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Encyclopedia > Douglas Adams
Douglas Adams

Douglas Adams signing books at ApacheCon 2000
Born 11 March 1952(1952-03-11)
Cambridge, England
Died 11 May 2001 (aged 49)
Santa Barbara, California, U.S.
Occupation comedy writer, novelist, dramatist, fantasist
Genres Science fiction, Comedy

Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 195211 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. He is best known as the author of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series. Hitchhiker's began on radio, and developed into a "trilogy" of five books (which sold more than fifteen million copies during his lifetime) as well as a television series, a comic book series, a computer game, and a feature film that was completed after Adams' death. The series has also been adapted for live theatre using various scripts; the earliest such productions used material newly written by Adams.[2] He was known to some fans as Bop Ad (after his illegible signature), or by his initials DNA. [3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the city in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about work. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons,[2][3] is the collective name of the creators of Monty Pythons Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Robert Sheckley (July 16, 1928 – December 9, 2005) was an American author. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, KBE (15 October 1881 – 14 February 1975) (IPA: ) was a comic writer who has enjoyed enormous popular success for more than seventy years. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Radio drama is a form of audio storytelling broadcast on radio. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy,[1] was a BBC television adaptation of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy broadcast in January and February 1981 on BBC Two. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ...


In addition to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Douglas Adams wrote or co-wrote three stories of the science fiction television series Doctor Who and served as Script Editor during the seventeenth season. His other written works include the Dirk Gently novels, and he co-wrote two Liff books and Last Chance to See, itself based on a radio series. Adams also originated the idea for the computer game Starship Titanic, which was produced by a company that Adams co-founded, and adapted into a novel by Terry Jones. A posthumous collection of essays and other material, including an incomplete novel, was published as The Salmon of Doubt in 2002. This article is about the television series. ... Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency is a novel by Douglas Adams. ... Front cover of the US hardcover edition of The Meaning of Liff, 1984. ... The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ... Front cover of the box from the original US Windows 95 CD-ROM release of Starship Titanic, by Simon & Schuster Interactive. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ...


His fans and friends also knew Adams as an environmental activist, a self-described "radical atheist", and a lover of fast cars, cameras, the Macintosh computer, and other "techno gizmos". The biologist Richard Dawkins dedicated his book The God Delusion to Douglas Adams and in it described how Adams came to understand evolution, consequently becoming an atheist. Douglas was a keen technologist, writing about such e-mail and Usenet before they became widely known. Toward the end of his life he was a sought-after lecturer on topics including technology and the environment. Antitheism (sometimes anti-theism) is active opposition to theism. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... The God Delusion is a book by British biologist Richard Dawkins, Professor for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... In many countries, Technologists are synonymous with applied scientists or engineers. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, decentralized, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. ...

Contents

Early life

Douglas Adams was born to Janet Adams (née Donovan, and now known as Janet Thrift) and Christopher Douglas Adams in Cambridge, England. His parents had one other child together, Susan, who was born in March 1955. His parents separated and divorced in 1957, and Douglas, Susan, and Janet moved in with Janet's parents, the Donovans, in Brentwood, Essex. Douglas' grandmother kept her house as an official RSPCA refuge for hurt animals, which "exacerbated young Douglas' hayfever and asthma."[4] The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... This article is about the city in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, part of Essex in England. ... RSPCA official charity logo The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) is a charity in England and Wales that promotes animal welfare. ... For the play, see Hay Fever. ...


Christopher Adams remarried in July 1960, to Mary Judith Stewart (born Judith Robertson). From this marriage, Douglas Adams had a half-sister, Heather. Janet remarried in 1964, to a veterinarian, Ron Thrift, providing two more half-siblings to Douglas; Jane and James Thrift.


Education and early works

Douglas Adams was known to some fans as Bop Ad - after his illegible signature.

Adams attended Primrose Hill Primary School in Brentwood. He took the exams and interview for Brentwood School at six, and attended the preparatory school from 1959 to 1964, then the main school until 1970. He was in the top stream, and specialised in the arts in the sixth form, after which he stayed an extra term in a seventh form class, customary in the school for those preparing for Oxbridge entrance exams. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 764 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1353 × 1062 pixel, file size: 577 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Douglas Adams signature from cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 764 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1353 × 1062 pixel, file size: 577 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Douglas Adams signature from cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is... Brentwood School is a public school in Brentwood, Essex, England. ... In English language usage in the former British Empire, the present-day Commonwealth, a preparatory school (usually abbreviated to prep school) is an independent school preparing children up to the age of eleven or thirteen for fee-paying, secondary independent schools, some of which are called public schools. ... Oxbridge is a name used to refer to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest in the United Kingdom and the English-speaking world. ...


While at prep school, his English teacher, Frank Halford, reportedly awarded Adams the only ten out of ten of his teaching career for creative writing.[5] Adams remembered this for the rest of his life, especially when facing writer's block.[6] Some of Adams' earliest writing was published at the school, such as a report on the school's photography club in The Brentwoodian (in 1962) or spoof reviews in the school magazine Broadsheet (edited by Paul Neil Milne Johnstone). For other uses, see Writers block (disambiguation). ... As depicted by the television series. ...


Adams also had a letter and short story published nationally in the UK in the boys' comic, The Eagle, in 1965. He met Griff Rhys Jones, who was in the year below, at school, and was in the same class as Stuckist artist Charles Thomson; all three appeared together in a production of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in 1968. Adams was six feet tall (1.83 m) by 12 and he stopped growing at 6'5" (1.96 m). Later, he made jokes about his towering stature, "...the form-master wouldn't say 'Meet under the clock tower,' or 'Meet under the war memorial,' but 'Meet under Adams.'"[7] The Eagle could refer to: Eddie Belfour, the Canadian ice-hockey goalkeeper in the NHL Michael Edwards, the British ski jumper, called Eddie the Eagle The Eagle comic The Eagle, a silent film starring Rudolph Valentino 96. ... Griff Rhys Jones (born 16 November 1953) is a British comedian, writer and actor. ... Sir Nicholas Serota Makes an Aquisitions Decision, 2000, painting by Charles Thomson Charles Thomson (born February 6, 1953) is a British artist, painter, poet, photographer. ...


On the strength of a bravura essay on religious poetry that discussed the Beatles along with William Blake, he was awarded a place at St John's College, Cambridge to read English, entering in 1971.[8] Adams attempted to get into the Footlights Dramatic Club, with which several other names in British comedy had been affiliated. He was turned down, and started to write and perform in revues with Will Adams (no relation) and Martin Smith, forming a group called "Adams-Smith-Adams." Later, in another attempt to join Footlights, Adams was encouraged by Simon Jones and found himself working with Rhys Jones, among others. In 1974, Adams graduated with a B.A. in English literature. The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... For other persons named William Blake, see William Blake (disambiguation). ... College name The College of Saint John the Evangelist of the University of Cambridge Motto Souvent me Souvient (Latin: I often remember) Named after The Hospital of Saint John the Evangelist Established 1511 Location St. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. ... The ADC Theatre is the home of the Footlights. ... British Comedy, in film, radio and television, is known for its consistently quirky characters, plots and settings, and has produced some of the most famous and memorable comic actors and characters in the last fifty years. ... Martin Smith is the guitarist from Infinite Rapture ... Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... The term English literature refers to literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by writers not necessarily from England; Joseph Conrad was Polish, Robert Burns was Scottish, James Joyce was Irish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, Edgar Allan Poe was American, Salman Rushdie is Indian, V.S...


Some of his early work appeared on BBC2 (television) in 1974, in an edited version of the Footlights Revue from Cambridge, that year. A version of the revue performed live in London's West End led to Adams being discovered by Monty Python's Graham Chapman. The two formed a brief writing partnership, and Adams earned a writing credit in one episode (episode 45: "Party Political Broadcast on Behalf of the Liberal Party") of Monty Python's Flying Circus for a sketch called "Patient Abuse." In the sketch, a man who stabbed by a nurse arrives at his doctor's office bleeding from the stomach. The doctor asks him to fill out numerous senseless forms before he will administer treatment (a joke later incorporated into the Vogons' obsession with paperwork). Adams also contributed to a sketch on the album for Monty Python and the Holy Grail. For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... The interior of Covent Garden Market in the West End The West End of London is an area of Central London, England, containing many of the citys major tourist attractions, businesses, and administrative headquarters. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons,[2][3] is the collective name of the creators of Monty Pythons Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ... Dr. Graham Arthur Chapman (January 8, 1941 – October 4, 1989) was an English comedian, actor, writer, physician and one of the six members of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... This article is about the television series. ... For medical references to Patient/Senior Abuse , see Elder Abuse. ... This is a list of races, fauna and flora featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ...

Douglas Adams in his first Monty Python appearance, in full surgeon's garb in episode 42.
Douglas Adams in his first Monty Python appearance, in full surgeon's garb in episode 42.

Douglas had two brief appearances in the fourth series of Monty Python's Flying Circus. At the beginning of episode 42, "The Light Entertainment War," Adams is in a surgeon's mask (as Dr Emile Koning, according to on-screen captions), pulling on gloves, while Michael Palin narrates a sketch that introduces one person after another but never actually gets started. At the beginning of episode 44, "Mr Neutron", Adams is dressed in a "pepperpot" outfit and loads a missile on to a cart driven by Terry Jones, who is calling for scrap metal ("Any old iron..."). The two episodes were broadcast in November 1974. Adams and Chapman also attempted non-Python projects, including Out of the Trees. Image File history File links DNA_in_Monty_Python. ... Image File history File links DNA_in_Monty_Python. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Ultimate Answer to Life, The Universe, and Everything The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared in The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything has a numeric solution in Douglas Adams series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... Pepperpot is a term created by Monty Python member Graham Chapman to describe a class of character frequently utilized in the groups comedy sketches. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Out of the Trees was a television sketch show pilot written by Graham Chapman, Douglas Adams and Bernard McKenna and broadcast on BBC 2. ...


