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Encyclopedia > Double Violin Concerto (Bach)

The Concerto for Two Violins in D Minor, BWV 1043, is perhaps one of the most famous works by J.S. Bach and considered among the best examples of the work of the late Baroque period. He wrote it in Leipzig sometime between 1730 and 1731, most likely for the Leipzig Collegium Musicum, of which he was the director. It also exists in an arrangement for two harpsichords, transposed into C minor (BWV 1062). In addition to the two soloists, the concerto is scored for strings and basso continuo. Places in which Bach resided throughout his life Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750 (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points). ... [] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the Federal State (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is any of a family of European keyboard instruments, including the large instrument currently called a harpsichord, but also the smaller virginals, the muselar virginals and the spinet. ... C minor (abbreviated Cm) is a minor scale based on C, consisting of the pitches C, D, E-flat, F, G, A-flat, B and C (harmonic minor scale). ... The term concerto (plural is concerti or concertos) usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer musical notation used to indicate intervals, chords, and nonchord tones, in relation to a bass note. ...

The concerto is characterized by the subtle yet expressive relationship between the violins throughout the work. The musical structure of this piece uses fugal imitation and much counterpoint. Though it starts in D Minor and ends in D Major, the first movement switches keys every few measures. The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ...

The concerto contains three movements: In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ...

  1. Vivace
  2. Largo ma non tanto
  3. Allegro

Perhaps of all Bach's chamber works, the Double Concerto has best succeeded in winning historically inexperienced listeners over to a true appreciation both of Bach and the Baroque Era. Few works can match the fugal 1st movement and canonic finale from a standpoint of sheer energy and overwhleming dynamic drive. The quintessence of melodic tonal beauty is potently distilled in the slow (middle) movement as well.

Performances and recordings

There are many performances and recordings of this piece. It is also included in the Suzuki Method for the violin. Many performances have been posted on YouTube which can be viewed for no charge. The Suzuki method, (Japanese: スズキ・メソード) (sometimes called Talent Education, the mother-tongue method, or the Suzuki movement) is a way of teaching, or educational philosophy which strives to create high ability and beautiful character in its students through a nurturing environment. ... YouTube is a popular free video sharing website which lets users upload, view, and share video clips. ...

External links

  • The Mutopia project public-domain score
  • Grove Music Online entry on J.S. Bach

  Results from FactBites:
INKPOT#93 CLASSICAL MUSIC: BACH Violin Concertos, BWVs 1041-43. Faust, Poppen/Bach-Collegium Stuttgart/Rilling ... (1107 words)
BWV 1044, incidentally, is a triple concerto for flute, violin and harpsichord, which makes it genetically closer, in fact, to the Brandenburg Concertos than the orthodox violin concerto.
The A minor concerto BWV 1041, is infectious in its spontaniety, so much so that one almost forgets that this is, to begin with, in the minor mode, which is more often associated with pathos and gloom and melancholy.
The soloists are placed rather close to the ensemble, especially in the double concerto, but not to the point of detraction.
  More results at FactBites »



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