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Encyclopedia > Doughnut
Doughnuts being glazed at a Krispy Kreme store in Sydney, Australia.

A doughnut is a sweet, deep-fried piece of lard or batter. The two most common types are the torus-shaped ring doughnut and the filled doughnut, a flattened sphere injected with jam/jelly, cream, custard, or another sweet filling. A small spherical piece of dough, originally made from the middle of a ring doughnut, may be cooked as a doughnut hole. Look up doughnut, donut in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1618 KB)Krispy Kreme doughnuts being made at the Krispy Kreme restaurant at Kingsford Smith Airport, Sydney, Australia. ... Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1618 KB)Krispy Kreme doughnuts being made at the Krispy Kreme restaurant at Kingsford Smith Airport, Sydney, Australia. ... Krispy Kreme is a chain of doughnut stores. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ... A Deep-fried Twinkie Deep-frying is a cooking method whereby food is submerged in hot oil or fat. ... This article is about the fat. ... Batter is a thick or thin liquid mixture, usually based on flour, water or milk, and egg. ... In geometry, a torus (pl. ... Jam from berries Jam (also known as jelly or preserves) is a type of sweet spread or condiment made with fruits or sometimes vegetables, sugar, and sometimes pectin if the fruits natural pectin content is insufficient to produce a thick product. ... Cans of cream. ... This article focuses on egg-thickened custards. ...

Contents

Overview

Doughnuts being deep fried.
Doughnuts being deep fried.

Ring doughnuts are formed either by joining the ends of a long, skinny piece of dough into a ring or by using a doughnut cutter, which simultaneously cuts the outside and inside shape, leaving a doughnut-shaped piece of dough and a doughnut hole from dough removed from the center. This smaller piece of dough can be cooked or re-added to the batch to make more doughnuts. A disk-shaped doughnut can also be stretched and pinched into a torus until the center breaks to form a hole. Alternatively, a doughnut depositor can be used to place a circle of liquid dough directly into the fryer. Doughnuts can be made from a yeast-based dough for raised doughnuts or a special type of cake batter. Yeast-raised doughnuts contain about 25% oil by weight, whereas cake doughnuts' oil content is around 20%, but they have extra fat included in the batter before frying. Cake doughnuts are fried for about 90 seconds at approximately 190°C to 198°C, turning once. Yeast-raised doughnuts absorb more oil because they take longer to fry, about 150 seconds, at 182°C to 190°C. Cake doughnuts typically weigh between 24 g and 28 g, whereas yeast-raised doughnuts average 38g and are generally larger when finished.[citation needed] Image File history File links Frying_doughnuts. ... Image File history File links Frying_doughnuts. ... In geometry, a torus (pl. ...


After being fried, ring doughnuts are often topped with a glaze (icing) or a powder such as cinnamon or sugar. Styles such as fritters and jelly doughnuts may be glazed and/or injected with jam or custard.


As well as being fried, doughnuts can be completely baked in an oven, and these varieties have appeared in some stores over the last few years. These have a slightly different texture to the fried variety with a somewhat different taste due to the lack of absorbed oil—and so have a lower fat content.


The traditional mass-produced fried yeast-based doughnut production process (such as used by Krispy Kreme) uses a partial baking (proofing) of the dough before frying (~20 minutes/125°F), but it is not classed as a baked doughnut.


(Note that the term baked can be used as a euphemism for the general cooking process—typically in the US.)


There are many other specialized doughnut shapes such as bear claws, old-fashioneds, bars or Long Johns (a rectangular shape), and the dough twisted around itself before cooking. In the northeast USA, bars and twists are usually referred to as crullers. Doughnut holes are small spheres that are made from the dough taken from the center of ring doughnuts or made to look as if they are. These holes are also known by brand names, such as Munchkin in the United States and Timbits in Canada. Categories: Corporation stubs | Food companies of the United States | Donuts | Corporations with naming rights of indoor arenas ... Tim Hortons is a coffee-and-doughnut fast food restaurant chain largely based in Canada. ...


