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Encyclopedia > Doris Day
Doris Day
from the trailer for the film Love Me or Leave Me (1955)
from the trailer for the film
Love Me or Leave Me (1955)
Background information
Birth name Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff
Born April 3, 1924 (1924-04-03) (age 84), Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Genre(s) Big band, Traditional pop
Years active 1939-1986
Label(s) Columbia
Associated acts Patti Page, Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, Dinah Shore, Dean Martin, Robert Goulet

Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff (born April 3, 1924)[1] is an American singer, actress, and animal welfare advocate known as Doris Day. A vivacious blonde with a wholesome image, Day was one of the most prolific actresses of the 1950s and 1960s. Able to sing, dance, and play comedy and dramatic roles, she became one of the biggest box-office stars in Hollywood. She has almost 40 films to her credit and has recorded approximately 45 albums. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Love Me or Leave Me is a 1955 biographical film which tells the life story of Ruth Etting, a singer who rose from dancer to movie star. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A big band, also known as a jazz orchestra, is a large musical ensemble that plays jazz music, especially Swing. ... Traditional pop or Classic pop music denotes, in general, Western (and particularly American) popular music that either wholly predates the eruption of rock and roll in the mid-1950s, or to any popular music which exists concurrently to rock and roll but originated in a time before the appearance of... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Patti Page (born Clara Ann Fowler on November 8, 1927 in Claremore, Oklahoma) is one of the best-known female singers in traditional pop music. ... Sinatra redirects here. ... Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was an Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). ... Dinah Shore (born Frances Rose Shore February 29, 1916 - February 24, 1994) was an American singer and actress. ... Dean Martin (born Dino Paul Crocetti, June 7, 1917 – December 25, 1995) was an Italian-American singer, film actor, and comedian. ... Robert Gerard Goulet (November 26, 1933 – October 30, 2007) was a Grammy- and Tony Award-winning American entertainer. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... One of the worlds most famous blondes Marilyn Monroe, who was in fact a natural brunette Blond (feminine, blonde) is a hair colour found in certain mammals characterised by low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin and higher levels of the pale pigment phæomelanin, in common with red or... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Biography

Doris Day was born in Evanston, a neighborhood within the City of Cincinnati, Ohio, to Alma Sophia Welz and William/Wilhelm Kappelhoff; three of her grandparents were German immigrants, at least one of them was Dutch.[2] The youngest of three, she had two brothers, Richard, who died before she was born and Paul, a few years older. She was named after silent movie actress Doris Kenyon, whom her mother admired.[citation needed] Her family was Roman Catholic and her parents were known to have divorced. She later embraced Christian Science. Growing up in the 1930s Day developed an interest in dance, and by mid 1930s formed a dance duo that performed locally in Cincinnati until a car accident damaged her legs and curtailed her prospects as a professional dancer. However, while recovering Day took up singing. Soon she began to take lessons and at age 17 began performing locally. It was while working for local bandleader Barney Rapp that she adopted the stage name "Day" as an alternative to "Kappelhoff", at his suggestion as he felt her last name was too long. After working with Rapp, Day worked with a number of other bandleaders including Bob Crosby and Les Brown. It was while working with Brown that Day scored her first hit recording Sentimental Journey, which was released in early 1945 and soon became anthematic of the desire of demobilizing troops to return home. To some extent this song is still associated with Day, and was notably re-recorded by her on several occasions, as well as being included in her 1971 television special.[3] Cincinnati redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the comedy film. ... Doris Kenyon (September 5, 1897 – September 1, 1979) was a star of silent and sound motion pictures and television. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ... Christian Science is a religious teaching regarding the efficacy of spiritual healing according to the interpretation of the Bible by Mary Baker Eddy, in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (first published in 1875). ... Bob Crosby (August 23, 1913 - March 9, 1993) was an American bandleader and singer. ... Les Brown, Sr. ... Sentimental Journey was the first solo album by former Beatle Ringo Starr. ...


