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Encyclopedia > Dormouse
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Dormice
Fossil range: Early Eocene - Recent
Woodland Dormouse, Graphiurus murinus
Woodland Dormouse, Graphiurus murinus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Gliridae
Muirhead in Brewster, 1819
Subfamilies and Genera
Graphiurinae
  • Graphiurus
Leithiinae
  • Dryomys
  • Eliomys
  • Hypnomys
  • Myomimus
  • Selevinia
Myoxinae

Dormice are Old World mammals in the family Gliridae, part of the rodent (Rodentia) order. (This family is also variously called Myoxidae or Muscardinidae by different taxonomists). Dormice are mostly found in Europe, although some live in Africa and Asia. The Eocene epoch (56-34 Ma) is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Palaeogene period in the Cenozoic era. ... Image File history File links Graphiurus_murinus. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anenomes) Placozoa (trichoplax) Subregnum Bilateria (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Families Many, see text The order Rodentia is the most numerous of all the branches on the mammal family tree. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species Dryomys laniger Dryomys niethammeri Dryomys nitedula Dryomys sichuanensis [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The forest dormice, genus Dryomys, are a genus of dormouse found throughout much of Eurasia. ... Binomial name Muscardinus avellanarius (Linnaeus, 1758) The Hazel Dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) is a small mammal. ... Glis, named after glissando, is an EBM/synthpop/industrial band from Seattle. ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus: Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia) and the surrounding islands. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Families See Classification Section The order Rodentia is the most numerous of all the branches on the mammal family tree. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. ... See also: Asian and Eurasian World map showing Asia. ...


They are small for rodents, with a typical length of about 2-3" (70 mm). Dormice typically feed on fruits, berries, flowers, nuts and insects. They are largely but not exclusively arboreal and nocturnal animals. This article is about the biological organisms known as trees. ... A nocturnal animal is one that sleeps during the day and is active at night - the opposite of the human (diurnal) schedule. ...


One of the most notable characteristics of those dormice that live in temperate zones is hibernation. Dormice can hibernate six months out of the year, or even longer if the weather remains sufficiently cool, sometimes waking for brief periods to eat food they had previously stored nearby. It is from this trait that they got their name, which comes from Anglo-Norman dormeus, which means "sleepy (one)"; the word was later altered by folk etymology to resemble word "mouse". The sleepy behaviour of the Dormouse character in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland also attests to this trait. Dormice enjoy feeding the heads of one another. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... Hibernation is a state of regulated hypothermia, lasting several days or weeks, that allows animals to conserve energy during the winter. ... The Anglo-Norman language is the name given to the variety of Norman spoken by the Anglo-Normans, the descendants of the Normans who ruled England following the conquest by William of Normandy in 1066. ... Folk etymology (or popular etymology) is a linguistic term for a category of false etymology which has grown up in popular lore, as opposed to one which arose in scholarly usage. ... Feral mouse The mouse is a mammal that belongs to one of numerous species of small rodents in the genus Mus and various related genera of the family Muridæ (Old World Mice). ... Photograph of Lewis Carroll taken by himself, with assistance Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll, was a British author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ... John Tenniels illustration for A Mad Tea-Party, 1865 Illustration by Arthur Rackham Alices Adventures in Wonderland is a work of childrens literature by the British mathematician and author, Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, written under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. ...


Dormice breed once or twice a year, with four being the typical size of a litter. They can live for as long as five years.


Currently, the earliest fossil evidence of dormouse species in Europe is placed in the middle Eocene. They appear in Africa in the upper Miocene and only relatively recently in Asia. Many types of extinct dormouse species have been identified. In the current (Holocene) epoch, the family consists of 28 species, in three subfamilies and (arguably) 9 genera: 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Eocene epoch (56-34 Ma) is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Palaeogene period in the Cenozoic era. ... The Miocene epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23 to 5. ... The Holocene Epoch is a stupid geologic period that extends from the present back about 10,000 radiocarbon years. ...