Some of Adams' early radio work included sketches for The Burkiss Way in 1977 and The News Huddlines. He also wrote, again with Graham Chapman, the 20 February 1977 episode of Doctor on the Go, a sequel to the Doctor in the House television comedy series. The Burkiss Way was a BBC Radio 4 sketch comedy series that ran from August 1976 to November 1980. ... The News Huddlines was a long-running BBC Radio 2 half hour comedy show, consisting of sketches, songs and one-liners. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Doctor in the House was a British television comedy series produced by London Weekend Television from 1969 to 1970. ...


As Adams had difficulty selling jokes and stories, he took a series of odd jobs . A biography from an early edition of one of the HHGG novels says:

After graduation he spent several years contributing material to radio and television shows as well as writing, performing, and sometimes directing stage revues in London, Cambridge and at the Edinburgh Fringe. He has also worked at various times as a hospital porter, barn builder, chicken shed cleaner, bodyguard, radio producer and script editor of Doctor Who.

Adams worked as a bodyguard in the mid-1970s. He was employed by an Qatar Arab family which had made its fortune in oil.[9] He had anecdotes about the job: one story related that the family once ordered one of everything from a hotel's menu, tried all the dishes, and sent out for hamburgers. Another story had to do with a prostitute sent to the floor Adams was guarding one evening. They acknowledged each other as she entered, and an hour later, when she left, she is said to have remarked, "At least you can read while you're on the job."[10] A revue is a type of theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches that satirize contemporary figures, news, or literature. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A street performer on the Royal Mile, with volunteer (2004). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Script Editor is a program included with Mac OS that allows AppleScripts to be written, debugged, and ran. ... This article is about the television series. ...


In 1979, Adams and John Lloyd wrote scripts for two half-hour episodes of Doctor Snuggles: "The Remarkable Fidgety River" and "The Great Disappearing Mystery" (episodes seven and twelve). John Lloyd was also co-author of two episodes from the original "Hitchhiker" radio series (Fit the Fifth and Fit the Sixth (also known as Episodes Five and Six, see explanation below)), as well as The Meaning of Liff and The Deeper Meaning of Liff. Lloyd and Adams also collaborated on an SF movie comedy project based on The Guinness Book of World Records, which would have starred John Cleese as the UN Secretary General, and had a race of aliens beating humans in athletic competitions, but the humans winning in all of the "absurd" record categories. This latter project never proceeded past a treatment. In a 1996 interview for SFX Magazine, Adams described John Lloyd as a "comedy producer par excellence... one of the people I love spending time with, because he's so damn funny."[citation needed] John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... Doctor Snuggles was a cartoon series about the friendly and optimistic inventor Doctor Snuggles and his friends in a slightly psychedelic world. ... Front cover of the US hardcover edition of The Meaning of Liff, 1984. ... The Meaning of Liff (ISBN 0517553473) is a humorous dictionary written by Douglas Adams and John Lloyd, published in Britain in 1983. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ... Cleese redirects here. ...


After the first radio series of The Hitchhiker's Guide became successful, Adams was made a BBC radio producer, working on Week Ending and a pantomime called Black Cinderella Two Goes East. He left the position after six months to become the script editor for Doctor Who. Week Ending. ... For other uses, see Pantomime (disambiguation). ... Black Cinderella Two Goes East (sometimes referred to as Black Cinderella II Goes East) was a radio pantomime broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on 25 December 1978. ... This article is about the television series. ...


The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy was a concept for a science-fiction comedy radio series pitched by Adams and radio producer Simon Brett to BBC Radio 4 in 1977. Adams came up with an outline for a pilot episode, as well as a few other stories (reprinted in Neil Gaiman's book Don't Panic: The Official Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Companion) that could potentially be used in the series. The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... Simon Brett (b. ... old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ...


According to Adams, the idea for the title The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy occurred to him while he lay drunk in a field in Innsbruck, Austria (though he joked that the BBC would instead claim it was Spain "probably because it's easier to spell"[11]), gazing at the stars. He had been wandering the countryside while carrying a book called the Hitch-hiker's Guide to Europe when he ran into a town where, as he humorously describes, everyone was either "deaf" and "dumb" or only spoke languages he could not. After wandering around and drinking for a while, he went to sleep in the middle of a field and was inspired by his inability to communicate with the townspeople. He later said that due to his constantly retelling this story of inspiration, he no longer had any memory of the moment of inspiration itself, and only remembered his retellings of that moment. A postscript to M. J. Simpson's biography of Adams, Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, provides evidence that the story was in fact a fabrication and that Adams had conceived the idea some time after his trip around Europe. Innsbruck City Center Innsbruck and Nordkette from south Innsbruck (population 120,000) is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the Tyrol province. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... The Hitch-hikers Guide to Europe (ISBN 0-8128-1446-0) was a guide book, copyright 1971 by Ken Welsh and first published that year in the UK by Pan Books. ...


Despite the original outline, Adams was said to make up the stories as he wrote. He turned to John Lloyd for help with the final two episodes of the first series. Lloyd contributed bits from an unpublished science fiction book of his own, called GiGax.[12] However, very little of Lloyd's material survived in later adaptations of Hitchhiker's, such as the novels and the TV series. The TV series itself was based on the first six radio episodes, but sections contributed by Lloyd were largely re-written. John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...


BBC Radio 4 broadcast the first radio series weekly in the UK in March and April 1978. Following the success of the first series, another episode was recorded and broadcast, which was commonly known as the Christmas Episode. A second series of five episodes was broadcast one per night, during the week of 21 January - 25 January 1980. old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


While working on the radio series (and with simultaneous projects such as The Pirate Planet) Adams developed problems keeping to writing deadlines that only got worse as he published novels. Adams was never a prolific writer and usually had to be forced by others to do any writing. This included being locked in a hotel suite with his editor for three weeks to ensure that So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish was completed.[13] He was quoted as saying, "I love deadlines. I love the whooshing noise they make as they go by."[14] Despite the difficulty with deadlines, Adams eventually authored five novels in the series, published in 1979, 1980, 1982, 1984 and 1992. The Pirate Planet is the second serial in the Key to Time arc of Doctor Who. ... So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series written by Douglas Adams. ...


The books formed the basis for other adaptations, such as three-part comic book adaptations for each of the first three books, an interactive text-adventure computer game, and a photo-illustrated edition, published in 1994. This latter edition featured a 42 Puzzle designed by Adams, which was later incorporated into paperback covers of the first four "Hitchhiker's" novels (the paperback for the fifth re-used the artwork from the hardcover edition).[15] The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... Spoiler warning: The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared on pages 80 and 81 of The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The 42 Puzzle is a game devised by Douglas Adams in 1994 for his popular The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ...


In 1980, Adams also began attempts to turn the first Hitchhiker's novel into a movie, making several trips to Los Angeles, California, and working with a number of Hollywood studios and potential producers. The next year, 1981, the radio series became the basis for a BBC television mini-series "The Hitch Hikers Guide to the Galaxy" broadcast in six parts. When he died in 2001 in California, he had been trying again to get the movie project started with Disney, which had bought the rights in 1998. The screenplay finally got a posthumous re-write by Karey Kirkpatrick, was green-lit in September 2003, and the resulting movie was released in 2005. Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Karey Kirkpatrick is a screenwriter. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. ...


Radio producer Dirk Maggs had consulted with Adams, first in 1993, and later in 1997 and 2000 about creating a third radio series, based on the third novel in the Hitchhiker's series.[16] They also vaguely discussed the possibilities of radio adaptations of the final two novels in the five-book "trilogy." As with the movie, this project was only realised after Adams' death. The third series, The Tertiary Phase, was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in September 2004 and was subsequently released on audio CD. With the aid of a recording of his reading of Life, the Universe and Everything and editing, Douglas Adams himself can be heard playing the part of Agrajag posthumously. So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless made up the fourth and fifth radio series, respectively (on radio they were titled The Quandary Phase and The Quintessential Phase) and these were broadcast in May and June of 2005, and also subsequently released on Audio CD. The last episode in the last series (with a new, "more upbeat" ending) concluded with, "The very final episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams is affectionately dedicated to its author."[17] Dirk Maggs is a freelance writer and director working across all media. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ...


More recently, the film makers at Smoov Filmz adapted the anecdote that Arthur Dent relates about biscuits in So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish into a short film called "Cookies."[18] Adams also discussed the real-life episode that inspired the anecdote in a 2001 speech, reprinted in his posthumous collection The Salmon of Doubt. He also told the story on the radio programme It Makes Me Laugh on 19 July 1981. Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ... So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series written by Douglas Adams. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


Doctor Who

Main article: Doctor Who

Adams sent the script for the HHGG pilot radio programme to the Doctor Who production office in 1978, and was commissioned to write The Pirate Planet (see below). He had also previously attempted to submit a potential movie script, called "Doctor Who and the Krikkitmen," which later became his novel Life, the Universe and Everything (which in turn became the third Hitchhiker's Guide radio series). Adams then went on to serve as script editor on the show for its seventeenth season in 1979. Altogether, he wrote three Doctor Who serials starring Tom Baker as the Doctor: This article is about the television series. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Pirate Planet is the second serial in the Key to Time arc of Doctor Who. ... Doctor Who episodes redirects here. ... For other persons named Tom Baker, see Tom Baker (disambiguation). ...