Movie career

During her time with Les Brown, and a brief stint with Bob Hope, Day toured extensively across the United States. Her popularity as a radio performer and vocalist, including a second hit record My Dreams Are Getting Better All The Time, led directly to a career in films. After her separation from second husband George Weidler in 1948, Day was set to leave Los Angeles and return to her mother's home in Cincinnati, when her agent, Al Levy, convinced her to attend a party at the home of composer Jule Styne. Her personal circumstances at the time and her reluctance to perform contributed to an emotive performance of Embraceable You which greatly impressed Styne and his partner, Sammy Cahn. They then recommended her for a role in Romance on the High Seas (which they were working on for Warner Bros.). The withdrawal of Betty Hutton due to pregnancy left the main role to be re-cast. Thus, Day began her film career, in 1948, in a "peppy" Hutton-esque role. (The film was digitally remastered and released on DVD in May 2007.) Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... The biggest hit version of the song was recorded by the Les Brown Orchestra with a vocal by Doris Day. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... Jule Styne (December 31, 1905 – September 20, 1994) was a British-born American songwriter, especially famous for a series of Broadway Musicals, which included several very well known and frequently revived shows. ... Embraceable You is a popular song. ... Sammy Cahn (June 18, 1913 – January 15, 1993) was an award-winning American lyricist, songwriter and musician, best known for his romantic lyrics to tin pan alley and Broadway songs, as recorded by Frank Sinatra, Doris Day and many others. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Betty Hutton (born Elizabeth June Thornburg, February 26, 1921 – March 11, 2007[1]) was an American film actress and singer. ...


The success of this film established her as a popular movie personality, and provided her within another hit recording It's Magic. In 1950, US servicemen in Korea voted her their favorite star. Early publicity saddled her with such unflattering nicknames as "The Tomboy with a Voice" and "The Golden Tonsil." She continued to make minor and frequently nostalgic period musicals such as Starlift, On Moonlight Bay, By the Light of the Silvery Moon, and Tea For Two for Warner Bros., but 1953 found Day as pistol-packin' Calamity Jane in what has become one of Hollywood's most enduring musicals, winning the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Secret Love" (her recording of which became her fourth U.S. No. 1 recording). Its magic Written by Pilot-Sung by ELO(electric light Orchestra) Oh, Oh, Oh, Its magic, you know Never believe its not so Its magic, you know Never believe, its not so Never been awake Never seen a day break Leaning on my pillow in... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... On Moonlight Bay is a 1951 musical film directed by Roy Del Ruth which tells the story of the Winfield family at the turn of the century. ... By the Light of the Silvery Moon is a 1953 musical film and the sequel to On Moonlight Bay. ... Tea for Two was a 1950 movie starring Doris Day. ... “WB” redirects here. ... The 1953 film, Calamity Jane is a Wild West-themed film It is loosely based on the life of Wild West heroine Calamity Jane and explores a romance between Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickok in the American Old West. ... ... The Academy Award for Best Original Song is one of the awards given annually to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). ... Secret Love is a popular song written in 1953 with music by Sammy Fain and lyrics by Paul Francis Webster. ...


After filming Young At Heart with Frank Sinatra, Day chose not to renew her contract with Warner Bros. and instead freelanced under the management of her third husband, Martin Melcher. Her range of roles broadened to include more dramatic roles. In 1955, she received some of the best notices of her career for her portrayal of singer Ruth Etting in Love Me or Leave Me, co-starring James Cagney. Doris would later call it, in her autobiography, her best film. She continued to be paired with some of Hollywood's top stars, including Jack Lemmon, James Stewart, Cary Grant, David Niven and Clark Gable. Ruth Etting on the cover of Radio Mirror magazine, June 1932. ... Love Me or Leave Me is a 1955 biographical film which tells the life story of Ruth Etting, a singer who rose from taxi dancer to movie star. ... James Francis Cagney, Jr. ... John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001), better known as Jack Lemmon, was a two-time Academy Award and Cannes Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... For other persons named James Stewart, see James Stewart (disambiguation). ... For the vocal coach, see Carrie Grant. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ...


In Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much, she sang "Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)", which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song. According to Jay Livingston (who wrote the song with Ray Evans), Day preferred another song used briefly in the film, "We'll Love Again", and skipped the recording for Que Sera, Sera. When the studio pushed her, she relented, but after recording the number in one take, she reportedly told a friend of Livingston's, "That's the last time you'll ever hear that song." The song was used again in her 1960 film, Please Don't Eat the Daisies and was reprised as a brief duet with Arthur Godfrey in The Glass Bottom Boat; it also became the theme song for her television show. This was her only film for Hitchcock and, as she admitted in her memoirs, she was initially concerned at his lack of direction. She finally asked if anything was wrong and Hitchcock said everything was fine; if she wasn't doing what he wanted he would have said something. Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1956 suspense film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring James Stewart and Doris Day. ... Whatever Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) (also transposed as Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)) is a popular song, with music by Jay Livingston and lyrics by Ray Evans. ... The Academy Award for Best Original Song is one of the awards given annually to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). ... Jay Livingston (March 28, 1915 - October 17, 2001) was a partner in the composing and songwriter duo with Ray Evans, best known for the songs they composed for films. ... Raymond Bernard Evans (February 4, 1915 - February 15, 2007) was an American songwriter. ... Please Dont Eat the Daisies is a 1960 comedy film made by Euterpe Inc. ... In this CBS publicity photo of Arthur Godfrey Time, vocalist Patti Clayton is seen at the far right and Godfrey sits in the foreground. ... The Glass Bottom Boat, also known as The Spy in Lace Panties, is a 1966 romantic comedy film. ... The theme music of a radio or television program is a melody closely associated with the show, and usually played during the title sequence and/or end credits. ... As a literary genre, a memoir (from the French: mémoire from the Latin memoria, meaning memory), or a reminiscence, forms a subclass of autobiography, although it is an older form of writing. ...


After the critical and popular success of Teacher's Pet, Day's popularity at the box office seemed to wane and some critical attention focused on perceived elements of "blandness" in her on-screen persona, although in some foreign markets (Germany, Britain and the Commonwealth), she remained a top box office draw. A dynamic performance in The Pajama Game received warm critical notices, but box office returns were disappointing. In the case of The Tunnel of Love and It Happened to Jane, both the critical and popular response was uneven. As a result, during the period 1957 to 1959, she was no longer regarded a "Top Ten Box Office Draw" by U.S. film exhibitors. This development may have been linked to a marked decline in popularity of musical films during the late 1950s, as well as to some poor choices in material made by Melcher on his wife's behalf. In addition, Day's popularity as a recording artist was diminished due to the growing popular taste for rock and roll. "Que Sera, Sera," for instance, was never a No. 1 hit, being kept from the top by Elvis Presley's recording of "Hound Dog." Teachers Pet is a 1958 romantic comedy film starring Clark Gable and Doris Day, directed by George Seaton and written by Fay Kanin and Michael Kanin. ... The article is about the 1957 film. ... The Tunnel of Love is a 1958 romantic comedy based on the Broadway hit by Peter De Vries and Joseph Fields. ... It Happened to Jane is a 1959 romantic comedy film starring Doris Day, Jack Lemmon and Ernie Kovacs directed by Richard Quine and written by Norman Katkov and Max Wilk. ... A musical film belongs to a film genre that features songs, sung by the actors, interwoven into the narrative. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Elvis redirects here. ... Hound Dog is a twelve-bar blues written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller and originally recorded by Willie Mae Big Mama Thornton in 1952. ...


Box office queen

Main article: Doris Day filmography and short subjects

In 1959, Day entered her most successful phase as a film actress with a series of romantic comedies, starting with the hugely popular Pillow Talk, co-starring Rock Hudson, who became a lifelong friend. The film received positive reviews and was a box office favorite. It also brought a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Doris and Rock made two more films together, and she also made two with James Garner, starting with 1963's The Thrill of It All. Many of her 1960s films ignored her singing abilities and painted her as a good-hearted woman with a hint of naïveté and the purest virtue. Algonquin Round Table wit Oscar Levant, who had known Day earlier in her career, summed up the paradox of Day's late-blooming ingenue phase when he famously said, "I knew Doris Day before she was a virgin." But the public loved Day's light, frothy comedies of this period, buying enough tickets to make her by far the top female movie star in America during the first half of the 1960s. A romantic comedy may be a film or novel, presenting a story about romance in a comedic style. ... For the 1970s R & B record see Sylvia Pillow Talk is a 1959 romantic comedy film. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... For other uses, see James Garner (disambiguation). ... The Thrill Of It All is a 1963 romantic comedy film starring Doris Day and James Garner. ... The Algonquin Round Table was a group of New York City writers, critics, actors and wits that met from 1919 until about 1929, though its legacy endured long afterward. ... Oscar Levant (December 27, 1906 - August 14, 1972) was an American pianist, composer, author, comedian, and an actor, better known for his mordant character and witticisms, on the radio and in movies and television, than his music. ... A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ...


