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Encyclopedia > Don Giovanni
Operas by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebotes (1767)
Apollo et Hyacinthus (1767)
Bastien und Bastienne (1768)
La finta semplice (1769)
Mitridate, re di Ponto (1770)
Ascanio in Alba (1771)
Il sogno di Scipione (1772)
Lucio Silla (1772)
La finta giardiniera (1775)
Il re pastore (1775)
Thamos, König in Ägypten (1779)
Zaide (1780)
Idomeneo (1781)
Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782)
L'oca del Cairo (1783)
Lo sposo deluso (1784)
Der Schauspieldirektor (1786)
The Marriage of Figaro (1786)
Don Giovanni (1787)
Così fan tutte (1790)
La clemenza di Tito (1791)
The Magic Flute (1791)
“Mozart” redirects here. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Wolfgang-amadeus-mozart_1. ... Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebotes is an opera, K. 35, composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1767. ... Apollo et Hyacinthus is an opera, K.38, written in 1767 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who was 11 years old at the time. ... Bastien und Bastienne (Bastien and Bastienne) is a one-act singspiel opera with libretto by Friedrich Wilhelm Weiskern and music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... La finta semplice (The Pretended Simpleton), K. 51 (46a) is an opera buffa in three acts for singers and orchestra, composed in 1769 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, on a libretto by the court poet Marco Coltellini based on an early work by Carlo Goldoni. ... Mitridate, re di Ponto (Mithridates, King of Pontus), K. 87 (74a), is an early opera seria in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Ascanio in Alba, K. 111, Pastoral opera in 2 parts (Festa teatrale in due atti) Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Librettist: Abbé Giuseppe Parini First performance: Teatro Regio Ducal, Milan, 17 October 1771 // Dramatis Personæ Venere (Venus) (soprano) Ascanio, her grandson, son of Aeneas (male soprano) Silvia, a nymph descended from... Bold text ... Lucio Silla (K135) is an Italian opera in three acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... La finta giardiniera (The Phony Gardener), K. 196, is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Il rè pastore is an opera, K. 208, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 6 weeks in 1775. ... Thamos, König in Ägypten (Thamos, King of Egypt, or King Thamos, in English) is a play by Tobias Philipp, baron von Gebler, for which, between 1773 and 1780, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote incidental music, K. 345/336a, of an operatic character. ... Zaide is an opera, K. 344, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1780. ... Idomeneo, re di Creta ossia Ilia e Idamante (Italian: Idomeneo, King of Crete, or, Ilia and Idamante; usually referred to simply as Idomeneo, K. 366) is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Die Entführung aus dem Serail (K. 384; in English The Abduction from the Seraglio; also known as Il Seraglio) is a opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Loca del Cairo is an opera buffa (or dramma giocoso per musica), K. 422, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1783. ... Lo sposo deluso is a 2-act opera buffa, K. 430, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1783. ... Der Schauspieldirektor (The Impresario), K. 486, is a comic Singspiel written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Gottlieb Stephanie. ... Le nozze di Figaro ossia la folle giornata (Trans: ), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, Le mariage de Figaro (1784). ... Così fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti, K. 588, is an opera buffa by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... La clemenza di Tito (The Clemency of Titus), K. 621, was an opera seria written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Die Zauberflöte, K. 620, (en: The Magic Flute) is an opera in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. ...