History

Possible origins

Doughnuts have a disputed history. One theory suggests that they were introduced into North America by Dutch settlers, who were responsible for popularizing other American desserts, including cookies, cream pie, and cobbler. This page is about edible cookies. ... A slice of coconut cream pie This article is about the foodstuff. ... Apple Cobbler Cobbler is a traditional American baked dish, usually a dessert. ...


American Hanson Crocket Gregory claimed to have invented the ring-shaped doughnut in 1847 aboard a lime-trading ship when he was only sixteen years old. Gregory was dissatisfied with the greasiness of doughnuts twisted into various shapes and with the raw center of regular doughnuts. He claimed to have punched a hole in the center of dough with the ship's tin pepper box and later taught the technique to his mother. [1] Note that there is no independent verification of Gregory's claims.


In Laura Ingalls Wilder's book Farmer Boy, Almanzo's mother makes donuts, both braided and ring-shaped, and the round ones are referred to as "new-fangled". It is noted that the braided ones will turn over by themselves while cooking, whereas the ring-shaped ones require that you turn them over.


Making

Before the ring shape became common, doughnuts were often made as twisted ropes of dough. In the UK, doughnuts were always made into a ball. When cooked, they were injected with jam or jelly and always rolled in granulated sugar. This method is still in practice, but ring doughnuts are also now widely available. When placed into a pot of boiling fat, they floated until the lower half was cooked and then rolled themselves over to cook the other side. Ring doughnuts have to be flipped over by hand, which was more time-consuming. The twisted-rope type is called a cruller in some parts of the U.S., but cruller also refers to a particularly airy type of ring doughnut, usually glazed.


Etymology

Oliebollen or "Dutch doughnut"
Oliebollen or "Dutch doughnut"

The earliest known recorded usage of the term dates an 1808 short story [2] describing a spread of "fire-cakes and dough-nuts." Washington Irving's reference to "doughnuts" in 1809 in his History of New York is more commonly cited as the first written recording of the term. Irving described "balls of sweetened dough, fried in hog's fat, and called doughnuts, or olykoeks."[3] These "nuts" of fried dough might now be called doughnut holes. Doughnut is the more traditional spelling, and still dominates outside the US. At present, doughnut and the shortened form donut are both pervasive in American English. The first known printed use of donut was in a Los Angeles Times article dated August 10, 1929. There, Bailey Millard jokingly complains about the decline of spelling, and that he "can't swallow the 'wel-dun donut' nor the ever so 'gud bred'." The interchangeability of the two spellings can be found in a series of "National Donut Week" articles in The New York Times that covered the 1939 World's Fair. In four articles beginning October 9, two mention the donut spelling. Dunkin' Donuts, which was founded in 1948 under the name Open Kettle (Quincy, Massachusetts), is the oldest surviving company to use the donut variation, but the now defunct Mayflower Donut Corporation appears to be the first company to use that spelling, having done so prior to World War II. Image File history File linksMetadata Oliebollen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Oliebollen. ... Oliebollen Oliebollen, sometimes called Smoutebollen, are a traditional Dutch food. ... Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author of the early 19th century. ... Oliebollen Oliebollen, sometimes called Smoutebollen, are a traditional Dutch food. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dunkin Donuts is an international coffee and donut retailer founded in 1950 in Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S. by William Rosenberg. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Regional variations

This is a list of doughnut varieties. ...

Argentina

In Argentina, the local equivalent to doughnuts are facturas, [citation needed] a popular baked doughnut-like pastry of German origin. Facturas are consumed massively and can be found in every corner bakery. However, doughnuts are starting to gain popularity, probably because of American influence through television series and films. They can be found in some bakeries and hypermarkets like the American Wal-Mart or Chilean Jumbo. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...


Australia

In Australia, not only do they have the traditional doughnuts, they're also famous for their own jam doughnuts. These doughnuts are sweet buns that have a filling inside. Other fillings inside these doughnuts include custard.


Austria

In Austria there is no real equivalent to the US-American donut,[citation needed] and there is no real market for the original either.[citation needed] Not a single nationwide donut chain exists;[citation needed] the only store making itself quite famous selling donuts is the Viennese store Batriks Donuts. The food being probably nearest to the donut is the Krapfen, some donut-related pastry filled with either apricot jam or vanilla. “Wien” redirects here. ...


