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Encyclopedia > Domenico Cimarosa

Domenico Cimarosa (December 17, 1749-January 11, 1801), Italian opera composer, was born at Aversa, in the kingdom of Naples. December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Naples panorama Naples (Italian Nàpoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα Πόλις - Néa Pólis - meaning New City; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of Campania Region and the Province of Naples. ...

Contents


Early life and education

His parents were poor, but anxious to give their son a good education. After moving to Naples, they sent him to a free school connected with one of the monasteries in that city. The organist of the monastery, Padre Polcano, was struck by the boy's intellect, and voluntarily instructed him in the elements of music, and also in the ancient and modern literature of his country. Because of his influence, Cimarosa obtained a scholarship at the musical institute of Santa Maria di Loreto, where he remained for eleven years, chiefly studying the great masters of the old Italian school. Niccola Piccinni, Antonio Maria Gaspare Sacchini, and other musicians of repute are mentioned amongst his teachers. Santa Maria di Loreto may refer to: A church in Rome; A musical institute in Naples, where Domenico Cimarosa studied. ... Niccolo Piccinni (January 16, 1728 - May 7, 1800) was an Italian composer of classical music. ... Antonio Maria Gaspare Sacchini (July 23, 1734 _ October 7?, 1786), Italian musical composer, was born at Pozzuoli. ...


Early career

At the age of twenty-three, Cimarosa began his career as a composer with an opera buffa called Le stravaganze del conte, first performed at the Teatro del Fiorentini at Naples in 1772. The work met with approval, and was followed in the same year by Le pazzie di Stelladaura e di Zoroastro, a farce full of humour and eccentricity. This work was also successful, and the fame of the young composer began to spread all over Italy. In 1774 he was invited to Rome to write an opera for the stagione of that year; and there he produced another comic opera called L'italiana in Londra. Opera buffa (comic opera), also known as Commedia per musica (musical comedy), or Dramma giocoso per musica (musical dramatic comedy), is a form of opera. ... Naples panorama Naples (Italian Nàpoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα Πόλις - Néa Pólis - meaning New City; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of Campania Region and the Province of Naples. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A farce is a comedy written for the stage, or a film, which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely and extravagant - yet often possible - situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication, which may include puns and sexual innuendo, and a fast-paced... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ...


Mid life

The next thirteen years of Cimarosa's life were not marked by any event worth mentioning. He wrote a number of operas for the various theatres of Italy, living temporarily in Rome, in Naples, or wherever else his vocation as a conductor of his works happened to take him. From 1784 to 1787 he lived in Florence, writing exclusively for the theatre of that city. The productions of this period of his life are very numerous, consisting of operas, both comic and serious, cantatas, and various sacred compositions. The following works may be mentioned, amongst many others: Cajo Mario; the three Biblical operas, Assalone, La giuditta and Il sacrificio d'Abramo; also Il convito di pietra; and La ballerina amante, a comic opera first performed at Venice with enormous success. 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ... Cantata (Italian for a song or story set to music), a vocal composition accompanied by instruments and generally containing more than one movement. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... Comic opera is a subcategory of opera, and denotes a sung dramatic work of a light or comic nature. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′N 12°19′E, population 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ...


Around the year 1788, Cimarosa went to St. Petersburg by invitation of the empress Catherine II. He remained at her court for four years and wrote an enormous number of compositions, mostly of the nature of pièces d'occasion. Of most of these not even the names are on record. In 1792 Cimarosa left St. Petersburg, and went to Vienna at the invitation of the Emperor Leopold II. Here he produced his masterpiece, Il matrimonio segreto, which ranks amongst the highest achievements of light operatic music. In 1793 Cimarosa returned to Naples, where Il matrimonio segreto and other works were received with great acclaim. Amongst the works belonging to his last stay in Naples may be mentioned the charming opera Le astuzie femminili. 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to her death on November 6, 1796. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (Vienna, May 5, 1747 – Vienna, March 1, 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand-duke of Tuscany. ... Il matrimonio segreto (The Secret Marriage) is an opera by Domenico Cimarosa. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


This period of his life is said to have been embittered by the intrigues of envious and hostile persons, amongst whom figured his old rival Giovanni Paisiello. During the occupation of Naples by the troops of the French Republic, Cimarosa joined the liberal party, and on the return of the Bourbons, was, like many of his political friends, condemned to death. By the intercession of influential admirers his sentence was commuted to banishment, and he left Naples with the intention of returning to St. Petersburg. But his health was broken, and after much suffering he died in Venice on the 11th of January 1801, of inflammation of the intestines. The nature of his disease led to the rumor of his having been poisoned by his enemies, which, however, a formal inquest proved to be unfounded. He worked till the last moment of his life, and one of his operas, Artemizia, remained unfinished at his death. Paisiello at the clavichord, by Elizabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun, 1791. ... This article or section should include material from France: Wars of Religion _ Bourbon Dynasty The House of Bourbon dates from at least the beginning of the 13th century, when the estate of Bourbon was ruled by a Lord, vassal of France. ... The intestine is the portion of the alimentary canal extending from the stomach to the anus and, in humans and mammals, consists of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine. ... An inquest is a formal process of state investigation. ...


