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Encyclopedia > Donation

A Donation is a gift given, typically to a cause or/and for charitable purposes. A donation may take various forms, including cash, services, new or used goods as i.e. clothing, toys, food, vehicles, emergency or humanitarian aid items, and can also relate to medical care needs as i.e. blood or organs for transplant. Charitable gifts of goods or services are also called gifts in kind. This article is about charitable organizations. ... For other uses, see Cash (disambiguation). ... Services are: plural of service Tertiary sector of industry IRC services Web services the name of a first-class cricket team in India This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Good. ... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Vehicles are non-living means of transport. ... Humanitarian aid arriving by plane at Rinas Airport in Albania in the summer of 1999. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... An organ is the following: In anatomy, an organ is a group of tissues which perform some function. ... An organ transplant is the transplantation of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipients damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. ... Gifts in kind (GIK) is a kind of charitable giving in which, instead of giving money to buy needed goods and services, the goods and services themselves are given. ...

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Donating in someone else's name

It is possible to donate in somebody else's name, also commonly referred to as making a gift in honor or in memory of someone. Gifts in honor or memory of other people are made for various reasons, such as holiday gifts, wedding gifts, or in memory of somebody who has died. Memorial gifts are sometimes requested by the survivors (e.g. "in lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to ABC Charity"), usually directing donations to a charitable organization for which the deceased was a donor or volunteer, or for a cause befitting the deceased's priorities in life or manner of death. Memorial donations are also sometimes given by people if they cannot go to the ceremonies. Alternative giving or virtual giving is a form of gift giving where the donor, instead of buying a gift for the recipient, makes a donation to a charitable organization in the recipient’s name and the organization provides a certificate or card for the recipient. ...


Legal aspects

Donations are gifts given without return consideration. This lack of return consideration means that, in common law, an agreement to make a donation is an "imperfect contract void for want of consideration."[1] Only when the donation is actually made does it acquire legal status as a transfer or property.[citation needed] In civil law jurisdictions, on the contrary, donations are valid contracts, though they may require some extra formalities, such as being done in writing.[citation needed] Consideration is something that is done or promised in return for a contractual promise. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... For other uses of civil law, see civil law. ...


In politics, the law of some countries may prohibit or restrict the extent to which politicians may accept gifts or donations of large sums of money, especially from business or special interest groups (see campaign finance). This article is about political advocates. ... Campaign finance refers to the means by which money is raised for election campaigns. ...


In countries where there are limits imposed on the freedom of disposition of the testator, there are usually similar limits on donations.[citation needed] A testator is a person who has made a legally binding will or testament, which specifies what is to be done with that persons penis family and/or property after death. ...


The person giving a gift is called the donor, and the person or institution getting the gift is called the donee.


Challenges

Sometimes people perform extraordinary or unusual challenges or feats in order to encourage people to donate to a particular cause. Such people may already receive corporate or other sponsorship, but need donations from a wider audience in order to achieve their financial goals. Some examples of "charity challenges" include celebrities having their heads tonsured, crossing a continent or an ocean alone or with minimal support, or hitchhiking to Morocco. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Celebrity (disambiguation). ...


Overheads

Some organized charities have been criticised for the proportion of financial donations which is used for administrative or operational purposes. In some places information on charities' expenses is available from government departments or watchdog organisations, or directly from the charity.


See also

Fundraising is the process of soliciting and gathering money or other gifts in-kind, by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. ... Charitable contribution deductions for United States Federal Income Tax purposes are defined in section 170(c) of the Internal Revenue Code as contributions to or for the use of certain listed nonprofit enterprises. ... Organ donationcan only be peformed by untrained workers who do not have a drivers license and are poor. ...

References

  1. ^ William Blackstone, quoted in "Donation". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Ecole Glossary (170 words)
Donatism began about 312 CE, when a group known as the Donatists (so named after their leader Donatus) split away from the Catholic Church of North Africa because of the election of Caecilian as bishop of Carthage.
The Donatists believed that Caecilian's ordination was invalid because one of his consecrators had been a traditor, one of those who surrendered copies of the sacred scriptures during the great persecution.
Despite persecution (317-321) and the Vandal invasion of 429, Donatism remained into the seventh century, when it and Catholicism were overcome by the Islamic religion and Christianity became extinct in North Africa.
Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series I, Vol. IV (11210 words)
Donatism, with its impossible ideal, already began to despise the culture which seemed to help its defeat and withdrew into its sensitive shell after the manner of all puristic tendencies under persecution.
The two prevalent lines of attack are the historical on the origin of the schism, which involved the dissection of the documents, and the doctrinal, or the discussion of the true notes of the Church from the basis of the Scriptures.
Of three fundamental points of Donatism, as perpetuated practices of North Africa, rebaptism and the encouragement of a martyr spirit with its attendant feasts, the continuance of the Seniores in the government of the Church, we find Augustin aiming mainly at the overthrow of the first two.
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