  • Subfamily Graphiurinae
    • Genus Graphiurus (African dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus christyi (Christy's Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus crassicaudatus (Jentink's Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus hueti (Huet's Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus kelleni (Kellen's Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus lorraineus (Lorrain Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus microtis (Small-eared Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus monardi (Monard's Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus murinus (Woodland Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus ocularis (Spectacled Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus olga (Olga's Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus parvus (Savanna Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus platyops (Rock Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus rupicola (Stone Dormouse)
      • Species Graphiurus surdus (Silent Dormouse)
  • Subfamily Leithiinae
    • Genus Dryomys
      • Species Dryomys laniger (Woolly Dormouse)
      • Species Dryomys nitedula (Forest Dormouse)
      • Species Dryomys sichuanensis (Chinese Dormouse)
    • Genus Eliomys (Garden dormouse)
      • Species Eliomys melanurus (Asian Garden Dormouse)
      • Species Eliomys quercinus (Garden Dormouse)
    • Genus Hypnomys (Balearic dormouse - extinct)
      • Species Hypnomys morphaeus
      • Species Hypnomys mahonensis
    • Genus Myomimus (Mouse-tailed dormouse)
      • Species Myomimus personatus (Masked Mouse-tailed Dormouse)
      • Species Myomimus roachi (Roach's Mouse-tailed Dormouse)
      • Species Myomimus setzeri (Setzer's Mouse-tailed Dormouse)
    • Genus Selevinia
      • Species Selevinia betpakdalaensis (Desert Dormouse)
  • Subfamily Myoxinae

[[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species Dryomys laniger Dryomys niethammeri Dryomys nitedula Dryomys sichuanensis [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The forest dormice, genus Dryomys, are a genus of dormouse found throughout much of Eurasia. ... Binomial name Dryomys sichuanensis (Wang, 1985) The Chinese Dormouse (Dryomys sichuanensis) is a variety of dormouse that lives in northern Sichuan, China. ... Binomial name Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus, 1766 The garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus) is a rodent in the dormouse family. ... Binomial name Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus, 1766 The garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus) is a rodent in the dormouse family. ... dormouse Published in Websters New International Dictionary of the English Language, 1911, G & C Miriam Co. ... dormouse Published in Websters New International Dictionary of the English Language, 1911, G & C Miriam Co. ... Binomial name Muscardinus avellanarius (Linnaeus, 1758) The Hazel Dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) is a small mammal. ... Binomial name Muscardinus avellanarius (Linnaeus, 1758) The Hazel Dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) is a small mammal. ... Binomial name Glis glis (Linnaeus, 1766) The Edible Dormouse or Fat Dormouse, also known by its binomial name Glis glis, is a small mammal. ... Binomial name Glis glis (Linnaeus, 1766) The Edible Dormouse or Fat Dormouse, also known by its binomial name Glis glis, is a small mammal. ...

External links

  • Mammals of the World: Dormice
  • Glirarium.org (English and German)
Rodents

Sciuromorpha: †Allomyidae | Aplodontiidae | †Mylagaulidae | †Reithroparamyidae | Sciuridae | Gliridae Families See Classification Section The order Rodentia is the most numerous of all the branches on the mammal family tree. ... Infraorders Anomaluromorpha Castorimorpha Ctenodactylomorpha Geomorpha Glirimorpha Myodonta Sciurida Sciurognathi is a suborder of rodents that includes squirrels, chipmunks, beavers, and many types of mice. ... Binomial name Aplodontia rufa Richardson, 1829 The Mountain Beaver (Aplodontia rufa) is a rodent unrelated to beavers and that is not usually found in mountainous areas. ... Genera Many: see text. ...

Castorimorpha: †Eutypomyidae | Castoridae | †Rhizospalacidae | †Eomyidae | †Heliscomyidae | †Mojavemyidae | Heteromyidae | Geomyidae Genera †Eocastoroides †Steneofiber †Neatocastor †Asiacastor †Youngofiber †Trogontherium †Eucastor †Schreuderia †Dipoides †Boreofiber †Romanocastor †Zamolxifiber †Procastoroides †Castoroides †Paradipoides †Agnotocastor †Capacikala †Pseudopalaeocastor †Fossorcastor †Euhapsis †Propalaeocastor †Palaeomys †Palaeocastor †Hystricops Castor The family Castoridae contains the two living species of beaver and their fossil relatives. ... Genera †Eocastoroides †Steneofiber †Neatocastor †Asiacastor †Youngofiber †Trogontherium †Eucastor †Schreuderia †Dipoides †Boreofiber †Romanocastor †Zamolxifiber †Procastoroides †Castoroides †Paradipoides †Agnotocastor †Capacikala †Pseudopalaeocastor †Fossorcastor †Euhapsis †Propalaeocastor †Palaeomys †Palaeocastor †Hystricops Castor The family Castoridae contains the two living species of beaver and their fossil relatives. ... SubFamilies Dipodomyinae Heteromyinae Perognathinae Most Heteromyidae live in complex burrows within the deserts and grasslands of western North America, though species within the Heteromys and Liomys genera are also found in forests and extend down as far as northern South America. ... Genera see text The pocket gophers are burrowing rodents of the family Geomyidae. ...

