FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Dollar sign
$
v  d  e

Punctuation Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... Cifrão on 2. ... $, the dollar sign, is primarily used to represent currencies: Many different dollars Many different pesos Different escudos The Brazilian real The Tongan paanga The Nicaraguan córdoba $ may also be: $ (film), also known as Dollars A sigil (computer programming) ·$ is a colour code for MSN Messenger. ... Emoticons originated with text representations. ... The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ...

apostrophe ( ' )
brackets (( )), ([ ]), ({ }), (< >)
colon ( : )
comma ( , )
dashes ( , , , )
ellipsis ( , ... )
exclamation mark ( ! )
full stop/period ( . )
guillemets ( « » )
hyphen ( -, )
question mark ( ? )
quotation marks ( ‘ ’, “ ” )
semicolon ( ; )
slash/stroke ( / )
solidus ( )
For the prime symbol (′) used for feet and inches, see Prime (symbol). ... For technical reasons, :) and some similar combinations starting with : redirect here. ... This article is about colons in punctuation. ... For other uses, see Comma. ... For other uses, see Dash (disambiguation). ... This article is about the punctuation symbol. ... an exclamation mark An exclamation mark, exclamation point or bang, !, is usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feeling. ... A full stop or period (sometimes stop, full point, decimal point, or dot), is the punctuation mark commonly placed at the end of several different types of sentences in English and many other languages. ... Guillemets, also called angle quotes, are line segments, pointed as if arrows (« or »), sometimes forming a complementary set of punctuation marks used as a form of quotation mark. ... This article is about the punctuation mark. ... ? redirects here. ... Quotation marks or inverted commas (also called quotes and speech marks) are punctuation marks used in pairs to set off speech, a quotation, a phrase or a word. ... A semicolon (  ;  ) is a punctuation mark. ... Due to technical limitations, /. redirects here. ... A solidus, oblique or slash, /, is a punctuation mark. ...

Interword separation

spaces ( ) ( ) ( )
interpunct ( · )
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A space is a punctuation convention for providing interword separation in some scripts, including the Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, and Arabic. ... An interpunct · is a small dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script, being perhaps the first consistent visual representation of word boundaries in written language. ...

General typography

ampersand ( & )
at sign ( @ )
asterisk ( * )
backslash ( )
bullet ( )
caret ( ^ )
currency ( ¤ ) ¢, $, , £, ¥, ,
dagger/obelisk ( ) ( )
degree ( ° )
inverted exclamation point ( ¡ )
inverted question mark ( ¿ )
not sign ( ¬ )
number sign ( # )
numero sign ( )
percent and related signs
( %, ‰, )
pilcrow ( )
prime ( )
section sign ( § )
tilde/swung dash ( ~ )
umlaut/diaeresis ( ¨ )
underscore/understrike ( _ )
vertical/pipe/broken bar ( |, ¦ )
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... An ampersand (&), also commonly called an and sign is a logogram representing the conjunction and. ... @ redirects here. ... This article is about the typographical symbol. ... The backslash ( ) is a typographical mark (glyph) used chiefly in computing. ... In typography, a bullet is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list, like below, also known as the point of a bullet: This is the text of a list item. ... For other uses, see Caret (disambiguation). ... ¢ c A United States cent, or 1¢ or a penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals 1/100 of various countries basic monetary units. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... Â¥ Â¥9 Chinese price sticker Â¥ is a currency sign used for the following currencies: Chinese yuan (CNY) Japanese yen (JPY) The base unit of the two currencies above share the same Chinese character (圓/å…ƒ/円), pronounced yuan in Mandarin Chinese and en in Standard Japanese. ... â‚© The won sign (â‚©) is a symbol that is used for the currencies: North Korean won South Korean won Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop Categories: | ... ₪ ₪ is a currency sign that is used for the Israeli new sheqel currency which replaced the Israeli sheqel in 1985. ... Everyone please stop nitpicking on the use of daggers in theoldnewthing blog! This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article describes the typographical or mathematical symbol. ... Negation, in its most basic sense, changes the truth value of a statement to its opposite. ... Number sign is one name for the symbol #, and is the preferred Unicode name for the codepoint represented by that glyph. ... The Numero sign (U+2116) or Number sign is used in many languages to indicate ordinal numbering, especially in names and titles, rather than the US-derived number sign, #. For example, instead of Number 4 Privet Drive or #4 Privet Drive, one could write â„– 4 Privet Drive. The symbol is... The percent sign (%) is the symbol used to indicate a percentage (that the preceding number is divided by one hundred). ... A pilcrow from the font Gentium, designed by J. Victor Gaultney, 2002. ... This article is not about the symbol for the set of prime numbers, â„™. The prime (′, Unicode U+2032, &prime;) is a symbol with many mathematical uses: A complement in set theory: A′ is the complement of the set A A point related to another (e. ... The section sign (§; Unicode U+00A7, HTML entity &sect;) is a typographical character used mainly to refer to a particular section of a document, such as a legal code. ... For the baseball player known as the Big Tilde, see Magglio Ordóñez. ... The umlaut mark (or simply umlaut) and the trema or diaeresis mark (or simply diaeresis) are two diacritics consisting of a pair of dots placed over a letter. ... The underscore _ is the character with ASCII value 95. ... The symbol (|) has various names that refer to differing, yet sometimes related semantics: One of the more popular names is the Sheffer stroke, though often referred to as a pipe (by the Unix community) and Vertical bar, verti-bar, vertical line or divider line by others. ...

