FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Domestic Pig
Domestic Pig
Sow and five piglets
Sow and five piglets
Conservation status
Domesticated
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Sus
Species: S. scrofa
Subspecies: S. s. domestica
Trinomial name
Sus scrofa domestica
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms
Sus domestica

The domestic pig (or in some areas hog) is normally given the scientific name Sus scrofa domestica, though some taxonomists use the term S. domestica, reserving S. scrofa for the wild boar.[citation needed] Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Sow and five piglets from http://www. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Genera Babirusas, Babyrousa Giant forest hogs, Hylochoerus Warthogs, Phacochoerus Bush pigs, Potamochoerus Pigs, Sus Suidae is the biological family to which pigs and their relatives belong. ... For other uses, see Pig (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Trinomial nomenclature is a taxonomic naming system that extends the standard system of binomial nomenclature by adding a third taxon. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Year 1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... In scientific nomenclature, synonyms are different scientific names used for a single taxon. ... Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... For other uses, see Pig (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ...


Pigs are believed to have been domesticated from wild boar as early as 7000 BCE in the Near East and, separately, in China[1]. DNA evidence from sub-fossil remains of teeth and jawbones of Neolithic pigs in Europe shows that the first domestic pigs there had been brought from the Near East. It appears that this stimulated the domestication of European wild boar, effectively forming a third domestication event – the Near Eastern genes later died out in European pigs, and domesticated European pigs were then exported in turn to the ancient Near East[2]. This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans. ... (8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – other millennia) // Events Circa 7000 BC – Agriculture and settlement at Mehrgarh in South Asia. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists, geographers and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing Anatolia (the Asian portion of modern Turkey), the Levant (modern Israel/Palestine, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Georgia, Armenia, and...


The adaptable nature and omnivorous diet of the wild boar allowed early humans to domesticate it much earlier than many other forms of livestock, such as cattle. [citation needed]. Pigs were mostly used for food, but early civilizations also used the pigs' hides for shields, bones for tools and weapons, and bristles for brushes.[citation needed] Pigs were brought to southeastern North America from Europe by De Soto and other early Spanish explorer.[citation needed] Escaped pigs became feral and were used by Native Americans as food.[citation needed] Omnivores are organisms that consume both plants and animals. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For the Peruvian economist, see Hernando de Soto (economist). ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... A feral horse (an American mustang) in Wyoming A feral animal or plant is one that has escaped from domestication and returned, partly or wholly, to its wild state. ... Native Americans redirects here. ...


Modern pigs are found across Europe, and extend into Asia as far as Indonesia and Japan[clarify] . The distinction between wild and domestic animals is slight. Most domestic pigs usually have rather sparse hair covering on their skin, but the woolly coated breeds are known and some were popular in the past.[citation needed] Escaped domestic pigs have become feral in many parts of the world (for example, New Zealand) and have caused substantial environmental damage. [citation needed] For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Wooly coated pigs in Ballenberg Woolly-coated grazing pig is a breed of wooly - coated pigs, originated from Danube region. ... A feral horse (an American mustang) in Wyoming A feral animal or plant is one that has escaped from domestication and returned, partly or wholly, to its wild state. ...

Contents

Farming

A pig is prepared for food in Viñales, Cuba.

The domestic pig is farmed for its meat called pork, which is obtained by slaughter. Products made of pork include sausage, bacon and ham. The head of a pig can be used to make head cheese. Liver, chitterlings, and other offal from pigs are also widely used for food. In some religions, such as Judaism and Islam, there are religious restrictions on the consumption of pork. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 162 KB) The author of this photo is me, David Shankbone. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 162 KB) The author of this photo is me, David Shankbone. ... Viñales is a small town and municipality in the north-central Pinar del Rio Province of Cuba. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Slaughter is the term used to describe the killing and butchering of domestic livestock. ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... For other uses, see Bacon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the cut of meat. ... Head cheese is in fact not a cheese, but rather a terrine made of meat taken from the head of a calf or pig (sometimes a sheep or cow) that would not otherwise be considered appealing. ... For the bird, see Liver bird. ... Chitlins in broth. ... Scrapple sandwich at the Delaware state fair Offal is the entrails and internal organs of a butchered animal. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


