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Encyclopedia > Dollar

The dollar (often represented by the dollar sign: "$") is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies and other regions. USD redirects here. ... Look up dollar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Loonie_reverse_view. ... Image File history File links Loonie_reverse_view. ... See also loony (nicknamed for loon), which is sometimes spelled loonie. Loonie is the name Canadians gave the gold-coloured, bronze-plated, one-dollar coin shortly after its introduction. ... $ redirects here. ...

Contents

History

The name Thaler (from German thal, or nowadays usually Tal, "valley", cognate with "dale" in English) came from the Bohemian coin Guldengroschen ("great guilder", being of silver but equal in value to a gold guilder), minted from the silver from a rich mine at Joachimsthal - Jáchymov (St. Joachim's Valley) in Bohemia (then part of the Czech Kingdom, a member of the Holy Roman Empire, now part of the Czech Republic) beginning in 1515. Not long after issuance, these coins gained the name Joachimsthalers. From there, coins gained the name "thaler" regardless of the issuing authority. The basis of "thaler" comes from Joachimsthaler.[1] The name is historically related to the tolar in Slovenia (Slovenian tolar) and Bohemia, the daalder in the Netherlands and daler in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. "Guildiner" can be traced to 1486 when Archduke Sigismund of Tyrol, a small state north of Venice, issued a dollar-sized coin which was referred to as a "guildiner". Silver supplies were small which limited coinage.[2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 365 pixelsFull resolution (7440 × 3392 pixel, file size: 17. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 365 pixelsFull resolution (7440 × 3392 pixel, file size: 17. ... For the US one-dollar coin, see United States dollar coin. ... Image File history File links NT1. ... Image File history File links NT1. ... ISO 4217 Code TWD User(s) Republic of China Inflation 0. ... Image File history File links Australian_One_Dollar_Rev. ... Image File history File links Australian_One_Dollar_Rev. ... The Australian 1 dollar coin was first issued in 1984 to replace the 1 dollar note then in circulation, this coin seems to be the most circulated denomination in Australia. ... Image File history File links 500_Zimbabwean_dollar_note. ... Image File history File links 500_Zimbabwean_dollar_note. ... ISO 4217 Code ZWD (initially ZWN) User(s) Zimbabwe Inflation est. ... Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ... An official restrike of the 1486 Tiroler Guldengroschen The guldengroschen was a large silver coin originally minted in Tirol in 1486. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Jáchymov (originally Thal, later Sankt Joachimsthal in German) is a spa town in the Czech Republic, located at the St. ... Spa at the beginning of 20th century, photographed by Å echtl and Voseček For other places called Joachimsthal, see Joachimsthal (disambiguation) Jáchymov (IPA: ; in German originally Thal, later Sankt Joachimsthal or Joachimsthal, as it is also known in English) is a spa town in north-west Bohemia in the... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ... ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The gulden (sometimes guilder in English), represented by the symbol Æ’ or fl. ... The Riksdaler was the name of the currency used in Sweden until 1873 when it was replaced with the krona as an effect of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. ...


The Dutch lion dollar circulated throughout the Middle East and was imitated in several German and Italian cities. It was also popular in the Dutch East Indies as well as in the Dutch New Netherlands Colony (New York). The lion dollar also has circulated throughout the English colonies during the 17th and early 18th centuries. Examples circulating in the colonies were usually fairly well worn so that the design was not fully distinguishable, thus they were sometimes referred to as "dog dollars."[1] This Dutch currency made its way to the east coast due to the increased trading by colonial ships with other nations. By the mid-1700s, it was replaced by the Spanish 8 reales.[3] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... States which were part of New Netherlands Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ... This article is about the state. ...


