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Encyclopedia > Donald B. MacMillan

Donald Baxter MacMillan (November 10, 1874 - September 7, 1970) was an American explorer, sailor, researcher and lecturer who made over 30 expeditions to the Arctic during his 46-year career. He pioneered the use of radios, airplanes, and electricity in the Arctic, brought back films and thousands of photographs of Arctic scenes, and put together a dictionary of the Inuktikut language. The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctican area around the South Pole. ...


Born in Provincetown, Massachusetts in 1874, MacMillan was raised in Freeport, Maine after the untimely death of his parents, and was educated at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, graduating in 1898 with a degree in geology. Nickname: P-town Settled: 1700 â€“ Incorporated: 1727 Zip Code(s): 02657 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Freeport, Maine Freeport is a town located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Bowdoin College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1794, located in the coastal New England town of Brunswick, Maine. ... Brunswick is a town located in Cumberland County, Maine. ...


After ten years as a high school teacher, MacMillan caught the attention of explorer and fellow Bowdoin graduate Robert E. Peary when he saved the lives of nine shipwrecked people in two nights. Peary subsequently invited MacMillan to join his 1908 journey to the North Pole. Although MacMillan himself had to turn back at 84°29' on March 14 because of frozen heels, Peary reached the Pole 26 days later. Robert Edwin Peary (May 6, 1856 - February 20, 1920) was an American explorer who is usually credited as the first person, on April 6, 1909, to reach the Geographic North Pole. ... North Pole Scenery When not otherwise qualified, the term North Pole usually refers to the Geographic North Pole – the northernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earths axis of rotation intersects the Earths surface. ...


MacMillan spent the next few years travelling in Labrador, carrying out ethnological studies among the Innu and Inuit. He organized and commanded an expedition to northern Greenland in 1913, but it was stranded until 1917, when Captain Robert A. Bartlett of The Neptune finally rescued MacMillan and his crew. This article is about the region in Canada. ... The Innu are the indigenous inhabitants of an area they refer to as Nitassinan, which comprises most of the Quebec-Labrador peninsula in Eastern Canada. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... Captain Robert Bartlett Captain Robert Bartlett Captain Robert Abram Bartlett was a notable ice navigator and Arctic explorer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...


After serving in the Navy during World War I, MacMillan began raising money for another Arctic expedition. In 1921, the schooner Bowdoin -- named for MacMillan's alma mater -- was launched from East Boothbay, Maine, and set sail for Baffin Island, where MacMillan and his crew spent the winter. He joined the Navy again during World War II, serving in the Hydrographic Office in Washington, DC, and transferred the Bowdoin to the Navy for the duration of the war. Combatants Allied Powers: France Italy Russia Serbia United Kingdom United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... A hydrographic office is an organisation which is devoted to acquiring and publishing hydrographic information. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


After the war, MacMillan continued his trips to the Arctic, taking researchers north and carrying supplies for the MacMillan-Moravian School he established in 1929. He made his final trip to the Arctic in 1954 at age 80, and lived until 1970. MacMillan is buried in Provincetown.


External links

  • A more complete MacMillan biography, courtesy of Bowdoin College
  • The Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum

 
 

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