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Encyclopedia > Dornase alfa
A box of Pulmozyme
A box of Pulmozyme

Dornase alfa (Pulmozyme®) is a highly purified solution of recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I (rhDNase), an enzyme which selectively cleaves DNA. Pulmozyme hydrolyzes the DNA in sputum/mucus of CF patients and reduces viscoelasticity in the lungs, promoting improved clearance of secretions. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (748x823, 82 KB) Summary Dornase Alfa, also known as Pulmozyme, a commonly inhaled treatment amongst CF patients. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (748x823, 82 KB) Summary Dornase Alfa, also known as Pulmozyme, a commonly inhaled treatment amongst CF patients. ... A deoxyribonuclease (DNase, for short) is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of phosphodiester linkages in the DNA backbone. ... Ribbon diagram of the enzyme TIM. TIM is catalytically perfect, meaning its conversion rate is limited, or nearly limited to its substrate diffusion rate. ... The general structure of a section of DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid —usually in the form of a double helix— that contains the genetic instructions specifying the biological development of all cellular forms of life, and most viruses. ... Cystic fibrosis, (CF) is a common hereditary human disease which affects many different parts of the body, including the lungs, pancreas, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive organs, and sinuses. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
RxMed: Pharmaceutical Information - PULMOZYME (1816 words)
The data suggest that the effects of dornase alfa on respiratory tract infections in older patients (>21 years) may be smaller than in young patients, and that twice daily dosing may be required in the older patients.
Daily administration of dornase alfa for inhalation in conjunction with standard therapies is indicated in the management of cystic fibrosis patients to reduce the frequency of respiratory infections requiring parenteral antibiotics and to improve pulmonary function.
Dornase alfa was tested in a micronucleus (in vivo) assay for its potential to produce chromosome damage in bone marrow cells of mice following a bolus i.v.
dornase alfa (inhalation) (1287 words)
Dornase alfa is a synthetic protein that breaks down excess DNA in the pulmonary secretions of people with cystic fibrosis.
Dornase alfa is used to improve lung function in people with cystic fibrosis by thinning pulmonary secretions and reducing the risk of respiratory tract infections.
Dornase alfa is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby.
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