Uncommon typography

asterism ( )
index/fist ( )
therefore sign ( )
interrobang ( )
irony mark ( ؟ )
reference mark ( )
sarcasm mark
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... In typography, an asterism is a rare symbol consisting of three asterisks placed in a triangle, used to call attention to a passage or to separate sub-chapters in a book. ... The symbol ☞ is a rare punctuation mark, called an index or fist. ...   In a mathematical proof, the therefore sign is a symbol that is sometimes placed before a logical consequence, such as the conclusion of a syllogism. ... For other uses, see Interrobang (disambiguation). ... The irony mark or irony point (ØŸ) (French: point d’ironie; also called a snark or zing) is a punctuation mark that purports to indicate that a sentence should be understood at a second level. ... This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji. ... A sarcasm mark, also called a sarcasm point, helps the reader identify certain messages as being derogatory or ironic. ...

The dollar sign or peso sign ($) is a symbol primarily used to indicate a unit of currency.

Contents

History

The sign is attested in business correspondence between British North America and Mexico in the 1770s, as referring to the Spanish-Mexican peso.[1] The piastre was known as "Spanish dollar" in British North America, and in 1785, it was adopted as U.S. currency, together with both the term "dollar" and the $ sign. Interestingly, the first instance of the symbol on U.S.A. currency is on the reverse of a $1 coin first issued in February 2007, under the Presidential $1 Coin Act of 2005.[2] In economics, a business (also called firm or enterprise) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers or corporate entities such as governments, charities or other businesses. ... British North America consisted of the loyalist colonies and territories (i. ... Events and Trends For more events, see 18th century United States Declaration of Independence ratified by the Continental Congress (July 4, 1776). ... The peso is a unit of currency. ... A 100 piastre note from French Indochina, circa 1954. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... North American redirects here. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the type of currency, for the U.S. Dollar see United States dollar. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see February (disambiguation). ... The Presidential $1 Coin Program (Public Law 109-145; 119 Stat. ...


The sign's ultimate origins are not certain,[3] though it is widely accepted that it comes from the Spanish coat of arms, which carries the two Pillars of Hercules and the motto Plus Ultra in the shape of an "S". Coat of Arms of Spain (Official model) The current Coat of arms of Spain was approved by law [1] in 1981, when the present established replaced the interim version which, in turn, replaced the official arms of Francoist Spain. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ...


Spanish Coat of Arms

The Pillars of Hercules with "S"-shaped ribbon in the Town Hall of Seville, (Spain) (16th century)
The Pillars of Hercules with "S"-shaped ribbon in the Town Hall of Seville, (Spain) (16th century)

The most widely accepted explanation is that the dollar sign derives from the Spanish coat of arms engraved on the Spanish colonial silver coins "Real de a Ocho" ("piece of eight") or Spanish dollar under circulation in the Spanish colonies of America and Asia, as well as in the English Thirteen Colonies and later the U.S. and Canada. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 567 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1053 × 1113 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 567 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1053 × 1113 pixel, file size: 2. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...


The Spanish coat of arms has two columns (||), which represent the Pillars of Hercules and an "S"-shaped ribbon around each, with the motto "Non Plus Ultra" originally, and later "Plus Ultra".[4] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1492, King Ferdinand II of Aragon put Gibraltar under the new joined rule of the Spanish throne. He adopted the symbol of the Pillars of Hercules and added the Latin phrase Non plus ultra – meaning "and nothing further", indicating "[this is] the end of the (known) world". But as Christopher Columbus in 1492 travelled to the Americas, the saying was changed to Plus Ultra – as there was more out there.[5] This symbol was especially adopted by Charles V and was a part of his coat of arms as a symbol of his American possessions and riches. When the Spanish conquistadores found gold and silver in the New World, Charles V's symbol was stamped on the coins made from these metals. These coins with the Pillars of Hercules over two hemispheres (columnarios) were spread around America and Europe, and the symbol was ultimately adopted by the country that became the United States and by many of the continent's other independent nations. Later on, salesmen wrote signs that, instead of saying dollar, had this handwritten symbol, and in turn this developed to the simple S with two vertical bars. Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ferdinand V of Castile & II of Aragon the Catholic (Spanish: , Catalan: , Aragonese: ; March 10, 1452 – January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479–1516), Castile, Sicily (1468–1516), Naples (1504–1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... The thrones for The Queen of Canada, and the Duke of Edinburgh (back) in the Canadian Senate, Ottawa are usually occupied by the Governor General and his/her spouse at the annual State Opening of Parliament. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere historically considered to consist of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Coat of Arms of Spain Plus Ultra (Latin for further beyond, more beyond or yet beyond) is the national motto of Spain and a number of other institutions including Jurong Junior College in Singapore,Malden Catholic High School in Massachusetts, Newstead Girls College, the oldest existing public school in Sri... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... This article is about monetary coins. ... For other uses, see Sphere (disambiguation). ... Columnarios are silver coins that were minted by Spain from 1732 to 1773 throughout their new colonies in present-day Latin America. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Penmanship is the art of writing clearly and quickly. ...