Don Giovanni (K.527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally "The Rake Punish'd, or Don Giovanni") is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. It was premiered in the Estates Theatre in Prague on October 29, 1787. This is a selective list of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, for a complete list organized by Köchel number, see Köchel-Verzeichnis. ... The Tavern Scene from A Rakes Progress by William Hogarth. ... Don Juan with his sword in Don Giovanni, by Mozart Don Juan is a legendary fictional libertine, whose story has been told many times by different authors. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... Lorenzo da Ponte Lorenzo Da Ponte (March 10, 1749–August 17, 1838) was an Italian librettist born in Ceneda (now Vittorio Veneto). ... The Theatre of the Estates (Stavovské divadlo) is one of the most beautiful historic theatres in Europe. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Of the many operas based on the legend of Don Juan, Don Giovanni is thought to be beyond comparison. Da Ponte's libretto was billed like many of its time as dramma giocoso: "giocoso" meaning comic, and "dramma" signifying an operatic text (an abbreviation of "dramma per musica"). Mozart entered the work into his catalogue as an "opera buffa". Although often classified as comic, it's a unique blend of comic (buffa) and drama (seria). Subtitled "drama giocoso," the opera blends comedy, melodrama and supernatural elements. Don Juan with his sword in Don Giovanni, by Mozart Don Juan is a legendary fictional libertine, whose story has been told many times by different authors. ... Dramma giocoso (Italian: comical drama; plural: drammi giocosi) is the name of a genre of comic operas with its origins in the mid-18th century. ... Opera buffa (a form of comic opera), also known as Commedia in musica or Commedia per musica, is a genre of opera. ...


The Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard wrote a long essay in his book Enten/Eller (Either/Or) in which he argues that Mozart's Don Giovanni is “a work without blemish, of uninterrupted perfection.[1] The finale, in which Don Giovanni refuses to repent, has been a captivating philosophical and artistic topic for many writers including George Bernard Shaw, who in Man and Superman parodied the opera (with explicit mention of the Mozart score for the finale scene between the Commendatore and Don Giovanni). Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (IPA: , but usually Anglicized as ;  ) 5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a prolific 19th century Danish philosopher and theologian. ... Either/Or. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was an Irish dramatist, literary critic, and socialist. ... Man and Superman is a 1903 play in four acts by G. Bernard Shaw. ...


A screen adaptation of the opera was made under the title Don Giovanni in 1979, and was directed by Joseph Losey. Some of the great Don Giovannis on the opera stage have been the basses Ezio Pinza, Cesare Siepi and Norman Treigle, and the baritones Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and Thomas Hampson. Don Giovanni is a 1979 film adaptation of Mozarts classic opera Don Giovanni. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Joseph Losey (January 14, 1909 - June 22, 1984) was an American theater and film director. ... Ezio Pinza The Italian bass Ezio Pinza (18 May 1892 - 9 May 1957) was one of the outstanding opera singers of the first half of the 20th century. ... Cesare Siepi (February 10th, 1923 - ) is generally considered one of the finest operatic basses of the post-war period. ... Norman Treigle (né Adanelle Wilfred Treigle, on 6 March 1927; died on 16 February 1975) was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the fifth and final child of a poor carpenter and his wife. ... The German baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (born May 28, 1925) is regarded by many as the finest Lieder singer of his generation, if not of the last century. ... Thomas Hampson is the name of: Thomas Hampson, the British athlete. ...


As a staple of the standard operatic repertoire, it appears as number seven on Opera America's list of the 20 most-performed operas in North America[2]. Opera America, officially OPERA America, is a service organization in North America promoting the creation, presentation, and enjoyment of opera. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...

Contents

Composition and premieres

The libretto was finished in June 1787 and the score was completed on October 28 of the same year. The opera was performed in Prague one day after the completion of the score with the full title Il Dissoluto Punito ossia il Don Giovanni Dramma giocoso in due atti. The work was rapturously received, as was often true of Mozart's work in Prague; see Mozart and Prague. The Prager Oberamtszeitung reported "Connoisseurs and musicians say that Prague has never heard the like," and added that "the opera ... is extremely difficult to perform".[3] The Provincialnachricten of Vienna reported, "Herr Mozard conducted in person and welcomed joyously and jubilantly by the numerous gathering."[4] Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is often said to have had a special relationship with the city of Prague and its people. ...


The score is notable for its inclusion of trombones in the second act when the statue is present.


