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Encyclopedia > Domotics

Domotics is the application of computer and/or robotic technology to household appliances and buildings. This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... ASIMO, a humanoid robot manufactured by Honda. ... A major appliance is a large machine which accomplishes some routine housekeeping task, which includes purposes such as cooking, food preservation, or cleaning, whether in a household, institutional, commercial or industrial setting. ...


The services that the domotics offers can be grouped according to four main aspects:


In the scope of power saving:

  • Air conditioning: programming and zoning.
  • Electrical management
    • Rationalization of electrical charges: disconnection of equipment of nonhigh-priority use depending on the electrical consumption in a given moment. It reduces the contracted power.
    • Management of tariffs, deriving the functioning of some devices at hours of reduced tariff.
  • Use of renewable energies

In the scope of comfort level: World renewable energy in 2005 (except 2004 data for items marked* or **). Enlarge image to read exclusions. ...

  • Illumination
    • Extinguished general of all the lights of the house
    • Automatization of switched off / ignition in every point of light
    • Regulation of the illumination according to the level of ambient luminosity.
  • Automatization of all the different systems/facilities/equipment equipping them with efficient control and easy handling.
  • Integration of the doorman to the telephone, or of the videoportero to the television set.

In the scope of the personal and patrimonial protection: The telephone or phone is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. ...

  • Detection of possible intrusion
    • sensors of detection of movement
    • sensors of magnetic contact of door/window
    • sensors of crystal breakage
  • Simulation of presence.
  • Detection of attempts of fire, flights of gas, water escapes.
  • Medical alert. Teleassistance.
  • Precise and safe closing of blinds.

In the scope of the communications: The front door of a house is often decorated to appear inviting. ... A window is an opening in an otherwise solid and opaque surface through which light and, sometimes, air can pass. ... Alert is the northernmost permanent settlement in the world. ... Venetian blind detail, showing how slats are connected. ...

  • Ubiquity in the external control as much internal, remote control from the Internet, PC, wireless controls (p.ej. PDA with WiFi), electrical equipment.
  • Transmission of alarms.
  • Intercommunications.

Contents

Apple Macintoshes like the iMac Core Duo are personal computers. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... palmOne Tungsten T5 Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers that were originally designed as personal organizers, but became much more versatile over the years. ... Wi-Fi (or Wi-fi, WiFi, Wifi, wifi), short for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of standards for wireless local area networks (WLAN) currently based on the IEEE 802. ... For other uses, see Alarm (disambiguation). ...

System

The elements of a domotics system are:

PLC* & input/output arrangements A Programmable Logic Controller*, PLC*, or Programmable Controller*(*PLC or Programmable Logic Controller is a registered trademark of the Allen-Bradley Company) is an electronic device used for automation of industrial processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines. ... A sensor is a technological device or biological organ that detects, or senses, a signal or physical condition. ... An actuator is the mechanism by which an agent acts upon an environment. ...

Architecture

From the point of view of where the intelligence of the domotic system resides, there are two different architectures:


Centralized Architecture: a centralized controller receives information of multiple sensors and, once processed, generates the opportune orders for the actuators.


Distributed Architecture: all the intelligence of the system is distributed by all the modules that are sensors or actuators. Usually it is typical of the systems of wiring in bus. A sensor is a technological device or biological organ that detects, or senses, a signal or physical condition. ... An actuator is the mechanism by which an agent acts upon an environment. ... In computer architecture, a bus is a subsystem that transfers data or power between computer components inside a computer or between computers and typically is controlled by device driver software. ...


Mixed Architecture: systems with decentralized architecture as far as which they have several small devices able to acquire and to process the information of multiple sensors and to transmit them to the rest of devices distributed by the house. A sensor is a technological device or biological organ that detects, or senses, a signal or physical condition. ...