The Pillars of Hercules around the modern coat of arms of Spain.
The Pillars of Hercules around the modern coat of arms of Spain.

There is also another explanation that makes the sign derive from where "$" is a corruption of the letters "PS" or PS, used as an abbreviation for pesos.[6][7] Image File history File links Escudo_de_España. ... Image File history File links Escudo_de_España. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The peso is a unit of currency. ...


Alternative origin hypotheses

There are a number of alternative origin theories, with several degrees of verifiability and academic acceptance.


From 'US'

That $ is a monogram of U and S (United States AKA Uncle Sam), which was used as a mark on money bags issued by the United States Mint. The letters U and S superimposed resemble the historical double stroke "$" sign: the bottom of the 'U' disappears into the bottom curve of the 'S', leaving two vertical lines. This double-stroke dollar sign has been used to refer to the U.S. currency. Thus, the one-stroke design may have been modified from the double-stroke design to represent United States currency. This idea was largely popularized by the novel Atlas Shrugged by philosopher Ayn Rand[citation needed]. It does not consider the fact that the symbol was already in use in the time of the British Colonies, when the term 'United States' did not exist yet. The Chi-Rho, a monogram of the first two letters in the Greek word for Christ E and L embroider for clothes and bedding, for a wife by the initials E L or L E A monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or... This article is about the national personification of the USA. For other uses, see Uncle Sam (disambiguation). ... Seal of the U.S. Mint Denver United States mint building The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... For the film, see Atlas Shrugged (film). ... Ayn Rand (IPA: , February 2 [O.S. January 20] 1905 – March 6, 1982), born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum (Russian: ), was a Russian-born American novelist and philosopher. ...


From a symbol used on the Roman sestertius

That the dollar sign goes back to the most important Roman coin, the Sestertius, which had the letters 'HS' as its currency sign. When superimposed, these letters form a dollar sign with two vertical strokes (the horizontal line of the 'H' merging into the 'S'). This explanation is widely discarded, in spite of the tendency of neo-classic Roman Republic influences in styles evident in other early US government designs, such as the Capitol and Senate buildings. The sestertius was an ancient Roman coin. ... This article is about the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For the state which existed in the 18th century, see Roman Republic (18th century). ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the seat of government for the United States Congress, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States...


The two pillars in the temple of Solomon

That the two vertical lines represent the two cult pillars Boaz and Jachin in the original Temple of Solomon at Jerusalem. This is based on the idea that Masonic symbols, such as the All Seeing Eye of God, appear on U.S. currency; however, they did not in 1785. Boaz and Jachin were the name of the two pillars that stood on the eastern porch of Solomons Temple, the first temple in Jerusalem (1 Kings 7:21; 2 Kings 11:14; 23:3). ... Solomons Temple was the first Jewish temple in Jerusalem which functioned as a religious focal point for worship and the sacrifices known as the korbanot in ancient Judaism. ... Freemasons redirects here. ... The Eye of Providence floating above an unfinished pyramid on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States. ...


From a sign used on the German Thaler

That it derives from the symbol used on a German Thaler. According to Ovason (2004), on one type of thaler, one side showed the crucified Christ, and the other side showed a serpent hanging from a cross, and near the serpent's head the letters NU, and on the other side of the cross the number 21. This refers to the Bible, Numbers, chapter 21 (see Nehushtan). Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ... Icon of Christ in a Greek Orthodox church This page is about the title, office or what is known in Christian theology as the Divine Person. ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... Moses lifts up the brass snake, curing the Isrealites from Snake Bites. ...


Unit of Silver

The dollar symbol was in use in colonial times before the American Revolution. Prices were often quoted in units of silver, as the Spanish "piece of eight" was in common use for payment of goods and services. When a price was quoted the capital 'S' was used to indicate silver with a capital 'U' written on top to indicate units. Eventually, the capital 'U' was replaced by double vertical hash marks.


Other theories

Another possibility is that it derives from the British notation 8/ for eight shillings, referring to the Spanish 8 reales coin ("piece of eight"), which later became the USA dollar. Others derive it from the Portuguese Cifrão sign mathrm{S}!!!Vert.[8] This article is about coinage. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, heavy, or pound) is a silver coin which was minted in Spain after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... Cifrão on 2. ...

Image of 1768 Spanish Colonial Real silver coin, showing PTSI ($) mint mark in lower right quadrant. It also shows the columns around the hemispheres (this time displayed one at the side of the other).
Image of 1768 Spanish Colonial Real silver coin, showing PTSI ($) mint mark in lower right quadrant. It also shows the columns around the hemispheres (this time displayed one at the side of the other).

