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Encyclopedia > Douglas, Isle of Man
Location within the British Isles
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Location within the British Isles

Douglas (Doolish in Manx) is the capital of the Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin) and its largest town. It is the Island's hub for business, finance, shipping, transport, shopping and entertainment. It is also home of the Isle of Man Government. Download high resolution version (1802x2589, 186 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1802x2589, 186 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland (usually) and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... See also the Isle of Man (Nicobar Islands) and the Isle of Mam. ... The Isle of Man Government (Reiltys Ellan Vannin in Manx) is the government of the Isle of Man. ...

Contents


Demographics

Douglas has a population of 25,347 people (according to the 2001 census), which is almost one-third of the Isle of Man's entire population. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Geography

Douglas is situated on the east of the island near the confluence point of two rivers, the Dhoo and the Glass, from which it derives its name. At Douglas, the rivers flow through the quay and into Douglas Bay. A gently sloping valley runs inland. Hills lie to the north-west and south-east. A confluence is the merger or meeting of two or more objects (or subjects) that seem to inseparably bind their respective forces or attributes into a point of junction. ... A quay, pronounced key, is a wharf or bank where ships and other vessels are loaded. ...


The town is surrounded by several other smaller towns and villages, most notably Onchan to the north (which forms a conurbation with Douglas) and Union Mills to the west. Onchan is a village and parish in the Isle of Man. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities or towns which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ...


History

The initial growth and development of the town owed much to its natural harbour, (now the Inner Harbour), since greatly expanded and improved. The burgeoning 'Running Trade' (smuggling) from 1670 to 1765 gave a stimulus for the town to expand. There were later phases of prosperity, the first due to the low cost of living, and favourable legal status enjoyed by English debtors and half pay officers. Later, from around 1870 onwards, the town was transformed into a leading holiday resort, and is now a home to the Offshore Financial Services Industry. A skirmish with smugglers from Finland at the Russian border, 1853, by Vasily Hudiakov. ...


Douglas has been capital of the Isle of Man since 1863, an honour previously held by Castletown, a smaller town in the south of the Island. 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... Castletown (Balley Chashtal) is a town in the south of the Isle of Man. ...


Tynwald, the Manx Parliament, meets in Douglas (except on Tynwald Day, when it instead meets on Tynwald Hill in St John's - a small village near the west coast of the island). Tynwald (Tinvaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin). ... Tynwald Day is the national holiday of the Isle of Man, usually occurring on 5 July. ... Saint John may refer to: Several Saints: John the Apostle, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus John the Evangelist, traditionally identified with the apostle, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed, often along with 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Revelation. ...


During World War I and World War II, Douglas and other parts of the Isle of Man were home to internment camps for 'enemy aliens'. A section of the Promenade was cordened off and many guest houses were used for this purpose. Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total of dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II...


In 2011 Douglas is scheduled to host the Commonwealth Youth Games. 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Links Isle of Man Government Infocentre announcement Categories: | | ...


Attractions

Douglas greets road users with bilingual welcome signs
Douglas greets road users with bilingual welcome signs

Douglas has a number of minor tourist attractions: Image File history File links Bilingual welcome road sign in Douglas, Isle of Man with Manx language message Image created by User:Man vyi on 3rd May 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Bilingual welcome road sign in Douglas, Isle of Man with Manx language message Image created by User:Man vyi on 3rd May 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The term bilingualism (from bi meaning two and lingua meaning language) can refer to rather different phenomena. ...

Douglas during the Tourist Trophy
Douglas during the Tourist Trophy
  • The TT Grandstand marks the start and finish of the annual TT Races
  • The Gaiety Theatre and the Villa Marina are popular venues for all manner of stage acts - from rock music to comedy to drama to ballet. The Gaiety Theatre is one of the best surviving examples of the work of Frank Matcham and dates from 1900.
  • The award-winning Manx Museum in Kingswood Grove is a treasure house which contains many of the most important cultural artifacts relating to the Manx nation. Some of the highlights include the Calf of Man Crucifiction Stone, the Pagan Lady's necklace from the Viking excavations at Peel Castle, and the largest collection of Archibald Knox materials. It also houses the National Art Collection, and the National Archives.
  • Other interesting buildings include La Locanda restaurant, in John Street, and the Douglas Hotel, on the North Quay, both merchants' houses from the mid-eighteenth century; The Castle Mona [Quality Hotel], a magnificent seaside mansion built by John Murrey, 4th Duke of Athol in 1804; and the Loch Promenade, a magnificent curving terrace of former boarding houses dating from the 1870s. Douglas is becoming increasingly renowned as it saw the first architectural essays of the Arts and Crafts architect Baillie Scott.

St Marys Isle (Conister Rocks or Tower of Refuge) is part of a reef on the Isle of Man. ... RNLI Lifeboat at Calshot Spit The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is a charity dedicated to saving lives at sea around the coasts of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. ... The Douglas Horse Tram is a horse-drawn tramway located in the town of Douglas on the Isle of Man. ... MER Car No. ... Categories: Heritage railways | Stub ... Douglas railway station serves Douglas, the capital of the Isle of Man. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1195x796, 119 KB) Description: Douglas during the TT Source: self-made Date: 1992 Author: Christof Berger Permission: GFDL Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this file: Douglas, Isle of Man ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1195x796, 119 KB) Description: Douglas during the TT Source: self-made Date: 1992 Author: Christof Berger Permission: GFDL Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this file: Douglas, Isle of Man ... The Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy), or Manx TT, is a motorcycle racing event held on the Isle of Man. ... Frank Matcham, a famous theatrical architect who designed Buxton Opera House in 1903. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott (October 23, 1865–February 10, 1945 ) was a British architect and artist He was born at Beards Hill, St. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Douglas, Isle of Man - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (637 words)
Douglas (Doolish in Manx) is the capital of the Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin) and its largest town.
Douglas has a population of 25,347 people (according to the 2001 census), which is almost one-third of the Isle of Man's entire population.
Douglas is situated on a bay on the east coast of the island at the confluence of two rivers - the Dhoo and the Glass (from which it derives its name).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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