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Encyclopedia > Dominique Dawes
Dominique Dawes
Born November 20, 1976
Silver Spring, Maryland
Parents Don and Loretta Dawes
Olympic medal record
Women's Artistic Gymnastics
Gold 1996 Atlanta Team competition
Bronze 1992 Barcelona Team competition
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Floor exercise


Dominique Margaux Dawes (born November 20, 1976, in Silver Spring, Maryland) is a United States gymnast. She was a long time member of the national team, and a three-time Olympian for the U.S. A graduate of the University of Maryland, she now serves as President of the Women's Sports Foundation. November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Silver Spring is an urbanized, unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland, USA. After Baltimore and Columbia, Silver Spring is the third most populous Census Designated Place in Maryland. ... Gymnastics has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Silver Spring is an urbanized, unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland, USA. After Baltimore and Columbia, Silver Spring is the third most populous Census Designated Place in Maryland. ... Gymnasts are people who participate in the sports of either artistic gymnastics or rhythmic gymnastics. ... The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... Established by Billy Jean King, the Womens Sports Foundationis a charitable educational organization dedicated to ensuring equal access to participation and leadership opportunities for all girls and women in sports and fitness. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Dominique is the second child of Don and Loretta Dawes. She has older sister, Danielle, and a younger brother, Don Jr.


Gymnastics career

Dominique was first introduced to gymnastics at age six, when she signed up for a tumbling class. When she showed up, the class was canceled, and someone suggested to her parents that she take a class at a local gymnastics club called Hill's Angels. It was at this club where Dominique met her one and only coach Kelli Hill.


Dominique first made a splash as a pint-sized 14-year-old during a USA dual meet. Dominique received a raucous standing ovation after an energetic floor routine in which she reincarnated the back-to-back tumbling revolutionized by Soviet star Oksana Omelianchik. The judges were equally impressed, and gave her a perfect 10. Though she was not part of the 1991 World Championship team, Dominique continued to move up on the national and international scene throughout 1991 and 1992. Oksana Aleksandrovna Omelianchik (Russian:Оксана Александровна Омельянчик) (also known as Oksana Omelyanchik; Oksana Omeliantchik, born January 2, 1970 or December 31, 1969; Ulan-Ude, USSR) is a retired Soviet gymnast and the all-around gold medalist of the 1985 World Gymnastics Championships. ...


1992 Olympics

The extremely crowd pleasing athlete made the Olympic team easily in 1992, despite battling very painful tendonitis in both ankles. Dominique performed respectably throughout the competition, even having the boldness to try a brand-new move in the team competition--back handspring to three layout stepouts on beam. She also won over the crowd with a solid floor routine, and put up the highest score for her team on that event. The team won bronze, and Dominique alongside Betty Okino became the first black females to win an Olympic gymnastics medal. A handspring is a gymnastics maneuver with two variations - the front handspring and the back handspring. ... Betty (Elizabeth Anne) Okino (born June 4, 1975, Uganda) is an American performer and Olympic medalist in artistic gymnastics. ...


Though Dominique was a solid team player in 1992, she did not breakthrough as an all-around gymnast until 1993. Indeed, she is probably best known for her performances at the 1993 and 1994 World Championships. In 1993, Dominique led the competition after three events, even beating her more famous teammate Shannon Miller. Then, showing the same boldness that she had in 1992, she decided to try her harder vault (1 1/2 twisting layout Yurchenko) which was worth a 10.00 instead of simply a full-twisting layout Yurchenko which had been devalued to a 9.8. She made the first vault, but slipped and fell on the second, immediately bursting into tears. With the new rule that both vaults were averaged in all-around competition, her fall dropped her to 4th overall while Miller won the title. Dominique rebounded in the event finals, winning two silver medals on bars and beam. Shannon Lee Miller (b. ... Yurchenko is the name of both a specific vault and a vault family in artistic gymnastics. ...