A common explanation is that the symbol is derived from the numeral eight with a slash through it denoting "pieces of eight". The Oxford English Dictionary prior to 1963 held that this was the most probable explanation, though later editions have placed it in doubt. Image File history File linksMetadata Potosi_Real. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Potosi_Real. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ...


Still another explanation holds that the dollar sign is derived from (or at least inspired by) the mint mark on Spanish colonial silver coins ("real" or "piece of eight") that were minted in Potosí (in present day Bolivia). The mint mark was composed of the letters "PTSI" superimposed on one another, and bears an undeniable resemblance to the single-stroke dollar sign (see picture). The Potosí mine is generally accepted as having been the largest single silver strike in history. Silver coins minted in Potosí would have been in common use in colonial America, and its mint mark widely recognized. Poorly documented explanations sustains that the symbol represents an snake, guarding a bag, and that it was used in Tironian notes. A mint mark is an inscription on a coin indicating the mint at which the coin was produced. ... The real was a unit of currency in Spain for several centuries. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... Potosí is a city, the capital of the department of Potosí in Bolivia. ... A nugget of silver Silver mining refers to the resource extraction of the precious metal element silver, mostly through mines. ... Tironian notes (notae Tironianae) is a system of shorthand invented by Ciceros scribe Marcus Tullius Tiro. ...


However, the dollar sign may have also originated from the Greek God of bankers, thieves, messengers, and tricksters: Hermes. Besides the crane, one of his symbols was a peeled hasel stick from which white ribbons dangled. Foolish people often mistook these for snakes. So, the vertical line (|) may be the hasel stick and the S may be the ribbons. Greek mythological characters (Most of the gods and goddesses had Roman equivalents. ... For other uses, see Hermes (disambiguation). ... Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. ...


First cast dollar symbol

According to a plaque in the burgh of St Andrews in Scotland, the first dollar symbol was cast in a type-foundry in Philadelphia in 1797 that belonged to Scottish immigrant John Baine. John Baine had lodged in a house in South Street in St Andrews with Alexander Wilson, the father of Scottish type-founding. A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... For other uses, see St Andrews (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Attila the Stockbroker (born John Baine, October 12, 1957 in Southwick, West Sussex, England) is a punk poet, folk punk musician and songwriter. ... Alexander Wilson (1714–1786) was a Scottish type-maker and punch-cutter. ...

The plaque on the bookshop on the corner of South Street and Church Street in St Andrews.
The plaque on the bookshop on the corner of South Street and Church Street in St Andrews.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 711 KB) [edit] Summary Plaque in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland reading: Here stood the house of Bailie Bell, who, before 1744, was an eager co-worker with Alexander Wilson, the father of Scottish type-founder, and John Baine, in whose... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 711 KB) [edit] Summary Plaque in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland reading: Here stood the house of Bailie Bell, who, before 1744, was an eager co-worker with Alexander Wilson, the father of Scottish type-founder, and John Baine, in whose...

Use in computer programming

As the dollar sign is one of the few symbols that is on the one hand almost universally present in computer character sets, but on the other hand rarely needed in its literal meaning within programming languages, the $ character has been used on computers for many purposes not related to money, including: A character encoding is a code that pairs a set of characters (such as an alphabet or syllabary) with a set of something else, such as numbers or electrical pulses. ... This article is about the machine. ...

  • $ was used as a string terminator in CP/M and subsequently also in all versions of 86-DOS, PC-DOS, MS-DOS and derivatives (Int 21h with AH=09h)
  • $ signifies the end of a line or the file in text editors ed, ex, vi and derivatives, and consequently:
  • $ matches the end of a line or string in sed, grep, and POSIX and Perl regular expressions.
  • $ was used to define string variables in older versions of the BASIC programming language ("$" was often pronounced "string" instead of "dollar" in this use).
  • $ is used to define hexadecimal constants in Pascal-like languages such as Delphi, as well as in certain variants of assembly language.
  • $ is used to define variables in the PHP programming language and scalar variables in the Perl programming language (see Sigil (computer programming)).
  • In the AutoIt automation script language, any variable is required to have a $ at the beginning of its name.
  • In most shell scripting languages, $ is used to interpolate environment variables, special variables, arithmetic computations and special characters, and to perform translation of localised strings.
  • In UNIX-like systems the $ is often part of the command prompt, depending on the user's shell and environment settings. For example, the default environment settings for the bash shell specify $ as part of the command prompt.
  • $ is used in the TeX typesetting language to delimit mathematical regions.
  • $ is used by the prompt command in DOS to insert special sequences into the DOS command prompt string.
  • Formulas in Microsoft Excel and other spreadsheets use $ to indicate an absolute cell reference.