The episodes authored by Adams are some of the few that have not been novelised as Adams would not allow anyone else to write them, and asked for a higher price than the publishers were willing to pay.[19] The Key to Time is the umbrella title for a story arc that links all six serials of Season 16 of Doctor Who. ... Doctor Who episodes redirects here. ... City of Death is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from September 29 to October 20, 1979. ... Graham Williams was a British television producer and script editor, whose best known work was on the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... David Fisher is a writer for television. ... David Agnew is a pseudonym that was traditionally used on BBC television drama programmes in the 1970s where a writers name could not be used for contractual reasons, for example where a script editor had written an episode of his or her own programme, or when a writer had... Shada is an unaired serial of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ...


Adams was also known to allow in-jokes from The Hitchhiker's Guide to appear in the Doctor Who stories he wrote and other stories on which he served as Script Editor. Subsequent writers have also inserted Hitchhiker's references, even as recently as 2007. Conversely, at least one reference to Doctor Who was worked into a Hitchhiker's novel. In Life, the Universe and Everything, two characters travel in time and land on the pitch at Lord's Cricket Ground. The reaction of the radio commentators to their sudden appearance is very similar to the reactions of commentators in a scene in the eighth episode of the 1965 – 66 story The Daleks' Master Plan, which has the Doctor's TARDIS materialise on the pitch at Lord's. 42 is an episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Life, the Universe and Everything (1982, ISBN 0-345-39182-9) is the third book in the five-volume Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... The Pavilion The Grand Stand Match in progress The Media Centre at Lords Cricket Ground This memorial stone to Lord Harris is in the Harris Garden at Lords Lords Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in St Johns Wood in London, at grid reference TQ268827. ... The Daleks Master Plan is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in twelve weekly parts from November 13, 1965 to January 29, 1966. ... The current TARDIS prop. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Teleportation. ...


Elements of Shada and City of Death were reused in Adams' later novel Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency, in particular the character of Professor Chronotis, and Dirk Gently himself clearly fills much the same plot role as the Doctor (though the character is very different). Big Finish Productions eventually remade Shada as an audio play starring Paul McGann as the Doctor. Accompanied by partially animated illustrations, it was webcast on the BBCi website in 2003, and subsequently released as a two-CD set later that year. An omnibus edition of this version was broadcast on the digital radio station BBC7 on 10 December 2005. Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency is a novel by Douglas Adams. ... Professor Urban Chronotis is a fictional character created by Douglas Adams. ... Big Finish Productions is a British company that produces audio plays released straight to compact disc, based on British cult science fiction properties. ... Paul McGann (born November 14, 1959 in Surrey, England, United Kingdom) is an English actor who made his name on the BBC serial The Monocled Mutineer, in which he played the lead role. ... Doctor Who spin-offs refers to material created outside of, but related to, the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... BBCi is the brand name for the BBCs interactive television services. ... BBC 7 is a digital radio station broadcasting comedy, drama, and childrens programming 24 hours a day. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Adams is credited with introducing a fan and later friend of his, the zoologist Richard Dawkins, to Dawkins' future wife, Lalla Ward, who had played the part of Romana in Doctor Who. Dawkins confirmed this in his published eulogy of Adams.[20] Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... Lalla Ward (born Sarah Ward, June 28, 1951) is an English actress and illustrator best known for playing the part of Romana in the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... For other uses, see Romana (disambiguation). ...


When he was at school, he wrote and performed a play called Doctor Which.[21]


Music

Adams played the guitar left-handed and had a collection of twenty-four left-handed guitars when he died in 2001 (having received his first guitar in 1964). He also studied piano in the 1960s with the same teacher as Paul Wickens, the pianist who later played in Paul McCartney's band (and composed the music for the 2004 – 2005 editions of the Hitchhiker's Guide radio series).[22] The Beatles, Pink Floyd and Procol Harum all had great influence on Adams' work. For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... Paul Wix Wickens is a keyboardist and composer from Essex, UK. He has been a keyboard player for Paul McCartneys band since 1990, and recently composed the music for the new radio productions of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... Procol Harum is an English rock band, formed in the 1960s, who built a heavy foundation for what would become progressive rock. ...


Pink Floyd

Adams included a direct reference to Pink Floyd in the original radio version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, in which he describes the main characters surveying the landscape of an alien planet while Marvin, their android companion, hums Pink Floyd's "Shine on You Crazy Diamond". This was cut out of the CD version. Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... Shine On You Crazy Diamond is an epic nine-part Pink Floyd composition with lyrics written by Roger Waters, in tribute to former band member Syd Barrett, and music written by Waters, Richard Wright, and David Gilmour. ...


Adams also compared the various noises that the kakapo makes to "Pink Floyd studio out-takes" in his nonfiction book on endangered species, Last Chance to See. Binomial name Gray, 1845 The Kakapo (Māori: kākāpō, meaning night parrot), Strigops habroptilus (from the Greek strix, genitive strigos: owl and ops: face; and habros: soft, and ptilon: feather), also called owl parrot, is a species of nocturnal parrot with finely blotched yellow-green plumage endemic to... The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ...


Adams' official biography shares its name with the song "Wish You Were Here" by Pink Floyd. Adams was friends with Pink Floyd guitarist David Gilmour and, on the occasion of Adams' 42nd birthday (the number 42 having special significance, being The Answer to Life, the Universe and Everything and also Adams' age when his daughter Polly was born), he was invited to make a guest appearance at Pink Floyd's 28 October 1994 concert at Earls Court in London, playing rhythm guitar on the songs "Brain Damage" and "Eclipse". Video is not available of this event, but a link to audio is present below. Adams chose the name for Pink Floyd's 1994 album, The Division Bell, by picking the words from the lyrics to one of its tracks, namely "High Hopes". Gilmour also performed at Adams' memorial service following his death in 2001. Wish You Were Here (song) redirects here. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... For the Canadian writer and television journalist, see David Gilmour (writer), for the jazz guitarist see David Gilmore. ... The Ultimate Answer to Life, The Universe, and Everything The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared in The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything has a numeric solution in Douglas Adams series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Rhythm guitar is a guitar that is primarily used to provide rhythmic and harmonic accompaniment for a singer or for other instruments in an ensemble. ... Brain Damage is the ninth track[1] from British progressive rock band Pink Floyds 1973 album, The Dark Side of the Moon. ... Eclipse is the tenth[1] and final track from British progressive rock band Pink Floyds 1973 album, The Dark Side of the Moon. ... This article is about the Pink Floyd album. ...


Pink Floyd and their lavish stage shows were also the inspiration for the Adams-created fictional rock band "Disaster Area", described in the Hitchhiker's Guide as "not only the loudest rock band in the galaxy, but in fact the loudest noise of any kind". One element of Disaster Area's stage show was to send a space ship hurtling into a sun, probably inspired by the plane that would crash into the stage during some of Pink Floyd's live shows, usually at the end of "On the Run". The 1968 Pink Floyd song "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" may also have influenced the ideas behind Disaster Area. This article is about the genre. ... The following is a list of minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... On the Run is the third track[1] from British progressive rock band Pink Floyds 1973 album, The Dark Side of the Moon. ... Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun is a song by British psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd, and is featured on their second album, A Saucerful of Secrets (1968). ...


Procol Harum

Douglas Adams was a friend of Gary Brooker, the lead singer, pianist and songwriter of the progressive rock band Procol Harum. Adams is known to have invited Brooker to one of the many parties that Adams held at his house. On one such occasion Gary Brooker performed the full (4 verse) version of his hit song "A Whiter Shade of Pale". Brooker also performed at Adams' memorial service. Gary Brooker, MBE, (born 29 May 1945, Hackney, East London), is an English singer, songwriter, pianist and founder of the rock band Procol Harum. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Procol Harum is an English rock band, formed in the 1960s, who built a heavy foundation for what would become progressive rock. ... A Whiter Shade of Pale is a song by the British band Procol Harum. ...


Adams also appeared on stage with Brooker to perform "In Held Twas in I" at Redhill when the band's lyricist Keith Reid was not available. On several other occasions he had been known to introduce Procol Harum at their gigs. Keith Reid,born 22 October 1946 is best known for writing the words to A Whiter Shade of Pale. ...


Adams also let it be known that while writing he would listen to music, and this would occasionally influence his work. On one occasion the title track from the Procol Harum album Grand Hotel was playing when... Grand Hotel, by Procol Harum, was released in 1973. ...

Suddenly in the middle of the song there was this huge orchestral climax that came out of nowhere and didn't seem to be about anything. I kept wondering what was this huge thing happening in the background? And I eventually thought ... it sounds as if there ought to be some sort of floorshow going on. Something huge and extraordinary, like, well, like the end of the universe. And so that was where the idea for The Restaurant at the End of the Universe came from.

Douglas Adams, Procol Harum at The Barbican[23]

Other musical links

Adams made a number of references to music and musicians who had influenced his work through his books. In the Hitchhiker's Guide series, examples include one of the two mice, in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, suggesting that as they have not found the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything, they should instead make it up, proposing to use the question "How many roads must a man walk down?" This is a line from Bob Dylan's song, "Blowin' in the Wind". Prior to this scene, in the same novel, the ship's computer onboard the Heart of Gold, unable to assist or prevent the ship's impending destruction with two nuclear missiles closing in on it, sings "You'll Never Walk Alone" in the background, a Rodgers and Hammerstein hit from the musical Carousel which had been an early 1960s rock hit in the UK and then was adopted as a crowd chant by many football fans, in particular Liverpool supporters. The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Blowin in the Wind is a song written by Bob Dylan, and released on his 1963 album The Freewheelin Bob Dylan. ... Heart of Gold is a fictional spaceship in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams. ... Youll Never Walk Alone is a song written by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II for their 1945 musical, Carousel. ... Rodgers (left) and Hammerstein (right), with Irving Berlin (middle) and Helen Tamiris, watching auditions at the St. ... Carousel is a 1945 stage musical by Richard Rodgers (music) and Oscar Hammerstein II (book and lyrics) that was adapted from Ferenc Molnars play Liliom. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ...