Mozart also supervised a Vienna production of the work, which premiered May 7, 1788. For this revival, he wrote two new arias with corresponding recitatives: Don Ottavio's aria Dalla sua pace (composed on April 24 for the tenor Francesco Morella, K.540a), Elvira's aria Mi tradì quell'alma ingrata (composed on April 30 for the soprano Caterina Cavalieri, K.540c) and the duet between Leporello and Zerlina Per queste tue manine (composed on April 28, K.540b). is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Performance practices

The final ensemble was generally omitted till the mid 20th century, and does not appear in the Viennese libretto of 1788. Mozart also made a shortened version. However, the ensemble is always performed in full today. Another "historic" approach is to cut Don Ottavio's aria Il mio tesoro, which was substituted in the Viennese premiere for the tenor Francesco Morella with Dalla sua pace. One or the other of these arias is still often left out. The duet, Per queste tue manine, composed specifically for the Viennese premiere, is still often cut in performance. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


Don Giovanni and other composers

The sustained popularity of Don Giovanni has resulted in extensive borrowings and arrangements of the original. The most famous and probably the most musically substantial is the operatic fantasy, Réminiscences de Don Juan by Franz Liszt. The minuet from the Finale of Act I makes an incongruous appearance in the manuscript of Liszt's Fantasie on Two Motives from Mozart's "Marriage of Figaro", and Sigismond Thalberg uses the same minuet, along with Deh vieni alla finestra, in his Grand Fantaisie sur la serenade et le Minuet de Don Juan, Op. 42. Deh vieni alla finestra also makes an appearance in the Klavierübung of Ferruccio Busoni, under the title "Variations-Studie nach Mozart" (Variation-study after Mozart). Beethoven, Danzi and Chopin each wrote a series of variations on the duet between Don Giovanni and Zerlina, Là ci darem la mano. Réminiscences de Don Juan (S/G418) is an operatic fantasy by Franz Liszt on themes from Don Giovanni by Mozart. ... “Liszt” redirects here. ... A minuet, sometimes spelled menuet, is a social dance of French origin for two persons, usually in 3/4 time. ... The Fantasie on Two Motives from Mozarts Marriage of Figaro (also known as the Figaro Fantasy) is an operatic fantasy by Franz Liszt. ... Sigismond Thalberg Sigismond Thalberg[1] (Pâquis near Geneva, Switzerland, January 8, 1812 – Posillipo near Naples, Italy, April 27, 1871) was a composer and one of the most prominent virtuoso pianists of the 19th century. ... Ferruccio Busoni Ferruccio Busoni (April 1, 1866 – July 27, 1924) was an Italian composer, pianist, music teacher and conductor. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Franz Ignaz Danzi (June 15, 1763 - April 13, 1826) was a German composer and conductor, the son of a noted Italian cellist. ... Chopin redirects here. ...


The music from Don Giovanni has also featured in a number of movie soundtracks, including It Happened in Brooklyn, Parting Glances, Some Girls, Madagascar Skin, Il Cermonie, and The Bonfire of the Vanities. The aria Il mio tesoro is used as the main theme to the classic Ealing comedy Kind Hearts and Coronets. In addition, Là ci darem la mano is performed in Babette's Feast between one virginal female lead, Philippa, and her suitor, the opera singer Achille Papin, at a moment of romantic indecision that mirrors the circumstances of the opera. This article is about motion pictures. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... It Happened in Brooklyn is a 1947 comedy film directed by Richard Whorf and starring Frank Sinatra and Jimmy Durante. ... Parting Glances is an American film released in 1986. ... Madagascar Skin is a 1995 British film starring Bernard Hill and John Hannah. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kind Hearts and Coronets is a 1949 British black comedy film produced by Ealing Studios. ... Babettes Feast (Danish: Babettes gæstebud) is an Academy Award winning 1987 Danish movie. ...