In industrialized nations, domestic pigs farming has shifted away from the traditional pig farm to large-scale intensive pig farms where meat can be mass-produced. This has resulted in lower production costs, but more significant animal welfare concerns. The family hog pen of yesteryear and the hog farm of today in the United States are vastly different. ... Intensively farmed pigs in batch pens Intensive piggeries (or hog lots) are a type of factory farm specialized for the raising of domestic pigs up to slaughter weight. ... Animal welfare is the viewpoint that animals, especially those under human care, should not suffer unnecessarily, including where the animals are used for food, work, companionship, or research. ...


A young female pig who has borne fewer than two litters is known as a gilt (In some usages, a gilt must never have been pregnant[3]), a female who has borne more than two litters is a sow, an intact male is a boar, a castrated male is a barrow, and young pigs of both sexes are piglets or shoats (or in areas where the species is called hog, just pigs). Pigs of various ages and types sometimes also have particular names, such as porker or baconer, and the word swine (plural also swine) can be used to refer to all pigs. Giving birth in pigs is called farrowing, and a pregnant gilt or sow is said to be in pig. A small building in which a pig is kept is called a sty, and a larger one a pig-shed, and a low outdoor shelter for a pig (also other smaller animals such as chickens or rabbits) is an ark. The feet of pigs are called trotters (they have four hoofed toes, walking mainly on the larger central two). A group of pigs is a herd, or if a smaller group foraging in woodland, a sounder. Castration (also referred as: gelding, neutering, orchiectomy, orchidectomy, and oophorectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which a male loses the functions of the testes or a female loses the functions of the ovaries. ...


In developing nations, and often in developed nations, the domestic pig is raised outdoors in yards or fields. In some cases pigs are allowed to forage in woods, where they are watched by swineherds, the equivalent of shepherds for pigs. A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... A developed country is a country that is technologically advanced and that enjoys a relatively high standard of living. ... Foraging just means looking for food (or, metaphorically, anything else). ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania. ...


As pets

Champion Berkshire boar at the 2005 Royal Adelaide Show
Champion Berkshire boar at the 2005 Royal Adelaide Show

Pigs are known to be intelligent animals and have been found to be more trainable than dogs or cats.[citation needed] Asian pot-bellied pigs, a small type of domestic pig, have made popular house pets in the United States beginning in the latter half of the 20th century. Regular domestic farmyard pigs have also been known to be kept indoors, but due to their large size and destructive tendencies, they typically need to be moved into an outdoor pen as they grow older. Most pigs have a fear of being picked up, but will usually calm down once placed back on the floor. Pigs are rarely used as working animals. An exception is the the use of truffle pigs – ordinary pigs trained to find truffles. su reproduccion es tener 4 cerditos por cerdo Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1566x960, 435 KB) Champion Berkshire boar at 2005 en:Royal Adelaide Show Source: Photographer: Scott Davis File links The following pages link to this file: User:ScottDavis/Images Domestic pig Royal Adelaide Show Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1566x960, 435 KB) Champion Berkshire boar at 2005 en:Royal Adelaide Show Source: Photographer: Scott Davis File links The following pages link to this file: User:ScottDavis/Images Domestic pig Royal Adelaide Show Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Sideshow Alley at the Royal Adelaide Show. ... Animal cognition, is the title given to a modern approach to the mental capacities of animals other than humans. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... Pot-bellied pig The pot-bellied pig is a breed of domesticated pig originating in Vietnam with fourteen sub-species. ... This article is about animals kept for companionship. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... A working animal is a (semi-)domesticated animal that is kept by humans and often trained to perform various tasks, regardless whether they are also used for consumption of meat and milk or for other products (such as leather). ... The truffle hog or truffle pig is a working animal and the most popular and the classical method for extraction of truffles from temperate forests in Europe and North America. ... Truffle describes a group of edible mycorrhizal (subterranean) mushrooms (genus Tuber, class Ascomycetes, division Mycota). ...


