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Encyclopedia > Domestic Goat
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Domestic Goat

Conservation status
Domesticated
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Capra
Species: C. aegagrus
Subspecies: C. a. hircus
Trinomial name
Capra aegagrus hircus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Male goat, also called a billy or buck
Baby goats, called kids. These two are actually siblings and come from two pure white parents
Baby goats, called kids. These two are actually siblings and come from two pure white parents

The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a domesticated subspecies of the wild goat of Southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the bovidae family and is closely related to the sheep, both being in the goat antelope subfamily caprinae. Look up goat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 231 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Subclass Allotheria* Order Docodonta (extinct) Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Subclass Prototheria Order Monotremata Subclass Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals are a class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae Leptochoeridae † Chaeropotamidae † Dichobunidae † Cebochoeridae † Entelodontidae † Anoplotheriidae † Anthracotheriidae † Cainotheriidae † Agriochoeridae † Merycoidodontidae † Leptomerycidae † Protoceratidae † Xiphodontidae † Amphimerycidae † Helohyidae † Gelocidae † Merycodontidae † Dromomerycidae † Raoellidae † Choeropotamidae † Sanitheriidae † The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ... Species See Species and subspecies The genus Capra is a genus of mammals consisting of nine species, including the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... Binomial name Capra aegagrus Erxleben, 1777 Subspecies Capra aegagrus aegagrus Capra aegagrus blythi Capra aegagrus chialtanensis Capra aegagrus cretica Capra aegagrus hircus Capra aegagrus turcmenica The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a common type of goat species, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to central Asia and... Trinomial nomenclature is a taxonomic naming system that extends the standard system of binomial nomenclature by adding a third taxon. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Male Goat File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Male Goat File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1066 pixel, file size: 512 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Baby domestic goats or kids approx a week old. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1066 pixel, file size: 512 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Baby domestic goats or kids approx a week old. ... Domesticated animals, plants, and other organisms are those whose collective behavior, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions being under human control for multiple generations. ... Binomial name Capra aegagrus Erxleben, 1777 Subspecies Capra aegagrus aegagrus Capra aegagrus blythi Capra aegagrus chialtanensis Capra aegagrus cretica Capra aegagrus hircus Capra aegagrus turcmenica The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a common type of goat species, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to central Asia and... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Map of Eastern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... Species See text. ... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ...


Domestic goats are one of the oldest domesticated species. For thousands of years,[1] goats have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins all over the world. In the last century they have also gained some popularity as pets.[2] A glass of cows milk. ... Mortal Kombat character, see Meat (Mortal Kombat). ... It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ...


Female goats are referred to as does or nannies, intact males as bucks or billies; their offspring are kids. Castrated males are wethers. Goat meat is sometimes called chevon. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Etymology

The Modern English word goat comes from the Old English gat which meant she-goat which itself derived from Proto-Germanic *gaitaz (compare Old Norse and Dutch geit, German Geiß and Gothic gaits all meaning goat) ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ghaidos meaning young goat but also play (compare Latin hædus meaning kid). The word for male goat in Old English was bucca (which now exists as the word buck, meaning certain male herbivores) until a shift to he-goat/she-goat occurred in the late 12th century. Nanny goat originated in the 18th century and billy goat in the 19th. Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon[1], Old English: ) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Map of the Pre-Roman Iron Age culture(s) associated with Proto-Germanic, c. ... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... Gothic is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths. ... Proto-Indo-European (PIE) may refer to: Proto-Indo-European language the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages Proto-Indo-Europeans, the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language Proto-Indo-European roots, A list of reconstructed Proto-Indo-European roots Categories: | ... Buck may tf refer to any of the following: Look up Buck in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The domestic goat's most often seen color is of an ivory hue, and the rarest colors are of an "cyanish" hue


History

Goats seem to have been first domesticated roughly 10,000 years ago in the Zagros Mountains of Iran.[3] Ancient cultures and tribes began to keep them for easy access to milk, hair, meat, and skins. Domestic goats were generally kept in herds that wandered on hills or other grazing areas, often tended by goatherds who were frequently children or adolescents, similar to the more widely known shepherd. These methods of herding are still used today. The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ... http://www. ... A glass of cows milk. ... A goatherd is a person who herds goats for a living. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... Shepherd in FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, Romania. ... A man herding goats in Tunisia Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group, maintaining the group and moving the group from place to place—or any combination of those. ...