Roles

Setting: A city in Spain in the early 17th century. Premiere, 29 October 1787
Estates Theatre, Prague
(Conductor: Mozart)
Don Giovanni, a young, extremely licentious nobleman baritone Luigi Bassi
Il Commendatore (Don Pedro) bass Giuseppe Lolli
Donna Anna , his daughter, betrothed to Don Ottavio soprano Teresa Saporiti
Don Ottavio tenor Antonio Baglioni
Donna Elvira, a lady of Burgos abandoned by Don Giovanni soprano Catarina Micelli
Leporello, Don Giovanni's servant bass Felice Ponziani
Masetto, lover of Zerlina bass Giuseppe Lolli
Zerlina, a peasant girl soprano Teresa Bondini (born: Saporiti)
Chorus: peasants, servants, young ladies, musicians

For the Vienna premiere (7 May 1788) the cast was Donna Anna-Aloysia Weber, Zerlina-Luisa Mombelli, Donna Elvira-Caterina Cavalieri, Don Giovanni-Francesco Albertarelli, Leporello-Francesco Benucci, Don Ottavio-Francesco Morella, Commendatore and Masetto-Francesco Busani.[5] Cavalieri had been the first Konstanze in The Abduction from the Seraglio; Benucci the first Figaro in The Marriage of Figaro, and Weber, Mozart's sister-in-law, frequently sang in his works. Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency. ... This article is about the singing voice part. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... Aloysia Weber (born Zell or Mannheim, c 1761 - died Salzburg 8 June 1839) was a German soprano, the sister of Constanze Weber, who was the wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... The Abduction from the Seraglio (K. 384; in German Die Entführung aus dem Serail) is a comic opera in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Le nozze di Figaro ossia la folle giornata (Trans: ), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, Le mariage de Figaro (1784). ...


Synopsis

Don Giovanni, a young nobleman, after a life of amorous conquests, meets defeat in his three encounters: with Donna Elvira, whom he has deserted but still follows him; with Donna Anna, whose father, the Commendatore, Giovanni kills in escaping from an unsuccessful attempt at seduction and as a result postpones her marriage to Don Ottavio; and with Zerlina, whom he vainly tries to lure from her fianceé, the peasant Masetto. All vow vengeance on the Don and his harassed servant Leporello. Elvira alone weakens in her resolution and attempts reconciliation and hope that the Don reforms. Don Giovanni's destruction and deliverance to hell are effected by the cemetery statue of the Commendatore, who had accepted the libertine's invitation to supper.


Act I

The garden of the Commendatore


Leporello is keeping watch outside Donna Anna's house. Don Giovanni, Leporello's master, has crept into the house in order to seduce Donna Anna. (Leporello aria: "Notte e giorno faticar -- I work night and day"). Donna Anna appears, chasing a masked Giovanni. She wishes to know who he is and she cries for help. (Trio: "Non sperar, se non m'uccidi - You shan't flee, unless you kill me"). The Commendatore, Anna's father, appears and challenges Giovanni to a duel while Donna Anna flees for help. Giovanni stabs the Commendatore, kills him, and escapes unrecognized. Anna, upon returning with her fiancé, Don Ottavio, is horrified, and Don Ottavio swears to avenge his betrothed's father. (Duet: "Fuggi, crudele fuggi -- Flee, cruel one, flee").


A public square outside Don Giovanni's palace


Giovanni and Leporello arrive and hear a woman speaking of having been recently spurned and calling for revenge (Elvira aria: "Ah, chi mi dice mai -- Ah, who could tell me"). Giovanni starts to flirt with her but, as she turns to look at him, recognizes her as a recent conquest, Donna Elvira. Realizing this, he shoves Leporello forward, ordering him to tell Elvira the truth, and then hurries away.


Leporello endeavours to console Elvira and unrolls a list of Don Giovanni's lovers. Comically, he rattles off their number and their country of origin: 640 in Italy, 231 in Germany, 100 in France, 91 in Turkey, and 1,003 in Spain. (Leporello aria: "Madamina, il catalogo è questo -- My little lady, this is the catalogue"). In a frequently-cut recitative, Elvira vows vengeance.


When she leaves, a marriage procession with Masetto and Zerlina enters. Don Giovanni and Leporello arrive soon after. Giovanni immediately is attracted to Zerlina, and he attempts to remove the jealous Masetto by offering to host a wedding celebration at his castle. On realizing that Giovanni means to remain behind with Zerlina, Masetto becomes angry (Masetto aria: "Ho capito! Signor, sì -- I understand! Yes, dear sir"). Don Giovanni and Zerlina are soon alone and he immediately begins his seductive arts. (Duet: "Là ci darem la mano -- There we will entwine our hands").