The name "Spanish dollar" was used for a Spanish coin, the "real de a ocho" and later peso, worth eight reals (hence the nickname "pieces of eight"), which was widely circulated during the 18th century in the Spanish colonies in the New World and in Spanish territories in Asia, namely in the Philippines.The use of the Spanish dollar and the Maria Theresa thaler as legal tender for the early United States and its fractions were the mainstay of commerce. They are the reasons for the name of the nation's currency.[citation needed] By the American Revolution in 1775, these Spanish currency became even more important. They were backed by paper money authorized by the individual colonies and the Continental Congress.[4] However, the word dollar was in use in the English language as slang or mis-pronunciation for the thaler for about 200 years before the American Revolution, with many quotes in the plays of Shakespeare referring to dollars as money. Spanish dollars were in circulation in the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and were legal tender in Virginia. The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... The peso is a unit of currency. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Spanish colonization of the Americas was Spains conquest, settlement, and rule over much of the western hemisphere from 1492-1898. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... The Continental Congress was the first national government of the United States. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... Legal tender or forced tender is payment that cannot be refused in settlement of a debt denominated in the same currency by virtue of law. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Coins known as dollars were also in use in Scotland during the 17th century, and there is a claim that the use of the English word, and perhaps even the use of the coin, began at the University of St Andrews. This explains the sum of 'Ten thousand dollars' mentioned in Macbeth (Act I, Scene II), although the real Macbeth upon whom the play was based lived in the 11th century, making the reference anachronistic; however this is not rare in Shakespeare's work. This article is about the country. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... St Marys College Bute Medical School St Leonards College[5][6] Affiliations 1994 Group Website http://www. ... This article is about Shakespeares play. ... For other uses, see Macbeth (disambiguation). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Look up Anachronism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In the early 19th century, a British five-shilling piece, or crown, was sometimes called a dollar, probably because its appearance was similar to the Spanish dollar. This expression appeared again in the 1940s, when U.S. troops came to the UK during World War II. At the time a U.S. dollar was worth about 5s., so some of the U.S. soldiers started calling it a dollar. Consequently, they called the half crown "half a dollar", and the expression caught on among some locals and could be heard into the 1960s. This article is about coinage. ... Crown reverse, 1953 and 1960. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Half-Crown coin of Oliver Cromwell, 1658 The half-crown was a denomination of British money worth two shillings and sixpence, being one-eighth of a pound. ...


In the early days of the United States, the term "Dollar" was commonly known as a coin minted by Spain called the Spanish Milled Dollar. These coins were the standard money then in use in the country. On April 2, 1792 Alexander Hamilton, then the Secretary of the Treasury, made a report to congress that were the result of his task to scientifically determine the amount of silver in the Spanish Milled Dollar coins that were then in current use by the people. As a result of this report, the Dollar was defined (See the Act of April 2, A.D. 1792 of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Section 9) as a unit of measure of 371 4/16th grains of pure silver or 416 grains of standard silver. (Standard silver being defined as 1,485 parts fine silver to 179 parts alloy; See Section 13 of the Act.). In section 20 the Act, it is specified that the "money of account" of the United States shall be expressed in those same "dollars" or parts thereof. All of the minor coins were also defined in terms of percentages of the primary coin the dollar such that a half dollar contained 1/2 as much silver as a dollar, quarter dollars, 1/4th etc. In an act passed on January 18, 1837 the alloy was changed to 10% thus having the effect of containing the same amount of silver but being reduced in weight to 412 1/4 grains of standard silver which was changed to 90% pure and 10% alloy. On February 21, 1853 the amount of silver in the fractional coins was reduced so that it was no longer possible to combine the fractional coins to come up with the same amount of silver that was in the dollar. Various acts have been passed over the years that effected the amount and type of metal in the coins minted by the United States such that today, there is no legal definition of the term "Dollar" to be found in any Statute of the United States. All statutes describing the manufacture of coins by the United States with the term "dollar" upon their face are inconsistent and conflicting in terms of weight and material, i.e. value. [Sources for this paragraph include the United States Statutes at Large, A Guide Book of United States Coins by R.S. Yeoman, MONEY - Ye shall have honest weights and measures by James E. Ewart.]


Today the closest definition to a dollar comes from the United States code Title 31, Section 5116, paragraph b, subsection 2, "The Secretary [of the Treasury] shall sell silver under conditions the Secretary considers appropriate for at least $1.292929292 a fine troy ounce." However Federal Reserve banks are only prejudiced to deliver tax credits instead of money. The silver content of U.S. coinage was mostly removed in 1965 and the dollar essentially became a baseless free-floating fiat currency; though the U.S. Mint continues to make silver $1 bullion coins at this weight. It is believed that the original green color and other specific designs of a paper dollar were introduced by 2 Armenian brothers from Massachusetts who were Near-Eastern immigrants.[citation needed] The Fed redirects here. ... Look up fiat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Seal of the U.S. Mint Denver United States mint building The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Continued Chinese demand for silver led several countries, notably the United Kingdom, United States, and Japan to mint trade dollars in the 19th and early 20th centuries, often of slightly different weights to their domestic coinage. Silver dollars reaching China (whether Spanish, Trade, or other) were often stamped with Chinese characters known as "chop marks" which indicated that that particular coin had been assayed by a well-known merchant and determined genuine. Trade Dollars were coins issued by various countries for use in foreign trade. ...

Countries that use the dollar
Countries that use the dollar

Related names in modern currencies

  • The tala is based on the Samoan pronunciation of the word "dollar". Likewise, the name of the smaller unit, seneiti, equates to "cent".
  • The Slovenian tolar had the same origin as dollar, i.e. thaler.

