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Encyclopedia > Doric Greek
Distribution of Greek dialects, ca. 400 BC. Doric is marked in red.

Doric Greek is an ancient dialect of the Greek language, spoken in classical times in large parts of the Peloponnese, plus Crete and Rhodes. Image File history File links by en:User:Dbachmann, derived from Image:Greece 34 43 17 30 blank map. ... Image File history File links by en:User:Dbachmann, derived from Image:Greece 34 43 17 30 blank map. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC - 400s BC - 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC Years: 405 BC 404 BC 403 BC 402 BC 401 BC - 400 BC - 399 BC 398 BC... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Greek (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) constitutes its own branch of the Indo-European languages. ... Greece and the Peloponnese The Peloponnese (Greek Πελοπόννησος Peloponnesos; Latinized as Peloponnesus) is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. ... Greece and Crete Crete, sometimes spelled Krete (Greek Κρήτη / Kriti) is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. ... Main entrance to the medieval city of Rhodes Rhodes, Greek Ροδος (Rhodos), is the largest of the Dodecanese islands, and easternmost of the major islands of Greece in the Aegean Sea. ...


It preserves long a (alpha) where other dialects change it to long open e (eta, pronounced as in the English word they), as in γᾶ μάτηρ (gā mātēr) "earth mother" — Attic and Koine γῆ μήτηρ (gē mētēr), and preserves original -τι (-ti) endings that Attic changed to -σι (-si) for instance in the third person plural ending -οντι (-onti) — Attic/Koine -ουσι (-ousi). Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. ... For other meanings of ETA, see ETA (disambig). ... Attic Greek is the ancient dialect of the Greek language that was spoken in Attica, which includes Athens. ... The word koine has several meanings: Koiné (Κοινή), a Greek dialect that developed from the Attic dialect (dialect of Athens) and became the spoken language of Greece at the time of the Empire of Alexander the Great. ...


The Doric dialect has given its name to the "Doric" variety of Lowland Scots. Doric is the name given to the dialect of Lowland Scots spoken in the north-east of Scotland. ...


See also

History of the Greek language
(see also: Greek language and Category:Hellenic languages and dialects)
Pre-history: Proto-Greek language
First phase: Mycenaean language (using Linear B) and unrelated Phoenician alphabet ancestor to Greek alphabet
Second phase: Ancient Greek, consisting in several dialects, amongst which: Ionic, Attic, Doric, Aeolic,...
(for relations and distinctive features between these dialects, see individual articles and Greek dialects article)
Third phase: Koine Greek (Κοινή, synonyms: Hellenistic Greek and Alexandrian dialect, from approx. 323 BC)
Fourth phase: Medieval Greek (synonym: Byzantian Greek or Byzantine Greek language, from approx. 330-395)
Fifth (&sixth) phase: Modern Greek (Νεοελληνική, from approx. 1453)
dialects: Demotic or Dhimotiki (Δημοτική), Tsakonic or Tsakonian (Τσακωνική), Pontic (Ποντιακή),...
"official" formats: 19th century: Katharevousa (Καθαρεύουσα) - since 1976: Koine Modern Greek (Κοινή Νεοελληνική)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Doric Greek Temples In Sicily (134 words)
The Doric column is defined by the rounded "pincushion" shape of its capital, or echinus.
The Doric frieze consists of alternate triglyphs and metopes.
Doric columns lack bases, and rest directly on their supporting platform (stylobate).
MSN Encarta - Romania (1012 words)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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