Main works:

  • Le stravaganze del conte (carn.1772 Napoli F) [Le magie di Merlina e Zoroastro; Le pazzie di Stelladaura e Zoroastro]
  • La finta parigina (carn.1773 Napoli N)
  • I sdegni per amore (1.1776 Napoli N)
  • I matrimoni in ballo (carn.1776 Napoli N)
  • La frascatana nobile (win.1776 Napoli N) [La finta frascatana]
  • I tre amanti (carn.1777 Roma V) [Le gare degl'amanti]
  • Il fanatico per gli antiche romani (spr.1777 Napoli F)
  • L'Armida immaginaria (sum.1777 Napoli F)
  • Gli amanti comici, o sia La famiglia in scompiglio (1778? ?Napoli F; carn.1796 Crema) [Il matrimonio in commedia; La famiglia stravagante, ovvero Gli amanti comici]
  • Il ritorno di Don Calandrino (carn.1778 Roma V) [Armidoro e Laurina]
  • Le stravaganze d'amore (1778 Napoli F)
  • Il matrimonio per industria (1778? Napoli?) [?]
  • La contessina (sum.1778 Bologna) [?] [+ G. Astaritta, F.L. Gassmann]
  • Il matrimonio per raggiro (1778/9? Roma?; carn.1802 Roma V) [La donna bizzarra]
  • L'italiana in Londra (carn.1779 Roma V) [La virtù premiata]
  • L'infedeltà fedele (sum.1779 Napoli Fo)
  • Le donne rivali (carn.1780 Roma V) [et al.]
  • Cajo Mario (carn.1780 Roma D)
  • I finti nobili (carn.1780 Napoli F)
  • Il falegname (1780 Napoli F) [L'artista]
  • L'avviso ai maritati (1780? ?Napoli F) [?]
  • Il capriccio drammatico (1781? Torino?; 1794 London)
  • Il pittor parigino (carn.1781 Roma V) [Le brame deluse]
  • Alessandro nell'Indie (carn.1781 Roma A)
  • L'amante combattuto dalle donne di Punto (1781 Napoli F) [La biondolina; La giardiniera fortunata]
  • Giunio Bruto (aut.1781 Verona)
  • Giannina e Bernardone (aut.1781 Venezia SS) [Il villano geloso]
  • Il convito (carn.1782 Venezia SS) [Der Schmaus]
  • L'amor costante (carn.1782 Roma V) [Giulietta ed Armidoro]
  • L'eroe cinese (13.8.1782 Napoli SC)
  • La ballerina amante (1782 Napoli F) [L'amante ridicolo]
  • La Circe (carn.1783 Milano S)
  • I due baroni di Rocca Azzurra (carn.1783 Roma V) [Dve nevesty; I due baroni; La sposa in contrasto; Il barone deluso]
  • La villana riconosciuta (1783 Napoli Fo) [La villanella rapita]
  • Oreste (13.8.1783 Napoli SC)
  • Chi dell'altrui si veste presto si spoglia (1783 Napoli F) [Nina e Martuffo]
  • Il vecchio burlato (1783 Venezia) [?]
  • I matrimoni impensati (carn.1784 Roma V) [La bella greca]
  • L'apparenza inganna, o sia La villeggiatura (spr.1784 Napoli F)
  • La vanità delusa (spr.1784 Firenze P) [Il mercato di Malmantile]
  • L'Olimpiade (10.7.1784 Vicenza)
  • I due supposti conti, ossia Lo sposo senza moglie (aut.1784 Milano S) [Lo sposo ridicolo]
  • Artaserse (26.12.1784 Torino TR)
  • Il barone burlato (1784 Napoli N) [rev. Il pittor parigino] [+ F. Cipolla]
  • Li finti conti (spr.1785 Torino, Gallo-Ughetti) [?]
  • I fratelli papamosche (spr.1785 Torino, Gallo-Ughetti) [?]
  • Le statue parlante (1785 Correggio) [?]
  • Il marito disperato (1785 Napoli F) [Il marito geloso; Die bestrafte Eifersucht]
  • La donna sempre al suo peggior s'appiglia (1785 Napoli N)
  • Il credulo (carn.1786 Napoli N) [La baronessa stramba; Il credulo deluso]
  • Le trame deluse (1786 Napoli N) [L'amor contrastato; Li raggiri scoperti]
  • L'impresario in angustie (1786 Napoli N) [Die theatralischen Abenteuer]
  • La baronessa stramba (1786 Napoli N) [rev. I matrimoni in ballo] [Il credulo]
  • Gli amanti alla prova (1786 Napoli) [?]
