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Encyclopedia > Donaueschingen

Donaueschingen is a city in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg in the Schwarzwald-Baar District. It is located about 13 km south of Villingen-Schwenningen, 24 km west of Tuttlingen, and about 30 km north of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen. As of 2003 the city had a population of 21,300 making it the second-largest city in the Schwarzwald-Baar District. Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in southwestern Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... Schwarzwald-Baar is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Villingen-Schwenningen is the largest city of the Schwarzwald-Baar district located in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Tuttlingen is a town in Baden-Württemberg, capital of the district Tuttlingen. ... Schaffhausen is a city in northern Switzerland; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Donaueschingen 1900
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Donaueschingen 1900

Contents

Image File history File links Donaueschingen-um-1900. ... Image File history File links Donaueschingen-um-1900. ...


Geography

Donaueschingen lies on the Baar plateau in the southern Black Forest. The confluence of the Brigach and Breg form the source of the Danube river from which the city gets its name. The Black Forest (German Schwarzwald) is a wooded mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. ... The Brigach is the shorter of the two German rivers that form the Danube river. ... The Breg is the longer of the two German rivers that form the Danube river. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ...


History

The place was first mentioned as "Donaueschingen" in 889. In 1283 Rudolph von Habsburg granted the countship of Baar and Donaueschingen to Heinrich von Fürstenberg. The right to brew beer was also connected with this grant. This is the source of the Royal Fürstenberg Brewery. In 1488, possession was passed to the Count of Fürstenberg. From the 18th Century it was the residence of the Princes of Fürstenberg. In 1806 Donaueschingen came under the rulership of the Grand Duchy of Baden and was granted cityhood in 1810. A large part of the city was destroyed by fire in 1908. Donaueschingen has a tradition as a military garrison; since World War II the French military has maintained barracks in the city, and, until the early 1990s, the U.S. Air Force operated a contingency hospital there. Fortunately the hospital never received casualties on a large scale from military operations; it saw the most activity in 1989, when the United States offered the facility as temporary housing for refugees leaving East Germany for the West. Events End of Strathclyde as a fully independent kingdom. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... The brass of the tomb of Rudolph I in Speyer Rudolph I (Rudolph of Habsburg) (May 1, 1218 – July 15, 1291) was a German king, who played a vital role in raising the Habsburg family to a leading position among the royal dynasties of Germany. ... The Royal Fürstenberg Brewery (Furstliche Furstenbergische Brauerei KG) is an enterprise owned by the family of the princes of Fürstenberg. ... // Events February 3 - Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, at the tip of Africa becoming the first known European to travel this far south. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Baden was a territory in the southwest of what later became unified Germany. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France/Free France, United States, Canada, China, India, Australia, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian... Seal of the Air Force. ... GDR redirects here. ...


Government

The results of the 2004 city council elections are as follows:

CDU  : 16 Seats
FDP/FW  : 7 Seats
SPD  : 7 Seats
Independents  : 5 Seats
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen  : 4 Seats

This article needs cleanup. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... Party symbol of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ...

Economy

The city's economy consists of nearly 1,000 various enterprises, of which 24 are medium-sized employing 2,200 people. The most important industries are machine assembly, semiconductors, injection moulding, magnetics, dyes, and shoe manufacturing. A semiconductor is a material that is an insulator at very low temperature, but which has a sizable electrical conductivity at room temperature. ... Injection molding can be used to make plastic artificial flowers such as these. ... A dye can generally be described as a coloured substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. ...


Transportation

Donaueschingen is a regional rail hub; four rail lines join in the city. It sits on the Schwarzwaldbahn line from Offenburg to Konstanz and it is the start of the Höllentalbahn from Donaueschingen to Freiburg im Breisgau. Both of these lines are uniquely constructed because of the rough Black Forest terrain they cover. Donaueschingen is also the starting point for the Donautalbahn and the Bregtalbahn which run to Ulm and Bräunlingen respectively. The city is part of the Schwarzwald-Baar public transport system. Offenburg is a city located in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the eastern end of Lake Constance in the south-west corner of Germany, bordering Switzerland. ...


The city is on the A 864, a spur of the A 81 to Stuttgart. Three Federal Highways cross each other near Donaueschingen: the B 27 from Stuttgart to Schaffhausen; the B 31 from Freiburg im Bresgau to Lindau and the B 33 from Offenburg to Konstanz. Stuttgart [], a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 (as of September 2005) in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ...


The long-distance Danube Cycle Trail begins in Donaueschingen and follows the course of the Danube. It is one of the most well-known and longest bicycle trails in Europe.


Education

The city has four secondary schools: the Fürstenberg-Gymnasium and the Wirtschaftsgymnasium, one Realschule, and one Hauptschule. There are four elementary schools associated with these schools: Eichendorffschule, Erich-Kästner-Schule, Grundschule Pfohren, and the Grundschule Wolterdingen. There are two special-needs schools: the Heinrich-Feuerstein-Schule and the Karl-Wacker-Schule.


There are two professional training schools: the Donaueschingen Commercial School and the Business and Home Economics Schools. There is also the Nursing College and the College for Agriculture. The Academy for Continuing Education and Personal Development is located in the former district hospital.


Partner Cities

Donaueschingen has partnerships with the following cities:

  • Kaminoyama, Japan (since 1995)
  • Saverne, France (since 1964)
  • Vác, Hungary (since 1993)

Kaminoyama (上山市; -shi, lit. ... Saverne (German Zabern), a town of France in the région of Alsace, situated on the Rhine-Marne canal at the foot of a pass over the Vosges Mountains, and 45 km (27 m. ... Vác (pronounced: ) (Slovak: Vacov, German: Waitzen) is a city in Pest county in Hungary with approximately 35,000 inhabitants. ...

External links

  • Homepage for Donaueschingen
  • (German) Information about the region from Donaueschingen

  Results from FactBites:
 
JetlagCity Donaueschingen Travel Page - VirtualTourist.com (356 words)
More than anything else, Donaueschingen makes me think of "The Wolfman", my sister's boyfriend, who generously put us up in his flat here.
Donaueschingen is a small town in the Black Forest region of Germany, just 18 miles from the Swiss border.
From here we ventured out to Freiburg, Meersburg, Konstanz, the Rhein Falls in Switzerland, and Strasbourg, France, all of which are fairly close.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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