Historically, goathide has been used for water and wine bottles in both traveling and transporting wine for sale. It has also been used to produce parchment, which was the most common material used for writing in Europe until the invention of the printing press. A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... German parchmenter, 1568 Parchment is a material for the pages of a book or codex, made from fine calf skin, sheep skin or goat skin. ... Scribe Writing Writing, in its most common sense, is the preservation and the preserved text on a medium, with the use of signs or symbols. ... The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ...


Reproduction

In some climates goats, like humans, are able to breed at any time of the year. In northern climates and among the Swiss breeds, the breeding season commences as the day length shortens, and ends in early spring. Does of any breed come into heat every 21 days for 2–48 hours. A doe in heat typically flags her tail often, stays near the buck if one is present, becomes more vocal, and may also show a decrease in appetite and milk production for the duration of the heat. Sevenspotted Lady Beetles mating In biology, mating is the pairing of opposite-sex or hermaphroditic internal fertilization animals for copulation and, in social animals, also to raise their offspring. ...


Bucks (intact males) of Swiss and northern breeds come into rut in the fall as with the doe's heat cycles. Rut is characterized by a decrease in appetite, obsessive interest in the does, a strong heat. For other things named OCD, see OCD (disambiguation). ...

Mother goat eating placenta
Mother goat eating placenta

In addition to live breeding, artificial insemination has gained popularity among goat breeders, as it allows for rapid improvement because of breeder access to a wide variety of bloodlines. Download high resolution version (800x621, 124 KB)Mother eating placenta File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (800x621, 124 KB)Mother eating placenta File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The placenta is an ephemeral (temporary) organ present in female placental vertebrates during gestation (pregnancy), but a placenta has evolved independently also in other animals as well, for instance scorpions and velvet worms. ... Artificial insemination (AI) is when sperm is placed into a females uterus (intrauterine), or cervix (intracervical) using artificial means rather than by natural copulation. ... This article concerns Breeder, an occupation in agriculture, animal husbandry, or animal fancy. ... For the scientific journal Heredity see Heredity (journal) Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characters from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and...


Gestation length is approximately 150 days. Twins are the usual result, with single and triplet births also common. Less frequent are litters of quadruplet, quintuplet, and even sextuplet kids. Birthing, known as kidding, generally occurs uneventfully with few complications. The mother often eats the placenta, which, with its oxytocin, gives her much needed nutrients, helps staunch her bleeding, and is believed by some to reduce the lure of the birth scent to predators. Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ... Fraternal twin boys in the tub The term twin most notably refers to two individuals (or one of two individuals) who have shared the same uterus (womb) and usually, but not necessarily, born on the same day. ... A triplet is a set of three items, and includes in particular: one of three babies in a multiple birth in lapidary, a preparation of opal as a gemstone, with a thin layer of opal backed with a dark material and covered with cap of clear quartz in optics a... Identical Triplet Sisters A multiple birth results when more than one human baby is born from a single pregnancy. ... Identical Triplet Sisters A multiple birth results when more than one human baby is born from a single pregnancy. ... Identical Triplet Sisters A multiple birth results when more than one human baby is born from a single pregnancy. ... The placenta is an ephemeral (temporary) organ present in female placental vertebrates during gestation (pregnancy), but a placenta has evolved independently also in other animals as well, for instance scorpions and velvet worms. ...


Freshening (coming into milk production) occurs at kidding. Milk production varies with the breed, age, quality, and diet of the doe; dairy goats generally produce between 660 to 1,800 L (1,500 and 4,000 lb) of milk per 305 day lactation. On average, a good quality dairy doe will give at least 6 lb (2.7 L) of milk per day while she is in milk, although a first time milker may produce less, or as much as 16 lb (7.3 L) or more of milk in exceptional cases. Meat, fiber, and pet breeds are not usually milked and simply produce enough for the kids until weaning. Kittens nursing Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands, the process of providing that milk to the young, and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young. ... It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ... A breastfeeding infant Breastfeeding is the practice of a woman feeding an infant (or sometimes a toddler or a young child) with milk produced from her mammary glands, usually directly from the nipples. ...


Feeding goats

Goats are reputed to be willing to eat almost anything. Many farmers use inexpensive (i.e. not purebred) goats for brush control, leading to the use of the term "brush goats." (Brush goats are not a variety of goat, but rather a function they perform.) Because they prefer weeds (e.g. multiflora rose, thorns, small trees) to clover and grass, they are often used to keep fields clear for other animals. The digestive systems of a goat allow nearly any organic substance to be broken down and used as nutrients.

A goat feeding on weeds.
A goat feeding on weeds.

