmelin, 1758 The Pompadour Green Pigeon (Treron pompadora) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to the Philippines. ... Binomial name Treron phoenicoptera (Latham, 1790) The Yellow-footed Green Pigeon or Yellow-legged Green Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera is a common species of Green Pigeon found in South Asia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1798 KB) Summary Wonga Pigeon, Leucosarcia melanoleuca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1798 KB) Summary Wonga Pigeon, Leucosarcia melanoleuca. ... Binomial name Leucosarcia melanoleuca (Latham, 1802) The Wonga Pigeon Leucosarcia melanoleuca inhabits south-eastern Australia, but is uncommon. ...

  • White-eared Brown Dove, Phapitreron leucotis
  • Amethyst Brown Dove, Phapitreron amethystina
  • Dark-eared Brown Dove, Phapitreron cinereiceps

Genus Leucosarcia - Wonga Pigeon Binomial name Leucosarcia melanoleuca (Latham, 1802) The Wonga Pigeon Leucosarcia melanoleuca inhabits south-eastern Australia, but is uncommon. ...


Genus Microgoura - Choiseul Crested Pigeon (extinct; early 20th century) Binomial name Microgoura meeki (Rothschild, 1904) The Choiseul Crested Pigeon (Microgoura meeki) is a presumedly extinct pigeon which only occurred on the Solomon island of Choiseul in the Pacific. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Genus Dysmoropelia

  • St Helena Flightless Pigeon, Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos (extinct)

Genus indeterminate In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...

  • Henderson Island Archaic Pigeon, Columbidae gen. et sp. indet. (prehistoric)

For a list of early taxa of birds known only from fossils, see Fossil birds. ...

References

  • Gibbs, Barnes and Cox, Pigeons and Doves (Pica Press 2001) ISBN 1-873403-60-7

Doves as food

Several species of pigeon or dove are used as food, and probably any could be; the powerful breast muscles characteristic of the family make excellent meat. In Europe the Wood Pigeon is commonly shot as a game bird, while Rock Pigeons were originally domesticated as a food species, and many breeds were developed for their meat-bearing qualities. The extinction of the Passenger Pigeon was at least partly due to shooting for use as food. For the New Zealand Wood Pigeon see Kereru. ... Game is any animal hunted for food. ... Binomial name Columba livia Gmelin, 1789 The Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), is a member of the bird family Columbidae, doves and pigeons. ... Binomial name Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus, 1766) The Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) or Wild Pigeon was a species of pigeon that was once the most common bird in North America. ...


Doves are Kosher, and they and Turtle Doves are the only birds that may be used for a Korban. Other kosher birds may be eaten, but not brought as a Korban. The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Binomial name Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) The Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes the doves and pigeons. ... Korban (קרבן) (plural: Korbanot קרבנות) is a Jewish practice of sacrificing an animal or of making an offering at the Temple. ...


Trivia

A traditional pigeonhouse in Meybod, Yazd, Iran.
A traditional pigeonhouse in Meybod, Yazd, Iran.
  • Doves can be trained and often are used in tricks and animal acts by magicians and showmen.
  • Dove is a brand of American ice cream; their "Dove Bar", featuring a vanilla ice cream filling with a thin chocolate coating, is particularly well known.
  • Dove is also a brand of soaps, deodorants skin care and hair care products, manufactured by Unilever.
  • A "pigeon" is an English slang word to refer to an uneducated, naive, or unsophisticated person: one who is easily deceived or cheated by underhanded means. To be referred to as a "pigeon" or a "dupe" suggests unwariness in the person deluded — especially used in the slang language of gambling. Etymology: from Middle French duppe.
  • Glenn McGrath, an Australian Cricketer, is nicknamed "Pigeon".
  • 22 trained doves were released at singer/actress Aaliyah's funeral. the 22 doves represented a single year of the singers life.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1125 KB) Summary Traditionnal building for pigeons in Meybod, near Yazd, Iran. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1125 KB) Summary Traditionnal building for pigeons in Meybod, near Yazd, Iran. ... Yazd or Yezd (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of Yazd province, one of the most ancient and historic cities in Iran and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. ... Dove is a brand of chocolate candy produced by Mars, Incorporated. ... Dove is a soap and personal care brand (including hair care products) owned by Unilever. ... This article is about a common cleaning mixture. ... Stick deodorant Roll-on deodorant Deodorants are cosmetic substances applied to the body, most frequently the armpits, to reduce the body odor caused by the bacterial breakdown of perspiration. ... Unilever (Euronext: UNA, LSE: ULVR, NYSE: UN) is an Anglo-Dutch company that owns many of the worlds consumer product brands in foods, beverages, cleaning agents and personal care products. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A cricketer is a term used to refer to a person who plays cricket. ... Aaliyah Dana Haughton[1] (January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001[2]), known professionally as Aaliyah, was an American R&B singer, dancer, model and actress. ...

