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Encyclopedia > Dorset culture

The Dorset culture preceded the Eskimo culture in Arctic North America. Inuit legends mention the Tuniit (singular Tuniq) or Sivullirmiut ("First Inhabitants"), who were driven away by the Inuit. According to legend, they were "giants", people who were taller and stronger than the Inuit, but who were easily scared off and retreated from the advancing Inuit. They were credited with a faultless understanding of their local environment (which they may have shared with the newly-arrived Inuit) but with inferior technologies. The Dorset did lack dogsleds, sophisticated boats and toggled harpoons and therefore may have adapted poorly to the newly harsh weather of the late first- and early second millennium. Distribution of Inuit language variants across the Arctic. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctican area around the South Pole. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... The toggling harpoon is an ancient weapon and tool used in whaling to impale a whale when thrown. ... A millennium is a period of time, equal to one thousand years (from Latin mille, thousand, and annum, year). ...


There appears to have been no genetic connection between the Dorset and the Thule, which indicates the complete replacement and extinction of the former. Nonetheless, the Dorset were kin to the modern Inuit, an earlier incursion into the Arctic region from a common population, and as such were closely related to their successors. The Thule were the ancestors of all modern Canadian Inuit. ...


Anthropologist Diamond Jenness in 1925 received some odd artifacts from Cape Dorset, Nunavut, which seemed to derive from an ancient lifestyle unlike that of the Inuit. Jenness named the culture after the location of the find. His finds showed a consistent and distinct cultural pattern that included sophisticated and un-Inuit art that depicted, for example, uniquely large hairstyles for women and hoodless parkas with giant, tall collars on both sexes. A leading modern figure in the field of Tuniit/Dorset studies is Robert McGhee, who has written numerous books on this culture and the transition to the Thule (Inuit) tradition. Anthropology (from the Greek word , human or person) consists of the study of humanity (see genus Homo). ... Diamond Jenness (February 10, 1886 - November 29, 1969) was a Canadian anthropologist. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Part of the town, taken in September 2005 Cape Dorset (Inuktitut: Kinngait; Syllabics: ᑭᙵᐃᑦ) is located on Baffin Island in Nunavut, Canada, and is served by Cape Dorset Airport. ...


Canadian poet Al Purdy wrote a poem entitled "Lament for the Dorsets" which starts "Animal bones and some mossy tent rings... all that remains of Dorset giants, who drove the Vikings back to their longships..." This poem laments the loss of their culture and describes them and their end. Alfred Wellington Purdy (December 30, 1918_April 21, 2000) is one of the most popular and important Canadian poets of the 20th century. ...


The Sadlermiut

In 1824, HMS Griper, under Captain George Francis Lyon, anchored off Cape Pembroke on Coats Island in Hudson Bay. The whalers discovered a band of Eskimos who spoke a "strange dialect" and were called Sadlermiut. (Sallirmiut in modern Inuktitut spelling, from Salliq, the Inuktitut name for the settlement of Coral Harbour, Nunavut.) 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... George Francis Lyon was a rare combination of Arctic and African explorer. ... Coats Island, Nunavut Closeup of Coats Island Coats Island lies at the northern end of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... Distribution of Inuit language variants across the Arctic. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Coral Harbour (ᓴᓪᓖᑦ in Inuktitut syllabics), is a small, Inuit community that is located on Southampton Island. ...


The Sadlermiut, living in near isolation on and around Southampton Island, preserved a culture distinct from the Inuit. They continued to have contact with Westerners and contracted Western diseases. By 1896, there were only 70 of them remaining. In the fall of 1902, some of them visited the Active, a whaling vessel that had stopped at Southampton Island. They caught a disease from a sick sailor, possibly typhoid or typhus. The entire community died within weeks. Categories: Islands of Canada | Canada geography stubs ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This is about the disease typhoid fever. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Epidemic typhus. ...


In 1954 and 1955, Henry B. Collins of the Smithsonian Institution studied Eskimo house ruins in the Canadian Arctic. He determined that these ruins were characteristic of Sadlermiut culture which had once been quite extensive. He also found evidence that the Sadlermiut were the last remnants of the Dorset culture. Recent genetic research has, moreover, supported the continuity between Sadlermiut and the Dorset culture. 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ...


External links

  • In the bones of the world at the Nuntsiaq News website.
  • Article on the Sadlermiut from the Canadian encyclopedia

Bibliography

  • Michael Fortescue, Steven Jacobson & Lawrence Kaplan 1994: Comparative Eskimo Dictionary; with Aleut Cognates (Alaska Native Language Center Research Paper 9); ISBN 1-55500-051-7
  • Robert McGhee 2005: The Last Imaginary Place: A Human History of the Arctic World; ISBN 0-19-518368-1

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dorset culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (765 words)
The Dorset culture preceded the Inuit culture in Arctic North America.
The Dorset did lack dogsleds, sophisticated boats and toggled harpoons and therefore may have adapted poorly to the newly harsh weather of the late first- and early second millennium.
Another interesting note to the story of the Inuit, Dorset and Norse story is that the decline of the Dorset people coincides with the appearance of the Norse in Greenland in the early 11th century, and the expansion of the Inuit coincides with the decline of the Dorset.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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