Belgium

In Belgium, the Oliebollen are similar to the Dutch kind of Oliebollen, but they usually do not contain any fruit, except for apple chunks sometimes. They are typical carnival and fair snacks and are eaten with powder sugar on them. Oliebollen Oliebollen, sometimes called Smoutebollen, are a traditional Dutch food. ...


Canada

In Canada, the doughnut follows the same design as in the United States. Several stores including Tim Hortons, as well as some U.S. chains such as Dunkin' Donuts and Krispy Kreme, make the majority of their profits by selling donuts. Some reports indicate that the most popular variety in Canada is a sour cream donut. Another Canadian variant is the Beaver tail (known as an "elephant ear" in many other countries). Tim Hortons is a coffee-and-doughnut fast food restaurant chain largely based in Canada. ... Dunkin Donuts is an international coffee and donut retailer founded in 1950 in Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S. by William Rosenberg. ... Krispy Kreme is a chain of doughnut stores. ... Sour cream is a dairy product rich in fats obtained by fermenting a regular cream by certain kinds of lactic acid bacteria. ... Fried dough Fried dough stand Dough being deep-fat fried Fried dough is a North American food associated with outdoor food stands in carnivals, fairs, and seaside resorts (though it can be made at home). ...


Per capita, Canadians consume the most doughnuts in the world, and Canada also has the most doughnut stores per capita.[4] Many humourous Canadian stereotypes, such as the Bob and Doug McKenzie characters, include doughnuts (as well as stubby beer bottles, tuque hats, maple syrup, and back bacon) as part of their lore. In modern usage, a stereotype is a simplified mental picture of an individual or group of people who share a certain characteristic (or stereotypical) qualities. ... Great White North album cover with Bob (left) and Doug McKenzie (right) Bob and Doug McKenzie were a pair of fictional Canadian brothers who hosted The Great White North, a sketch which was introduced on SCTV for the shows third season when it moved to the CBC in 1980. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... A bright green tuque A tuque (Canadian French: tuque, also spelled toque in English) is a knitted hat, originally usually of wool though now often of synthetic fibers, that is designed to provide warmth in winter. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the film see Canadian Bacon (movie). ...


China

Chinese cuisine features long fried doughnut sticks that are often quite oily, hence their name: Youtiao (Mandarin); these pastries are not sweet. In Cantonese, this doughnut-style pastry is called yow ja guei. Often this is served with the traditional rice porridge of Chinese cooking, congee. There is another sweeter version of the "yow ja guei" is a oval shaped fried pastry called "gnou lay sou" (which translated from Cantonese means "Ox tongue" pastry due to its shape rather than the ingredients). Chinese restaurants in the US sometimes serve small fried pastries similar to doughnut holes. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pieces of Youtiao Youtiao (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Yóutiáo; literally oil strip), sometimes called fried bread stick, is a long, golden-brown, deep fried strip of dough in Chinese cuisine and is usually eaten for breakfast. ... This article is on all of the Northern and Southwestern Chinese dialects. ... This article is about all of the Cantonese (Yue) dialects. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Rice congee is a type of Asian rice porridge known as zhōu (粥 or juk in several Chinese dialects and Korean, and pronounced kayu in Japanese). ... American Chinese cuisine refers to the style of food served by Chinese restaurants in the United States. ...


Croatia and Serbia

Doughnuts similar to the Berliner are also prepared in the Northern Balkans, particularly in Croatia and Serbia's Vojvodina province. They are called krofna or krafna,[citation needed] a name derived from a German word for this pastry. This type of doughnut is popular in Chile because of the large German community there and is called a Berlin (plural Berlines). It may be filled with jam or with manjar, the Chilean version of dulce de leche. Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ... Dulce de leche (milk jam or caramel spread), also known as manjar blanco in some countries and as Doce de leite (in Portuguese), is a traditional candy in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay and other parts of South America. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Denmark

In Denmark, doughnuts do also exist in their "American" shape, and these can be obtained from various stores, e.g. McDonald's. The Berliner, however, is also broadly available in bakeries across the country. McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... Berliner with plum jam filling A Berliner Pfannkuchen is a predominantly German pastry made from sweet yeast dough baked in fat, which has a marmalade or jam filling and usually icing, powdered sugar or conventional sugar on top. ...