Contrary to this reputation, they are quite fastidious in their habits, preferring to browse on the tips of woody shrubs and trees, as well as the occasional broad leaved plant. It can fairly be said that goats will eat almost anything in the botanical world. Their plant diet is extremely varied and includes some species which are toxic or detrimental to cattle and sheep. This makes them valuable for controlling noxious weeds and clearing brush and undergrowth. They will seldom eat soiled food or water unless facing starvation. This is one of the reasons why goat rearing is most often free ranging since stall-fed goat rearing involves extensive upkeep and is seldom commercially viable. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1861x1858, 422 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Domestic goat User:ShadowHalo/Images ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1861x1858, 422 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Domestic goat User:ShadowHalo/Images ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A female child during the Nigerian-Biafran war of the late 1960s, shown suffering the effects of severe hunger and malnutrition. ... Free range is a method of farming husbandry where the animals are permitted to roam freely instead of being contained in small sheds. ...


Goats do not actually consume garbage, tin cans, or clothing, although they will occasionally eat items made primarily of plant material, which can include wood. Their reputation for doing so is most likely due to their intensely inquisitive and intelligent nature: they will explore anything new or unfamiliar in their surroundings. They do so primarily with their prehensile upper lip and tongue. This is why they investigate clothes and sometimes washing powder boxes by nibbling at them. WASTE is a peer-to-peer and friend-to-friend protocol and software application developed by Justin Frankel at Nullsoft in 2003 that features instant messaging, chat rooms & file browsing/sharing capabilities. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Girls wearing formal attire for dancing, an example of one of the many modern forms of clothing. ... Prehensility is the quality of an organ that has adapted for grasping or holding. ...


The digestive physiology of a very young kid is essentially the same as that of a monogastric animal. Milk digestion begins in the abomasum, the milk having bypassed the rumen via closure of the reticular/esophageal groove during suckling. At birth the rumen is undeveloped, and as the kid begins to consume solid feed, the rumen increases in size and in its capacity to absorb nutrients. A monogastric organism has only one stomach, and is the alternate gastric complex to a four-chambered stomach known as a ruminant. ... The abomasum is the fourth and final stomach compartment of the stomach in ruminants. ...


Goats will consume, on average, 4.5 pounds of dry matter per 100 lbs of body weight per day.[citation needed]


Goat Uses

A goat is said to be truly useful both when alive and dead, providing meat and milk while the skin provides hide. A charity is involved in providing goats to impoverished people in Africa. The main reason cited was that goats are easier to manage than cattle and have multiple uses. A charitable organization (also known as a charity) is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ...


Meat

The taste of goat meat, called chevon (which, like many meat names, is from the French word for the animal, in this case chèvre), is similar to that of lamb meat. However, some feel that it has a similar taste to veal or venison, depending on the age and condition of the goat. It can be prepared in a variety of ways including stewed, baked, grilled, barbecued, minced, canned, or made into sausage. Goat jerky is also another popular variety. In India, the rice-preparation of mutton Biryani uses goat meat as its primary ingredients to produce a rich taste. Veal is a culinary term for meat produced from calves. ... Venison is the modern term for the meat of deer, elk, red deer, moose, caribou, and pronghorn. ... In cooking, stewing means preparing vegetables or meat by simmering it in liquid. ... Baking is the technique of cooking food in an oven by dry heat applied evenly throughout the oven. ... Grilling means broiling food with direct heat. ... It has been suggested that Grilling be merged into this article or section. ... Mincing is a cooking technique in which food ingredients are finely divided. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Plate with German Wurst (liver-, blood- and hamsausage) A sausage consists of ground meat, animal fat, herbs and spices, and sometimes other ingredients, usually packed in a casing (historically the intestines of the animal, though now generally synthetic), and sometimes preserved in some way, often by curing or smoking. ... Jerky is meat which has been cut into strips with the fat trimmed off, marinated in a spiced, salty or sweet liquid for a desired flavor, then dried with low heat (usually under 160°F or 70°C). ... Iraqi Biryani (as served in Amman, Jordan) The name biryani or biriani (Urdu بریانی ;Hindi बिरयानी) is derived[1] from the Persian word beryā(n) (بریان) which means fried or roasted. Biryani is a family of Middle Eastern, Southern Asian dishes made from a mixture of spices, rice (usually basmati), meat/vegetables and...