By the late '60s, the sexual revolution and promiscuity of the maturing baby boomer generation had refocused public attitudes about sex. Times changed, but Day's films did not. Critics and comics dubbed Day "the world's oldest virgin" and audiences began to shy away from her repetitive roles. As a result, she slipped from the list of top box-office stars, last appearing in the Top 10 in 1966 with The Glass Bottom Boat her final substantial hit. Day herself found many of her late films to be of very poor quality - her least favorite was Caprice, co-starring Richard Harris) - and did them only at the insistence of Melcher. One of the roles he supposedly turned down was that of middle-aged adulteress Mrs. Robinson in The Graduate (a role that went to Anne Bancroft). In her published memoirs (co-authored by A.E. Hotchner), Day said that she had rejected the part on moral grounds. Her final feature film, With Six You Get Eggroll, was released in 1968. For the Macy Gray song, see Sexual Revolution (song). ... For the video game, see Baby Boomer (video game). ... The Glass Bottom Boat, also known as The Spy in Lace Panties, is a 1966 romantic comedy film. ... Caprice is a 1967 comedy-thriller starring Doris Day as an industrial designer who gets herself into a whole heap of trouble when she sells a secret cosmetics formula to a rival company in Paris. ... Richard Harris as Marcus Aurelius in Gladiator. ... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ... Anne Bancroft (September 17, 1931 – June 6, 2005) was an iconic Academy, Tony, and Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... With Six You Get Eggroll is a family comedy in 1968, starring Doris Day and Brian Keith. ...


The impact of changing public tastes could be seen in the waning popularity of Day as a recording artist. Albums like Duet and Latin for Lovers garnered critical praise, but little commercial success in the U.S., although sales remained strong in some overseas markets like Britain. Day's last major hit single came in the UK in 1964 with "Move Over, Darling", co-written by her son specifically for her. The recording was a notable departure for Day, with its distinctly contemporary-sounding arrangement and, especially, her breathy and suggestive delivery of the lyrics. It was perhaps for this reason that it was banned by the BBC, and was labelled "distasteful" by senior management. In 1967, Day recorded her last album, The Love Album, essentially concluding her recording career, though this album was not released until 1994. Duet may refer to: Duet, musical form Duet, Fox sitcom This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Latin for Lovers was a Doris Day album, mostly composed of songs originating in Latin America, released by Columbia Records on March 22, 1965 as a monophonic LP (catalog number CL-2310) and a stereophonic album (catalog number CS-9110). ... Move Over, Darling is a 1963 comedy starring Doris Day as Ellen Wagstaff Arden, a mother of two young children who was believed to be lost at sea following an airplane accident. ... The Love Album is an album recorded by Doris Day in 1967, but not released until 1994. ...


Bankruptcy and television career

Melcher died in 1968. After nearly two decades as a top star, Day was shocked to discover that her husband of 17 years and his business partner Jerry Rosenthal had squandered her earnings, leaving her deeply in debt. Day sued Rosenthal and won the largest civil judgment up until that time in California, over $20 million. How much Day actually collected is not certain. Terry Melcher later commented that it was only his stepfather's unexpected death that saved Day from financial ruin. It still remains unresolved - even to Day herself - whether Melcher worked in collusion with Rosenthal to pillage her vast earnings, or was himself duped. For other uses, see Debt (disambiguation). ... Civil action redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


According to Day's autobiography, as told to A.E. Hotchner, the usually athletic and healthy Melcher had an enlarged heart. Another factor may be that he converted to the Christian Science religion during his relationship with Day, and his newfound religious beliefs led him to put off going to the doctor for some time. Others, perhaps more charitably, ascribed his death to his guilt at having caused his wife such huge financial losses. Most of interviews on the subject provided to Hotchner (and included in Day's autobiography) provided a very unflattering portrait of Melcher. Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ... Cardiomyopathy, which literally means heart muscle disease, is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i. ... Christian Science is a religious teaching regarding the efficacy of spiritual healing according to the interpretation of the Bible by Mary Baker Eddy, in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (first published in 1875). ...