Interconnection

By wire:

  1. xDSL
  2. optical fiber
  3. cable (coaxial and twisted pair)

Wireless: Digital Subscriber Line, or DSL, is a family of technologies that provide a digital connection over the copper wires of the local telephone network. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length by total internal reflection. ... coaxial cable In geometry, coaxial means that two or more forms share a common axis; it is the three-dimensional analog of concentric. Coaxial cable, for example, has a conducting wire in the center and a second conducting layer running all the way around the exterior circumference, under the insulation. ... 25 Pair Color Code Chart 10BASE-T UTP Cable Twisted pair cabling is a common form of wiring in which two conductors are wound around each other for the purposes of cancelling out electromagnetic interference known as crosstalk. ...

  1. wifi
  2. gprs
  3. bluetooth
  4. radio frequency
  5. infrared

Wi-Fi (or Wi-fi, WiFi, Wifi, wifi), short for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of standards for wireless local area networks (WLAN) currently based on the IEEE 802. ... General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a mobile data service available to users of GSM mobile phones. ... Bluetooth logo Bluetooth is an industrial specification for wireless personal area networks (PANs). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Radio waves. ... Image of two girls in mid-infrared (thermal) light (false color) Infrared (IR) radiation is electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength longer than that of visible light, but shorter than that of radio waves. ...

Organizations

CENELEC (French: Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique) is the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... MIT redirects here. ... SIMO TCI is an International Data Processing, Multimedia and Communications Show held every autumn in Madrid, Spain. ... The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is an alliance of leading companies in the consumer electronics, mobile and personal computer industries. ...

See also

An information appliance (IA) is any device that can process information, signals, graphics, animation, video and audio; and can exchange such information with another IA device. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate threat to human life or serious damage to property. ... A Wheelock MT-24-LSM fire alarm horn and strobe. ... A gas alarm is a fitted device which lets you know when there is a gas leak in the house, meaning you shuld get out straight away just in case. ... Gerontology is the study of aging. ... All-air and air-water HVAC systems use air ducts, outlets, and inlets installed throughout their buildings. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Home automation. ... VELUX is the trade name of a Danish company group as well as of a registered trademark. ...

External links

  • ZIGBEE , Wireless Domotics control system.
  • UPnP, Open standard, more than 800 industry leaders in consumer electronics, computing, home automation, home security, appliances, printing, photography, computer networking, and mobile products.
  • EIB, Konnex(KNX), Home and building control system (EN 50090).
  • CENELEC Smart House Forum.
  • ETSI Smart House Standards Steering Group (SHSSG).
  • http://www.lonmark.org LonMark International - organization for the creation interoperability standards based upon the LonWorks control networking platform
  • Home Automation FAQ
  • International Frankfurt Light+Building Building Performance Congress.
  • Home Automation at the Open Directory Project (suggest site)
  • Drive Me Insane - a website demonstrating the use of Home Automation.
  • FreeBSD Home Automation Page
  • Linux Home Automation: A collection of links, information and software for Linux and other Unixes
  • Domotica - Overview about Swiss home automation sectors.
  • Domotium - UPnP Home Automation System - Spain
  • Domotics and Digital Home - Spain
  • Casatech - International meeting and conferences for Domotics - Italy.
  • [1] - Home automation with standard IP connection (light+building Messe Frankfurt)
  • Telemaster Telephone X10 Control.
  • A french home automation project.
  • Home Automation reference projects in Spain - Domotics and Digital Home)
  • L'e-maison Automated-Home in France. (France)

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Domotics (1566 words)
Domotics is the exploitation of technology to improve the standard of living, control and cost-efficiency of devices within a home or workplace setting.
Domotics is about improving the quality of life of the home, office or industrial worker by preforming mundane tasks which the devices can take care of themselves.
On a daily basis, domotic systems are often supposed to be able to automatically gather data from several sensors and do such things as adjust lights and music to the personal preferences of each member of the household, as they come into or leave a particular room.
Domotics - Definition, explanation (430 words)
Domotics is the application of computer and robot technologies to domestic appliances.
Domotics aims to integrate and extend this throughout the house.
A house with domotics is expected to be able to call the police or the firemen by itself, with more subtleness and a wider variety of allowances than normal alarm systems.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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