CP/M is an operating system originally created for Intel 8080/85 based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc. ... 86-DOS was an operating system developed and marketed by Seattle Computer Products for its Intel 8086-based computer kit. ... IBM PC-DOS was one of the three major operating systems that dominated the personal computer market from about 1985 to 1995. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... ed was the original standard text editor on the Unix operating system. ... ex, short for EXtended, is a line editor for Unix systems. ... vi editing a temporary, empty file. ... The correct title of this article is . ... grep is a command line utility that was originally written for use with the Unix operating system. ... POSIX or Portable Operating System Interface[1] is the collective name of a family of related standards specified by the IEEE to define the application programming interface (API) for software compatible with variants of the Unix operating system. ... For other uses, see Perl (disambiguation). ... In computing, a regular expression is a string that is used to describe or match a set of strings, according to certain syntax rules. ... In computer programming and formal language theory, (and other branches of mathematics), a string is an ordered sequence of symbols. ... BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. ... Pascal is an imperative computer programming language, developed in 1970 by Niklaus Wirth as a language particularly suitable for structured programming. ... Delphi is the primary programming language of Borland Delphi. ... An assembly language is a low-level language for programming computers. ... In computer science and mathematics, a variable (pronounced ) (sometimes called an object or identifier in computer science) is a symbolic representation used to denote a quantity or expression. ... For other uses, see PHP (disambiguation). ... In computing, a scalar is a variable or field that can hold only one value at a time; as opposed to composite variables like array, list, record, etc. ... In computer science and mathematics, a variable (pronounced ) (sometimes called an object or identifier in computer science) is a symbolic representation used to denote a quantity or expression. ... For other uses, see Perl (disambiguation). ... In computer programming, a sigil is a symbol attached to a variable name, showing the variables datatype. ... AutoIt is a freeware Microsoft Windows automation language. ... A shell script is a script written for the shell, or command line interpreter, of an operating system. ... Environment variables are a set of dynamic values that can affect the way running processes will behave on a computer. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®, sometimes also written as or ® with small caps) is a computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... Command Prompt on Windows XP. A command prompt (or just prompt) is a character or string of characters used in a command line interface to indicate that the computer is ready to accept typed input. ... In computing, a shell is a piece of software that provides an interface for users (command line interpreter). ... This article is about the Unix shell. ... TeX (IPA: as in Greek, often in English; written with a lowercase e in imitation of the logo) is a typesetting system created by Donald Knuth. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is about the family of closely related operating systems for the IBM PC compatible platform. ... Microsoft Excel (full name Microsoft Office Excel) is a spreadsheet application written and distributed by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS. It features calculation and graphing tools which, along with aggressive marketing, have made Excel one of the most popular microcomputer applications to date. ... Screenshot of a spreadsheet under OpenOffice A spreadsheet is a rectangular table (or grid) of information, often financial information. ...

Currencies that use the dollar or peso sign

In addition to those countries of the world that use dollars or pesos, a number of other countries use the $ symbol to denote their currencies, including, but not limited, to: This article is about the type of currency, for the U.S. Dollar see United States dollar. ... The peso is a unit of currency. ...

Except the Philippine peso, whose sign is written as . ISO 4217 Code NIO User(s) Nicaragua Inflation 9. ... The paanga (or Tongan dollar) is the currency of the Kingdom of Tonga. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links PhilippinePeso. ...


Some currencies use the cifrão (mathrm{S}!!!Vert ), similar to the dollar sign, but always with two strokes: Cifrão on 2. ...

The cifrão is also currently used to account for over 130,000,000 domestic standard US Mint (1986+) bullion US silver dollars as one dollar per one troy ounce fine (99.9%), thereby avoiding confusion with debased US trade dollar-denominated tokens and Federal Reserve Notes. ISO 4217 Code BRL User(s) Brazil Inflation 3. ... The official currency of Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde), a former Portuguese colony, is called Escudo. ... Chilean notes currently in circulation: 1,000; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; 20,000 pesos The peso is the currency of Chile. ... The escudo was the official currency of Portugal prior to the introduction of the euro in 1 January 1999 (euro coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... The United States Mint is responsible for producing and circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. ...


See also

The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... This article is about the currency symbol. ...