Upon her husband's death, Day learned that he had committed her to a TV series, which became The Doris Day Show. "It was awful," Day told OK! Magazine in 1996. "I was really, really not very well when Marty passed away, and the thought of going into TV was overpowering. But he'd signed me up for a series. And then my son Terry took me walking in Beverly Hills and explained that it wasn't nearly the end of it. I had also been signed up for a bunch of TV specials, all without anyone ever asking me." TV redirects here. ... The Doris Day Show is an 128-episode American television sitcom that was originally broadcast on the CBS network from September 1968 until September 1973. ... For other uses, see: Beverly Hills (disambiguation). ... A Television Special is a television program that is essentially a television movie or a short film usually intended to be broadcast sporadically, typically once a year at most. ...


Day hated the idea of doing television, but felt obligated. "There was a contract. I didn't know about it. I never wanted to do TV, but I gave it 100 percent anyway. That's the only way I know how to do it." Melcher died on April 20, 1968, and the first episode of the TV show was aired on September 24, 1968. is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


From 1968 to 1973, The Doris Day Show aired with "Que Sera, Sera" as its theme song. Day grudgingly continued but only as long as she needed the work to help pay off her debts and only after CBS had ceded creative control to Day and her son. Fortunately for her, the show was successful, and functioned as a lead-in to the equally successful Carol Burnett Show. Despite its successful run, today Day's show is chiefly remembered for its dramatic changes in casting and premise from season to season. It has not been as widely syndicated as many of its contemporaries, and has been little seen in markets outside the U.S. and Britain. The theme music of a radio or television program is a melody closely associated with the show, and usually played during the title sequence and/or end credits. ... The Carol Burnett Show was a sketch comedy television show starring Carol Burnett, Tim Conway, Harvey Korman, Vicki Lawrence, and Lyle Waggoner. ...


In addition to her series, in 1971 and 1974 Day completed two TV specials. She also appeared in one of John Denver's TV specials (1974) parodying her (and his) sunny public image to good effect. By the end of the TV series in 1973, Day was nearing 50, and public tastes had changed to such a degree that her firmly established wholesome persona was now completely out of fashion. She essentially retired from acting when The Doris Day Show ended, but the popularity of Doris Day is still widespread to this day.


Animal welfare activism

Although the press had occasionally noted Day's interest in animal welfare, it was not until the early 1970s that her interest in animal rights was widely publicized. In 1971, she co-founded Actors and Others for Animals and appeared in a series of newspaper advertisements denouncing the wearing of fur, alongside Mary Tyler Moore, Angie Dickinson, and Jayne Meadows.[citation needed] Day's friend, Cleveland Amory, wrote about these events in Man Kind? Our Incredible War on Wildlife (1974). Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Day actively promoted the annual Spay Day USA, and on a number of occasions, actively lobbied Congress - and, it has been suggested, Presidents Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton - in support of legislation designed to safeguard animal rights. The Doris Day Animal League http://www.ddal.org is a group she funds. For many decades, she has stopped her car on LA freeways when she saw an abandoned, stray or hit animal.[citation needed] She is reportedly a vegetarian.[citation needed] This article is about the actress. ... Angie Dickinson (born September 30, 1931) is a Golden Globe-winning American television and film actress, perhaps best known for her role as Sergeant Leann Pepper Anderson in the 1970s crime drama Police Woman. ... Jayne Meadows (b. ... Cleveland Amory with his cat Polar Bear Cleveland Amory (1917 - October 14, 1998) was an author who devoted his life to promoting animal rights. ... Neutering, from the Latin neÅ­ter (of neither type), is the removal of an animals reproductive organ, either all of it or a considerably large part of it. ... Reagan redirects here. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... Look up la, LA, La in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ...


In 2006, The Humane Society of the United States merged with the Doris Day Animal League.[4] Staff members of the Doris Day League took positions within The HSUS, and Day recorded some public service announcements for The HSUS, which is now managing Spay Day USA, the one-day spay neuter event she originated some years before.[5] A humane society is a group that aims to stop animal and human suffering due to cruelty or other reasons. ...