Breeds of pigs

Pig headcount in 2004
Pig headcount in 2004

Pigs are exhibited at agricultural shows, judged either as stud stock compared to the standard features of each breed, or in commercial classes where the animals are judged primarily on their suitability for slaughter to provide premium meat. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of pigs in 2004 as a percentage of the top market (China - 466,016,992). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of pigs in 2004 as a percentage of the top market (China - 466,016,992). ... An Agricultural Show or Livestock show is a judged event or display in which breeding stock is showcased. ... A stud in animal breeding is a male animal, such as a horse or dog or nitin , employed for breeding. ...


List of domestic pig breeds

Global pig stocks
in 2005
(million head)
Flag of the People's Republic of China China 488.8
Flag of the United States United States 60.4
Flag of Brazil Brazil 33.2
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam 27.0
Flag of Germany Germany 26.9
Flag of Spain Spain 25.3
Flag of Poland Poland 18.0
Flag of France France 15.0
Flag of Canada Canada 14.7
Flag of Mexico Mexico 14.6
World Total 960.8
Source:
UN Food & Agriculture Organisation
(FAO)
[1]
  • American guinea hog a rare breed of heritage popular with modern homesteaders
  • American Landrace
  • American Yorkshire
  • Angeln Saddleback
  • Arapawa Island
  • Ba Xuyen
  • Bantu
  • Bazna
  • Beijing Black
  • Belarus Black Pied
  • Belgian Landrace
  • Bentheim Black Pied
  • Berkshire
  • Black Slavonian
  • Black Canarian Pig
  • British Landrace
  • British Lop
  • Bulgarian White
  • Cantonese
  • Chester White
  • Czech Improved White
  • Danish Landrace
  • Dermantsi Pied
  • Duroc
  • Dutch Landrace
  • Fengjing
  • Finnish Landrance
  • French Landrace
  • German Landrace
  • Gloucestershire Old Spots
  • Grice
  • Guinea Hog
  • Hampshire
  • Hante
  • Hereford
  • Hezuo
  • Iberian
  • Italian Landrace
  • Jinhua
  • Kele
  • Jeju Black Pig
  • Krskopolje
  • Kunekune
  • Lacombe
  • Large Black
  • Large Black-white
  • Large White
  • Lithuanian Native
  • Leicoma
  • Mangalitsa
  • Meishan
  • Middle White
  • Minzhu
  • Mong Cai
  • Mukota
  • Mora Romagnola
  • Moura
  • Mulefoot
  • Neijiang
  • Ningxiang
  • Norwegian Landrace
  • Norwegian Yorkshire
  • Ossabaw Island
  • Oxford Sandy and Black
  • Philippine Native
  • Piétrain
  • Poland China
  • Red Wattle
  • Saddleback
  • Spots
  • Swabian-Hall
  • Swedish Landrace
  • Tamworth
  • Thuoc Nhieu
  • Tibetan
  • Tokyo-X
  • Turopolje
  • Vietnamese Potbelly
  • Welsh
  • Wessex Saddleback
  • West French White
  • Windsnyer
  • Wuzishan
  • Yanan
  • Zungo