The tala is the currency of Samoa. ... ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ... Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ...

National currencies called "dollar"

Some of these are called dollars in English, but by a different name in the native language of the country. See the navigational box below for a complete list.


The name has also been applied to the international dollar, a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power that the U.S. dollar has in the United States at a given point in time. The international dollar is a hypothetical unit of currency that has the same purchasing power that the U.S. dollar has in the United States at a given point in time. ... USD redirects here. ...


See also

Numismatics Portal

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (910x910, 596 KB)Media:Example. ... Eurodollars are deposits denominated in United States dollars at banks outside the United States, and thus are not under the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve. ... First row : c. ... $ redirects here. ... This list of circulating currencies contains the 194 current official or de facto currencies of the 192 United Nations member states, one UN observer state, three partially recognized sovereign states, six unrecognized countries, and 33 dependencies. ...

References

  1. ^ Rhodes, Richard (1986). The making of the atomic bomb. New York: Simon and Schuster, 118. 
  2. ^ Julian, R.W. (2007). "All About the Dollar": 41. Numismatist. 
  3. ^ Julian, R.W. (2007). "All About the Dollar": 41. Numismatist. 
  4. ^ Julian, R.W. (2007). "All About the Dollar": 41. Numismatist. 

Richard Rhodes (born July 4, 1937) is an American author of fiction and verity, including the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Making of the Atomic Bomb in 1986, and most recently, John James Audubon: the Making of an American in 2004. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 1. ... The Bahamian dollar (B$; ISO 4217 code BSD) is the national currency of The Bahamas. ... The Barbados dollar – currency symbol $ or Bds$ – is the national unit of currency of Barbados. ... ISO 4217 Code BZD User(s) Belize Inflation 3% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: BMD; symbol: $) has been the national currency of Bermuda since 1970. ... ISO 4217 Code BND User(s) Brunei, Singapore Inflation 0. ... C$ redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cayman Islands dollar. ... ISO 4217 Code none User(s) Cook Islands Inflation 2. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... ISO 4217 Code FJD User(s) Fiji Inflation 1. ... The dollar (currency code GYD) has been the currency of Guyana since 1966. ... ISO 4217 Code HKD User(s) Hong Kong Inflation 2. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: JMD) is the currency of Jamaica. ... The dollar (currency code LRD) has been the currency of Liberia since 1943. ... The Namibian dollar (abbreviated N$ or NAD) is the national currency of Namibia, adopted in 1993. ... ISO 4217 Code NZD User(s) New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau Inflation 2. ... The tala is the currency of Samoa. ... ISO 4217 Code SGD User(s) Singapore, Brunei Inflation 1% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... The Solomon Islands Dollar was introduced in 1975 to replace the Australian Dollar after independence. ... The dollar (currency code SRD) has been the currency of Suriname since 2004. ... ISO 4217 Code TWD User(s) Republic of China Inflation 0. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: TTD; also TT$) is the currency of Trinidad and Tobago. ... USD redirects here. ... ISO 4217 Code ZWD (initially ZWN) User(s) Zimbabwe Inflation est. ... ISO 4217 Code MYR User(s) Malaysia Inflation 2. ... The dollar has been the currency of Antigua since 1913. ... The dollar was the currency of British Columbia between 1865 and 1871. ... The British North Borneo dollar was the currency of British North Borneo from 1882 to 1953. ... The British West Indies dollar (BWI$) was the currency of the various British West Indies territories from 1935 and, later, of the unitary West Indies Federation. ... The rixdollar was the currency of Ceylon until 1828. ... Six Confederate notes The Confederate States of America dollar was first issued into circulation in April, 1861, when the Confederacy was only two months old, and on the eve of the outbreak of the Civil War. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Continental (currency). ... The Rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Denmark until 1873 and in Norway until 1816. ... The daler (also written dollar) was the currency of the Danish West Indies between 1849 and 1917. ... The rigsdaler was the currency of the Danish West Indies until 1849. ... The dollar was the currency of Dominica until 1862. ... The rijksdaalder was an 18th century Dutch coin worth 2½ gulden or 50 stuiver. ... The rigsdaler was the currency of Greenland until 1874. ... The dollar was the currency of Grenada until 1840. ... The dollar or dala became the currency of Hawaii in 1879. ... The dollar was a currency issued by Germany for use in its protectorate of Kiautschou, an area around the city of Qingdao. ... The Malaya and British Borneo dollar was the currency of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, British North Borneo and Brunei from 1953 to 1967. ... The Malayan dollar was