  • L'impostore punito (1786/7 Torino C) [?]
  • Volodimiro (carn.1787 Torino TR)
  • Il fanatico burlato (1787 Napoli Fo) [La burla felice; Der adelsüchtige Bürger]
  • La felicità inaspettata (3.1788 St Peterburg E)
  • La vergine del sole (1788? ?St Peterburg E; 6.11.1789 St Peterburg BK)
  • La scuffiara (1788) [?]
  • La Cleopatra (8.10.1789 St Peterburg E) [Cleopatra e Marc'Antonio]
  • Il matrimonio segreto (7.2.1792 Wien B)
  • Sophie et Dorval () [rev. Il matrimonio segreto]
  • Il matrimonio per susurro () [?]
  • La calamità dei cuori (1792/3 Wien B) [?]
  • Contrattempi (1793 Bonn) [?]
  • Amor rende sagace (1.4.1793 Wien B)
  • I traci amanti (19.6.1793 Napoli N) [Il padre alla moda, ossia Lo Sbarco di Mustanzir Bassà; Gli turchi amanti; Les amants turcs]
  • Le astuzie femminili (26.8.1794 Napoli F)
  • La pupilla astuta (1794 Napoli Fo) [?]
  • La serva innamorata (1794 Napoli F) [?]
  • Penelope (carn.1795 Napoli Fo)
  • Le nozze in garbuglio (1795 Messina)
  • L'impegno superato (1795 Napoli Fo)
  • La finta ammalata (1796 Lisboa)
  • I nemici generosi (carn.1796 Roma V) [Il duello per complimento]
  • Gli Orazi ed i Curiazi (carn.1797 Venezia F)
  • La morte di Assalonne (? Firenze, Oratorio) [rev. Gli Orazi ed i Curiazi]
  • Achille all'assedio di Troja (carn.1797 Roma A)
  • L'imprudente fortunato (carn.1797 Roma V)
  • Artemisia regina di Caria (sum.1797 Napoli SC)
  • Attilio Regolo (carn.1797 Reggio) [?]
  • Le nozze di Lauretta (1797? Torino) [?]
  • L'apprensivo raggirato (1798 Napoli F)
  • Il secreto (aut.1798 Torino C)
  • Semiramide (1799 Napoli F) [?]
  • Il conte di bell'amore () [?]
  • L'arte contro l'arte (carn.1800 Alexandria) [?]
  • Artemisia (carn.1801 Venezia F)
  • Il nuovo podestà (spr.1802 Bologna) [?]
  • Tiro Vespasiano (1821 Lisboa) [?]
  • La discordia fortunata () [?]
  • L'ajo nell'imbarazzo () [?]
  • Le donne vendicate () [?]
  • Il cavalier del dente () [?]
  • La Molinara (inc) [?]

Il matrimonio segreto (The Secret Marriage) is an opera by Domenico Cimarosa. ...

Reference

Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Domenico Cimarosa (1749-1801) (2677 words)
Cimarosa was a rather unlikely person to become a prominent European composer since there were no other musicians in his family and since he was born into poor circumstances in which musical culture was not nurtured within the home.
Domenico Cimarosa was the son of a stone mason and was born on December 17, 1749 in the small town of Aversa, a village near Naples, Italy.
Cimarosa, in sympathy with their cause, composed a patriotic hymn to a text by Luigi Rossi which was sung on 19 May at the ceremonial burning of the royal flag.
Domenico Cimarosa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1263 words)
Domenico Cimarosa (December 17, 1749-January 11, 1801), Italian opera composer, was born at Aversa, in the kingdom of Naples.
The organist of the monastery, Padre Polcano, was struck by the boy's intellect, and voluntarily instructed him in the elements of music, and also in the ancient and modern literature of his country.
During the occupation of Naples by the troops of the French Republic, Cimarosa joined the liberal party, and on the return of the Bourbons, was, like many of his political friends, condemned to death.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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