Nutritionally, it is healthier than mutton as it is lower in fat and cholesterol, and comparable to chicken. It also has more minerals than chicken,[4] and is lower in total and saturated fats than other meats.[5] Chevon is therefore classified as a white meat.[6] One reason for the leanness is that goats do not accumulate fat deposits or "marbling" in their muscles; chevon must ideally be cooked longer and at lower temperatures than other red meats.[7] It is popular in the Middle East, South Asia, Africa, northeastern Brazil, the West Indies, and Belize. Chevon, as yet, is not popular in most western nations, though it is among the fastest growing sectors of the livestock industry in the US, mainly due to immigrants.[8] Mutton may refer to either: The meat of a sheep In parts of Asia, the meat of a goat Category: ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol) and a lipid found in the cell membranes of all body tissues, and transported in the blood plasma of all animals. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Saturated fat is fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acids. ... White meat refers to any light-colored meat, such as fish, seafood, and particularly poultry. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ...


Other parts of the goat including organs are also equally edible. Special delicacies include the brain and liver. The head and legs of the goat are smoked and used to prepare unique spicy dishes and soup. In animals the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for thought. ... The liver is an organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Smoking Smoking is the process of curing, cooking, or seasoning food by exposing it for long periods of time to the smoke from a wood fire. ... “Spiciness” redirects here. ... Soup is usually a savoury liquid food that is made by combining ingredients, such as meat, vegetables and beans in stock or hot water, until the flavor is extracted, forming a broth. ...


One of the most popular goats grown for meat is the South African Boer, introduced into the United States in the early 1990s. The New Zealand Kiko is also considered a meat breed, as is the Myotonic or "fainting" goat, a breed originally identified in Tennessee. A young fainting goat in the midst of a myotonic fainting spell. ...


Milk and cheese

Some goats are bred for dairy purposes. The milk can be drunk fresh; it is commonly processed into cheese, and small commerical operations offer goat butter and ice cream. Contrary to popular belief, goats' milk is not naturally bad tasting.[citation needed] When handled properly, from clean and healthy goats, in a sanitary manner, and cooled quickly, the flavor is unremarkable and inoffensive. Also, it is necessary to separate the strong-smelling buck from the dairy does, as his scent will rub off on them and will taint the milk. Dairy farm near Oxford, New York A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal milk (mostly from cows, sometimes from buffalo, sheep or goats) and other farm animals, for human consumption. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... Butter is commonly sold in sticks (pictured) or blocks, and frequently served with the use of a butter knife. ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ...


Goats' milk is more easily digested by humans than cows' milk. It contains less lactose, so is less likely to trigger lactose intolerance. The milk is naturally homogenized since it lacks the protein agglutinin. The curd is much smaller and more digestible. For these reasons, goats' milk is recommended for infants and people who have difficulty with cows' milk.[citation needed] Lactose is a disaccharide that consists of β-D-galactose and β-D-glucose molecules bonded through a β1-4 glycosidic linkage. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Agglutination is the clumping of particles. ... Curd is a dairy product obtained by curdling (coagulating) milk with rennet or an edible acidic substance such as lemon juice or vinegar and then draining off the liquid portion (called whey). ...


Goat cheese is commonly known as chèvre, after the French word for "goat". Some varieties include Rocamadour and feta. Goats Cheese Chèvre cheese is cheese made from goats milk (chèvre is French for goat). ... Country of origin France Region, town Périgord, Quercy Source of milk Goats Pasteurized No Texture Soft Aging time 12-15 days Certification French AOC 1996 Rocamadour is a French cheese from the regions of Périgord and Quercy. ... Country of origin Greece Region, town Unknown Source of milk Goat and sheep only Pasteurized Depends on variety Texture Depends on variety Aging time min. ...


Fiber

Some goats are bred for the fiber from their coats. Most goats have softer insulating hairs nearer the skin, and longer guard hairs on the surface. The desirable fiber for the textile industry is the former, and it goes by several names (mohair, fleece, goat wool, cashmere, etc., explained below). The coarse guard hairs are worthless as they cannot be spun or dyed. The proportion and texture varies between breeds, and has been a target of selective breeding for millennia. Fiber or fibre[1] is a class of materials that are continuous filaments or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to lengths of thread. ... Guard hairs are the longest, thickest hairs in a mammals coat. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Textile manufacturing. ... A breed is a domesticated subspecies or infrasubspecies of an animal. ... It has been suggested that Backyard breeder be merged into this article or section. ...


The Cashmere goat produces a fiber, cashmere wool, which is one of the best in the world. It is very fine and soft. Most goats produce cashmere fiber to some degree, however the Cashmere goat has been specially bred to produce a much higher amount of it with fewer guard hairs. from: http://www. ... Cashmere wool is wool obtained from the Cashmere goat and is also known as Pashmina. ...