Private life

In 1975, Day released her autobiography, Doris Day: Her Own Story it revealed to the general public many of the painful events in her private life that belied her sunny public image. In particular, the book detailed Day's first three difficult marriages:

  1. To Al Jorden, a trombonist whom she had met when he was in Barney Rapp's Band, from March 1941 to 1943. She was not yet 17 when she married Jorden, and her only child, Terry Melcher (a boy), was born from this marriage. Jorden committed suicide after their divorce.
  2. To George Weidler (a saxophonist), from March 30, 1946 to May 31, 1949. Weidler and Day met again several years later and during a brief reconciliation, he helped her become involved in Christian Science.
  3. To Martin Melcher, whom she married on her 27th birthday, April 3, 1951. This looked like a happy marriage, and lasted much longer than her first two. Melcher adopted Terry (thus renaming the boy Terry Melcher), and also produced many of Day's movies. Day also later revealed that Melcher had physically abused Terry. His profligate spending caused money difficulties for Day that continued for a number of years after his death.

After her autobiography was published, Day was married one more time, also ending in divorce. The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Album cover for Melchers eponymous album (1974) Terry Melcher (February 8, 1942 – November 19, 2004) was an American musician and record producer. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  1. Her fourth unsuccessful marriage was to Barry Comden, from April 14, 1976 to 1981. Comden was her first husband outside show business. Comden was the maitre d' at one of Doris's favorite restaurants. Knowing of her great love of dogs, Comden began the practice of giving Doris a bag of meat scraps and bones on her way out. This is how he got to meet and endear himself to her. This marriage unraveled, and Comden complained that Day cared more for her "animal friends" than she did for him.

The revelations contained in the book about Day's private life, and the testimony of many of her friends about aspects of her life and career (most were scathing with regard to husband number three Marty Melcher) helped to make the book a bestseller. In promoting the book, Day caused a stir by rejecting the "girl next door" and "virgin" labels so often attached to her. As she remarked in her book, "The succession of cheerful, period musicals I made, plus Oscar Levant's widely publicized remark about my virginity ('I knew Doris Day before she became a virgin') contributed to what has been called my 'image,' which is a word that baffles me. There never was any intent on my part either in my acting or in my private life to create any such thing as an image." In an interview with Barbara Walters, she commented, "I don't know where that label came from. Maybe it's the way I look. Do I look like a virgin?" In later interviews, Day went on to say she believed people should live together prior to marriage, something that she herself would do if the opportunity arose. Her candor won her admiration among reviewers and possibly contributed to the book's success. At the conclusion of this book tour, Day seemed content to focus on her charity and pet work and her business interests. (In 1985, she became part-owner of the Cypress Inn in Carmel, California.) is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The maître d (short for maître dhôtel, literally master of the hall) in a suitably staffed restaurant is the person in charge of assigning customers to tables in the establishment, and dividing the dining area into areas of responsibility for the various servers on duty. ... Barbara Jill Walters[1] (born September 25, 1929) is an American journalist, writer, and media personality who has been a regular fixture on morning television shows (Today and The View), an evening news magazine (20/20), and on The ABC Evening News as the first female evening news anchor. ... Carmel-by-the-Sea is a city located in Monterey County, California. ...


The mid-1980s saw a renewed period of activity. In May 1983, she became a grandmother, and in 1985 briefly hosted her own talk show, Doris Day's Best Friends. The show generated unexpected press when her old friend Rock Hudson appeared in the first episode. Day was taken aback by Hudson's emaciated frame, as he had always been in top physical condition. Soon after, she and the world learned that he was dying of AIDS. Day and Hudson were good friends off-screen, but she would later claim she never knew he was gay. Despite the world-wide publicity the show received, it was cancelled after 26 episodes. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...


After a brief attempt to become a surf music singing star, her son Terry became a staff producer for Columbia Records in the 1960s, and was famous for producing most of the hit recordings by the pioneering folk rock band, The Byrds. In November 2004, after a long period of illness, he died from complications of melanoma (skin cancer), aged 62. Surf music is a genre of popular music associated with surf culture, particularly Orange County and other areas of Southern California. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ... Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes which are found predominantly in skin but also in the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). ... Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin which can have many causes. ...