References

  1. ^ Lawrence Kinnaird: "The Western Fringe of Revolution", The Western Historical Quarterly. Vol. 7, No. 3 (Jul., 1976), page 259 [1]
  2. ^ Pub. L. No. 109-145, 119 Stat. 2664 (Dec. 22, 2005).
  3. ^ "Note on Our Dollar Sign", Bulletin of the Business Historical Society, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Oct., 1939), pp. 57-58 [2]
  4. ^ Nussbaum, Arthur: A history of the dollar. New York : Columbia University Press, 1957.
  5. ^ Earl Rosenthal: "Plus Ultra, Non plus Ultra, and the Columnar Device of Emperor Charles V", Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 34, 1971 (1971), pp. 204-228
  6. ^ Arthur S. Aiton; Benjamin W. Wheeler: "The First American Mint", The Hispanic American Historical Review. Vol. 11, No. 2 (May, 1931), pp. 198-215. [3]
  7. ^ "Origin of the $ Sign", US Bureau of Engraving and Printing website
  8. ^ Florian Cajori: "New Data on the Origin and Spread of the Dollar Mark", The Scientific Monthly. Vol. 29, No. 3 (Sep., 1929), pp. 212-216 [4]
  • Cajori, Florian (1993). A History of Mathematical Notations. New York: Dover (reprint). ISBN 0-486-67766-4.  - contains section on the history of the dollar sign, with much documentary evidence supporting the "pesos" theory.
  • Ovason, David (2004-11-30). The Secret Symbols of the Dollar Bill. Harper Paperbacks (reprint). ISBN 0-06-053045-6. 
For other uses, see Revolution (disambiguation). ... Look up West in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the type of currency, for the U.S. Dollar see United States dollar. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia 6 countries and territories Kiribati Nauru Tuvalu Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Norfolk Island Inflation 4. ... ISO 4217 Code BSD User(s) The Bahamas Inflation 1. ... The Barbados dollar – currency symbol $ or Bds$ – is the national unit of currency of Barbados. ... ISO 4217 Code BZD User(s) Belize Inflation 3% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: BMD; symbol: $) has been the national currency of Bermuda since 1970. ... ISO 4217 Code BND User(s) Brunei, Singapore Inflation 0. ... C$ redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cayman Islands dollar. ... ISO 4217 Code none User(s) Cook Islands Inflation 2. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... ISO 4217 Code FJD User(s) Fiji Inflation 1. ... The dollar (currency code GYD) has been the currency of Guyana since 1966. ... ISO 4217 Code HKD User(s) Hong Kong Inflation 2. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: JMD) is the currency of Jamaica. ... The dollar (currency code LRD) has been the currency of Liberia since 1943. ... The Namibian dollar (abbreviated N$ or NAD) is the national currency of Namibia, adopted in 1993. ... ISO 4217 Code NZD User(s) New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau Inflation 2. ... The tala is the currency of Samoa. ... ISO 4217 Code SGD User(s) Singapore, Brunei Inflation 1% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... The Solomon Islands Dollar was introduced in 1975 to replace the Australian Dollar after independence. ... The dollar (currency code SRD) has been the currency of Suriname since 2004. ... ISO 4217 Code TWD User(s) Republic of China Inflation 0. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: TTD; also TT$) is the currency of Trinidad and Tobago. ... USD redirects here. ... ISO 4217 Code ZWD (initially ZWN) User(s) Zimbabwe Inflation est. ... ISO 4217 Code MYR User(s) Malaysia Inflation 2. ... The dollar has been the currency of Antigua since 1913. ... The dollar was the currency of British Columbia between 1865 and 1871. ... The British North Borneo dollar was the currency of British North Borneo from 1882 to 1953. ... The British West Indies dollar (BWI$) was the currency of the various British West Indies territories from 1935 and, later, of the unitary West Indies Federation. ... The rixdollar was the currency of Ceylon until 1828. ... Six Confederate notes The Confederate States of America dollar was first issued into circulation in April, 1861, when the Confederacy was only two months old, and on the eve of the outbreak of the Civil War. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Continental (currency). ... The Rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Denmark until 1873 and in Norway until 1816. ... The daler (also written dollar) was the currency of the Danish West Indies between 1849 and 1917. ... The rigsdaler was the currency of the Danish West Indies until 1849. ... The dollar was the currency of Dominica until 1862. ... The rijksdaalder was an 18th century Dutch coin worth 2½ gulden or 50 stuiver. ... The rigsdaler was the currency of Greenland until 1874. ... The dollar was the currency of Grenada until 1840. ... The dollar or dala became the currency of Hawaii in 1879. ... The dollar was a currency issued by Germany for use in its protectorate of Kiautschou, an area around the city of Qingdao. ... The Malaya and British Borneo dollar was the currency of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, British North Borneo and Brunei from 1953 to 1967. ... The Malayan dollar was the currency of the British colonies and protectorates in Malaya and Borneo. ... The dollar was the currency of Mauritius until 1877. ... The dollar was the currency of Mongolia between 1921 and 1925. ... The dollar was the currency of Nevis until 1830. ... The dollar was the currency of New Brunswick between 1861 and 1867. ... ISO 4217 Code NFD User(s) Newfoundland Subunit 1/100 1/50 cent pence Symbol $ or NF$ cent pence ¢ p Coins Freq. ... The rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Norway until 1816 and in Denmark until 1873. ... The speciedaler was a Norwegian coin, initially equivalent to the Danish rigsdaler specie coin of the 18th century. ... The dollar was the currency of Nova Scotia between 1861 and 1871. ... The dollar was the currency of Penang between 1786 and 1826. ... The dollar was the currency of Prince Edward Island between 1871 and 1873. ... The dollar has been the currency of Puerto Rico since 1901. ... The Rhodesian Dollar was the currency used by Rhodesia between 1970 and 1980. ... The dollar was the currency of Saint Kitts until 1830. ... The dollar has been the currency of Saint Lucia since 1920. ... The dollar was the currency of Saint Vincent until 1825. ... Sarawak dollar of 1935 The dollar was the currency of Sarawak from 1858 to 1953. ... The dollar was a currency issued in Sierra Leone between 1791 and 1805. ... ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... The Straits dollar was the currency used in the British colonies and protectorates in Malaya and Borneo, including the Straits Settlements until 1939. ... The dollar was the currency of Sumatra until 1824. ... The Riksdaler was the name of the currency used in Sweden until 1873 when it was replaced with the krona as an effect of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. ... The Old Taiwan Dollar (舊臺幣 or 舊台幣; ISO 4217 code TWN), sometimes called Old Taiwan yuan, was the currency of the Taiwan, Republic of China from 1946 to 1949. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The dollar was the currency of Trinidad until 1814. ... The dollar was the currency of Tobago until 1814. ... The dollar is the currency of Tuvalu. ... This article is about the Chinese currency base unit. ... For other uses, see Birr (disambiguation). ... Eurodollars are deposits denominated in United States dollars at banks outside the United States, and thus are not under the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve. ... Petrodollars refers to the money that Middle Eastern countries and members of OPEC receive as revenue from Western nations and then put back into those same nations banks. ... The Geary-Khamis dollar, also known as the international dollar is a sophisticated aggregation method for calculating economic comparisons between countries. ... Second Life has its own economy and a currency referred to as Linden Dollars (L$). This economy is independent of the Pricing, where users pay Linden Lab. ... Entropia Universe is a massively multiplayer online virtual universe designed by Swedish software company MindArk. ... For the type of star, see Red dwarf. ... ISO 4217 Code AQD (unofficial) User(s) Antarctica Symbol A Coins None Banknotes A1, A2, A5, A10, A20, A50, A100 Monetary authority Antarctica Overseas Exchange Office Website www. ... Calgary Dollars is a local currency in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The 5 cents and 10 cents denominations of Canadian Tire money Canadian Tire money (CTM) is a loyalty program by Canadian Tire. ... Disney Dollars is a form of corporate scrip used at Disney theme parks, The Disney Store and at certain parts of Castaway Cay, the Disney cruise-lines private island. ... ISO 4217 Code None User(s) Individuals and businesses primarily in the United States and insular areas of the United States such as Puerto Rico. ... The Toronto Dollar, founded in December 1998, is a paper local currency used in Toronto, Ontario. ... The Holey Dollar of P.E.I. Back in the 1700s, the Spanish government minted a large silver coin which through wide circulation became known as the Spanish dollar. ... Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ... Trade Dollars were coins issued by various countries for use in foreign trade. ... The peso is a unit of currency. ... The Argentine peso (originally established as the nuevo peso argentino or peso convertible) is the currency of Argentina. ... Chilean notes currently in circulation: 1,000; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; 20,000 pesos The peso is the currency of Chile. ... ISO 4217 Code COP User(s) Colombia Inflation 4. ... The Cuban convertible peso (ISO 4217 code: CUC) is one of two official currencies in Cuba. ... ISO 4217 Code CUP User(s) Cuba Inflation 5% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... ISO 4217 Code DOP User(s) Dominican Republic Inflation 8. ... The pataca is the monetary unit of Macau (currency code MOP; Chinese: 澳門圓), made up of 100 avos. ... ISO 4217 Code MXN User(s) Mexico Inflation 3. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... The peso uruguayo (ISO 4217 code: UYU) is the official currency of Uruguay. ... The peso argentino was the currency of Argentina between June 6, 1983 and June 14, 1985. ... ISO 4217 Code ARL User(s) Argentina Subunit 1/100 centavo Symbol $L centavo ¢ Coins 1, 5, 10, 20 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 pesos Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 50 000, 100 000, 500 000, 1 000 000 pesos Banco Central... The peso moneda corriente was an inconvertible Argentine currency between 1826-01-09 and 1881-11-04. ... The peso moneda nacional was the currency of Argentina between November 5, 1881 and December 31, 1969. ... The peso was the currency of Bolivia until 1987. ... The peseta was a unit of currency in Catalonia until 1850, when the whole of Spain decimalized. ... The peso was the currency of Costa Rica between 1850 and 1896. ... The peso was the currency of Ecuador between 1871 and 1884. ... The peseta (peseta guineana) was the currency of Equatorial Guinea from 1969 to 1975. ... The peso was the currency of Guatemala between 1859 and 1925. ... The peso was the currency of Guinea Bissau from 1975 to 1997 and was divided into 100 centavos. ... ... Look up fiat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The peso was the currency of Nicaragua between 1878 and 1912. ... The peso was the currency of Paraguay until 1944. ... The peseta was a shortlived denomination issued by Peru in 1880 and 1881. ... The pataca was the currency of Portuguese Timor between 1894 and 1959, except for the period 1942-1945, when the occupying Japanese introduced the Netherlands Indies gulden and roepiah. ... The peso was a currency issued in Puerto Rico between 1812 and 1819 and again between 1889 and 1897. ... The peso was the currency of El Salvador between 1877 and 1919. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... ISO 4217 Code ESP User(s) Spain, Andorra Inflation 1. ... The peso was the currency of Venezuela between 1843 and 1874. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The pataca of Malta was a large copper coin minted during the 16th century and 17th century as fiduciary coin. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The currency sign (¤) is the character used by any societies when the symbol for their own currency is unavailable. ... This list of circulating currencies contains the 194 current official or de facto currencies of the 192 United Nations member states, one UN observer state, three partially recognized sovereign states, six unrecognized countries, and 33 dependencies. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... The cedi is the unit of currency of Ghana. ... ¢ c A United States cent, or 1¢ or a penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals 1/100 of various countries basic monetary units. ... The colón is the currency of two Central American nations: Costa Rica (ISO 4217 three-letter currency code: CRC) see Costa Rican colón El Salvador (ISO 4217: SVC) – since 2001 used in parallel with the United States dollar; see dollarization, El Salvador colón. ... For other uses, see balboa. ... ISO 4217 Code VND User(s) Vietnam Inflation 7. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... Æ’ The florin sign (Æ’) is a symbol that is used for the currencies florin, also called a gulden and guilder. ... The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; ISO 4217 code PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay. ... ISO 4217 Code CZK User(s) Czech Republic Inflation 1. ... Kip is the currency of Laos. ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... The mill or mille(â‚¥) (sometimes mil in the UK) is an abstract unit of currency. ... naira sign The naira is the currency of Nigeria. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code BWP User(s) Botswana Inflation 10. ... ISO 4217 Code ZAR User(s) Common Monetary Area: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland Inflation 5. ... ISO 4217 Code MYR User(s) Malaysia Inflation 2. ... It has been suggested that History of the rupee be merged into this article or section. ... ISO 4217 Code RUB User(s) Russia and self-proclaimed Abkhazia and South Ossetia Inflation 7% Source Rosstat, 2007 Subunit 1/100 kopek (копейка) Symbol руб kopek (копейка) к Plural The language(s) of this currency is of the Slavic languages. ... ISO 4217 Code SKK User(s) Slovakia Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code BDT User(s) Bangladesh Inflation 7% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... ISO 4217 Code PEN User(s) Peru Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code BDT User(s) Bangladesh Inflation 7% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... ISO 4217 Code BRL User(s) Brazil Inflation 3. ... ISO 4217 Code MNT User(s) Mongolia Inflation 9. ... â‚© The won sign (â‚©) is a symbol that is used for the currencies: North Korean won South Korean won Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop Categories: | ... Â¥ Â¥9 Chinese price sticker Â¥ is a currency sign used for the following currencies: Chinese yuan (CNY) Japanese yen (JPY) The base unit of the two currencies above share the same Chinese character (圓/å…ƒ/円), pronounced yuan in Mandarin Chinese and en in Standard Japanese. ... ISO 4217 Code PLN User(s) Poland Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code UAH User(s) Ukraine Inflation 11. ... ₪ ₪ is a currency sign that is used for the Israeli new sheqel currency which replaced the Israeli sheqel in 1985. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of historic currencies. ... The austral was the currency of Argentina between 1985 and 1991. ... // First Cruzeiro, 1942-1967 The cruzeiro (Cr$) was the monetary unit of Brazil from 1942 to 1986. ... Cifrão on 2. ... Currency signs • ¤ ฿ • ₵ • ¢ • $ • â‚¡ • B/. • â‚« • € • Æ’ • ₲ • â‚­ £ • ₤ • Lm • â‚¥ • • ₱ • P • R • Sk • ₨ ৲ • S/. • ৳ • R$ • $ • â‚® • â‚© • Â¥ • zÅ‚ • â‚´ • ₪ ₳ • â‚¢ • â‚° • ₯ • â‚  • â‚£ • ℳ • ₧ • I/.• Kčs 10 Pfennig iron coin 1917 German Empire 5 Pfennig iron coin 1915 German Empire 1 Pfennig coin 1950 Deutschland 1918 25 pfennig iron coin German Empire. ... ISO 4217 Code GRD User(s) Greece Inflation 3. ... The European Currency Unit (â‚ ; ECU) was a basket of the currencies of the European Community member states, used as the unit of account of the European Community before being replaced by the euro. ... ISO 4217 Code FRF User(s) Monaco, Andorra, France except New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 6. ... The Maltese lira, known in the Maltese language as the Lira Maltija, is the currency of Malta. ... The Deutsche Mark (DM, DEM) was the official currency of West and, from 1990, unified Germany. ... ISO 4217 Code ESP User(s) Spain, Andorra Inflation 1. ... The inti was a currency adopted by Peru in mid-1985 during the García presidency, replacing the over-inflated sol. ... ISO 4217 Code CSK User(s) Czech Republic Slovakia Inflation 57. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dollar sign - definition of Dollar sign in Encyclopedia (463 words)
The name Spanish dollar was used for a Spanish silver coin, the peso, an eight-real coin, which was widely circulated during the 18th century in the Spanish colonies in the New World.
The use of the Spanish dollar and the Maria Theresa thaler as legal tender for the early United States is the reason for the name of that nation's currency.
The dollar was also in use in Scotland during the 17th century, and there is a claim that it was invented at the University of St Andrews.
Dollar sign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1010 words)
The dollar sign is a symbol primarily used to indicate a unit of currency.
The sign is attested in business correspondence between British North America and Mexico in the 1770s as referring to the Spanish-Mexican piastre.
The piastre was known as "Spanish dollar" in British North America, and in 1785, it was adopted as U.S. currency, together with both the term "dollar" and the $ sign.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m