The Angora breed produces long, curling, lustrous locks of mohair. The entire body of the goat is covered with mohair and there are no guard hairs. The locks constantly grow and can be four inches or more in length. The angora goat is a goat from the Angora region in Asia Minor, near present-day Ankara. ... Mohair is a silk-like fabric made from the hair of the Angora goat, not to be confused with the angora rabbit whose fur is called angora. ...


Goats do not have to be slaughtered to harvest the wool, which is instead sheared (cut from the body) in the case of Angora goats, or combed, in the case of Cashmere goats. However, the Angora goat usually gets shorn twice a year with an average yield of about 10 pounds while the Cashmere goat grows its fiber once a year and it takes about a week to comb out by hand, yielding only about 4 ounces. Look up Slaughter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In physics and mechanics, shear refers to a deformation that causes parallel surfaces to slide past one another (as opposed to compression and tension, which cause parallel surfaces to move towards or away from one another). ...


The fiber is made into products such as sweaters and doll's hair. Both cashmere and mohair are warmer per ounce than wool and are not scratchy or itchy or as allergenic as wool sometimes is. Both fibers command a higher price than wool, compensating for the fact that there is less fiber per goat than there would be wool per sheep. Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats, alpacas, llamas and rabbits may also...


In South Asia, cashmere is called pashmina (Persian pashmina = fine wool) and these goats are called pashmina goats (often mistaken for sheep). Since these goats actually belong to the upper Kashmir and Laddakh region, their wool came to be known as cashmere in the West. The pashmina shawls of Kashmir with their intricate embroidery are very famous. This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... A stack of pashmina fabric A pashmina is a type of goat endemic to Kashmir, Ladakh, and Himachal Pradesh regions of India. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Tikse monastery, Ladakh Hemis Monastery in the 1870s Ladakh is the largest district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, covering more than half the area of the state (of which it is the eastern part). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Skin

Goat skin is still used today to make gloves, boots, and other products that require a soft hide. Kid gloves, popular in Victorian times, are still made today. The Black Bengal breed, native to Bangladesh, provides high-quality skin. The skin also used in Indonesia as rugs and native instrumental drum skin named bedug. // Long satin gloves Leather gloves A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a type of garment which covers the hand of a human. ... Mexican cowboy boots custom made for Harry S. Truman. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Accession to the Throne, June 20, 1837) gave her name to the historic era. ... Black Bengal is common name of a species of goat. ... The bedug (Javanese: bedhug) is one of the drums used in the Javanese gamelan. ...


Other parts of the goat are also equally useful. For instance, the intestine is used to make catgut, which is still the preferred material for internal human sutures. The horn of the goat, which signifies wellbeing (Cornucopia) is also used to make spoons etc.[9] Catgut is the name applied to cord of great toughness and tenacity prepared from the intestines of sheep/goat, or occasionally from those of the hog, horse, mule, pig, and donkey. ... It has been suggested that suture material be merged into this article or section. ... Cornucopia held by the Roman goddess Aequitas on the reverse of this antoninianus struck under Roman Emperor Claudius II. The cornucopia (Latin Cornu Copiae), literally Horn of Plenty and also known as the Harvest Cone, is a symbol of food and abundance dating back to the 5th century BC. In... A common silver spoon // A spoon of modern age is also called a james rhoades The English word spoon derives from Old English spōn, meaning chip or splinter of wood or horn carved from a larger piece, shaving, from a Proto-Germanic root spūnuz (cf. ...


Beast of burden

Rarely, goats will be used as light pack animals (in a similar manner to Llamas) or even to draw carts. Usually goats used for such purposes will be wethers. Binomial name Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid native to South America. ... Note: A cart may also be short for cartridge, particularly in the radio industry, where 8_track cartridges (and later CDs and zip drives) were used. ...


See the article on Ches McCartney, "America's Goatman" Charles Ches McCartney, also known as the Goat Man, was a widely-seen intinerant wanderer who traveled up and down the eastern United States from 1930 to 1968 in a ramshackle wagon pulled by a team of goats. ...


Goat breeds

Goat breeds fall into four categories, though there is some overlap among them; meaning that some are dual purpose.


Feral

San Clemente Island goats first arrived on San Clemente Island from Santa Catalina Island in 1875. ...

