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Encyclopedia > Dolley Madison
Madison in 1818
Madison in 1818

Dorothea Dandridge Payne Todd "Dolley" Madison (May 20, 1768July 12, 1849) was the wife of the 4th President of the United States, James Madison, and was First Lady of the United States from 1809 to 1817. She also occasionally acted as what is now described as First Lady of the United States during the administration of Thomas Jefferson, fulfilling the ceremonial functions more usually associated with the President's wife, since Jefferson was a widower.[1] It is disputed as to whether her true name is Dorothea, Dorothy, or Dolley and her name has been widely misspelled as "Dolly". For other persons named James Madison, see James Madison (disambiguation). ... Biography Dolly Madison created ice cream. ... Dolley Madison Edited (cropped); original from Library of Congress website. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... For other persons named James Madison, see James Madison (disambiguation). ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ...

Contents

Early life

She was born in New Garden, a Quaker community located in the area now known as Guilford County, North Carolina, on May 20, 1768. There is now a street in Greensboro, NC named after her where she used to live. Her father was John Payne, a not-too-successful farmer and erstwhile starch manufacturer, and her mother was Mary Coles.[2] Other accounts suggest she was born in the village of Payne's Tavern in Person County, North Carolina. Dolley Madison was born while her parents were in North Carolina, visiting her maternal grandparents.[3] She had four brothers and three younger sisters.[4] The Payne family lived in Hanover County, Virginia, where they were planters.[4] Quaker redirects here. ... Guilford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Person County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Hanover County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ...


Dolley Madison was influenced by momentous events during her childhood, including the Boston Massacre, Boston Tea Party, Declaration of Independence, and suffering at Valley Forge.[5] In July 1783, John Payne freed his slaves and moved the family to Philadelphia to allow better educational opportunities for the children and to be more closely associated with their Quaker roots. Dolley spent her teenage years in Philadelphia, and attended Salem Academy in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Engraving by Paul Revere The Boston Massacre refers to an incident involving the deaths of five civilians at the hands of British troops on March 5, 1770, the legal aftermath of which helped spark the rebellion in some of the British colonies in America which culminated in the American Revolution. ... This article is about a 1773 American protest. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... This article is about the American Revolutionary War winter encampment. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: slave Slave may refer to: Slavery, where people are owned by others, and live to serve their owners without pay Slave (BDSM), a form of sexual and consenual submission Slave clock, in technology, a clock or timer that synchrnonizes to a master clock... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Salem Academy is a private, residential, all-girls high school founded in 1772 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. ... Nickname: Motto: Youre Something Special in Winston-Salem Location in North Carolina Coordinates: , Country State Counties Forsyth County Founded Consolidated 1766 Salem 1849 Winston 1913 Government  - Mayor Allen Joines (D) Area  - City  132. ...


First marriage

A rare photograph of Dolley Madison
A rare photograph of Dolley Madison

On January 7, 1790, in Philadelphia, she married John Todd, Jr. , (1764-1793), a lawyer who was instrumental in keeping her father out of bankruptcy and who found Mary Payne a position as the manager of a boarding house. The couple had two sons, John Payne (February 29, 1792-1852) and William Temple (b./d. 1793). In 1793, a yellow fever epidemic broke out in Philadelphia. Her husband removed Dolley and John Payne out of the city to safety, while he returned to attend to the sick including his parents. John Todd and his parents soon died, however. [6] Their youngest son, William Temple Todd, also died in 1793 from yellow fever.[7] Dolley and her other son, John Payne, were both also afflicted with yellow fever, but recovered. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (529x751, 134 KB) http://hdl. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (529x751, 134 KB) http://hdl. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... In epidemiology, an epidemic (from [[Latin language] epi- upon + demos people) is a disease that appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is expected, based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during...


Marriage to James Madison

In 1794, after returning to Philadelphia, her friend Aaron Burr, who was a frequent guest at the boarding house managed by Mary Payne, introduced her to James Madison. On September 14, 1794, Dolley Todd married James Madison, who was seventeen years older. The location of the wedding was a Virginia plantation owned by the bride's brother-in-law George Steptoe Washington, a nephew of the first president of the United States. The Madisons had no children but raised Dolley's son from her first marriage, John Payne Todd, whom they called Payne. Unfortunately, the child grew into a profligate young man addicted to gambling, a habit that resulted in his mother's eventual impoverishment. This article discusses Aaron Burr (1756-1836), the American politician. ... For other persons named James Madison, see James Madison (disambiguation). ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about crop plantations. ...