On the April 3, 2008 episode of ESPN's Pardon the Interruption, host Tony Kornheiser claimed Day was his first wife. Co-host Mike Wilbon also expressed his love for Day and suggested the two go visit her at her house in Carmel.


Renewal of interest

Main article: Doris Day discography

During the 1990s, interest in Day grew. The release of a greatest hits CD in 1992 garnered her another entry onto the British charts, while the inclusion of the song "Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps" in the soundtrack of the Australian film Strictly Ballroom gained her new fans. (The song was also covered by the alternative rock outfit, Cake in the same period.[6]) During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the progressive release of her films and TV series and specials on DVD fed into this renewal of interest in her work, a fact underlined by the development of new websites devoted to Day and a growing number of academic texts analyzing various aspects of her career.[7] In 2006, Day recorded a commentary for the DVD release of the fifth (and final) season of her TV show. Day in recent years also participated in telephone interviews with a radio station that celebrates her birthday with an annual Doris Day music marathon. These interviews have been podcast and are currently downloadable. Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps is a popular song. ... Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ... Strictly Ballroom is the name of a 1986 play and its 1992 film adaptation. ... For other uses, see Cake (disambiguation). ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ...


In 2004, Doris Day was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom but declined to attend the ceremony because of a fear of flying. She turned down a tribute offer from the American Film Institute, but did receive, and went to LA to accept, the Golden Globe's Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in 1989. The actress did not accept an invitation to be a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honor for undisclosed reasons. Liz Smith, a long-time entertainment gossip columnist, and Rex Reed (movie critic) have mounted vigorous campaigns attempting to drum up support for an honorary Academy Award for Doris Day to herald her spectacular film career and her status as the top female box-office star of all time.[8] The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... Fear of flying is an irrational fear of air travel. ... Liz Smith (born February 2, 1923 in Fort Worth, Texas) is a popular gossip columnist. ...


Day was honored with a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement in Music in February 2008.


A new biography, "DORIS DAY: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door" by David Kaufman, is scheduled to be published by Virgin Books USA in hardback on June 10, 2008 and is reputed to tell Day’s "incredible, previously untold story." This book, like a recent one by a former employee, is already proving controversial among Day's fans because of expected revelations.[9]


References in popular culture

In the 1995 movie adaptation of the comic book, Tank Girl by Alan Martin and Jamie Hewlett, Doris Day is not only mentioned but is also featured in a wooden bust carved into her likeness.


In the Beatles' song "Dig It" from the Let It Be sessions, John Lennon states "Like the FBI...and the CIA...and the BBC...BB King...and Doris Day...Matt Busby...Dig it..."

In 1982, a Dutch band called Doe Maar made a national breakthrough, by scoring a huge hit in the low countries Belgium & The Netherlands. The title of this song was "Doris Day". Lyric excerpt: "Hey, er is geen bal op de t.v., alleen een film met Doris Day." Translation: "Hey, there is nothing on T.V., only a Doris Day movie." Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Doe Maar was a Dutch ska band with punk and reggae influences. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain...


The song "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" by Wham! contains the line "you make the sun shine brighter than Doris Day." Ova pesma je najbolja!!!(This song is the best) Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go is a song by English pop duo Wham! which was released in 1984 and became their first UK number one hit. ... Wham! (often written WHAM!) was a pop band formed in 1981 by George Michael and Andrew Ridgeley. ...


The Future Bible Heroes have a song called "Doris Daytheearthstoodstill" on their 2002 album Eternal Youth. Future Bible Heroes is one of several musical groups led by Stephin Merritt, best known for his work with The Magnetic Fields. ...


In the 2002 and 2007 musical adaptation of John Waters' 1988 motion picture "Hairspray", the song "Without Love" makes a passing reference to Doris Day. The song contains the line "Without love, life is Doris Day at the Apollo." Hairspray is a musical with music by Marc Shaiman, lyrics by Scott Wittman and Shaiman and a book by Mark ODonnell and Thomas Meehan, based on the 1988 John Waters movie Hairspray. ... John Waters (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, personality, visual artist and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. ... This article is about the 1988 film. ...