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... FAO emblem With its headquarters in Rome, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that works to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living; to improve the production, processing, marketing, and distribution of food and agricultural products; to promote rural development; and... The American Landrace is a medium to large breed of domestic pig, white in color with long bodies, fine hair, long snouts, and heavy drooping ears. ... The American Yorkshire pig is a breed of domestic pig. ... The Angeln Saddleback, also known as the Angler Sattelschwein, is a rare breed of domestic pig grown mainly in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... The Bentheim Black Pied, also known as the Buntes Bentheimer Schwein, is a rare breed of domestic pig in Germany. ... Berkshire Pigs are a rare breed of pig originating from Britain. ... The Danish Landrace is a medium to large breed of pig, white in color with long bodies, fine hair, long snouts, and heavy drooping ears. ... Duroc is an older breed of American domestic pig that forms the basis for many mixed-breed commercial hogs. ... Gloucester old spots The Gloucestershire Old Spots (also Gloucester, Gloucester Old Spot, Goucestershire Old Spot[2]or simply Old Spots[3]) is an English breed of pig which is predominantly white with black spots. ... Grice were a breed of swine native to the Shetland Isles of Scotland. ... The Hampshire pig breed is a domestic swine breed identified by its black body with a white belt around its middle, covering its legs. ... The name, which means chubby, is variably spelt as Kunekune, Kune kune or Kune-kune, and pronounced koonay koonay A small distinctive breed of domestic pig from New Zealand. ... Sus scrofa being the scientific name, the large black pig (also called devon, cornwall and lop eared black pigs) are a breed of domestic pig. ... Mukota is a breed of indigenous, domestic pig found primarily in Zimbabwe. ... Mulefoot are a breed of domestic pig which is named for its solid, non-cloven hooves reminiscent of a mule. ... The Poland China is a breed of domestic pig, first bred in the Miami Valley, Ohio, United States in 1816, deriving from many breeds including the Berkshire and Hampshire. ... Red Wattle is an heirloom pig breed known for its lean body and gentle nature. ... Adult Tamworth pig, Aberdeenshire, Scotland Tamworth Pig is among the oldest of porcine breeds, but its population is considered rare and critical. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pot-bellied pig The pot-bellied pig is a breed of domesticated pig originating in Vietnam with fourteen sub-species. ... The Wessex Saddleback or Wessex Pig is a breed of domestic pig originating in the south-west of England, especially in the New Forest area of Hampshire. ...

Rare pig breeds

  • Woolly-coated grazing pig

Wooly coated pigs in Ballenberg Woolly-coated grazing pig is a breed of wooly - coated pigs, originated from Danube region. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Intensively farmed pigs in batch pens Intensive piggeries (or hog lots) are a type of factory farm specialized for the raising of domestic pigs up to slaughter weight. ... Taboo meat is meat from a species considered unfit to eat due to either religious, cultural, or health reasons. ... Capuchin monkeys are among the primates kept as exotic pets An exotic pet is a rare or unusual creature kept as a pet, or a creature kept as a pet which is not commonly thought of as a pet. ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is an agricultural production system characterized by the high inputs of capital or labour relative to land area. ... The small pig farm in Swiss mountains. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Oklahoma State University:
  2. ^ BBC News, "Pig DNA reveals farming history" 4 September 2007. The report concerns an article in the journal PNAS
  3. ^ Swine Study Guide from UC Davis

The University of California, Davis, commonly abbreviated to UC Davis or UCD is one of the ten University of California campuses. ...

References

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo - Domestic Pig (196 words)
Domesticated pigs can be found on all continents of the world except Antarctica.
Pigs are omnivores and eat a great variety of plants, animals and carrion.
Pigs are one of the most intelligent animals in the group of domesticated animals.
Pig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1423 words)
Pigs are omnivores, which means that they consume both plants and animals.
Pigs are highly trainable animals, and some, such as the Asian pot-bellied pig, are kept as pets.
Pigs are also associated with dirtiness ("this room is a pigsty"); the latter probably comes from their habit of wallowing in mud.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

JanisSummers
20th July 2010
If you're in the corner and have no cash to get out from that, you will need to take the credit loans . Because it should aid you emphatically. I get commercial loan every single year and feel myself fine because of this.

Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m