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Encyclopedia > Don Carlos of Spain
Spanish (and Portuguese) Royalty
House of Habsburg

Charles I
Children
   Prince Philip
   Joan of Habsburg
Philip II (I of Portugal)
Children include
   Prince Charles
   Princess Isabella
   Princess Catarina
   Prince Philip
Philip III (II of Portugal)
Children include
   Anne of Austria
   Prince Philip
   Princess Maria
   Prince Charles
   Cardinal-Prince Ferdinand
Philip IV (III of Portugal)
Children include
   Baltasar Carlos
   Princess Maria Theresa
   Princess Margaret
   Prince Charles
Charles II

Don Carlos (July 8, 1545July 24, 1568), Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip II of Spain by his first wife Maria Manuela, daughter of John III of Portugal.     During the reign of Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain), who ascended the thrones of the kingdoms of Spain after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand, Habsburg Spain controlled territory ranging from Argentina to the Netherlands, and was, for a time, Europes greatest power. ... Image File history File links Banner_of_Arms_of_Spanish_Habsburgs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Joan, Infanta of Spain (Spanish: Juana), of the Habsburg family, was the daughter of Emperor Charles V who was the first king of united Spain (officially King of Aragon and king of Castile), and his consort Infanta Isabel of Portugal, daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Isabella Clara Eugenia, possibly around 1584 Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (Segovia 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was Infanta of Spain, Archduchess of Austria and the joint sovereign of the Seventeen Provinces. ... Catherine Micaela of Spain was the daughter of King Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois, Princess of France. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Anne of Austria Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ... Philip IV of Castille (Spanish: Felipe IV) (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. ... Maria Anna Maria Anna was the younger daughter of King Philip III of Spain. ... Cardinale Infante Ferdinand of Austria as Hunter Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (1609/16101 in Escorial near Madrid, Spain - 9 November 1641 in Brussels) (also known as Fernando and as Ferdinand von Österreich), Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands, Cardinal, Infante, Archbishop of Toledo (1619-41), and commander during the Thirty Years War... Philip IV of Castille (Spanish: Felipe IV) (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was the king of Spain, from 1621 until his death, and king of Portugal as Philip III (Portuguese: Filipe III) until 1640. ... Baltasar Carlos was the Prince of the Asturias, and the son of King Philip IV of Spain and Isabella of Bourbon. ... Some suspected Theresas death in 1683 was foul-play. ... Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress (1666) by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... Charles II of Spain. ... Charles II of Spain. ... D. (usually preceded in English by the) is the abbreviation for the Spanish and the Portuguese honorific Don, a mark of high esteem for a distinguished Christian hidalgo or nobleman. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... HRH The Prince of Asturias The title Prince of Asturias is given to the heir apparent to the Spanish throne, and the earlier kingdom of León. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... John III (Portuguese: João III pron. ...


He was born at Valladolid, and his mother died a few days after his birth. Plaza Mayor and city hall, Valladolid The unfinished cathedral and the Plaza de la Universidad, near the University of Valladolid The church of Santa María la Antigua, Valladolid Valladolid, which name comes from the Arabic phrase for land of the father (Balad-Al-Walid), is an industrial city in...


The young Infante Carlos was delicate and deformed. He grew up proud, willful, and indolent, and soon began to show signs of insanity. No doubt many of his problems stemmed from the extreme inbreeding that was a chronic aspect of the House of Habsburg and the royal houses of Portugal and Spain. Carlos had only four great-grandparents instead the maximum of eight, and only six great-great-grandparents, instead of the maximum 16, and two of his great-grandmothers were sisters. His namesake, King Carlos II of Spain, was also highly inbred and debilitated as a consequence. In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... Inbreeding is breeding between close relatives. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Charles II of Spain. ...


In 1559, Prince Carlos was betrothed to Elizabeth of Valois, a daughter of King Henry II of France, but a few months later she became the third wife of his father. Other brides were then suggested for the prince; Mary Queen of Scots, Marguerite de Valois, another daughter of Henry II of France, and Anne of Austria, a daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, who was to become his father's fourth wife. Meanwhile, Carlos's mental derangement became more acute, and his condition could no longer be kept secret. Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth of Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from July 31, 1547 until his death. ... Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was Queen of Scots, monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland, from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567; and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 – December 5, 1560. ... Marguerite de Valois Marguerite de Valois (May 14, 1553 – May 27, 1615), Queen Margot was Queen of France and Navarre. ... Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II Maximilian II of the Habsburg dynasty was born July 31, 1527 at Vienna and died October 12, 1576 in Regensburg. ...


Despite his many afflictions, in 1560 he was recognized as the heir to the throne of Castile, and three years later to that of Aragon. A former kingdom of modern day Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate...


In 1562, he met with an accident which was followed by a serious illness. After his recovery, he showed more obvious signs of insanity, while his conduct both in public and in private was extremely vicious and disorderly. He took a marked dislike to the Duke of Alva, possibly because he wished to proceed to the Netherlands instead of the duke. He also exhibited a morbid antipathy towards his father, whose murder he even contemplated. At length in January 1568, when he had made preparations for flight from Spain, he was placed in confinement by order of Philip, and in the same year he died; it was long believed that he was poisoned, but nowadays it seems that his unhealthy habits of excessive eating and drinking were the reason for his untimely death. Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, the third Duke of Alva (or Alba) (1508-January 12, 1583) was a Spanish general and governor of the Spanish Netherlands (1567 - 1573), nicknamed the Iron Duke because of his cruelty, giving the Protestants of the Low Countries a firsthand taste of the Black Legend. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ...


Memory

The idea of king Philip confining and murdering his own son contributed to the anti-Spanish Black Legend. The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


The opera 'Don Carlos' by Giuseppe Verdi is based on the 1787 drama by Friedrich Schiller which is loosely based on the historical conflict between Carlos and his father. The opera was first performed in French in Paris in 1867. Later, an Italian version was prepared that is referred to as Don Carlo. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Don Carlos is an opera in five acts by Giuseppe Verdi to a French libretto by Camille du Locle and Joseph Méry, based on the dramatic play Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien by Friedrich Schiller. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome) Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (October 10, 1813 – January 27, 1901) is to date the most influential composer of the 19th centurys Italian School of Opera. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Friedrich Schiller Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (November 10, 1759 – May 9, 1805), usually known as Friedrich Schiller, was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and dramatist. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


See also

  • La vida es sueño, a Spanish play by Calderón de la Barca about a king jailing his own son.
  • The Man in the Iron Mask, an alleged heir to the French throne held in prison for life.

La vida es sueño (Life is a Dream) is a comedy written by Spanish playwright Pedro Calderón de la Barca; it is perhaps his most well-known work. ... Pedro Calderon de la Barca Pedro Calderón de la Barca (January 17, 1600 – May 25, 1681), Spanish dramatist and poet, was born in Madrid. ... The Man in the Iron Mask was a prisoner believed to have been held in the Bastille prison from an unknown date to his death on November 19, 1703. ...

References

  • Abstracted from Encyclopedia Britannica 1911 and several other sources.
  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Don Carlos of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (522 words)
Don Carlos (July 8, 1545 – July 24, 1568), Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip II of Spain by his first wife Maria Manuela, daughter of John III of Portugal.
In 1559, Prince Carlos was betrothed to Elizabeth of Valois, a daughter of King Henry II of France, but a few months later she became the third wife of his father.
The opera 'Don Carlos' by Giuseppe Verdi is based on the 1787 drama by Friedrich Schiller which is loosely based on the historical conflict between Carlos and his father.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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