In 2003, Ewan McGregor and Renée Zellweger starred in the film Down With Love, which was touted as a throwback to the old "Rock Hudson and Doris Day" romantic comedies. In many ways, the film is almost a remake of Day's film Pillow Talk, and in fact utilises some stock footage of various New York streetscapes originally featured in That Touch of Mink. The song "Here's To Love", sung by McGregor and Zellweger at the end of the movie, includes the line "I'll be your Rock, if you'll be my Doris". Ewan Gordon McGregor (born March 31, 1971; pronounced [1]) is a Scottish actor who has had significant success in mainstream, indie and art house films. ... Renée Kathleen Zellweger (born April 25, 1969) is an Academy Award-winning American film actress. ... Down with Love is a 2003 American romantic comedy film. ... That Touch of Mink is a 1962 romantic comedy starring Cary Grant and Doris Day. ...


In the song "Mirror Door" from The Who's 2006 album Endless Wire, Pete Townshend's lyrics mention a number of music icons, all of whom, with the exception of Doris Day, are dead. Only after the song was recorded and the album mass produced did Townshend discover that Day was still alive. When questioned about it, he suggested asking her to appear in a possible music video for the song. The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... Endless Wire is a studio album by The Who, and their first new studio album of original material in twenty-four years following the release of Its Hard in 1982. ... Pete Townshend (born Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend on 19 May 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, composer, and writer. ...


In the first episode of the final season of Will & Grace entitled Alive and Schticking the Will Truman character admits to having an adolescent fixation on Doris Day. Will & Grace is a popular American television sitcom that was originally broadcast on NBC from 1998 to 2006. ...


In Grease, the song Look At Me, I'm Sandra Dee makes a reference to Doris Day. Look up grease in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


A reference is made to Doris Day in Billy Joel's song We Didn't Start the Fire. William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... We Didnt Start the Fire is a song by Billy Joel that references a catalog of headline events during his lifetime, from March 1949 to 1989, when the song was released on his album Storm Front. ...


References

  1. ^ The majority of sources say she was born in 1924; some sources say she was born in 1922
  2. ^ Ancestry of Doris Day
  3. ^ Braun, Eric (2004-09-01). Doris Day, 2nd Ed., London: Orion Books, p.26. ISBN 978-0752817156. “It is not surprising ... that she took so readily to Christian Science in her later life” 
  4. ^ [1] Washingtonpost.com Retrieved on 06-05-07
  5. ^ http://www.hsus.org/about_us/accomplishments/history/hsus_and_doris_day_animal_league.html Hsus.org Retrieved on 06-05-07
  6. ^ http://youtube.com/watch?v=D7ePnsb-Wpk Youtube.com Retrieved on 06-05-07
  7. ^ A good example of which is Tamar Jeffers article, Pillow Talk's Repackaging of Doris Day: 'Under All Those Dirndls..., published in Rachel Moseley (ed.) Fashioning Film Stars: Dress, Culture and Identity', British Film Institute Press, London, 2005.
  8. ^ http://www.nypost.com/seven/12272006/gossip/liz/hell_think_party_invite_is_the_pitts_liz_liz_smith.htm?page=0] NYpost.com Retrieved on 06-05-07
  9. ^ Doris Day Web Forum : View topic - DORIS DAY The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Doris Day
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... TV.com is a website belonging to the CNET Games and Entertainment family of websites. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
About Doris Day - Doris Day Animal League (812 words)
Doris Day made 39 films, beginning in 1948, with “Romance on the High Seas.” She also had two television series, “The Doris Day Show” for CBS (1969-1973), and “Doris Day's Best Friends,” which ran on CBN Cable Network/Family Channel in 1985 and 1986.
Today, Doris Day's full-time career is her work with animals, and her non-profit organizations, the Doris Day Animal League and the Doris Day Animal Foundation.
The Doris Day Animal League (DDAL), established in 1987, is a national lobbying organization which works on legislation relating to animal welfare issues at the local, state and federal levels.
Doris Day - Music Downloads - Online (1526 words)
Day's screen test was run for the studio executives alongside two actresses whom they'd previously asked to audition, and she won the role.
During the 1950s, Doris Day was the most popular and one of the highest paid singers in America; and the sudden burst of popularity of her movies, beginning with Teacher's Pet (1958), only added to her overall impact on the country's popular culture, though the movies ultimately eclipsed the music career.
Day was left broke, and the ensuing stresses led her to a nervous breakdown.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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