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Encyclopedia > Doppelgänger

For other uses of the word Doppelgänger please see Doppelgänger (disambiguation). There are a number of uses for the term Doppelgänger: For the German word for a ghostly double of a living person see Doppelgänger For the German word for the large underwater air bubble released by a U-Boat to confuse enemy sonar For the 1983 album by rock band...

A doppelgänger is the ghostly double of a living person, adapted from German Doppelgänger (look-alike). The word comes from doppel meaning "double" and gänger translated as "goer". The term has, in the vernacular, come to refer to any double of a person, most commonly in reference to a so-called evil twin, or to bilocation. Alternatively, the word is used to describe a phenomenon where you catch your own image out of the corner of your eye. In some mythologies, seeing one's own doppelgänger is an omen of death. A doppelgänger seen by friends or relatives of a person may sometime bring bad luck, omen or is an indication of an approaching illness or health problem. A look-alike is a person who bears a close physical resemblance to a celebrity, politician or royalty. ... The vernacular is the stupid. ... An evil twin is the concept in fiction (especially science fiction and fantasy) of someone equal to a character in all respects, except for a radically inverted morality (and often some changes in appearance, for the audiences convenience). ... Bilocation is the supernatural act of being in more than one place simultaneously. ... This article is about Omens as divinatory portents. ... Death is either the cessation of life in a living organism or the state of the organism after that event. ...

The Doppelgängers of folklore cast no shadow and no reflection in a mirror or in water. They are supposed to provide advice to the person they shadow, but this advice could be misleading or malicious. They could also, in rare instances, plant ideas in their victim's mind or appear before friends and relatives, causing confusion.

Doppelgängers appear in a variety of science fiction and fantasy works, in which they are a type of shapeshifter that mimics a particular person or species for some typically nefarious reason. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Look up Fantasy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For other definitions of fantasy, see fantasy (psychology). ... Shapeshifting, transformation or transmogrification refers to a change in the form or shape of a person. ...


Famous reports of the Doppelgänger phenomenon

  • Emilie Sagée was a schoolteacher in the nineteenth century whose Doppelgänger's public appearances were recorded by Robert Dale Owen after being reported to him by Julie von Güldenstubbe.
  • Guy de Maupassant recorded his own Doppelgänger experiences in his story Lui.
  • Percy Bysse Shelley claimed to have met his Doppelgänger foreboding his own death.
  • John Donne, the English metaphysical poet, apparently met his wife's Doppelgänger in Paris, foreboding the death of his yet unborn daughter.
  • At the end of World War II, it is rumored that Soviet forces found a dead body very similar to Adolf Hitler when they entered Berlin.

Robert Dale Owen (November 7, 1801–June 24, 1877) was a longtime exponent in his adopted United States of the socialist doctrines of his father, the Welshman Robert Owen, as well as a politician in the Democratic Party. ... Henri-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant (IPA: ) (August 5, 1850–July 6, 1893) was a popular 19th century French writer. ... Percy Bysshe Shelley Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4, 1792 - July 8, 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets. ... John Donne John Donne (pronounced Dun; 1572 – March 31, 1631) was a major English poet and writer, and perhaps the greatest of the metaphysical poets. ... The Metaphysical poets were a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them. ... Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945) was the Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Imperial chancellor) of Germany from 1933 to his death. ...

Emilie Sagée

Robert Dale Owen was responsible for writing down the singular case of Emilie Sagée. He was told this anecdote by Julie von Güldenstubbe, a Latvian aristocrat. Von Güldenstubbe reported that in the year 184546, at the age of 13, she witnessed, along with audiences of between 13 and 42 children, her 32-year-old French teacher Sagée bilocate, in broad daylight, inside her school (Pensionat von Neuwelcke). The actions of Sagée's Doppelgänger included: Robert Dale Owen (November 7, 1801–June 24, 1877) was a longtime exponent in his adopted United States of the socialist doctrines of his father, the Welshman Robert Owen, as well as a politician in the Democratic Party. ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Bilocation is the supernatural act of being in more than one place simultaneously. ...

  • Mimicking writing and eating, but with nothing in its hands.
  • Moving independently of Sagée, and remaining motionless while she moved.
  • Appearing to be in full health while Sagée was badly ill.