The Restaurant at the End of the Universe, the second novel in the series, is dedicated to the 1980 Paul Simon soundtrack album, One-Trick Pony. Adams says he played it "incessantly" while writing the book. In one scene in the fourth novel, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish, Arthur Dent listens to a Dire Straits LP and Adams goes on to pay tribute to their lead guitarist, Mark Knopfler. Adams later revealed that the particular song to which he refers in the book — although never by name — is "Tunnel of Love", from the Making Movies album. And in the final novel, Mostly Harmless, Elvis is discovered playing in a diner attended by Ford Prefect and Arthur Dent, where he is simply known as "The King". The Restaurant at the End of the Universe (1980, ISBN 0345391810) is the second book in the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... One-Trick Pony is an album released by Paul Simon in 1980. ... So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series written by Douglas Adams. ... This article is about the band. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is an English guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... Tunnel of Love is a 1981 rock song by Dire Straits. ... Making Movies is the third album by British rock band Dire Straits, released in 1980. ... The front cover of the US first hardcover edition of Mostly Harmless. ... Elvis redirects here. ... Mos Def as Ford Prefect (left), along with Martin Freeman as Arthur Dent (right), from the 2005 film adaptation. ... Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ...


Besides modern rock music, Douglas Adams was a great admirer of the work of JS Bach, which provides a minor plot element in Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency. Adams was also good friends with The Monkees' Michael Nesmith. In the early 1990s, one of the aborted attempts to have The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy adapted into a movie would have had Nesmith as its producer. For other people named Bach and other meanings of the word, see Bach (disambiguation). ... The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... Robert Michael Nesmith, born December 30, 1942 ) in Harris County, Texas,[1] is an American musician, songwriter, actor, producer, novelist, businessman, and philanthropist, perhaps best known for his time in the musical group The Monkees and on the TV series of the same name. ...


Adams was also a fan of The Beatles. He makes a reference to Paul McCartney in Life, the Universe and Everything and quotes lyrics and titles from songs by The Beatles in Mostly Harmless and Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency. In 'Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency' this exchange takes place: The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ...

"Yes, it is," said the Professor. "Wait--let it be. It won't be long."
Richard stared in disbelief. "You say there's a horse in your bathroom, and all you can do is stand there naming Beatles songs?"
"Well, the bathroom window's open. I expect she came in through that."
"You're doing it deliberately, aren't you?"

Adams also does this several times in The Salmon of Doubt. In Chapter 3 there is a conversation between Kate and Dirk, which includes the following exchange:

"So?"
"I looked around and I noticed there wasn't a chair."

Taken together, these two lines form a quotation from "Norwegian Wood" on the Rubber Soul album. Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) is a song by The Beatles which first appeared on the 1965 album Rubber Soul. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1965 U.S. LP, with a different colour saturation (see below) Back cover Back cover of the original 1965 UK LP Rubber Soul is the sixth album by The Beatles, first released in December 1965. ...


Computer games and projects

Douglas Adams (left) and Steve Meretzky, 1984.

Douglas Adams created an interactive fiction version of HHGG together with Steve Meretzky from Infocom in 1984. In 1986 he participated in a week-long brainstorming session with the Lucasfilm Games team for the game Labyrinth. Later he was also involved in creating Bureaucracy (also by Infocom, but not based on any book). Adams was also responsible for the computer game Starship Titanic, which was published in 1999 by Simon and Schuster. Terry Jones wrote the accompanying book, entitled Douglas Adams’s Starship Titanic, since Adams was too busy with the computer game to do both. In April 1999, Adams initiated the h2g2 collaborative writing project, an experimental attempt at making The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy a reality, and at harnessing the collective brainpower of the internet community. Image File history File links MeretzkyAndAdams. ... Image File history File links MeretzkyAndAdams. ... Zork I is one of the first interactive fiction games, as well as being one of the first commercially sold. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... Steve Meretzky Steven Eric Meretzky (born May 1, 1957) is an American computer game designer, with dozens of titles to his credit. ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar Zorkmid... Official LucasArts logo LucasArts Entertainment Company (sometimes shortened to LEC), is a video game developer and publisher. ... Screenshot from the game in the text-mode prologue. ... Bureaucracy is a text-based computer game released by Infocom in 1987, scripted by popular comic science fiction author Douglas Adams. ... Front cover of the box from the original US Windows 95 CD-ROM release of Starship Titanic, by Simon & Schuster Interactive. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... H2G2 is also an acronym for the The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The terms collaborative writing and refer to projects where written works are created by multiple people together (collaboratively) rather than individually. ...


In 1990, Adams wrote and presented a television documentary programme Hyperland[24] which featured Tom Baker as a "software agent" (similar to the "Assistants" used in several versions of Microsoft Office, derived from their failed "Bob" program), and interviews with Ted Nelson, which was essentially about the use of hypertext. Although Adams did not invent hypertext, he was an early adopter and advocate of it. This was the same year that Tim Berners-Lee used the idea of hypertext in his HTML. A television documentary is a documentary or a series of documentaries that are meant to be broadcasted on television. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: ASCII art isnt encyclopedic and doesnt render well in WikiMarkup If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... For other persons named Tom Baker, see Tom Baker (disambiguation). ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Bob was a Microsoft software product, released in March 1995, which provided a new, nontechnical interface to desktop computing operations. ... Theodor Holm Nelson is an American sociologist, philosopher, and pioneer of information technology. ... In computing, hypertext is a user interface paradigm for displaying documents which, according to an early definition (Nelson 1970), branch or perform on request. ... Diffusion is the process by which a new idea or new product is accepted by the market. ... Sir Tim Berners-Lee Sir Tim (Timothy John) Berners-Lee, KBE (TimBL or TBL) (b. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ...


The Dirk Gently series

In between Adams' first trip to Madagascar with Mark Carwardine in 1985, and their series of travels that formed the basis for the radio series and non-fiction book Last Chance to See, Adams wrote two other novels with a new cast of characters. Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency was first published in 1987, and was described by its author as "a kind of ghost-horror-detective-time-travel-romantic-comedy-epic, mainly concerned with mud, music and quantum mechanics."[25] It received many rave reviews from American newspapers upon its publication in the USA. Adams borrowed a few ideas from two Doctor Who stories he had worked on: City of Death and Shada. Mark Carwardine (born 1959-03-09) is a zoologist, who at one time was affiliated with the World Wildlife Fund, and has been a free lance writer, photographer and zoologist since 1986. ... The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ... Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency is a novel by Douglas Adams. ... This article is about the television series. ... City of Death is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from September 29 to October 20, 1979. ... Shada is an unaired serial of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ...


A sequel novel, The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul was published a year later. This was an entirely original work, Adams' first since So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish. Reviewers, however, were not as generous with praise for the second volume as they had been for the first. After the obligatory book tours, Adams was off on his round-the-world excursion which supplied him with the material for Last Chance to See. The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul is a 1988 humorous fantasy detective novel by Douglas Adams. ...


Personal beliefs

Atheism and view on religion

Adams was a "radical atheist", though he used the term for emphasis so that he would not be asked if he meant agnostic. He stated in an interview with American Atheists[26] that this made things easier, but most importantly it conveyed the fact that he really meant it, had thought about it, and that it was an opinion he held seriously. He believed there is no God, and devoted himself to secular causes such as environmentalism. Despite this, he did state in the same interview that he was "fascinated by religion." [...] "I love to keep poking and prodding at it. I’ve thought about it so much over the years that that fascination is bound to spill over into my writing." His fascination he ascribed to the fact that so many "otherwise rational... intelligent people... nevertheless take it [the existence of God] seriously". For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... The term agnosticism and the related agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869. ... The American Atheists logo, based on the atomic model. ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ...


The evolutionary biologist and atheist Richard Dawkins in The God Delusion jokingly states that Adams is "possibly [my] only convert" to atheism. In the same paragraph Dawkins expresses missing his close friend,[27] and the book is dedicated to Adams' memory. Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... The God Delusion is a book by British biologist Richard Dawkins, Professor for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ...


Sentient puddle

One analogy Adams put forward about religion was that of the "sentient puddle." This analogy is intended to refute the suggestion that the existence of God and His love for humankind would be proven because the world is perfectly designed for our needs. He compared such thinkers to an intelligent puddle of water. Adams said the puddle is certain that the hole in the ground he occupies must have been designed specifically for him because it fits him so well. The puddle exists under the sun until he has entirely evaporated.[28][29]


Environmental activism

Adams was also an environmental activist who campaigned on behalf of a number of endangered species. This activism included the production of the non-fiction radio series Last Chance to See, in which he and naturalist Mark Carwardine visited rare species such as the Kakapo and Baiji, and the publication of a tie-in book of the same name. In 1992, this was made into a CD-ROM combination of audio book, e-book and picture slide show. Environmentalism is activism aimed at improving the environment, particularly nature. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ... Mark Carwardine (born 1959-03-09) is a zoologist, who at one time was affiliated with the World Wildlife Fund, and has been a free lance writer, photographer and zoologist since 1986. ... Binomial name Gray, 1845 The Kakapo (Māori: kākāpō, meaning night parrot), Strigops habroptilus (from the Greek strix, genitive strigos: owl and ops: face; and habros: soft, and ptilon: feather), also called owl parrot, is a species of nocturnal parrot with finely blotched yellow-green plumage endemic to... Binomial name Lipotes vexillifer Miller, 1918 Natural range of Lipotes vexillifer The Chinese River Dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer) was a freshwater dolphin found only in the Yangtze River in China. ... Cassette recording of Patrick OBrians The Mauritius Command An audio book is a recording of the contents of a book read aloud. ... A user viewing an electronic page on an eBook reading device An e-book (for electronic book: also eBook, ecoBook) is the digital media equivalent of a conventional printed book. ...