Myomorpha: †Armintomidae | Dipodidae | Zapodidae | †Anomalomyidae | †Simimyidae | Platacanthomyidae | Spalacidae | Calomyscidae | Nesomyidae | Cricetidae | Muridae Suborder Myomorpha contains nearly a quarter of all mammal species. ... Genera 10 genera in 5 subfamilies A jerboa is a small jumping desert rodent of Asia and northern Africa that resembles a mouse with a long tufted tail and very long hind legs. ... The Meadow Jumping Mouse has yellow/tawny coloured sides, and a brown back. ... Genera see text Platacanthomyinae is the only subfamily in the family Platacanthomyidae. ... Subfamilies see text Spalacidae is a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea. ... Species see text Mouse-like hamsters are a group of small rodents found in Syria, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. ... Subfamilies see text Nesomyidae is a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea. ... Subfamilies see text Cricetidae is a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea. ... Subfamilies See text Muridae is the largest family of mammals. ...

Anomaluromorpha: Anomaluridae | †Parapedetidae | Pedetidae Genera Anomalurus, Idiurus, Zenkerella The Anomaluridae or scaly-tailed flying squirrels are a family of rodents found in central Africa. ... Binomial name Pedetes capensis (Coe, 1969) The Springhare, or Springhaas (Pedetes capensis) is not actually a hare, but a member of the order Rodentia; it is the only species in its family Pedetidae. ...