Eerily, the same fate befell her in 1994. Leading after three events, she again came to vault with a chance of winning the title. Uncharacteristically, Dominique completely botched her first vault by over rotating and hurling forward into a somersault. Her low score dropped her to 5th. This time, however, Dominique's uncharacteristic mistakes continued throughout the event finals and left the championships without winning a single medal. Dominique would finish her year on a positive note, however. She dominated the National Championships sweeping the all-around and all four event finals at the expense of rival Shannon Miller. Dominique then went on to lead the American team to a silver medal at the World Team Championships in Dortmund, Germany, posting the third highest all-around score in the process. Shannon Lee Miller (b. ... Dortmund is a city in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. ...


Dominique struggled through a difficult 1995, riddled by wrist and ankle injuries. She finished 4th at Nationals, and was forced to sit out the World Championships that year. She rebounded in 1996 doing some of the best gymnastics of her career. Though her results were spotty, she finished 1st at the Olympic trials to make her second Olympic team at age 19.


1996 Olympics

The team, later nicknamed Magnificent 7, dominated the team competition. A key member of the team, Dominique performed without serious error and was the only team member to have all eight of her scores count towards the total. Along with Shannon Miller, Jaycie Phelps, Dominique Moceanu, Amanda Borden, Amy Chow and Kerri Strug, Dominique claimed her gold medal as part of the first American team to take the Olympic title. The Magnificent Seven is the 1996 U.S. Olympic Womens Gymnastics Team which won the first ever Gold Medal for the United States in the Womens Team Competition at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. ... Shannon Lee Miller (b. ... Jaycie Lynn Phelps (b. ... Dominique Helena Moceanu (born September 30, 1981 in Hollywood, California) is an American gymnast of Romanian descent who was a member of the Olympic Gold medal winning 1996 U.S. Womens Gymnastics team in Atlanta (the Magnificent 7). The hallmarks of Moceanus gymnastics, in the early stage of... Amanda Kathleen Borden (b. ... Amy Chow (周婉儀; pinyin: Zhōu Wǎnyí; born May 15, 1978 in San Jose, California) is an American gymnast. ... Kerri Allyson Strug (born November 19, 1977) is an American gymnast from Tucson, Arizona. ...


Later in the week, however, Dominique lost yet another opportunity to win a major all-around title. Going into the AA competition, Dominique was considered one of the heavy favorites to medal. In fact, she had amassed the second highest total during the Team optionals, and was the highest ranked American in that portion of the competition. Dominique led the competition after two rotations, but on her middle tumbling pass on floor, she underrotated for fear that she might step out of bounds. She sat down the tumbling pass and finished 17th. She finished just out of the medals on uneven bars, but redeemed herself by winning bronze in floor exercise finals, her first World Championship or Olympic medal in what had long been considered her best event.


Dominique reveled in her team's success, performing in several post-Olympic tours with her teammates, as well as landing a role in a Broadway production of Grease.


2000 Olympics

She returned to competition at the 1998 Goodwill Games, although her rare appearances in competition did not suggest that she was serious about making the Olympic team in 2000. However, she surprised everyone with stunning performances at Nationals, Olympic trials, and the training camps, and made her third Olympic team. Though her performances were up and down, she competed respectfully en route to a 4th place team finish.


Dominique to date is the only American female gymnast to compete in three Olympics. Indeed only a handful of gymnasts worldwide have accomplished this feat, including Ludmilla Tourischeva, Svetlana Boginskaya and Svetlana Khorkina. Her explosive tumbling and energetic style earned her the nickname "Awesome Dawesome." Ludmilla Ivanovna Turischeva (Russian: Людмила Ивановна Турищева alternate spellings: Lyudmilla Turischeva, Ludmilla Tourischeva, born July 10, 1952 in Grozny) is a former Russian gymnast and a nine-time Olympic medalist for the Soviet Union. ... Svetlana Leonidovna Boginskaya (also spelled Boguinskaia (incorrectly) and Boginskaia, Belarusian: Сьвятлана Леанідаўна Багінская, Russian: Светлана Леонидовна Богинская, born February 9, 1973 in Minsk) is a Soviet/Belarusian gymnast. ... Svetlana Vasilievna Khorkina (Russian: Светлана Васильевна Хоркина, born January 19, 1979 in Belgorod, Russia) is by far Russias most successful female gymnast after the breakup of the Soviet Union> Not only is she the winner of several world championship events and Olympic medals. ...