France

In France and in New Orleans, Louisiana, there exists a fried pastry called a beignet, which is sometimes described as a French doughnut.[citation needed] NOLA redirects here. ... Beignet and iced café au lait at Café Du Monde in New Orleans A beignet ([bεn. ...


Germany

German Berliner
German Berliner

In Germany, the doughnut equivalents are called Berliner {sg. and pl.}, except in the city of Berlin and some other German areas, where they are called Pfannkuchen (US President John F. Kennedy's famous saying "Ich bin ein Berliner" is often humorously translated "I am a doughnut," though the notion that he spoke incorrectly is a misconception, since "Ich bin Berliner" and "Ich bin ein Berliner" are equally correct idiomatic German.). In middle Germany, they are called Kreppel. In southern Germany, they are also called Krapfen and are especially popular during Carneval season (Karneval/Fasching) in southern and middle Germany and on New Year's Eve in northern Germany. Berliner do not have the typical ring shape but instead are solid and usually filled with jam. Bismarcks and Berlin doughnuts are also found in the U.S., Canada, Finland and Denmark. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1176x826, 828 KB)Image of a Berliner (pastry), GFDL, from German Wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1176x826, 828 KB)Image of a Berliner (pastry), GFDL, from German Wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berliner with plum jam filling A Berliner Pfannkuchen is a predominantly German pastry made from sweet yeast dough baked in fat, which has a marmalade or jam filling and usually icing, powdered sugar or conventional sugar on top. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... JFK redirects here. ... Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a citizen of Berlin) is a famous quotation from a June 26, 1963 speech of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in West Berlin. ... Berliner with plum jam filling A Berliner Pfannkuchen is a predominantly German pastry made from sweet yeast dough baked in fat, which has a marmalade or jam filling and usually icing, powdered sugar or conventional sugar on top. ...

Greece

In Greece, there is a doughnut-like snack, called loukoumas (λουκουμάς), which comes in two types (one is shaped like the number 8; the other is torus shaped like the number 0), from which the first one is crispier, whereas the second one is larger and softer.[citation needed] Loukoumas (pronounced lu-ku-MAS) is a popular Greek pastry comparable to a doughnut. ...


India

Some savory, fried items not based on wheat-flour pastry are referred to as doughnuts, such as the ring-shaped Indian vadas, made of lentils. Indian vadas are food of masses. In south India vadas are eaten with sambar. Vada (or Wada or Vade) is a popular Indian snack. ... Vada (or Wada or Vade) is a popular Indian snack. ... Sambar may refer to: Sambar, a kind of deer Sambar, a lentil-based dish common in South India and Sri Lanka Sambhar Salt Lake in Rajasthan, India. ...


Indonesia

Donat Kentang is known as an Indonesian style potato doughnut; a fritter that comes in ring shape and is made from combination of flour and mashed potatoes, coated in powder sugar or icing sugar.


Iran

Persians are known for their zooloobiya,[citation needed] a fritter that comes in various shapes and sizes and coated in a sticky-sweet syrup.


Israel

Israeli sufganiyot in a wide variety of toppings at a bakery in Tel Aviv, Israel
Israeli sufganiyot in a wide variety of toppings at a bakery in Tel Aviv, Israel

Jelly doughnuts, known as sufganiyah (סופגניה, pl. Sufganyot סופגניות) in Israel, have become a traditional Hanukkah food in the recent era, as they are cooked in oil, associated with the holiday account of the miracle of the oil. Tradional sufganyot are filled with red jelly and topped with icing sugar. However, many other varieties exist, with the more expensive being ones filled with dulce de leche. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 947 KB) Sufganiot at a bakery in Tel Aviv, Israel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 947 KB) Sufganiot at a bakery in Tel Aviv, Israel. ... Redirect page ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... A sufganiyah (Hebrew: סופגניה; plural, sufganiyot: סופגניות) is a ball-shaped doughnut that is first fried, then pierced and injected with jelly or custard, and then topped with powdered sugar. ... Grand Rabbi Israel Abraham Portugal of the Hasidic group Skullen lighting Hanukkah lights Hanukkah (‎, also spelled Chanukah), also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday beginning on the 25th day of the month of Kislev, which may fall anytime from late November to late December. ... Powdered sugar (in Britain, icing sugar) is a very finely ground form of sugar that is synonymous with confectioners sugar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Italy