Dairy

* implies official recognition by the American Dairy Goat Association An Anglo-Nubian is a species of domestic goat. ... LaMancha is a type of goat noted for its lack of or much reduced external ears. ... The Nigerian Dwarf goat is a miniature dairy goat breed of West African ancestry, developed in the United States. ... The Nubian goat is a goat that originated in Africa. ... The Oberhasli is a goat from the eponymous district of the Canton of Berne (Switzerland). ... Rove can refer to: Rove McManus, Australian talk show host Rove Live, Australian talk show (hosted by Rove McManus) Karl Rove, United States political figure A breed of goat A type of washer (mechanical) Roving is a style of archery. ... Saanen goats. ... The Toggenburg is a breed of goats, named after the region in Switzerland where the breed originates, the Toggenburg valley. ... For other uses of the term, see goat (disambiguation). ... Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... The cabra majorera or Fuerteventura goat is a species of dairy goat native to the Canary Islands. ... Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ...


Fiber

The angora goat is a goat from the Angora region in Asia Minor, near present-day Ankara. ... After 25 years of selective breeding, the Australian Cashmere Goat has evolved into a distinctive breed of goat, far removed from its bush goat origins. ... Cashmere wool is wool obtained from the Cashmere goat and is also known as Pashmina. ... The Pygora goat, a cross between the pygmy goat and the angora goat, is a breed that produces beautiful cashmere fiber (wool or coat), but with the smaller size of the pygmy. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Meat

The Boer goat was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production. ... Background The Kiko goat was developed exclusively by Goatex Group LLC, a New Zealand corporation which has been solely responsible for the breeding of Kiko goats in New Zealand. ... A young pygmy goat as a family pet. ... Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. ...

Pet

A young pygmy goat as a family pet. ... The Australian miniature goat is a breed of goat created in 1995. ...

Skin

  • Black Bengal

Wild

Trinomial name Capra aegagrus creticus (Schinz, 1838) The Kri-kri (Capra aegagrus creticus), sometimes called the Cretan goat, Agrimi, or Cretan Ibex, is a subspecies of Wild Goat. ... Species Capra ibex Capra nubiana Capra pyrenaica Capra sibiria Capra walie See also Ibex (vehicle) ifor the specialist off-road vehicle, and the Ibex Valley. ... Binomial name Capra ibex Linnaeus, 1758 The Alpine Ibex or Capra Ibex (is commonly called by its German name, steinbock) is the species of Ibex that lives in the European Alps. ... Binomial name Capra nubiana F. Cuvier, 1825 The Nubian Ibex (Capra ibex nubiana) is a rocky desert dwelling goat antelope found in mountainous areas of Israel, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Egypt and Sudan. ... Binomial name Capra pyrenaica Schinz, 1838 The Iberian or Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica) is a type of ibex that had four subspecies. ... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ... Binomial name Capra falconeri (Wagner, 1839) The Markhor (Capra falconeri) is a goat-antelope found in sparse woodland in the Western Himalayas. ... Binomial name Capra caucasica Güldenstaedt and Pallas, 1783 The West Caucasian Tur (Capra caucasica) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the western half of the Caucasus Mountain range. ... Binomial name Capra cylindricornis Blyth, 1841 The East Caucasian Tur (Capra cylindricornis) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the eastern half of the Caucasus Mountains. ...

Showing

A goat with unusual horns
A goat with unusual horns

Goat breeders' clubs frequently hold shows, where goats are judged on traits relating to conformation, udder quality, evidence of high production/ longevity, build/muscling (meat goats and pet goats) and fiber production/fiber (fiber goats). People who show their goats usually keep registered stock and the offspring of award winning animals command a higher price. Registered goats, in general, are usually higher priced if for no other reason than that records have been kept proving their ancestry and the production and other data of their sires, dams, and other ancestors. A registered doe is usually less of a gamble than buying a doe at random (as at an auction or sale barn) because of these records and the reputation of the breeder. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1067x1600, 382 KB) A domestic goat with unusual horns. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1067x1600, 382 KB) A domestic goat with unusual horns. ... This article concerns Breeder, an occupation in agriculture, animal husbandry, or animal fancy. ... A show is a judged event or display in the hobby of animal fancy or in the occupation of animal husbandry. ... Conformation generally means structural arrangement. ... A cow udder with 4 teats An udder is the mammary organ of cattle and some other mammals, including goats and sheep. ...


Children's clubs such as 4-H also allow goats to be shown. Children's shows often include a showmanship class, where the cleanliness and presentation of both the animal and the exhibitor as well as the handler's ability and skill in handling the goat are scored. In a showmanship class, conformation is irrelevant since this is not what is being judged. 4-H in the United States is a youth organization in the United States administered by the Department of Agriculture Cooperative Extension System with the mission of empowering youth to reach their full potential, working and learning in partnership with caring adults. ... Showmanship is a dog competition. ...


