FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Double standard

A double standard, according to the World Book Dictionary, is a standard applied more leniently to one group than to another. For example, the belief that it is permissible for teenage boys, but not teenage girls, to engage in premarital sex is a double standard. When judicial processes are applied more strictly to some people more than others, such double standards are seen as unjust because they violate a basic maxim of modern legal jurisprudence, that all parties should stand equal before the law. Double standards also violate the principle of justice known as impartiality, which is based on the assumption that the same standards should be applied to all people, without regard to subjective bias or favoritism based on social class, rank, ethnicity, gender or other distinction. A double standard violates this principle by holding different people accountable according to different standards. While double standards are generally condemned in the abstract, they are also very common. Image File history File links Information_icon. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOV Wikipedia policy is that all articles should be written from a neutral point of view. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... The World Book Dictionary is a two volume English dictionary published as a supplement to the World Book Encyclopedia. ... The word standard has several meanings: Originally, standard referred to a conspicuous object used as a rallying point in battle. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jurisprudence is the theory and philosophy of law. ... J.L. Urban, statue of Lady Justice at court building in Olomouc, Czech Republic Justice is the ideal, morally correct state of things and persons. ... Impartiality is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be based on objective criteria, rather then on the basis of bias, prejudice, or preferring the benefit to one person over another for improper reasons. ... A bias is a prejudice in a general or specific sense, usually in the sense for having a preference to one particular point of view or ideological perspective. ... Elitism is a belief or attitude that an elite— a selected group of persons whose personal abilities, specialized training or other attributes place them at the top of any field (see below)— are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken most seriously, or who... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Social rank or simply rank is a hierarchy based on ones perceived importance in society. ... An ethnic group is a human population whose members identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry (Smith, 1986). ... The gender symbols used to denote a male or female organism. ...


There is a subtle distinction to be made between double standards and hypocrisy, which implies the stated or presumed acceptance of a single standard, but which in practice may be disregarded. If a man believes it is his right to have extra-marital affairs, but that his wife does not have such a right, he holds a double standard. A man who condemns all adultery while maintaining a mistress is a hypocrite. Look up hypocrisy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An affair is usually a euphemism for a situation where two people are involved in an illicit activity. ... Adultery is generally defined as consensual sexual intercourse by a married person with someone other than his or her lawful spouse. ... Madame de Pompadour the mistress of King Louis XV of France. ... Look up hypocrisy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Defending the status quo

Efforts to defend real or purported double standards usually take the form of denying that a double standard is being applied or attempting to give a good reason for the disparate treatment (in which case it is a double standard but it is a favorable or acceptable double standard). For example, children are generally forbidden from acts such as drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco, while adults are usually permitted to perform such acts with impunity. This differential treatment could be described as a double standard, because people are being held to different standards. However, one defending this differential treatment could argue that there is a good reason for the different treatment — that children are inherently less capable of making mature decisions regarding those activities, so they should be protected from risky and potentially harmful behavior. Supporters of this argument may also point out the fact that use of alcohol and tobacco at a young age can irreparably cause damage to a child's brain development. The counterargument, then, would be that children are not inherently less able to make good decisions, as there are some people who are more mature in their decision-making than other adults, so that age is an arbitrary criterion. A child (plural: children). ... Functional group of an alcohol molecule. ... Species Nicotiana acuminata Nicotiana alata Nicotiana attenuata Nicotiana benthamiana Nicotiana clevelandii Nicotiana excelsior Nicotiana forgetiana Nicotiana glauca Nicotiana glutinosa Nicotiana langsdorffii Nicotiana longiflora Nicotiana obtusifolia Nicotiana paniculata Nicotiana plumbagifolia Nicotiana quadrivalvis Nicotiana repanda Nicotiana rustica Nicotianasuaveolens Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana tabacum Nicotiana tomentosa Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005... Look up decision in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system. ...


Gender and ethnic double standards

Accusations of "racism" or "sexism" can be argued to involve double standards in the United States, as it is widely perceived to be "OK" for African Americans to use derogatory terms for Caucasians in public, while Caucasians using derogatory terms for non-whites can cause significant backlash, even being charged with a hate crime. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The sign of the headquarters of the National Association Opposed To Woman Suffrage Sexism is commonly considered to be discrimination and/or hatred against people based on their sex rather than their individual merits, but can also refer to any and all systemic differentiations based on the sex of the... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Jewish cemetery in France after being defaced by Neo-Nazis. ...


It has also been argued that women can use offensive terms about men more readily than men can about women. Both of these alleged modern double standards arise from the reversal of preexisting, double standards of the opposite kind. Also, due partially to complaints from white Americans about the double standard regarding hate crimes, minorities attacking whites have been increasingly charged with hate crimes as well.


One of the more common double standards that is seen every day is where females should be treated more leniently than males for the same acts. For example, physical violence; some females believe that they deserve to be given the right to hit a man, however, he should not be able to retaliate against that. Their justification of this is that the majority of women are less physically able to cause harm than a man. A counter-argument of this is that for two parties to be treated equally without discrimination, they should have the same consequences that they would receive if they were a different gender.