Apparently also, the Doppelgänger exerted resistance to the touch, but was non-physical (two girls passed through the Doppelgänger's body).

The doppelgänger phenomenon in literature and film

Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (December 13, 1797 - February 17, 1856) was one of the most significant German romantic poets. ... Der Doppelgänger was written by Schubert in 1828, the same year he died. ... Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828), was an Austrian composer. ... Alfred Hitchcock Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was a British film director closely associated with the suspense genre. ... Strangers on a Train is a film released in 1951 by Warner Bros. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809–October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, editor and critic. ... Many real people and fictitious characters share the name William Wilson, including: William Bauchop Wilson, the first United States Secretary of Labor William Griffith Wilson, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous William L. Wilson, Scottish nationalist William Lyne Wilson, a Postmaster General William Wilson, a British Labour MP before 1983 William... Vladimir Nabokov Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Владимир Владимирович Набоков; pronounced: vlah-DEE-meer nah-BAWK-awf) (April 10 O.S. [April 22/23 N.S.], 1899 - July 2, 1977) was a Russian-American author. ... Lolita is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov, first published in 1955. ... Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director. ... The Shining (1980) is a film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel of the same name by Stephen King. ... Eyes Wide Shut (1999) is a film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novella Traumnovelle by Arthur Schnitzler. ... Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis (Balfour) Stevenson (November 13, 1850 – December 3, 1894), was a novelist, poet, and travel writer. ... The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll1and Mr. ... Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... Charles Michael Chuck Palahniuk (born February 21, 1961 in Pasco, Washington, USA) is an American satirical novelist and freelance journalist living in Portland, Oregon. ... Fight Club (1996) is the first published novel by Chuck Palahniuk. ... Fight Club (1999) is a film based on the novel Fight Club by Chuck Palahniuk. ... X-Files intro from first 8 seasons The X-Files was a popular American television series created by Chris Carter. ... There are two articles about people named Chris Carter. ... Hartsoekers homunculus The concept of a homunculus (Latin for little man, sometimes spelled homonculus) is often used to illustrate the functioning of a system. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... La Double vie de Véronique (The Double Life of Véronique; Polish title, Podwójne życie Weroniki) is a 1991 French- and Polish-language film directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski, co-written by Kieślowski and Krzysztof Piesiewicz, starring Irène Jacob, with music by Zbigniew Preisner. ... Paul Benjamin Auster (born February 3, 1947) is an American author. ... The New York Trilogy is a series of novels or long stories by Paul Auster. ... Jorge Luis Borges (bôr′hĕs) (/ˈxoɾ. ... The Book of Sand (El libro de arena) is a short story by Jorge Luis Borges. ... Peter Francis Straub, born March 2, 1943 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, is a writer of fiction and poetry, best known as a horror-genre author. ... Mary Shelley Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley née Godwin (August 30, 1797–February 1, 1851) was an English writer who is, perhaps, equally-famously remembered as the wife of Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley and as the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. ... Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus is a novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. ... Joseph Conrad Joseph Conrad (December 3, 1857 – August 3, 1924) was a Polish-born British novelist. ... David Lynch in 2001 David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946 in Missoula, Montana) is an American filmmaker. ... Twin Peaks was an American television series created by David Lynch and Mark Frost. ... David Paul Cronenberg (born March 16, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian horror and science fiction film director, who has also worked as an actor. ... A dead ringer is slang for a doppelgänger. ... Teddy Page is a Filipino movie director. ... Haruki Murakami (村上春樹 Murakami Haruki; born January 12, 1949) is a popular contemporary Japanese writer and translator. ... James Tiberius Kirk, a fictional character in the Star Trek television series, was the captain of the Starship Enterprise (NCC-1701 and NCC-1701-A). ... The Enterprise boldly going where no man had gone before. ... In the Star Trek television series, the Mirror Universe is an alternate reality. ... Jet Li Jet Li (Traditional: 李連杰; Simplified: 李连杰; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Li Lien-chieh; Cantonese: Ley5 Lin4 Git6) (born April 26, 1963) is a martial artist and film actor. ... Promotional poster for The One The One was an action movie released in 2001, starring Jet Li and Carla Gugino. ...

See also



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