First Ladyship, hostessing, and politics

During her husband's political life, Dolley Madison was noted as a gracious hostess, whose sassy, ebullient personality, love of feathered turbans, and passion for snuff (tobacco) seemed at odds with her Quaker upbringing. However, probably her most lasting achievement was her rescue of valuable treasures, including state papers and a Gilbert Stuart painting of President George Washington, from the White House before it was burned by the British army in 1814 during the War of 1812. She could not simply pull it off the wall; the frame was screwed onto the wall and she had a caretaker cut the painting out of the frame. Four tins of dipping tobacco: Skoal Straight, Skoal Long Cut Mint, Copenhagen Straight, and Copenhagen Long Cut. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Self portrait, 1778 Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ...


According to Margaret Truman's book, "First Ladies," Dolley Madison was enraged at how American soldiers fled rather than fought the oncoming British, and even slept with a sabre near her bedside should a British soldier show up in the middle of the night. Mary Margaret Truman–Daniel (born February 17, 1924 in Independence, Missouri) is an American writer and the author of biographies, books on the White House and several best-selling mystery novels. ...


Dolley Madison remained a popular figure in Washington, D.C. long after her husband's presidency ended, and was the only private citizen (much less a woman) to be allowed to sit in on Congress, on the congressional floor, while it was in session.


Dolley died in her home in Washington D.C., July 12, 1849 at the age of 81.


Portrait on currency

The First Spouse Program under the Presidential $1 Coin Act authorizes the United States Mint to issue 1/2 ounce $10 gold coins to honor the spouses of Presidents of the United States. Dolley Madison's coin (below, right) was released on November 18, 2007. Earlier, the Mint had issued a commemorative coin (below, left) in 1999 bearing her likeness. Reverse of Presidential dollar coin The Presidential $1 Coin Program is part of an Act of Congress, Pub. ... Reverse of Presidential dollar coin The Presidential $1 Coin Program is part of an Act of Congress, Pub. ... Seal of the U.S. Mint Denver United States mint building The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ...

References

  1. ^ Catherine Allgor, A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation (New York: Henry Holy & Co., 2006), 43
  2. ^ Ancestors of Dorothea Dandridge PAYNE
  3. ^ Cutts, J. Madison (1900). "Dolly Madison". Records of the Columbia Historical Society 3: p. 28. 
  4. ^ a b Cutts, J. Madison (1900). "Dolly Madison". Records of the Columbia Historical Society 3: p. 29. 
  5. ^ Cutts, J. Madison (1900). "Dolly Madison". Records of the Columbia Historical Society 3: p. 31-33. 
  6. ^ Biographical introduction
  7. ^ Cutts, J. Madison (1900). "Dolly Madison". Records of the Columbia Historical Society 3: p. 37. 

Further reading

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • The Dolley Madison Project - The life, legacy, and letters of Dolley Payne Madison
  • The Dolley Madison Digital Edition - The online correspondence of Dolley Payne Madison
  • Dolley Madison Letters - Digitized collection of letters from Dolley Madison - no login required
  • Allgor, Catherine, Parlor Politics: In Which the Ladies of Washington Help Build a City and a Government. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2000.
  • Allgor, Catherine, A Perfect Union: Dolley Madison and the Creation of the American Nation. New York: Henry Holt, 2005.
  • Arnett, Ethel Stephens, Mrs. James Madison; the incomparable Dolley. Greensboro, N.C.: Piedmont Press, 1972.
  • Zall, Paul M, Dolley Madison. Huntington, NY: Nova History Publications, 2001.
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Martha Jefferson Randolph
First Lady of the United States
1809–1817
Succeeded by
Elizabeth Kortright Monroe
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  Results from FactBites:
 
The Fourth First Lady – Dolley Madison - History (625 words)
Dolley Payne was born in North Carolina in 1768 to John and Mary Payne.
Dolley was a warm, charming, and gracious hostess as she served in the difficult new city of Washington.
Dolley Madison’s grace and vivaciousness once again served her well as the performed her duties as wife of a head of state.
The White House Historical Association > Classroom (1540 words)
Madison prior to her hasty escape, the circumstances under which the painting and other national valuables were saved are described in detail.
Dolley Madison's rescue of George Washington's portrait secured her place as a legendary figure in American history, although she had made a name for herself in many other ways.
Although Dolley Madison fled the White House only hours earlier, taking with her state papers, important pieces of silver and the ultimate symbol of the country, the full length portrait of George Washington, she had expected to serve dinner to 40 military and cabinet officers accompanied by her husband.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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