Adams and Mark Carwardine contributed the 'Meeting a Gorilla' passage from Last Chance to See to the book The Great Ape Project.[30] This book, edited by Paola Cavalieri and Peter Singer launched a wider-scale project in 1993, which calls for the extension of moral equality to include all great apes, human or nonhuman. The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ... The logo of The Great Ape Project, which aims to expand moral equality to great apes, and to foster greater understanding of them by humans. ... Paola Cavalieri is an Italian philosopher, most known for her work arguing for extension of human rights to the other great apes. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ...


In 1994 he participated in a climb of Mount Kilimanjaro while wearing a rhino suit for the British charity organisation Save the Rhino. Many different people participated in the same climb and took turns wearing the rhino suit; Adams wore the suit while traveling to the mountain before the climb proper began. About £100,000 were raised through that event, benefiting schools in Kenya and a Black Rhinoceros preservation programme in Tanzania. Adams was also an active supporter of the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund. For other uses, see Kilimanjaro (disambiguation). ... Save the Rhino International is a British charity committed to saving the endangered Rhinoceros species in the wild. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – December 26, 1985) was an American zoologist who completed an extended study of eight gorilla groups. ...


Since 2003, Save the Rhino has held an annual Douglas Adams Memorial Lecture around the time of his birthday to raise money for environmental campaigns.[31] The lectures in the series are: Save the Rhino International is a British charity committed to saving the endangered Rhinoceros species in the wild. ...

Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... Robert Swan, OBE, BA, FRGS was born in 1956 in Durham, England and studied history at Durham University. ... Mark Carwardine (born 1959-03-09) is a zoologist, who at one time was affiliated with the World Wildlife Fund, and has been a free lance writer, photographer and zoologist since 1986. ... Professor Robert Winston Robert Maurice Lipson Winston, Baron Winston (born July 15, 1940) is a British scientist, politician, and television presenter. ... Richard Erskine Frere Leakey (born 19 December 1944 in Nairobi, Kenya), is a Kenyan paleontologist and conservationist. ... Steven Pinker Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954) is a prominent Canadian-born American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, and popular science writer known for his spirited and wide-ranging advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind. ...

Technology

Adams was a serious fan of technology. Though he did not buy his first word processor until 1982, he had considered one as early as 1979. He was quoted as saying that until 1982, he had difficulties with "the impenetrable barrier of jargon. Words were flying backwards and forwards without concepts riding on their backs." In 1982, his first purchase was a 'Nexus'. In 1983, when he and Jane Belson went out to Los Angeles, he bought a DEC Rainbow. Upon their return to England, Adams bought an Apricot, then a BBC Micro and a Tandy 1000.[32] In Last Chance to See Adams mentions his Cambridge Z88, which he had taken to Zaire on a quest to find the Northern White Rhinoceros.[33] A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering American company in the computer industry. ... Digital Equipment Corporation joined the microcomputer revolution a little late when it introduced the Rainbow-100 in 1982. ... Apricot Computers, a British manufacturer of business-orientated personal computers, was the new name for Applied Computer Techniques (ACT) in 1985. ... The BBC Microcomputer System was a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by Acorn Computers Ltd for the BBC Computer Literacy Project operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation. ... Tandy Corporation is the former name of the parent company of RadioShack Corporation, a Fort Worth, Texas-based company best known for its RadioShack electronics stores. ... The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ... The Cambridge Z88 was an A4-size, lightweight, portable Z80-based computer with a built-in combined word processing/spreadsheet/database application called Pipedream, along with several other apps/utilities, such as a Z80-version of BBC BASIC. The machine was designed by Sir Clive Sinclair and released by his...


Adams' posthumously published work, The Salmon of Doubt, features multiple articles written by Douglas on the subject of technology, including reprints of articles that originally ran in MacUser magazine, and in The Independent on Sunday newspaper. In these, Adams claims that one of the first computers he ever saw was a Commodore PET, and that his love affair with the Apple Macintosh first began after seeing one at Infocom's headquarters in Massachusetts in 1983 (though that was actually very likely an Apple Lisa).[34] The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... MacUser, 27 May 2005 MacUser is a fortnightly computer magazine published by Dennis Publishing Ltd. ... The Independents old (pre-compact) masthead. ... The PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) was a home-/personal computer produced by Commodore starting in the late 1970s. ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... The Apple Lisa was a revolutionary personal computer designed at Apple Computer during the early 1980s. ...


Adams was a Macintosh user from the time they first came out in 1984 until his death in 2001. He was the second person to buy a Mac in the UK (the first being Stephen Fry - though some accounts differ on this, saying Adams bought the first two, and Fry bought the third). Adams was also an "Apple Master", one of several celebrities whom Apple made into spokespeople for its products (other Apple Masters included John Cleese and Gregory Hines). Adams' contributions included a rock video that he created using the first version of iMovie with footage featuring his daughter Polly. The video can still be seen on Adams' .Mac homepage. Adams even installed and started using the first release of Mac OS X in the weeks leading up to his death. His very last post to his own forum was in praise of Mac OS X and the possibilities of its Cocoa programming framework.[35] Adams can also be seen in the Omnibus tribute included with the Region One/NTSC DVD release of the TV adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide using Mac OS X on his PowerBook G3. Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... Cleese redirects here. ... Gregory Hines (February 14, 1946 – August 9, 2003) was a Tony Award-winning American actor, singer, dancer, and choreographer. ... iMovie is a video editing software application which allows users to edit their own home movies. ... .Mac (pronounced Dot Mac) refers to a group of online services offered by Apple Inc. ... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... A Cocoa application being developed using Xcode. ... Omnibus is a television series of the BBC. Categories: | ... The PowerBook was a line of Macintosh laptop computers that was designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. ...


Adams used e-mail extensively from the technology's infancy, adopting a very early version of e-mail to correspond with Steve Meretzky during the pair's collaboration on Infocom's version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. While living in New Mexico in 1993 he set up another e-mail address and began posting to his own USENET newsgroup, alt.fan.douglas-adams, and occasionally, when his computer was acting up, to the comp.sys.mac hierarchy.[36] Many of his posts are now archived through Google. Challenges to the authenticity of his messages later led Adams to set up a message forum on his own website to avoid the issue. Steve Meretzky Steven Eric Meretzky (born May 1, 1957) is an American computer game designer, with dozens of titles to his credit. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, decentralized, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. ... This article is about the corporation. ...


Personal life

In the early 1980s, Adams had an affair with novelist Sally Emerson, who was separated from her husband at that time. Adams later dedicated his book Life, the Universe and Everything to Ms. Emerson. In 1981 Emerson returned to her husband, Peter Stothard, a contemporary of Adams at Brentwood School. Adams was soon introduced by friends to Jane Belson, with whom he later became romantically involved. Belson was the "lady barrister" mentioned in the jacket-flap biography printed in his books during the mid-1980s ("He [Adams] lives in Islington with a lady barrister and an Apple Macintosh"). The two lived in Los Angeles together during 1983 while Adams worked on an early screenplay adaptation of Hitchhiker's. When the deal fell through, they moved to London, and after several separations ("He is currently not certain where he lives, or with whom") and an aborted engagement, they were married on 25 November 1991. Adams and Belson had one daughter together, Polly Jane Rocket Adams, born on 22 June 1994, in the year that Adams turned 42. In 1999, the family moved from London to Santa Barbara, California, where they lived until Adams' death. Following his funeral, Jane Belson and Polly Adams returned to London, where they currently reside.[37] Sally Emerson is a British writer. ... Life, the Universe and Everything (1982, ISBN 0-345-39182-9) is the third book in the five-volume Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... Peter Stothard (born February 28, 1951) is a British newspaper editor, currently for the Times Literary Supplement, but of The Times itself from 1992 to 2002, and before that, from 1989 to 1992, of its United States section. ... Brentwood School is a public school in Brentwood, Essex, England. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Look up forty-two in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ...


Death

Adams died of a heart attack at the age of 49 on 11 May 2001, during the rest period of his regular workout at a private gym in Montecito, California. He had unknowingly suffered a gradual narrowing of the coronary arteries, which led at that moment to a myocardial infarction and a fatal cardiac arrhythmia. Adams had been due to deliver the commencement address at Harvey Mudd College on 13 May.[38] His funeral was held on 16 May 2001 in Santa Barbara, California. Several friends and people he had worked with were in attendance. His ashes were placed in Highgate Cemetery in north London in June 2002.[39] Heart attack redirects here. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ... Montecito is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Heart attack redirects here. ... Cardiac arrhythmia is any of a group of conditions in which the electrical activity of the heart is irregular or is faster or slower than normal. ... Harvey Mudd College is a highly selective, private college of science, engineering, and mathematics, located in Claremont, California. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Circle of Lebanon, West Cemetery Entrance to the Egyptian Avenue, West Cemetery Highgate Cemetery is a famous cemetery located in Highgate, London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


A memorial service was held on 17 September 2001 at St. Martin-in-the-Fields Church, Trafalgar Square, London. This became the first church service of any kind broadcast live on the web by the BBC.[40] Video clips of the service are still available on the BBC's website for download.[41] is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


In May 2002, The Salmon of Doubt was published, containing many short stories, essays, and letters, as well as eulogies from Richard Dawkins, Stephen Fry (in the UK edition), Christopher Cerf (in the U.S. edition), and Terry Jones (in the U.S. paperback edition). It also includes eleven chapters of his long-awaited but unfinished novel, The Salmon of Doubt, which was likely to become a new Dirk Gently novel. The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For other uses, see Essay (disambiguation). ... Look up eulogy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... Christopher Cerf (born August 19, 1941) is an author, composer-lyricist, and record and television producer. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Dirk Gently is a fictional character created by Douglas Adams and featured in the books Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency and The Long Dark Teatime of the Soul. ...


