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Encyclopedia > Don John of Austria
The tomb of Don Juan de Austria in San Lorenzo de El Escorial
The tomb of Don Juan de Austria in San Lorenzo de El Escorial

Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan de Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was an illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. "Don" is a Spanish honorific, akin to the knightly title "Sir" in English, and is not a name or an abbreviation of one. Don Juan was a military leader; his most famous victory was at the naval Battle of Lepanto in 1571. ImageMetadata File history File links Don_john. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Don_john. ... The facade of the chapel, in the baroque style of Jesuit churches, is integrated with the palatial facade El Escorial is an immense palace, monastery, museum, and library complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial (also San Lorenzo del Escorial), a town 45 kilometres northwest of Madrid in the... D. (usually preceded in English by the) is the abbreviation for the Spanish and the Portuguese honorific Don, a mark of high esteem for a distinguished Christian hidalgo or nobleman. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 16 - Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Holy League: Republic of Venice Habsburg Spain Papal States Kingdom of Naples Genoa Savoy Knights of Malta Ottoman Empire Commanders Don John of Austria Ali Pasha Strength 206 galleys 6 galleasses 220-230 galleys 50-60 galliots Casualties 9,000 dead or wounded 12 galleys lost 30,000 dead...


Born in Regensburg, Germany, the progeny of a liaison between Charles and Barbara Blomberg, a burgher's daughter, Don Juan was raised anonymously in Spain as Jerónimo, nicknamed Jeromín. In obedience to Charles' testament, Philip II of Spain recognised Don Juan as a half-brother, and gave him an income and the title of Infante. Philip intended that Don Juan should enter the Church, but was unable to stem the latter's enthusiasm for a military career. Don Juan's first engagement in 1568 was against Barbary pirates; its success resulted in his appointment as the leader of the Spanish forces ranged against the Morisco rebellions in Granada. Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona, Czech Řezno) is a city (population 150,212 in 2004) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... Barbara Blomberg (* 1527 in Regensburg, Germany; † 18 December 1597 in Ambrosero, Spain) was born the eldest daughter of burgher Wolfgang Plumberger and his wife Sibilla. ... Burgher can refer to: A title. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... The Roman Catholic Church (also known as the Catholic Church) is that Christian Church which is led by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Though at least a proportion of them are better described as privateers, the Barbary pirates operated out of Tunis, Tripoli, Algiers, Salè and ports in Morocco, preying on shipping in the western Mediterranean Sea from the time of the Crusades as well as on ships on their way to Asia... Morisco (Spanish Moor-like) or mourisco (Portuguese) is a term referring to a kind of New Christian in Spain and Portugal. ... Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the community of Andalusia, Spain. ...


In 1571, at the height of Don Juan's prestige, Philip set him at the head of the navy of the Holy League pitted against the Ottoman Empire. Don Juan, by dint of leadership ability and charisma, was able to unite this disparate coalition and inflict a historic defeat upon the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The Holy League was formed between several Catholic maritime states in the Mediterranean in 1571 in attempt to break Ottoman Turks control of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40... Combatants Holy League: Republic of Venice Habsburg Spain Papal States Kingdom of Naples Genoa Savoy Knights of Malta Ottoman Empire Commanders Don John of Austria Ali Pasha Strength 206 galleys 6 galleasses 220-230 galleys 50-60 galliots Casualties 9,000 dead or wounded 12 galleys lost 30,000 dead... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ...


This victory fired Don Juan's ambitions, but Philip was loath to allow his bastard half-brother too prominent a stature in European politics and appointed him governor of the Spanish Netherlands in 1576, hoping that the office would at once appease his ambitions and limit their scope; Juan resisted the appointment and only accepted it on the understanding that he would be allowed to marry Mary I of Scotland, then held captive in England, by invading and staging a "liberation" of England. The Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands ruled the Seventeen Provinces, after 1581 only the Southern Netherlands as a representative of the Duke of Burgundy (until 1555), the King of Spain (1555-1706) or the Archduke of Austria (1716-1794), all from the house of Habsburg. ... This article or section should be merged with Seventeen Provinces The Spanish Netherlands was a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. ... Events May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc dAnjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). ... Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was Queen of Scots, monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland, from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567; and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 – December 5, 1560. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK...


His entanglement in Dutch politics and a deteriorating relationship with Philip frustrated his plans and he died in Bouges, near Namur (in present-day Belgium) in 1578. Namur, the Meuse, the Walloon parliament and the citadel. ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ...


External link

  • Don John at Find-A-Grave

Preceded by:
Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens (Barcelona, 1528 — Brussels, March 5, 1576), Spanish governor of the Netherlands, had the misfortune to succeed the Duke of Alba and to govern amid hopeless difficulties under the direction of Philip II. During his rule, the Spanish troops mutinied and Spain went bankrupt. ...

Governors of the Habsburg Netherlands The Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands ruled the Seventeen Provinces, after 1581 only the Southern Netherlands as a representative of the Duke of Burgundy (until 1555), the King of Spain (1555-1706) or the Archduke of Austria (1716-1794), all from the house of Habsburg. ...

Succeeded by:
Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (1545 - 1592) was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese, duke of Parma and Margaret, the illegitimate daughter of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V. Thus Alessandro was the nephew of Philip II of Spain and of Don John of Austria. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Don John of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (320 words)
Born in Regensburg, Germany, the progeny of a liaison between Charles and Barbara Blomberg, a burgher's daughter, Don Juan was raised anonymously in Spain as Jerónimo, nicknamed Jeromín.
Don Juan's first engagement in 1568 was against Barbary pirates; its success resulted in his appointment as the leader of the Spanish forces ranged against the Morisco rebellions in Granada.
Don Juan, by dint of leadership ability and charisma, was able to unite this disparate coalition and inflict a historic defeat upon the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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