the currency of the British colonies and protectorates in Malaya and Borneo. ... The dollar was the currency of Mauritius until 1877. ... The dollar was the currency of Mongolia between 1921 and 1925. ... The dollar was the currency of Nevis until 1830. ... The dollar was the currency of New Brunswick between 1861 and 1867. ... ISO 4217 Code NFD User(s) Newfoundland Subunit 1/100 1/50 cent pence Symbol $ or NF$ cent pence ¢ p Coins Freq. ... The rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Norway until 1816 and in Denmark until 1873. ... The speciedaler was a Norwegian coin, initially equivalent to the Danish rigsdaler specie coin of the 18th century. ... The dollar was the currency of Nova Scotia between 1861 and 1871. ... The dollar was the currency of Penang between 1786 and 1826. ... The dollar was the currency of Prince Edward Island between 1871 and 1873. ... The dollar has been the currency of Puerto Rico since 1901. ... The Rhodesian Dollar was the currency used by Rhodesia between 1970 and 1980. ... The dollar was the currency of Saint Kitts until 1830. ... The dollar has been the currency of Saint Lucia since 1920. ... The dollar was the currency of Saint Vincent until 1825. ... Sarawak dollar of 1935 The dollar was the currency of Sarawak from 1858 to 1953. ... The dollar was a currency issued in Sierra Leone between 1791 and 1805. ... ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... The Straits dollar was the currency used in the British colonies and protectorates in Malaya and Borneo, including the Straits Settlements until 1939. ... The dollar was the currency of Sumatra until 1824. ... The Riksdaler was the name of the currency used in Sweden until 1873 when it was replaced with the krona as an effect of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. ... The Old Taiwan Dollar (舊臺幣 or 舊台幣; ISO 4217 code TWN), sometimes called Old Taiwan yuan, was the currency of the Taiwan, Republic of China from 1946 to 1949. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The dollar was the currency of Trinidad until 1814. ... The dollar was the currency of Tobago until 1814. ... The dollar is the currency of Tuvalu. ... This article is about the Chinese currency base unit. ... For other uses, see Birr (disambiguation). ... Eurodollars are deposits denominated in United States dollars at banks outside the United States, and thus are not under the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve. ... A petrodollar is a dollar earned by a country through the sale of oil. ... The Geary-Khamis dollar, also known as the international dollar is a sophisticated aggregation method for calculating economic comparisons between countries. ... Second Life has its own economy and a currency referred to as Linden Dollars (L$). This economy is independent of the Pricing, where users pay Linden Lab. ... Entropia Universe is a massively multiplayer online virtual universe designed by Swedish software company MindArk. ... For the type of star, see Red dwarf. ... ISO 4217 Code AQD (unofficial) User(s) Antarctica Symbol A Coins None Banknotes A1, A2, A5, A10, A20, A50, A100 Monetary authority Antarctica Overseas Exchange Office Website www. ... Calgary Dollars is a local currency in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The 5 cents and 10 cents denominations of Canadian Tire money Canadian Tire money (CTM) is a loyalty program by Canadian Tire. ... Disney Dollars is a form of corporate scrip used at Disney theme parks, The Disney Store and at certain parts of Castaway Cay, the Disney cruise-lines private island. ... ISO 4217 Code None User(s) Individuals and businesses primarily in the United States and insular areas of the United States such as Puerto Rico. ... The Toronto Dollar, founded in December 1998, is a paper local currency used in Toronto, Ontario. ... $ redirects here. ... The Holey Dollar of P.E.I. Back in the 1700s, the Spanish government minted a large silver coin which through wide circulation became known as the Spanish dollar. ... Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ... Trade Dollars were coins issued by various countries for use in foreign trade. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - United States dollar - Encyclopedia Article (2079 words)
The dollar is also used as the standard unit of currency in international markets for commodities such as gold and oil.
According to economist Paul Samuelson, the overseas demand for dollars allows the United States to maintain persistent trade deficits without causing the value of the currency to depreciate and the flow of trade to readjust.
The name for the United States dollar comes from the Spanish dollar (which itself derived from the thaler) which was the silver coin widely circulated in the United States during the time of the American Revolutionary War.
Dollar - AskTheBrain.com (401 words)
Soft dollars are payments made by a fund, brokerage firm, or insurance company to an advisor that is not in the form of dollars.
Billions of dollars were poured into the successful campaign to hijack the popular national liberation war of resistance to a proxy war of imperialism and reaction against social-imperialism.
Dollars If you use more disk space or bandwidth than your current plan allows you will be contacted about moving up to the next plan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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