Other events after Adams' death included the completion of Shada, radio dramatisations of the final three books in the Hitchhiker's series, and the completion of the film adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. An 18-part radio series based on the Dirk Gently novels was announced in 2007, with transmission scheduled for October of that year.[42] Shada is an unaired serial of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... Dirk Gently is a fictional character created by Douglas Adams and featured in the books Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency and The Long Dark Teatime of the Soul. ...


Biographies

His official biography, Wish You Were Here, by Nick Webb, was published on 6 October 2003 (ISBN 0-7553-1155-8).[43] An official is, in the primary sense, someone who holds an office in an organisation, of any kind. ... Nick Webb (born 1959) is a publisher and author. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Another biography is Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams (2003) by M. J. Simpson, with a foreword in the UK edition by John Lloyd (ISBN 0-340-82488-3), and was revised and updated in paperback in February 2004 (ISBN 0-340-82489-1). The American hardback edition contains a foreword by Neil Gaiman (ISBN 1-932112-17-0), and its April 2005 paperback equivalent (ISBN 1-932112-35-9) has an extra chapter about the movie. A foreword is a literary device that is often found in the beginning of a piece of literature, before the introduction. ... John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ...


Upon the mutual discovery that Webb and Simpson were both working on new posthumous biographies, the two authors agreed that the former would focus on Adams' life and personality, and the latter on his work.


In 1992, ITV's The South Bank Show produced a documentary about Douglas Adams which featured Dirk Gently and characters from Hitchhikers and contributions from Stephen Fry, Richard Dawkins and John Lloyd. The South Bank Show is a British television arts magazine show, presented by Melvyn Bragg and seen in over 60 countries — including Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Sweden and the USA. Its stated aim is to bring both high art and popular culture to a mass audience. ...


The BBC produced a tribute as part of their TV series Omnibus. It was first broadcast on BBC 2 on 4 August 2001, presented by Kirsty Wark. The programme included interviews with Stephen Fry, Clive Anderson, Terry Jones, Griff Rhys Jones, Richard Dawkins and John Lloyd, among others. A copy is included with the Region One DVD release of the Hitchhiker's Guide TV series. is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Kirsty Anne Wark (born 3 February 1955, in Dumfries) is a Scottish journalist and television presenter best known for fronting the BBC Twos news and current affairs programme Newsnight and its weekly arts annexe Newsnight Review. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... Clive Anderson (born 10 December 1952) is a former practising barrister turned successful comedy writer as well as a television and radio presenter in the United Kingdom. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Griff Rhys Jones (born 16 November 1953) is a British comedian, writer and actor. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ...


A movie documentary, Life, The Universe and Douglas Adams, was released in 2002, directed and produced by Rick Mueller and Joel Greengrass. Archive footage of Adams is generously included, as well as interviews with Adams' friends, colleagues and family. This documentary was narrated by Neil Gaiman and is available on VHS tape.[44] Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ...


Earlier biographies include:

  • Don't Panic: The Official Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Companion (1988, 1993, 2002), Neil Gaiman et al. Reissued October 2003 (ISBN 1-84023-742-2) with new chapters by M. J. Simpson and David K. Dickson.
  • M. J. Simpson's book The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide was first published in April 2001 in the UK (ISBN 1-903047-40-4), and revised and reprinted after the death of Douglas Adams in October 2001. A third revision, (though titled the "Second, Revised Edition") was published in April 2005 in the UK, with new material (ISBN 1-904048-46-3).

Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ...

Works

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy on audio and video: The original 12 radio episodes (from 1978 and 1980) are available in CD sets from BBC Audio (as The Primary & Secondary Phases), as well as on a single MP3-CD. The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy was the first radio series released on Compact Disc and on MP3-CD, respectively, by the then BBC Radio Collection. The three additional phases adapted from the last three books in the series are available from BBC Audio. The Tertiary Phase was broadcast on BBC Radio 21 September to 26 October 2004, whilst The Quandary Phase was broadcast 3 May to 24 May 2005, and The Quintessential Phase followed immediately afterward, from 31 May through 21 June 2005. A script book for the original 12 episodes has been published, and a new script book for the final 14 episodes was published in July 2005. BBC Audio released a CD boxset containing all 26 episodes in October 2005. A DVD release of each of the three 2004 – 2005 series, featuring mixes in 5.1 surround sound, are also planned for release in 2006, starting in October, per Dirk Maggs. However, as of December 2006, only the Tertiary Phase has been released on DVD. While the first disc is not a DVD-Audio, as was originally announced, it still marks the first release of any radio series in a 5.1 mix on DVD by BBC Audio. The six-episode TV adaptation is also available from the BBC (or its distributors, e.g. Warner Home Video in the USA and Canada) on VHS and DVD. The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ... The BBC Radio Collection was an imprint or record label used for audio books from the British Broadcasting Corporation. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... DVD-Audio is a digital format for delivering very high-fidelity audio content on a DVD. DVD-Audio includes no video and should not be confused with video DVDs containing concerts and music videos. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy,[1] was a BBC television adaptation of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy broadcast in January and February 1981 on BBC Two. ...


Novels in the Hitchhiker series

All of the above are also available as unabridged audio books, read by Adams. These were preceded by abridged audio books of the first four novels, read by Stephen Moore. To tie in with the film release, The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is also available as an audiobook read by Stephen Fry. Martin Freeman, who portrayed Arthur Dent in the movie adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide, has recorded audiobook editions of the last four books in the series, released between June and December 2006. The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... The Restaurant at the End of the Universe (1980, ISBN 0345391810) is the second book in the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... Life, the Universe and Everything (1982, ISBN 0-345-39182-9) is the third book in the five-volume Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series written by Douglas Adams. ... The front cover of the US first hardcover edition of Mostly Harmless. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Stephen Moore (born December 11, 1937) is a British actor from Brixton, London. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... Martin Freeman (born September 8, 1971) is an English actor. ... Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ...


The volumes in the Hitchhiker's series have also been collected into omnibus editions, including The Hitchhiker's Trilogy (released in 1982), The Hitchhiker's Quartet (released in 1986), The More than Complete Hitchhiker's Guide (released in 1987), and The Ultimate Hitchhiker's Guide (released in 1997). The latter two editions also include the short story Young Zaphod Plays it Safe. Young Zaphod Plays it Safe is a short story by Douglas Adams set in his The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy universe. ...


The Dirk Gently series

Adams recorded an abridged audiobook adaptation of the first novel in this series in the 1980s. The sequel was performed by Simon Jones, also in an abridged adaptation. Both were released by Simon and Schuster Audioworks in the United States, and are out of print. Adams, a decade later, recorded unabridged adaptations of both novels, which are both available in six CD sets. Following Adams' death an audiobook of the partially completed Salmon of Doubt was recorded by Simon Jones. Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency is a novel by Douglas Adams. ... The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul is a 1988 humorous fantasy detective novel by Douglas Adams. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ...


Other books

Front cover of the US hardcover edition of The Meaning of Liff, 1984. ... John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... Geoffrey Perkins has been a central figure in British comedy broadcasting. ... The Utterly Utterly Merry Comic Relief Christmas Book was a fundraising book issued on behalf of Comic Relief in 1986. ... Peter Fincham (born 1957) is a British television producer and executive, who was the Controller of BBC One, the primary television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation,[1] until his resignation on October 5, 2007, following criticism over the handling of the A Year With The Queen scandal. ... Young Zaphod Plays it Safe is a short story by Douglas Adams set in his The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy universe. ... For other uses, see SIC. Sic is a Latin word, originally sicut [1] meaning thus, so, or just as that. In writing, it is placed within square brackets and usually italicized — [sic] — to indicate that an incorrect or unusual spelling, phrase, punctuation, and/or other preceding quoted material has been... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Front cover of the US hardcover edition of The Meaning of Liff, 1984. ... John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... The Meaning of Liff (ISBN 0517553473) is a humorous dictionary written by Douglas Adams and John Lloyd, published in Britain in 1983. ... John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... The front cover of the first US hardcover edition of Last Chance to See. ... Mark Carwardine (born 1959-03-09) is a zoologist, who at one time was affiliated with the World Wildlife Fund, and has been a free lance writer, photographer and zoologist since 1986. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... Starship Titanic is a computer game designed by Douglas Adams and made by The Digital Village, set in Adamss Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy universe, before the action of his five-part trilogy. It takes place on a starship of the same name (an early attempt at using... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Cassette recording of Patrick OBrians The Mauritius Command done by Patrick Tull An audiobook is a recording that is primarily of the spoken word as opposed to music. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ...

Other works

In 2004, BBC Audio published a 3-CD set entitled Douglas Adams at the BBC, which covers the author's work from 1974 to 2003, including posthumous projects and tributes. The CD is again narrated by Simon Jones. This article is about the television series. ... The Pirate Planet is the second serial in the Key to Time arc of Doctor Who. ... City of Death is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from September 29 to October 20, 1979. ... Graham Williams was a British television producer and script editor, whose best known work was on the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... David Fisher is a writer for television. ... Shada is an unaired serial of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... Steve Meretzky Steven Eric Meretzky (born May 1, 1957) is an American computer game designer, with dozens of titles to his credit. ... Bureaucracy is a text-based computer game released by Infocom in 1987, scripted by popular comic science fiction author Douglas Adams. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: ASCII art isnt encyclopedic and doesnt render well in WikiMarkup If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Front cover of the box from the original US Windows 95 CD-ROM release of Starship Titanic, by Simon & Schuster Interactive. ... H2G2 is also an acronym for the The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Future was a four-part radio series hosted by Douglas Adams. ... The front cover of the booklet included with Douglas Adams at the BBC. Douglas Adams at the BBC is a three CD set released by BBC Audio in 2004 (ISBN 0563494042). ...