Hystricomorpha: †Tamquammyidae | Ctenodactylidae | †Diatomyidae | †Yuomyidae | †Chapattimyidae | †Tsaganomyidae | †"Baluchimyinae" | Laonastidae | †Bathyergoididae | Bathyergidae | Hystricidae | †Myophiomyidae | †Diamantomyidae | †Phiomyidae | †Kenyamyidae | Petromuridae | Thryonomyidae | Erethizontidae | Chinchillidae | Dinomyidae | Caviidae | Dasyproctidae | †Eocardiidae | Cuniculidae | †Amblyrhizidae | Ctenomyidae | Octodontidae | †Neoepiblemidae | Abrocomidae | Echimyidae | Myocastoridae | Capromyidae | †Heptaxodontidae Families Ctenodactylidae †Tammquammyidae †Diatomyidae †Yuomyidae †Chapattimyidae †Tsaganomyidae Laonastidae †Baluchimyinae Hystricidae †Myophiomyidae †Diamantomyidae †Phiomyidae †Kenyamyidae Petromuridae Thryonomyidae Bathyergidae †Bathyergoididae Erethizontidae Dasyproctidae Agoutidae †Eocardiidae Dinomyidae Caviidae Hydrochaeridae Octodontidae Ctenomyidae Echimyidae Myocastoridae Capromyidae †Heptaxodontidae Chinchillidae †Neoepiblemidae Abrocomidae Skull of a capybara showing the enlarged infraorbital canal present in most members of the Hystricomorpha. ... Genera Ctenodactylus Felovia Massoutiera Pectinator Gundis (family Ctenodactylidae) are a group of small, stocky rodents found in Africa. ... Binomial name Laonastes aenigmamus (Jenkins, Kilpatrick, Robinson, Timmins, 2005) The kha-nyou or Laotian rock rat (Laonastes aenigmamus) is a rodent from the Khammouan region of Laos. ... Genera Georychus Cryptomys Heliophobius Bathyergus Heterocephalus The blesmols, also known as mole rats, or African mole-rats, are burrowing rodents of the family Bathyergidae. ... Genera Atherurus Hystrix Thecurus Trichys The Old World porcupines are large representatives of the terrestrial rodent mammals, distinguished by their spiny covering from which they take their name. ... Binomial name Petromus typicus A. Smith, 1831 The Dassie Rat, Petromus typicus, is an African rodent found among rocky outcroppings. ... Species Thryonomys gregorianus (Lesser Cane Rat) Thryonomys swinderianus (Greater Cane Rat) The genus Thryonomys, also know as cane rats, is a genus of rodent found in Africa south of the Sahara. ... Genera  Coendou  Sphiggurus  Erethizon  Echinoprocta The New World porcupines are large terrestrial rodents, distinguished by their spiny covering from which they take their name. ... Genera  Chinchilla  Lagidium  Lagostomus Chinchillas and their relatives viscachas are small, nocturnal mammals native to the Andes mountains in South America and belonging to the family Chinchillidae. ... The pacarana (Dinomys branickii) is a rare and slow-moving South American rodent found only in tropical forests of the western Amazon River basin and adjacent foothills of the Andes Mountains from northwestern Venezuela and Colombia to western Bolivia. ... Subfamilies  Caviinae  Dolichotinae The Cavy (family Caviidae) is divided in two subfamilies: Subfamily Caviinae: cavies and guinea pigs Genus Cavia, this genus is especially called cavy. ... Genera Dasyprocta Myoprocta Agouti The Dasyproctidae are a family of South American rodents, comprising three genera. ... Species Agouti paca Agouti taczanowskii Species Paca, Agouti paca Mountain Paca, Agouti taczanowskii Categories: Stub | Rodents ... The tuco-tucos are members of a group of rodents that belong to the family Ctenomyidae. ... Genera  Octodon  Octodontomys  Octomys  Spalacopus  Aconaemys  Pipanacoctomys  Salinoctomys  Tympanoctomys The Octodontidae are a family of South American rodents. ... Genera Abrocoma Cuscomys †Protabrocoma Chinchilla rats are members of the family Abrocomidae. ... Genera †Cercomys †Maruchito †Paulacoutomys †Willidewu †Adelphomys †Deseadomys †Paradelphomys †Stichomys †Xylechimys Dactylomys Kannabateomys Olallamys †Boromys †Brotomys †Heteropsomys †Puertoricomys †Acarechimys †Chasichimys †Eumysops Lonchothrix Mesomys †Palaeoechimys †Pampamys †Pattersomys †Protacaremys †Protadelphomys †Sallamys Proechimys Thrichomys Trinomys Carterodon Clyomys Euryzygomatomys Callistomys Diplomys Echimys Isothrix Makalata Pattonomys Phyllomys Santamartamys The spiny rats are a group of hystricognath... Binomial name Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782) The coypu or nutria (Myocastor coypus) is a large, crepuscular, semiaquatic rodent native to South America, but now also present in Europe, Asia, and North America. ... Genera Capromys Geocapromys Mesocapromys Hutias are cavy-like rodents that inhabits the Caribbean Islands. ... Genera Amblyrhiza Clidomys Elasmodontomys Quemsia The giant hutias are an extinct group of large rodents known from fossil and subfossil material in the West Indies. ...

Prehistoric rodents (incertae sedis): †Eurymylidae | †Cocomyidae | †Alagomyidae | †Ivanantoniidae | †Laredomyidae | †Ischyromyidae | †Theridomyidae | †Protoptychidae | †Zegdoumyidae | †Sciuravidae | †Cylindrodontidae

† indicates extinct taxa


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dormouse (2006 words)
The hazel dormouse, a European mammal, is found from the woods of Sweden in the north to the slopes of the Alps in the south.
The northern limit of dormouse distribution in Britain at the beginning of this century was stated to be the county boundary between Durham and Northumberland.
The dormouse produces a neat round hole on one side of the nut but the special characteristic is that the edge of the hole is not corrugated but smoothly chiselled in a circular fashion.
dormouse on Encyclopedia.com (472 words)
DORMOUSE [dormouse] name for Old World nocturnal rodents of the family Gliridae.
Dormice sleep deeply during the day, and European species hibernate for nearly six months of the year; their name is derived from the French dormir, "to sleep." Best known is the common dormouse, or hazelmouse, Muscardinus avellanarius, of Europe and W Asia, which resembles a mouse with a bushy tail.
The European, or fat, dormouse, Glis glis, is the largest of the family reaching a length of 8 in.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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