Elvira arrives and thwarts the seduction (Elvira aria: "Ah, fuggi il traditor -- Flee from the traitor!"), followed shortly by Ottavio and Anna who are plotting vengeance on the still unknown murderer of Anna's father, when they run into Giovanni. Anna, unaware that she is speaking to her attacker, pleads for his help. Giovanni readily promises it, and asks - with great concern - what cruel man would dare to disturb her peace; obviously, he still sees a chance with Anna. But the Don is out of luck again: Elvira returns and announces Giovanni's recent betrayal of her. Giovanni answers her reproaches by declaring to Ottavio and Anna that Elvira is insane. (Quartet: "Non ti fidar, o misera -- Don't trust him, oh sad one"). With Giovanni's departing oath to help find the Commendatore's murderer, Anna suddenly recognizes Giovanni as her seducer and also his murderer. (Anna aria: "Or sai chi l'onore -- He is the one who robbed me of my honour"). Ottavio, not convinced, determines to keep an eye on his friend. (Ottavio aria: "Dalla sua pace -- On her peace.")


Leporello, still half-determined to leave, informs Don Giovanni that all the guests of the peasant wedding are in Giovanni's house, that he distracted Masetto from his jealousy, but that the Zerlina post-seduction return had spoiled everything. However, Don Giovanni remains cheerful and tells Leporello to organize a party. (Giovanni's champagne aria: "Fin ch'han del vino -- Finally, with the wine."). He hurries off to his palace.


Zerlina follows the jealous Masetto and tries to pacify him. (Zerlina's aria: "Batti, batti o bel Masetto -- Beat me, oh lovely Masetto"), but just as she manages to persuade him of her innocence, the Don's voice startles her, making her want to flee. Masetto's trust evaporating in an instant, the jealous groom hides and wants to see for himself what Zerlina will do when Giovanni arrives. In vain, Zerlina hides from the Don's, but he continues the seduction before stumbling upon Masetto. Confused but quickly recovering, Giovanni claims Zerlina was very sad that Masetto was away from her, and he returns her temporarily. He then leads both to the bridal chamber, which has been lavishly decorated. Leporello has also invited three masked guests (the disguised Elvira, Ottavio, and Anna) who plan to catch Giovanni red-handed, if possible.


Ballroom


As the merriment proceeds, Don Giovanni leads Zerlina away, while Leporello distracts Masetto. When Zerlina's cry for help is heard, Leporello dashes off to warn his master. Don Giovanni tries to fool the onlookers by dragging his servant into the room with drawn sword and accuses him of seducing Zerlina. Elvira, Ottavio and Anna unmask, claiming that they now know all. The guests do not believe Giovanni and attack him, but he fights his way through the crowd and escapes...


Act II

Outside Elvira's house


Leporello threatens to leave Giovanni, but the Don calms him with a peace offering of money. (Duet: "Eh via buffone -- Come on, buffoon"). Wanting to seduce Elvira's maid, Giovanni persuades Leporello to exchange cloak and hat with him. Elvira comes to her window. (Trio: "Ah taci, ingiusto core -- Ah, be quiet unjust heart"). Seeing an opportunity for a game, Giovanni hides, sending Leporello out in the open dressed as Giovanni and, from his hiding place sings a promise of repentance, expressing a desire to return to her. Elvira is convinced and descends to the street. She thinks that Leporello (who is wearing his master's clothes) is actually Giovanni. Leporello leads her away to keep her occupied while Giovanni attempts to seduce her maid while accompanying himself on the mandolin. (Giovanni aria: "Deh vieni alla finestra -- Come to the window").


Before Giovanni can complete his seduction of the maid, Masetto and his friends arrive, searching for Giovanni. Giovanni (dressed as Leporello) convinces the posse that he also wants Giovanni dead, and joins the hunt. After separating the group (Giovanni aria: "Metà di voi qua vadano -- Half of you go this way"), Giovanni "confiscates" all the firearms and beats up the unarmed Masetto, then flees laughing. Zerlina arrives and consoles Masetto. (Zerlina aria: "Vedrai carino -- Come dear one").