Italian doughnuts are called ciambelle, krafen, zeppoli or bomboloni.[citation needed]


Lithuania

In Lithuania, a kind of doughnut called spurgos is widely known. Sometimes spurgos are similar to Polish doughnuts, but some specific recipes, such as cottage cheese doughnuts (varškės spurgos), have also been invented.[citation needed] A tub of cottage cheese Cottage cheese comes from chickens and is a cheese curd product with a mild flavor. ...


Mexico

The Mexican donas are very similar to donuts including in the name; the dona is a fried-dough pastry-based snack, commonly covered with powdered brown sugar and cinnamon, white sugar or chocolate. Many cultures have dishes made by deep frying dough of one form or another. ... Basket of western-style pastries, for breakfast Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pastries For the Pastry Distributed Hash Table, see Pastry (DHT). ... A snack food is seen in Western culture as a type of food that is not meant to be eaten as part of one of the main meals of the day (breakfast, lunch, supper). ... Brown sugar typical of that bought in Western supermarkets Brown sugar is a sucrose sugar product with a distinctive brown color due to the presence of molasses. ... Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ...


Netherlands

In the Netherlands, the Oliebollen, referred to in cookbooks as "Dutch Doughnuts", is a type of fritter containing pieces of apple and/or dried fruit like raisins; they are traditionally eaten as part of New Year celebrations. Oliebollen Oliebollen, sometimes called Smoutebollen, are a traditional Dutch food. ...


Okinawa (Japan)

Native to Okinawa is a spheroid pastry similar to doughnuts called sata andagi.[citation needed] This article is about the prefecture. ... Sata andagi (サーターアンダーギー) are sweet deep fried buns of dough similar to doughnuts, native to Okinawa. ...


Poland

Traditional Polish pączki
Traditional Polish pączki

In Poland and parts of the U.S. with a large Polish community, like Chicago and Detroit, the round, jam-filled doughnuts eaten especially—though not exclusively—during the Carnival are called pączki (pronounced p-unchky). Russian "пончики", ponchiki, and Ukrainian "пампушки", pampushky, are the equivalent designations for pączki, but are usually not filled with jam. Romanian gogoşi are similar to the Polish pączki. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 269 KB) Ponczki, a delicious Polish doughnut File links The following pages link to this file: Doughnut PÄ…czki ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 269 KB) Ponczki, a delicious Polish doughnut File links The following pages link to this file: Doughnut PÄ…czki ... LUKASZ WOLOSYZN ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article describes the festival season. ... LUKASZ WOLOSYZN ...


South Africa

In South Africa, a variation known as the koeksuster is popular. Koeksisters on a plate A koeksuster or koeksister comes from the Dutch word koekje, the diminutive of koek meaning cake. It is a South African syrup-coated doughnut in a twisted or braided shape (like a plait). ...


South Korea

Many bakeries in South Korea offer doughnuts either filled with or made entirely from the Korean traditional rice dessert tteok. These come in a variety of different colors, though they are normally in green, pink, or white. They are often filled with a sweet red bean paste or sesame seeds. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Tteok (IPA: ) or Ddeog is a Korean sweet cake made with glutinous rice flour, also known as sweet rice or chapssal, by steaming. ... Binomial name Vigna angularis (Willd. ... Binomial name Sesamum indicum Sesame (Sesamum indicum)is a crop grown primarily for its seeds. ...


United Kingdom

In some parts of Scotland, ring doughnuts are referred to as doughrings, with the doughnut moniker being reserved exclusively for the nut-shaped variety. Glazed, twisted rope-shaped doughnuts are known as yum-yums. It is also possible to buy fudge doughnuts in certain regions of Scotland. In some parts of Northern Ireland, ring doughnuts are referred to as "gravy rings" due to their being cooked in oil, itself colloquially known as "gravy". Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...