A notorious type of double standard is the classic "studs vs. sluts" model, in which a man who has sex with many female partners is considered a "stud" or "player" (which are often considered compliments), while a woman who has sex with many male partners is considered a "slut" or "skank" (which are highly pejorative terms). This is related to the madonna-whore dichotomy (also called the virgin-whore dichotomy). Proponents of this double standard would say that it is justified by natural law (men naturally cannot help it but women can and are thus supposed to function as the "gatekeepers"), while opponents would say that such an assumption is sexist and based on outmoded views of sexuality. Opponents may differ with one another; some feel that nonmonogamy and/or promiscuity is a good thing for both sexes, some feel it is wrong for both sexes, and others simply view it as neutral. Some believe this double standard is gradually breaking down, citing neologisms such as "playette" (a female "player") and "manwhore" (a man who sleeps around). Gender-neutral terms such as "free lover", "free spirit", or "libertine" may also be used as well nowadays. However, skeptics argue that the use of such reversed and gender-neutral terms remains relatively rare. quite. Look up Womanizer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up slut in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Skank (disambiguation). ... A word or phrase is pejorative if it implies contempt or disapproval. ... In Roman times, Vestal Virgins were strictly celibate or they were punished by death. ... Whore redirects here. ... Natural law (Latin jus naturale) is law that exists independently of the positive law of a given political order, society or nation-state. ... The sign of the headquarters of the National Association Opposed To Woman Suffrage Sexism is commonly considered to be discrimination and/or hatred against people based on their sex rather than their individual merits, but can also refer to any and all systemic differentiations based on the sex of the... Nonmonogamy is a blanket term covering several different types of interpersonal relationship in which some or all participants have multiple marital, sexual, and/or romantic partners. ... Promiscuity is the practice of making relatively casual and indiscriminate choices. ... A neologism (from Greek νεολογισμός νέος [neos] = new; λόγος [logos] = word) is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (coined) — often to apply to new concepts, to synthesize pre-existing concepts, or to make older terminology sound more contemporary. ... This article is proposed to be deleted, because of the following concern: neologism, original research If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... The term free love has been used since at least the nineteenth century to describe a social movement that rejects marriage, which is seen as a form of social bondage, especially for women. ... This article is about the archetype. ... Libertine has come to mean one free from restraint, particularly from social and religious norms and morals. ... In ordinary usage, skepticism or scepticism (Greek: skeptomai, to look about, to consider) refers to an attitude of doubt or a disposition to incredulity either in general or toward a particular object, the doctrine that true knowledge or knowledge in a particular area is uncertain, or the method of suspended...


Religion and politics

In the context of religion, many argue that accusations of blasphemy are an especially common example of double standards in that the very concept of blasphemy relies on applying or seeking to apply different standards to the theology seeking protection than to other matters. Look up blasphemy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The ancient Roman aphorism, Quod licet Iovi, non licet bovi (Gods may do what cattle may not), captures the idea of the way relatively relaxed norms of behavior are applied by the elite to themselves, while harsher behavior standards are applied to the masses. This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Aphorism (from the Greek αφοριζειν, to define), literally a distinction or a definition, is a term used to describe a principle expressed tersely in a few telling words or any general truth conveyed in a short and pithy sentence, in such a way that when once heard it is unlikely to... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


Specific political examples are harder to give because almost no one, regardless of their position on the political spectrum, will admit to double standards. For example, many in the United States are quick to point fingers at the "liberal media" or "conservative media" for giving a 'pass' to one side of the political spectrum, while at the same time often slandering those on the other side of a given debate. Claims of media bias in the United States attract constant attention. ... Claims of media bias in the United States attract constant attention. ... A political spectrum is a way of comparing or visualizing different political positions. ... Libel redirects here. ...


Arab governments have claimed that the United States government has double standards when it comes to its treatment of Israel versus the Arabs. Arab countries have been angry over the U.S. position on the Palestinians and on the current Israeli-Lebanese conflict[1] [2] [3][4]. Nuclear non-proliferation activists have also mentioned the double standards of US nuclear non-proliferation policies where the U.S. has clearly supported Israel's and India's efforts to develop advanced nuclear weapons, but has attempted to suffocate Iran's and North Korea's nuclear programs [5] [6] [7]. It should be pointed out, however, that both Iran and North Korea are signatories to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, while India is not. Another frequent defence of such a policy is that Israel and India are democracies, while Iran and North Korea are authoritarian states.


See also

Morality refers to the concept of human ethics which pertains to matters of good and evil —also referred to as right or wrong, used within three contexts: individual conscience; systems of principles and judgments — sometimes called moral values —shared within a cultural, religious, secular, Humanist, or philosophical community; and codes... Self-deprecation is a form of humour in which a comedian makes jokes about himself, his shortcomings, or his culture. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Double standard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1182 words)
Double standards also violate the principle of justice known as impartiality, which is based on the assumption that the same standards should be applied to all people, without regard to subjective bias or favoritism based on social class, rank, ethnicity, gender or other distinction.
Efforts to defend real or purported double standards usually take the form of denying that a double standard is being applied or attempting to give a good reason for the disparate treatment (in which case it is a double standard but it is a favorable or acceptable double standard).
Proponents of this double standard would say that it is justified by natural law (men naturally cannot help it but women can and are thus supposed to function as the "gatekeepers"), while opponents would say that such an assumption is sexist and based on outmoded views of sexuality.
Double Standards, Bias - The Peace Encyclopedia (3725 words)
The concept that America holds a "Double Standard" in favor of Israel has been ramped up in recent years and has reached a peak now during this latest confrontation with Iraq.
The "Double Standard" is that all must view favorably the self-styled claims of Islam while dismissing the Jewish claim to the Land of Israel which dates back 4000 years.
"Double Standards" applied against the Jews in the 30s and 40s that spawned the Holocaust have been delineated competently in many, many books.(4) It is merely necessary to note that the simple phrase "Double Standard" was the very foundation operative in causing and actuating the Holocaust.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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