Tributes and honorifics

  • There is an official appreciation society (fan club) named ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha after the sector of the galaxy in which The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy says the planet Earth is located.
  • 18610 Arthurdent is a small main belt asteroid. Felix Hormuth discovered it on 7 February 1998. It is named after Arthur Dent, the bewildered hero of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. The name was officially published and announced by the Minor Planet Center of the International Astronomical Union on either 9 May or 10 May 2001 (accounts differ) - a day or two before Adams' death.
  • On 25 January 2005, it was announced the asteroid with preliminary designation 2001 DA42 had been named 25924 Douglasadams in his honour. It was chosen because it referenced the year of Adams' death, his initials and the number "42".[45]
  • Every 25 May, Towel Day is celebrated in recognition of Adams.[46]
  • In various British Universities, notably Cambridge, Oxford, York and Exeter, student societies, known as a "Douglas Adams Society", or "DougSoc" for short, were formed to honour the spirit engendered in Adams' works. At Cambridge, the appreciation group was called the Cambridge University Life, the Universe and Everything Society (CULUES)[47][48]
  • On May 17, 2001 MIT students hung a banner reading "So long and thanks for all the wit" and a towel. This hack was not taken down for an entire day.[49]
  • Deep Thought is a chess computer developed by IBM and named after the fictional computer in the The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.[citation needed]
  • Richard Dawkins' book The God Delusion is dedicated to Adams.
  • The British pop-funk group Level 42 took the numeric part of their name from Deep Thought's answer to the meaning of life, the universe and everything from Adams' books, adding the 'Level' part "to pad it out."
  • The 2005 DVD release of the Doctor Who serial City of Death includes the documentary "Paris in the Springtime." Written by Jonathan Morris and produced by Ed Stradling, the documentary pays tribute in some detail to Adams' contributions to the hit BBC series, and includes excerpts from two interviews with Adams himself conducted by Kevin Davies, who had worked as an animator on the 1981 BBC Hitch Hikers' TV series . In 2007, Adams' first Doctor Who serial, The Pirate Planet was included in the BBC/2|entertain DVD release of The Key to Time. This included another documentary, Parrot Fashion, produced Davies himself and featuring archive material of Adams, along with anecdotes from cast and crew, Adams' half-brother James Thrift and his friend and biographer Nick Webb.
  • St John's College, Cambridge awards an annual "Douglas Adams Prize" for a humorous piece of writing[1]. Not to be confused with the Adams Prize in mathematics, also from St John's.
  • Citizens of Portland, Oregon are petitioning the city to rename 42nd Avenue to Douglas Adams Boulevard[2].
  • The Black Library novel "Fulgrim" written by Graham McNeill, contains a passage saying "...Improbably the ship The Heart of Gold was destroyed...". A direct reference to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy and its infinite immprobability drive powered ship The Heart of Gold.

Because of the popularity of various versions of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, references to the works have appeared in a number of media in popular culture. ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha is the official Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy Appreciation Society, and is named after the Galactic Sector ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha where Earth can be found according to the book. ... 18610 Arthurdent is a small main belt asteroid. ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Minor Planet Center operates at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), which is part of the Center for Astrophysics (CfA) along with the Harvard College Observatory (HCO). ... IAU redirects here. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 25924 Douglasadams is an asteroid. ... The Ultimate Answer to Life, The Universe, and Everything The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared in The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything has a numeric solution in Douglas Adams series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Towel Day 2005, Innsbruck, Austria, where, by his own accounts, Adams got the inspiration to write the Guide. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. ... The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... This article is about the British university. ... The University of Exeter (usually abbreviated as Exon. ... A student society or student organization is an organization, operated by students at a university, whose membership normally consists only of students. ... In various British Universities, notably Oxford, York and Exeter, student societies named Douglas Adams Society, or DougSoc for short, have been formed to honour the spirit engendered in Douglas Adams works. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... A towel is a piece of absorbent fabric or paper used for drying or wiping. ... An MIT hack is defined as a clever, benign, and ethical prank or practical joke at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ... Deep Thought was a computer designed to play chess. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... The God Delusion is a book by British biologist Richard Dawkins, Professor for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... This article is about the British pop band. ... This article is about the television series. ... City of Death is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from September 29 to October 20, 1979. ... Jonathan Morris was born in Taunton England in 1973. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy,[1] was a BBC television adaptation of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy broadcast in January and February 1981 on BBC Two. ... The Pirate Planet is the second serial in the Key to Time arc of Doctor Who. ... The Key to Time is the umbrella title for a story arc that links all six serials of Season 16 of Doctor Who. ... College name The College of Saint John the Evangelist of the University of Cambridge Motto Souvent me Souvient (Latin: I often remember) Named after The Hospital of Saint John the Evangelist Established 1511 Location St. ... See also the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize of the American Historical Society, and not to be confused with the Douglas Adams Prize for homourous writing The Adams Prize is awarded each year by the Faculty of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge and St Johns College to a young... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


See also

Hitchhiker's Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... H2G2 is also an acronym for the The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Towel Day 2005, Innsbruck, Austria, where, by his own accounts, Adams got the inspiration to write the Guide. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Future was a four-part radio series hosted by Douglas Adams. ... old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... Spoiler warning: The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared on pages 80 and 81 of The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The 42 Puzzle is a game devised by Douglas Adams in 1994 for his popular The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Interview extract (in RealAudio format) where Adams states the influences on his work.
  2. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2005). The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide, Second edition, Pocket Essentials, Page 52. ISBN 1-904048-46-3. 
  3. ^ FAQ posted to alt.fan.douglas-adams
  4. ^ Webb, Nick (2005). Wish You Were Here: The Official Biography of Douglas Adams, First U.S. hardcover edition, Ballantine Books, Page 32. ISBN 0-345-47650-6. 
  5. ^ BBC - h2g2 - Douglas Adams
  6. ^ Adams, Douglas (2005). The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, US mass market paperback edition, Ballantine, Page xix. ISBN 0-345-45529-0. 
  7. ^ Adams, Douglas (2002). The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, First UK hardcover edition, Macmillan, Page 7. ISBN 0-333-76657-1. 
  8. ^ Webb, Nick, ‘Adams, Douglas Noël (1952 – 2001)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oxford University Press, January 2005 accessed 25 October 2005
  9. ^ "Adams, Douglas Noël." Britannica Book of the Year, 2002 from Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. accessed November 13, 2005.
  10. ^ Webb, page 93.
  11. ^ Adams, Douglas (2003). in Geoffrey Perkins (ed.), Additional Material by M. J. Simpson: The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Original Radio Scripts, 25th Anniversary Edition, Pan Books, Page 10. ISBN 0-330-41957-9.  One of the webpages about Hitchhiker's on bbc.co.uk states "The BBC used to say this happened in Spain, but we know how to spell Innsbruck now."
  12. ^ Webb, page 120.
  13. ^ May 2004 review of Don't Panic by Neil Gaiman.
  14. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2003). Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, First U.S. hardcover edition, Justin, Charles and Co., Page 236. ISBN 1-932112-17-0. 
  15. ^ Internet Book List page, with links to all five novels, and reproductions of the 1990s paperback covers that included the 42 Puzzle.
  16. ^ Adams, Douglas. (2005). in Dirk Maggs, dramatisations and editor.: The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Radio Scripts: The Tertiary, Quandary and Quintessential Phases. Pan Books, Page xiv. ISBN 0-330-43510-8. 
  17. ^ Ibid. Page 356
  18. ^ Smoov Filmz homepage. "Cookies" is featured under "Filmz and Projects."
  19. ^ A 1990s Doctor Who FAQ
  20. ^ Edge: LAMENT FOR DOUGLAS By Richard Dawkins
  21. ^ Adams, Douglas (2002). The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, First UK hardcover edition, Macmillan, Page xviii. ISBN 0-333-76657-1. 
  22. ^ Webb, page 49.
  23. ^ Adams, Douglas (8 February 1996). Text of one of Douglas Adams' introductions of Procol Harum in concert. Retrieved on August 21, 2006.
  24. ^ Internet Movie Database's page for Hyperland.
  25. ^ Gaiman, Neil (2003). Don't Panic: Douglas Adams & The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Second U.S. edition, Titan Books, Page 169. ISBN 1-84023-742-2. 
  26. ^ David Silverman's interview with Douglas Adams which first appeared in the American Atheists' Winter 1998 – 1999 newsletter.
  27. ^ Observer, The God Delusion, 5 November 2006
  28. ^ Adams, Douglas (2002). The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, Edited by Peter Guzzardi, First UK hardcover edition, Macmillan, Pages 131-2. ISBN 0-333-76657-1.  The full text is reproduced in the essay "Is there an Artificial God?"
  29. ^ "Lament for Douglas Adams" by Richard Dawkins, which refers to the same allegory. First published on 14 May 2001, accessed on 13 July 2006.
  30. ^ Cavalieri, Paola and Peter Singer, editors (1994). The Great Ape Project: Equality Beyond Humanity, U.S. Paperback, St. Martin's Griffin, pages 19 – 23. ISBN 0-312-11818-X. 
  31. ^ Details of Fifth Douglas Adams Memorial Lecture.
  32. ^ Simpson, Hitchhiker, pages 184 – 5.
  33. ^ Adams, Douglas and Mark Carwardine (1991). Last Chance to See, First U.S. Hardcover, Harmony Books, Page 59. ISBN 0-517-58215-5. 
  34. ^ Adams, Douglas (2002). The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, First UK hardcover edition, Macmillan, Pages 90-1. ISBN 0-333-76657-1. 
  35. ^ Adams' final post on his forums at douglasadams.com
  36. ^ alt.fan.douglas-adams access through Google's newsgroup reader.
  37. ^ Webb, Chapter 10.
  38. ^ List of collegiate commencement speakers in the Chronicle of Higher Education
  39. ^ Simpson, [[Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams |Hitchhiker]], pages 337 – 8
  40. ^ Gaiman, 204
  41. ^ Douglas Adams' Service of Celebration clips on the BBC website
  42. ^ Dirk Maggs News and New Projects page
  43. ^ Press release announcing Nick Webb's biography of Adams from 2 July 2003.
  44. ^ Press release announcing the Life, the Universe, and Douglas Adams documentary video from 15 April 2002.
  45. ^ MSNBC article about the announcement of an Asteroid named after Adams, dated 25 January 2005.
  46. ^ BBC
  47. ^ Archived pages of the now-disbanded Oxford University Douglas Adams Society at the Internet Archive.
  48. ^ York University DougSoc homepage.
  49. ^ IHTFP Hack Gallery. So Long and Thanks for All the Wit