United States

A popular doughnut in Hawaii is the Malasada. [citation needed] Malasadas were brought to the Hawaiian Islands by early Portuguese settlers and are a variation on Portugal's filhós. They are small eggy balls of yeast dough deep fried and coated in sugar. Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... A malasada (or malassada) is a Portuguese confection related to the doughnut. ... This is a traditional christmas dessert in Portugal. ...


To celebrate Fat Tuesday in southeastern Pennsylvania, churches sell a potato-starch doughnut called a Fastnacht (or Fasnacht). The treats are so popular there that Fat Tuesday is often called Fastnacht Day. In the Christian calendar, Shrove Tuesday is the English name for the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, which in turn marks the beginning of Lent. ... Fastnachts, Fasnachts or Faschnachts are a fatty doughnut treat served primarily on Fastnacht Day, also known as Shrove Tuesday, Mardi Gras or Fat Tuesday. ...


In the U.S., doughnuts sometimes incorporate seasonal agricultural products, often made at the farms or orchards, such as maple syrup doughnuts in spring in the Northeast and apple cider doughnuts during the apple harvest. These form an important product of agritourism. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ... Agritourism is a style of vacation in which hospitality is offered on farms. ...


The Polish doughnut, the pączki, is popular in U.S. cities with large Polish communities such as Chicago, Milwaukee, and Detroit. LUKASZ WOLOSYZN ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Nickname: Location of Milwaukee in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Coordinates: , County Milwaukee Government  - Mayor Tom Barrett (D) Area  - City  97 sq mi (251. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


The grillwith is a specialty in Charlottesville, VA. Slice a doughnut like a bun, place each half on the grill, remove and top with ice cream.


Doughnuts and topology

Doughnuts, as ring-shaped items, are an important explanatory tool in the science of topology where the ring doughnut shape (a ring with a circular cross-section) is called a torus or toroid, and an example of using the ring doughnut as an illustrative term can be found in popular explanations of the Poincaré conjecture. The other toroidal food item used in topological explanations is the bagel. However, the bagel has a hole to allow it to be retrieved from boiling water, while a doughnut hole is intended to allow the doughnut to cook faster and more thoroughly. There is no historical connection between bagels and doughnuts. A Möbius strip, an object with only one surface and one edge; such shapes are an object of study in topology. ... In geometry, a torus (pl. ... A toroid is a doughnut-shaped object whose surface is a torus. ... In mathematics, the Poincaré conjecture (IPA: [])[1] is a conjecture about the characterization of the three-dimensional sphere amongst three-dimensional manifolds. ... For other uses, see Bagel (disambiguation). ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Doughnut
Look up Doughnut in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Many cultures have dishes made by deep frying dough of one form or another. ... Chocolate and honey dip timbits. ... A Brown Bobby is a triangular shaped doughnut. ... National Doughnut Day is on the first Friday of June each year. ...

References

  1. ^ "'Old Salt' Doughnut hold inventor tells just how discovery was made and stomach of earths saved". Special to The Washington Post.; The Washington Post (1877-1954), Washington, D.C.; Mar 26, 1916; pg. ES9
  2. ^ Originals, Selections, &C. for the Times. Sketches and Views-No. V; The Times, page [29], vol. I, iss. 8; January 30, 1808; Boston, Massachusetts.
  3. ^ etimonline.com Online Etymology Dictionary.
  4. ^ The unofficial national sugary snack
  • Jones, Charlotte Foltz (1991). Mistakes That Worked. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-26246-9.  - Origins of the doughnut hole
  • Rosana G Moreira et al, Deep Fat Frying: Fundamentals and Applications. ISBN 0-8342-1321-4
  • Edge, John T. (2006). Donuts: An American Passion. Putnam. ISBN 0-399-15358-6. 

External Links

  • TimeOut NY article on New York's versions of international doughnuts

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A yeast-raised doughnut shell jam-packed with strawberry filling and coated with a light dusting of powdered sugar.
Thick and flavorful blueberry filling inside a yeast-raised doughnut shell that is coated with a dusting of powdered sugar.
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