See also

Related to doves

This is a list of doves and pigeons in alphabetical order. ... Pigeons have featured in numerous experiments in comparative psychology, including experiments concerned with animal cognition, and as a result we have considerable knowledge of pigeon intelligence. ... In a famous article in 1995, Watanabe, Sakamoto and Wakita described an experiment which showed that pigeons can be trained to discriminate between paintings by Picasso and Monet. ... Pigeon racing is a sport in which pigeons are removed by an agreed distance from their home coops and then released at a predetermined time. ... There are at least four main types of competitive pigeon sport: Pigeon racing Tumbling Mumbling Tippler Though not quite a sport, fancy breeds of pigeons are also bred to standards and judged in a competitive fashion. ... A colombier (dovecote) in Jersey A dovecote or dovecot is a building intended to house pigeons or doves, which were an important food source in history. ... Fancy pigeons (or sometimes exotic pigeons) are domesticated varieties of the Rock Pigeon (Columba livia). ... // Some research has been performed with the intention of discovering how birds can find their way back from distant places they have never visited before. ... A carrier pigeon is a breed of pigeon (specifically a domesticated Rock Dove, Columba livia) that has wattles, a nearly vertical stature, and that may once have been used to carry messages. ... Pigeons have played an important role in wars for a long time. ... Cher Ami (French for Dear Friend [male]) was a famous homing pigeon who was owned and flown by the U.S. Army Signal Corps in France during World War I. He helped save the Lost Battalion of the 77th Division in the battle of the Argonne, October 1918. ...

Related to symbolism

Peace sign redirects here. ... A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, often linked to the goal of achieving world peace. ... Militarism or militarist ideology is the doctrinal view of a society as being best served (or more efficient) when it is governed or guided by concepts embodied in the culture, doctrine, system, or people of the military. ...

Miscellaneous

The inspiration for the name of the principle: pigeons in holes. ... Skeet is a clay pigeon shooting sport, one of the ISSF shooting events. ...

References

  • Baptista, L. F.; Trail, P. W. & Horblit, H. M. (1997): Order Columbiformes. In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. (editors): Handbook of birds of the world, Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-22-9
  • Johnson, Kevin P. & Clayton, Dale H. (2000): Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genes Contain Similar Phylogenetic. Signal for Pigeons and Doves (Aves: Columbiformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14(1): 141–151. PDF fulltext
  • Johnson, Kevin P.; de Kort, Selvino; Dinwoodey, Karen, Mateman, A. C.; ten Cate, Carel; Lessells, C. M. & Clayton, Dale H. (2001): A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba. Auk 118(4): 874-887. PDF fulltext
  • Shapiro, Beth; Sibthorpe, Dean; Rambaut, Andrew; Austin, Jeremy; Wragg, Graham M.; Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R. P.; Lee, Patricia L. M. & Cooper, Alan (2002): Flight of the Dodo. Science 295: 1683. DOI:10.1126/science.295.5560.1683 (HTML abstract) Supplementary information

The Auk is a quarterly journal and the official publication of the American Ornithologists Union, having been continuously published by that body since 1884. ... Science is the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Basically, the conventional treatment had 2 large subfamilies, one for the fruit-doves, imperial pigeons and fruit-pigeons, and another for nearly all of the remaining species. Additionally, there were 3 monotypic subfamilies, one each for the genera Goura, Otidiphaps and Didunculus. The old subfamily Columbinae consists of 5 distinct lineages, whereas the other 4 groups are more or less accurate representations of the evolutionary relationships.

Monotypic is an adjective, that refers to a taxonomic group with only one type: in botany it means that a taxon has only one species; Ginkgo is a monotypic genus, while Ginkgoaceae is a monotypic family. ...

External links

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Dove

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Dove (781 words)
dove (columbula, palumba sine felle) in numerous epitaphs of the Roman catacombs.
dove signifies the human soul yet imprisoned in the flesh and held captive during the period of mortal
dove, and his words are sometimes quoted as exhibiting the use of such vessels in the third century.
Dove - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (903 words)
Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.
Doves are often associated with the concept of peace and pacifism.
A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba; Auk 118, 4 (2001): 874-887
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