Various Dairy Goat Scorecards (milking does) — are systems used for judging shows in the U.S. The American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA) scorecard for an adult doe is as follows:


General Appearance: 35 points (the doe should be strong in the feet, legs, and back, while showing good breed character and appropriate stature for her age and breed.)


Dairy Character: 20 points (the doe should be lean and angular, have ribs which are flexible but strong, and have smooth, pliable skin. These characteristics have been proven to result in high milk production.)


Body Capacity: 10 points (the doe should be large and strong with a wide, deep barrel).


Mammary System: 35 points (udder should be productive and very well attached so as to be held up high away from possible injury, teats should be of a good size and shape for easy milking).


In all the perfect dairy goat would score all 100 points, and this is the standard by which the goats are judged. Young stock and bucks are judged by different scorecards which place more emphasis on the other three categories; general appearance, body capacity, and dairy character.

  • The American Goat Society (AGS) has a similar, but not identical scorecard that is used in their shows. The miniature dairy goats may be judged by either of the two scorecards.

The Angora Goat scorecard used by the Colored Angora Goat Breeder's Association or CAGBA (which covers the white and the colored goats) is as follows:


Fleece- 70 points


Completeness of cover and Uniformity: 8 points (Fineness, length, type of lock and covering, adequate covering of mohair over the entire body, neither too much nor too little on the face).


Luster and Handle of Fleece: 8 points (Good, bright type of mohair, silky feeling)


Density and Yield: 8 points (Number of fibers per unit area, determined by the amount of skin exposed when the fleece is parted).


Fineness: 14 points (Finer mohair generally is more desirable, uniformity over entire fleece).


Character and Style: 6 points (Equivalent to one inch per month or more, uniform over entire body).


Freedom from Kemp: 10 points (Kemp fibers are large, opaque, "hairy" fibers most commonly found at the withers, along the spine and around the tail and britch.


Body- 50 points


Size and weight for age: 8 points (Minimum weight for yearling bucks-80 lbs, yearling does-60 lbs).


Constitution and Vigor: 8 points (Width and depth of chest, fullness of heartgirth and spring of ribs).


Conformation: 11 points (Width and depth of body, straightness of back, width of loin, straightness of legs).


Amount of bone: 8 points (Indicated by the size of the bone below the knees and hocks. Should be clean and in proportion to the size of the animal. Strength of feet and legs).


Angora Breed Type: 15 points (Indicated by head, horns, ears and topknot. Horns should be wide set and should spiral out and back. Wattles highly discouraged).


Physical Disqualifications- Disqualify the animal Deformed mouth, broken down pasturns, deformed feet, crooked legs, abnormalities of testicles, missing testicles, more than 3 inch split in scrotum, close set distorted horns, or roached back.


The perfect Angora goat would score a 120 on the total points. For more information visit the CAGBA site: *The Colored Angora Goat Breeder's Association.


Anatomy

Goats are ruminants. They have four stomachs consisting of the rumen, the reticulum, the omasum, and the abomasum. A ruminant is any hooved animal that digests its food in two steps, first by eating the raw material and regurgitating a semi-digested form known as cud, then eating the cud. ... The rumen, also known as the fardingbag or paunch forms the larger part of the reticulorumen, which is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals. ... Reticulum (Latin for reticle), is one of the minor southern (declination -60 degrees) constellations. ... The omasum, also known as the manyplies, is the third compartment of the stomach in ruminants. ...


Goats have horizontal slit-shaped pupils. The narrower the pupil, the more accurate the depth perception of peripheral vision is, so narrowing it in one direction would increase depth perception in that plane [3][4]. Animals with pupils like goats and sheep may have evolved horizontal pupils because better vision in the vertical plane may be beneficial in mountainous environments. [5]. The term pupil can also mean student. ... Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions. ... Peripheral vision is a part of vision that occurs outside the very center of gaze. ...


Some breeds of sheep and goats appear superficially similar, but goat tails point up, whereas sheep tails hang down (and hence may be docked). Docking is used as a term for the intentional removal of part of an animals tail or ears. ...


Gallery

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Bible

The Scapegoat by William Holman Hunt (1854).
The Scapegoat by William Holman Hunt (1854).