Education and career

Dawes attended Montgomery Blair High School in Silver Spring, Maryland and Gaithersburg High School in Gaithersburg, Maryland, where she was the 1994 prom queen. She graduated with her Bachelor's degree from the University of Maryland, College Park in 2002. Montgomery Blair High School (most often simply known as Blair) is a public high school located in Silver Spring in unincorporated Montgomery County, Maryland. ... Gaithersburg High School (GHS) is a four-year high school in Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States. ... The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ...


Pursuing a career in acting, modeling and television production, she has appeared in Prince's music video "Betcha By Golly Wow" and Missy Elliott's 2006 video "We Run This" in the role of Missy's gymnastics coach. Her flipping ability has been used as the root metaphor in hip-hop songs by such artists as Ras Kass ("It's a Given", 12")and The Hit Squad ("International", Zero Tolerance). Ras Kass (born John Austin, on September 26, 1975 in Watts, California) is an American rapper. ... Hit Squad is crew formed by Parrish Smith, Eric Sermon, Redman, K-Solo and duo from Das EFX Krazy Drazyz and Skoob. ...


Dawes is presently on the Advisory Board of Sesame Workshop's "Healthy Habits for Life" program and served as President of the Women's Sports Federation from 2004-2006. She also gives private lessons at her home gym, Hill's Gymnastics. Sesame Workshop, formerly known as the Childrens Television Workshop (or CTW), is a non-profit organization behind the production of several educational childrens programs that have run on public broadcasting around the world (including PBS in the United States), as well as Noggin. ... Healthy Habits for Life is a series of segments and storylines in childrens television series Sesame Street. ...


Notes

Dominique Dawes was the first gymnast, male or female, to introduce the double tumbling pass on the floor exercise. In this series of maneuvers she would execute a series of somersaults diagonal one way down the floor mat, then instantly change direction to continue flipping in the opposite direction. This was one of Dominique's signature moves that often generated loud applause from the audience.


Skills

  • Vault: 1.5 twisting Yurchenko
  • Balance Beam: Back-handspring followed by 3 Layout stepouts, Two back-handsprings to Full-in dismount
  • Floor Exercise: Double layout, Whip 2.5 Punch Front, Piked Full-in Back Out. Her music for floor routines was:

Yurchenko is the name of both a specific vault and a vault family in artistic gymnastics. ... Malagueña is a song by Ernesto Lecuona. ... Ernesto Lecuona (August 6, 1896 - 1963) was a Cuban composer and performer, undoubtedly the greatest and most legendary Cuban musician of his time. ...

Awards

  • AAUW Women of Distinction Award, 2004
  • "Caring Hands, Caring Hearts" Award, Ronald McDonald House Charities and Children Around the World, 2003
  • Inducted into USA Gymnastics Hall of Fame, 1998
  • Essence Award, 1997
  • Henry P. Iba Citizen Award, presented annually to two outstanding athletes who have demonstrated good citizenship, 1995
  • Sportsperson of the year by USA Gymnastics, 1994
  • Finalist for the AAU Sullivan Award, which recognizes the USA's top amateur athlete, 1994

USA Gymnatics is an amateur association of gymnastics that teaches American youth how to perform and excel in the competitive level. ...

References

External links

Persondata
NAME Dawes, Dominique
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION African-American gymnast that competed in three Olympic Games.
DATE OF BIRTH November 20, 1976
PLACE OF BIRTH Silver Spring, Maryland
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dominique Dawes Information (910 words)
Dominique received a racous standing ovation after a energetic floor routine in which she reincarnated the back-to-back tumbling revolutionized by Soviet star Oksana Omelianchik.
Dominique performed respectfully throughout the competition, even having the boldness to try a brand-new move in the team competition--backhandspring to three layout stepouts on beam.
Dominique then went on to lead the American team to a silver medal at the World Team Championships in Dortmund, Germany, posting the third highest all-around score in the process.
Dominique Dawes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (163 words)
Dominique Margaux Dawes (born November 20, 1976, in Silver Spring, Maryland) is a United States gymnast.
In 1996, she was a member of the U.S. women's gymnastics team, which won Olympic gold; she also won an individual bronze medal on the floor exercise.
Dawes was also a member of the 1992 bronze-medal-winning women's gymnastics team.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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