A dark courtyard


Leporello abandons Elvira. (Sextet: "Sola, sola in buio loco -- Alone in this dark place"). As he tries to escape, Ottavio arrives with Anna, consoling her in her grief. Just as Leporello is about to slip through the door, which he has difficulty finding, Zerlina and Masetto open it and, seeing him in his Giovanni regalia, catch him before he can escape. When Anna and Ottavio notice what is going on all move to surround Leporello, threatening him with death. Elvira tries to protect the man whom she thinks is Giovanni, claiming that he is her husband and begging for pity. The other four ignore her, and Leporello removes his cloak to reveal his true identity. While everyone is so taken aback in the confusion, Leporello is able to escape (Leporello aria: "Ah pietà signori miei -- Ah, pity me, my lords"). Given the circumstances, Ottavio is convinced of Giovanni's guilt and swears vengeance (Ottavio aria: "Il mio tesoro -- My treasure").[6] while Elvira is furious at Giovanni for betraying her. (Elvira aria: "Mi tradì quell'alma ingrata -- That ungrateful wretch betrayed me").


A graveyard with the statue of the Commendatore.


Leporello tells Don Giovanni of his near-death experience, and Giovanni taunts him, throwing in a story of his own, one of a near-success with a woman in love with Leporello. But the servant is not amused, and Don Giovanni laughs aloud at his servant's protests. The voice of the statue warns Giovanni that his laughter will not last beyond sunrise. At the request of his master, Leporello reads the inscription upon the statue's base: "Vengeance here awaits my murderer." The servant trembles, but the unabashed Giovanni orders him to invite the statue to dinner, threatening to kill him if he does not. (Duet: "Oh, statua gentilissima -- Oh most kind statue"). The statue nods its head and responds affirmatively.


Donna Anna's room.


Ottavio pressures Anna to marry him, but she thinks it inappropriate so soon after her father's death. He accuses her of being cruel, and she assures him that she loves him, and is faithful. (Anna aria: "Non mi dir -- Tell me not").


Don Giovanni's chambers


Giovanni revels in the luxury of a great meal and musical entertainment (during which the orchestra plays then-contemporary late 18th century -- including a reference to the aria "Non più andrai" from Mozart's own Le nozze di Figaro), while Leporello serves. (Finale "Già la mensa preparata -- Already the meal is prepared"). Elvira appears, saying that she no longer feels resentment for Giovanni, only pity. ("L'ultima prova dell'amor mio -- The final proof of my love"). Surprised by her lack of hatred, Giovanni asks what it is that she wants, and there follows her desperate plea that he change his life. This is met only with one reply: "Brava!", as Giovanni taunts her and then ignores her, praising wine and women as the "essence and glory of humankind". Hurt and angered, Elvira gives up and leaves. A moment later, her scream is heard from outside the walls of the palace, and she returns only to flee through another door. Giovanni orders Leporello to see what has upset her; upon peering outside, the servant also cries out, and runs back into the room with the news that the statue has appeared as promised. An ominous knocking sounds at the door. Leporello, paralyzed by fear, cannot answer it, so Giovanni opens it himself, revealing the statue of the Commendatore. ("Don Giovanni! a cenar teco m'invitasti - Don Giovanni! You've invited me to dine with you"). It exhorts the careless villain to repent of his wicked lifestyle, but Giovanni adamantly refuses. The statue sinks into the earth and drags Giovanni down with him. Hellfire surrounds Don Giovanni as he is carried below. Le Nozze di Figaro, is a comic opera composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Beaumarchais. ...


Donna Anna, Don Ottavio, Donna Elvira, Zerlina, and Masetto arrive, searching for the villain. They find instead Leporello under the table, shaken by the horrors he has witnessed and which he describes to the others. Since the conflict is over, Anna and Ottavio choose to wait until Anna's year of grieving is over before marrying; Elvira will spend the rest of her life in a convent; Zerlina and Masetto will finally go home for dinner; and Leporello will find a new master at a tavern.