Nick Webb (born 1959) is a publisher and author. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Spoiler warning: The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared on pages 80 and 81 of The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The 42 Puzzle is a game devised by Douglas Adams in 1994 for his popular The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ... Dirk Maggs is a freelance writer and director working across all media. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paola Cavalieri is an Italian philosopher, most known for her work arguing for extension of human rights to the other great apes. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ... Mark Carwardine (born 1959-03-09) is a zoologist, who at one time was affiliated with the World Wildlife Fund, and has been a free lance writer, photographer and zoologist since 1986. ... This article is about the corporation. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Internet Archive headquarters is in the Presidio, a former US military base in San Francisco. ...

External links

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NAME Adams, Douglas Noël
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Author of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series
DATE OF BIRTH March 11, 1952(1952-03-11)
PLACE OF BIRTH Cambridge, England
DATE OF DEATH May 11, 2001
PLACE OF DEATH Santa Barbara, California
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Douglas_Adams_Part_1. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Digital Village (TDV) was a digital media company based in Covent Garden, London WC2 in the United Kingdom. ... Don Swaim is an American journalist, writer, and broadcaster. ... Wired for Books <http://wiredforbooks. ... The Internet Speculative Fiction Database is a database of bibliographic information on science fiction and related genres such as fantasy fiction and horror fiction. ... The Internet Book List (IBList) is an online database with information about books, authors, short stories, etc. ... The Internet Book Database of Fiction (IBDoF) is an online database for books, mostly works of fiction. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and... screenonline is a website devoted to the history of British film and television, and to social history as revealed by film and television. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... The Restaurant at the End of the Universe (1980, ISBN 0345391810) is the second book in the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... Life, the Universe and Everything (1982, ISBN 0-345-39182-9) is the third book in the five-volume Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series written by Douglas Adams. ... The front cover of the US first hardcover edition of Mostly Harmless. ... Young Zaphod Plays it Safe is a short story by Douglas Adams set in his The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy universe. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... The cover of the booklet included with the Collectors Edition CD set release of the first two Hitchhikers radio series. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy,[1] was a BBC television adaptation of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy broadcast in January and February 1981 on BBC Two. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy has appeared in nine different versions since its original radio series in 1978. ... // Covering Radio/TV Episodes 1-6, and their equivalents. ... Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ... Mos Def as Ford Prefect (left), along with Martin Freeman as Arthur Dent (right), from the 2005 film adaptation. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Information Species Android Gender Male Age Thirty-seven times older than the Universe itself Occupation Servant Created by Douglas Adams In the BBC TV series, the marketing division of the Sirius Cybernetics Corporation defines a robot [like Marvin] as Your plastic pal whos fun to be with. Marvins... Zooey Deschanel as Trillian from the film adaptation. ... There are many minor characters in the 5-part fictional trilogy The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy as depicted in the 2005 film adaptation. ... The following is a list of minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... This is a list of races, fauna and flora featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The Total Perspective Vortex, in the fictional world of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, is the most horrible torture device to which a sentient being can be subjected. ... Heart of Gold is a fictional spaceship in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams. ... The Wikkit Gate is a fictional artifact in the universe of Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, as featured in the novel Life, the Universe and Everything. ... Front cover of the box from the original US Windows 95 CD-ROM release of Starship Titanic, by Simon & Schuster Interactive. ... Galactic Imperial seal, as represented in the Hitchhikers Guide television series. ... The Whole Sort of General Mish Mash (WSOGMM) is a fictional concept in physics and cosmology from Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series, mentioned in Mostly Harmless. ... Spoiler warning: The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared on pages 80 and 81 of The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The 42 Puzzle is a game devised by Douglas Adams in 1994 for his popular The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ... The Ultimate Answer to Life, The Universe, and Everything The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared in The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything has a numeric solution in Douglas Adams series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Anatomy of a babel fish as illustrated in the BBC TV series by Rod Lord. ... The Bistromathic Drive is a starship propulsion system in Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... H2G2 is also an acronym for the The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The Infinite Improbability Drive is a fictional faster-than-light drive in Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series of books. ... The cover of the 2005 Romanian translation of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy has become so popular among sci-fi and computer enthusiasts that certain phrases from it are widely recognised and often used in reference to, but outside the context of, the source material. ... The Pan Galactic Gargle Blaster is a fictional alcoholic drink which is mentioned in Douglas Adams humorous science fiction radio series, novels, computer game, movie, comic book mini-series, and television series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The Point-of-view gun is a fictional device created by Douglas Adams for the movie version[1] of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, and does not appear in any of the previous versions of the story. ... Encyclopedia Galactica: the inept Sirius Cybernetics Corporation Marketing Division. ... Towel Day 2005, Innsbruck, Austria, where, by his own accounts, Adams got the inspiration to write the Guide. ... Arthur Dent being read Vogon poetry in the TV series Vogon Poetry is poetry written by Vogons, an alien race in Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... One of These Nights is the fourth studio album by the American rock band Eagles, released in 1975. ... Douglas Adamss Guide to The Hitch-Hikers Guide to the Galaxy is a BBC Radio production sold as an audio book on two cassette tapes. ... Image File history File links Answer_to_Life. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons,[2][3] is the collective name of the creators of Monty Pythons Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ... Dr. Graham Arthur Chapman (January 8, 1941 – October 4, 1989) was an English comedian, actor, writer, physician and one of the six members of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Cleese redirects here. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is an English comedian, actor, author and composer of comedic songs. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... Constance Booth (Born: December 2, 1944) is an American writer and actress best known for her appearances on British television, and particularly for her work with her former husband John Cleese. ... Carols first Python appearance. ... Neil James Innes (born 9 December 1944, in Danbury, Essex) is an English writer and performer of comic songs, best known for his collaborative work with Monty Python, and for playing in the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and later The Rutles. ... This article is about the television series. ... Cover of the VHS release of Monty Pythons Fliegender Zirkus. ... Monty Pythons Personal Best is a miniseries of six hour-long specials, each showcasing the contributions of a particular Monty Python member. ... Altered version of details from An Allegory with Venus and Cupid by Bronzino (~1545), from The National Gallery. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... Monty Pythons Life of Brian is a 1979 comedy written and performed by the Monty Python comedy team. ... Monty Pythons The Meaning of Life is a musical film comedy made in 1983 by the Monty Python comedy team. ... And Now For Something Completely Different is a film spinoff from the television comedy series Monty Pythons Flying Circus featuring favourite sketches from the first two seasons. ... Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl is a 1982 film in which the Monty Python team perform many of their greatest sketches and skits in the Hollywood Bowl, including a couple of pre-Python ones. ... Parrot Sketch Not Included - 20 Years of Python was a tribute special to the Monty Python comedy group in 1989. ... Monty Python Live at Aspen was a reunion show featuring all the surviving members of Monty Python including Graham Chapman in the form of an urn. ... Python Night - 30 Years of Python was a special run of Monty Python related programs broadcast on BBC2 on October 5, 1999, the 30th Anniversary of the first broadcast of Monty Pythons Flying Circus. ... Album cover. ... Another Monty Python Record was the second album produced by the Monty Python comedy group, released in 1971. ... Monty Pythons Previous Record was the third album by Monty Python, released in 1972. ... The Monty Python Matching Tie and Handkerchief was the fourth album by the Monty Python comedy group, released in 1973. ... Monty Python Live at Drury Lane is a record released by Monty Python in 1974. ... The Album of the Soundtrack of the Trailer of the the Film of Monty Python and the Holy Grail is an album released by Monty Python in 1975. ... Monty Python Live at City Center is an album released by Monty Python. ... Categories: Album stubs | Monty Python albums ... Monty Pythons Life of Brian is an album released by Monty Python in conjunction with the 1979 movie Monty Pythons Life of Brian. ... Monty Pythons Contractual Obligation Album (or simply Contractual Obligation Album) is an album released by Monty Python in 1980. ... Monty Pythons The Meaning of Life is an album released by Monty Python in 1983, in conjunction with the film The Meaning of Life. ... The Final Rip Off is a compilation album by the Monty Python troupe. ... Monty Python Sings was a comedy album of songs written by the Monty Python team. ... Categories: Album stubs | Monty Python albums ... The Instant Monty Python CD Collection is a box set released in 1994 of six CDs containing eight albums by the Monty Python troupe. ... The Hastily Cobbled Together for a Fast Buck Album is a album that has never been released by the Monty Python troupe. ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... Not the Messiah (Hes a Very Naughty Boy) is a Monty Python 60 minute comedic oratorio based on Monty Pythons Life of Brian. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Cambridge, England; see also other places called Cambridge. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ...

 
 

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