Goats are mentioned many times in the Bible. A goat was a considered a clean animal by Jewish dietary laws and was slaughtered for an honored guest. It was also acceptable for some kinds of sacrifices. Goat hair curtains were used in the tent that contained the tabernacle (Exodus 25.4). On Yom Kippur, the festival of the Day of Atonement, two goats were chosen and lots were drawn for them. One was sacrificed and the other allowed to escape into the wilderness, symbolically carrying with it the sins of the community. From this comes the word "scapegoat". A leader or king was sometimes compared to a male goat leading the flock. In the New Testament Jesus likened true followers of himself to sheep and false followers to goats. The Scapegoat, by William Holman Hunt, 1854. ... The Scapegoat, by William Holman Hunt, 1854. ... William Holman Hunt - Self-Portrait. ... The Bible is the collection of Religious text or books of Judaism and Christianity. ... The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Yom Kippur (IPA: ; Hebrew:יוֹם כִּפּוּר, IPA: ) is the Jewish holiday of the Day of Atonement. ... The Scapegoat by William Holman Hunt, 1854. ... John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


Popular culture

Frank the Goat
  • Three Billy Goats Gruff is a popular fairy tale originating from Scandinavia.
  • Frank the Goat is the mascot of LiveJournal.
  • Giles Goat-Boy is a 1966 novel by John Barth, dealing with a half-man half-goat George Giles, who believes himself to be the Savior.
  • "Grim and Frostbitten Moongoats of the North" is a song by the mock black metal band Impaled Northern Moonforest
  • 'Goat' is an album by the metal band Nunslaughter
  • "The Goat" is a spoken-word audio skit on the Adam Sandler album What the Hell Happened to Me?; he followed it up with "The Goat Song" on the album What's Your Name?
  • The phrase "get(s) [someone's] goat" means to be annoyed. For example, "Rush hour traffic really gets my goat." See [6], [7].
  • The Norwegian municipality of Vinje has a billy-goat in its coat-of-arms.
  • In American vernacular, a sports "goat" is an individual team member who contributes to losses by consistent poor play. Example: Charlie Brown of the Peanuts comic strip.
  • In the Phillip K. Dick novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep, bounty hunter Rick Deckard buys a female Nubian goat after retiring the first three andys on his list. Later on in the novel, Rachel Rosen takes revenge upon Deckard by pushing his goat off the ceiling and thus killing it.
  • The Italian resort island of Capri is named after the goats that used to be numerous there.

Image File history File links Summary Frank the goat, the mascot of LiveJournal. ... Image File history File links Summary Frank the goat, the mascot of LiveJournal. ... Three Billy Goats Gruff is a famous traditional fairy tale of Norwegian origin, in which three goats cross a bridge, under which is a fearsome troll who tries to prevent them from crossing it. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... LiveJournal logo LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. ... Giles Goat-Boy (or The Revised New Syllabus of George Giles our Grand Tutor) is an allegorical satirical postmodern novel written by John Barth. ... John Simmons Barth (born May 27, 1930) is an American novelist and short-story writer, known for the postmodernist and metafictive quality of his work. ... Adam Richard Sandler (born September 9, 1966) is an American comedian, producer, and musician. ... What the Hell Happened to Me? is a 1996 comedy album by Adam Sandler. ... Whats Your Name is a 1997 comedy album by Adam Sandler. ... County Telemark Landscape Vest-Telemark Municipality NO-0834 Administrative centre Vinje Mayor (2003) Arne Vinje (SV) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 12 3,106 km² 2,732 km² 0. ... Charles Charlie Brown (occasionally called Chuck by Peppermint Patty and when she first appeared, Marcie) is a character in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz. ... Capri (Italian pronunciation Cápri, usual English pronunciation Caprí) is an Italian island off the Sorrentine Peninsula. ...

References

  1. ^ Goats: Sustainable Production Overview
  2. ^ Goats as Pets
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Use of Goat Milk and Goat Meat as Therapeutic Aids in Cardiovascular Diseases by John R. Addrizzo
  5. ^ Meat Goat Production in North Carolina by Jean-Marie Luginbuhl - North Carolina State University
  6. ^ GOAT MEAT THE "NEW" LEAN MEAT
  7. ^ UF, FAMU WORK TO MAKE GOAT PART OF MAINSTREAM AMERICAN DIET Aug. 2, 2001
  8. ^ Goat — The Other Other White Meat
  9. ^ [2] , Goat Horn Spoon

North Carolina State University is a public, coeducational, extensive research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States. ...

See also

Species See text. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... A young pygmy goat as a family pet. ...

External links

  • Goat breeds
  • Goat resources

  Results from FactBites:
 
Goat (1569 words)
Goat skins were popularly used until the Middle Ages for water and wine bottles when traveling and camping and as parchment for writing in certain regions.
The goat is closely related to the sheep, but differs from it in that the tail is shorter and the hollow horns are long and directed upward, backward, and outward while those of the sheep are spirally twisted.
A common superstition in the Middle Ages was that goats whispered lewd sentences in the ears of the saints.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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