The concluding chorus delivers the moral of the opera - "So ends he who evil did. The death of a sinner always reflects his life." In the past, this ensemble was sometimes omitted by conductors who claimed that this concluding chorus was never really considered to be a part of the opera. However, this approach has not survived, and today's conductors almost always perform the complete opera as composed by Mozart.


Noted arias

  • "Notte e giorno faticar" - Leporello in Act I, Scene I
  • "Là ci darem la mano" - Don Giovanni & Zerlina in Act I, Scene II
  • "Ah! chi mi dice mai" - Donna Elvira in Act I, Scene II
  • "Madamina, il catalogo è questo" - Leporello in Act I, Scene II
  • "Ah, fuggi il traditor" - Donna Elvira in Act I, Scene III
  • "Ho capito, signor, si" - Masetto in Act I, Scene III
  • "Fin ch'han dal vino" - Don Giovanni in Act I, Scene V
  • "Batti, batti, o bel Masetto" - Zerlina in Act I, Scene V
  • "Dalla sua pace" - Don Ottavio in Act I, Scene IV
  • "Don Ottavio...Or sai chi l'onore" - Donna Anna in Act I, Scene IV
  • "Deh, vieni alla finestra" - Don Giovanni in Act II, Scene I
  • "Meta di voi qua vadano" - Don Giovanni in Act II, Scene I
  • "Vedrai, carino" - Zerlina in Act II, Scene I
  • "Ah, pieta! Signori miei!" - Leporello in Act II, Scene II
  • "Il mio tesoro" - Don Ottavio in Act II, Scene II
  • "In quali...Mi tradi quell'alma ingrata" - Donna Elvira in Act II, Scene III
  • "Don Giovanni, a cena teco m'invitasti" - Don Giovanni, Leporello & Commendatore in Act II, scene IV
  • "Troppo mi...Non mi dir" - Donna Anna in Act II, Scene V

Madamina, il catalogo questo (also known as The Catalogue Aria) is an aria from Mozarts opera Don Giovanni to an Italian libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ...

Media

  • K527
    Overture to Don Giovanni
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Image File history File links Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Don Giovanni - Overtüre. ...

Recordings

  • Rene Jacobs (2007) - Harmonia Mundi, Johannes Weisser (Don Giovanni), Lorenzo Regazzo (Leporello), Alexandrina Pendachanska (Donna Elvira), Olga Pasichnyk (Donna Anna), Kenneth Tarver (Don Ottavio), Sunhae Im (Zerlina), Nikolay Borchev (Masetto), Alessandro Guerzoni (Il Commendatore), Freiburg Baroque Orchestra, Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus

Awards: Gramophone Record of the Month (October 2007), Classics Today 10/10) René Jacobs (Born: October 30, 1946) is a Flemish musician. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Harmonia Mundi (France) is an independent music record label founded in 1958 by Bernard Coutaz in Arles (south of France). ...


Notes

  1. ^ Naugle, David, PhD. "Søren Kierkegaard’s Interpretation of Mozart’s Opera Don Giovanni: An Appraisal and Theological Response" (PDF (160KB)) p.2. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  2. ^ OPERA America's "The Top 20" list of most-performed operas
  3. ^ Deutch 1965, 303
  4. ^ Deutch 1965, 304
  5. ^ Deutsch 1965, 313
  6. ^ It is at this point in the Vienna production of the opera that Zerlina manages to recapture a protesting Leporello, dragging him by the hair, calling for Masetto. Threatening him with a razor, she ties him to a stool as he attempts to sweet-talk her out of hurting him. (Duet: "Per queste tue manine - For these hands of yours"). Zerlina runs to find Masetto and the others, and, once more, Leporello manages to escape just before she returns. This scene, marked by low comedy, is almost never performed.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Deutsch, Otto Erich (1965) Mozart: A Documentary Biography. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Plot taken from The Opera Goer's Complete Guide by Leo Melitz, 1921 version.
  • Preface by Schünemann to a complete orchestral and vocal score published in 1974 by Dover publications, Inc., NY

Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...

External links


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